Phase II Clinical Trial: Multi-dosing the BCG Vaccine for Fibromyalgia
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03582085|
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : July 10, 2018
Last Update Posted : January 28, 2021
The investigators are doing this research study to explore whether the bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) vaccine can be an effective treatment for fibromyalgia. The researchers believe that the BCG vaccine can benefit people with fibromyalgia by increasing immune signaling molecules, called cytokines. The Faustman Immunobiology Laboratory has previously studied BCG in long term type 1 diabetics, and found that BCG vaccinations showed a short and small pancreas effect of restored insulin secretion.
Eligible volunteers will be vaccinated with BCG in repeat fashion over a period of three years or receive placebo treatment. The investigators hypothesize that these repeat injections of BCG will reduce symptom severity by increasing immune signaling cytokines.
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Fibromyalgia||Biological: Bacillus Calmette Guerin Vaccine Biological: Saline Injection||Phase 2|
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Estimated Enrollment :||300 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Intervention Model Description:||Half of the subjects will be placed in the multi-dose BCG group and half will be placed in the placebo group.|
|Masking:||Triple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator)|
|Masking Description:||Double Blind|
|Official Title:||Phase II Clinical Trial: Multi-dosing the BCG Vaccine for Fibromyalgia|
|Estimated Study Start Date :||January 1, 2022|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||January 1, 2023|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||January 1, 2023|
Experimental: Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG)
3 BCG vaccinations spaced 1 year apart.
Biological: Bacillus Calmette Guerin Vaccine
Other Name: BCG
Placebo Comparator: Placebo Comparator: Saline injections
3 saline injections spaced 1 year apart.
Biological: Saline Injection
- Change in overall fibromyalgia symptoms since beginning the clinical trial, as measured by the Patient Global Impression of Change (PGIC) [ Time Frame: 3 years ]The Patient Global Impression of Change (PGIC) is used to assess any change in their fibromyalgia since beginning the clinical trial. The PGIC asks patients to describe the change in activity limitations, symptoms, emotions, and overall quality of life on a scale from 0 to 7 since the start of the trial. A score of 0 is characterized by "no change (or condition has gotten worse)" and 7 is characterized by "a great deal better, and considerable improvement that has made the difference", thus, a higher score indicates overall improvement. The PGIC also asks patients to score the degree of change since beginning care at the clinic from 0 to 10. A score of 5 represents no change, while 0 represents "much better" and 10 represents "much worse", thus, a lower score on this question demonstrates a better outcome. These two scores are reviewed separately.
- Intensity of specific symptoms pertaining to fibromyalgia, as measured by the Revised Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire (FIQ-R) [ Time Frame: 3 years ]The Revised Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire (FIQ-R) measures how fibromyalgia affects quality of life. The FIQ-R asks patients to rate how difficult it is to perform a list of 9 common activities over the previous 7 days on an 11 point scale (ranging from "no difficulty" to "very difficult". The FIQ-R then asks patients to indicate how often their fibromyalgia impacts their quality of life over the last 7 days on an 11 point scale (ranging from "never" to "always"). Finally, the FIQ-R asks patients to assess the severity of their symptoms on an 11 point scale (ranging from no symptoms to extreme symptoms). These three sub-scales are summed to represent an overall FIQ-R score. A lower value for the FIQ-R represents a better outcome (less severe fibromyalgia).
- Intensity of Pain, as measured by the Short-Form McGill Pain Questionnaire (SF-MPQ) [ Time Frame: 3 years ]The Short-Form McGill Pain Questionnaire (SF-MPQ) is used to assess fibromyalgia symptoms regarding pain. Patients are asked to rate 15 pain related sensations (throbbing, aching, stabbing, etc.) on a scale of 0 ("none") to 3 ("severe"). Patients are then asked to rate overall pain from 0 ("no pain") to 5 ("excruciating"). These scores are summed to give an overall value for pain, where a low score represents a better outcome (low pain).
- Severity of symptoms regarding anxiety and depression, as measured by the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) [ Time Frame: 3 years ]The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) measures symptoms of anxiety and depression in fibromyalgia. Patients are instructed to rank how much they experience a list of 8 symptoms of anxiety and 8 symptoms of depression on a scale of 0 to 3. 0 represents less extreme symptoms and 3 represents very severe symptoms. These 16 questions are summed such that a low score represents a better outcome (less extreme symptoms of anxiety and depression).
- Difficulty with cognitive tasks, as measured by the Cognitive Function (CF) scale [ Time Frame: 3 years ]The Cognitive Function (CF) scale measures how often patients struggle with a variety of cognitive tasks. The CF scale lists 25 cognitive tasks and asks patients to assess how often they struggle on a 5 point scale from "very often" to "never". These scores are summed, and a total high score represents better cognitive function and thus a better outcome.
- Intensity of fatigue, as measured by the Multidimensional Assessment of Fatigue (MAF) Scale [ Time Frame: 3 years ]The Multidimensional Assessment of Fatigue (MAF) Scale asks patients 3 questions regarding how intensely they experience fatigue on a scale of 1 (little fatigue) to 10 (severe fatigue). These scores are summed, and a lower total score represents a better outcome.
- Severity and frequency of headaches, as measured by the Headache Questionnaire (HQ) [ Time Frame: 3 years ]The Headache Questionnaire (HQ) asks a list of 10 questions regarding the severity and frequency of headaches. These scores are summed, and lower score indicates a better outcome (less frequent and severe headaches).
- Difficulty regarding sleep, as measured by the Questionnaire Regarding Sleep (QRS) [ Time Frame: 3 years ]The Questionnaire Regarding Sleep (QRS) assesses the quality and quantity of sleep each night. Patients are asked 11 questions relating to how much they sleep (recorded in number of hours) and how often they experience poor sleep quality (on a scale of 0 to 4, where 0 represents not at all and 4 represents very often). These scores are reviewed separately. A high score for how much they sleep demonstrates a better outcome (more sleep) and a low score for how often they experience poor sleep quality demonstrates a better outcome (better sleep quality).
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03582085
|Contact: Denise L Faustman, MD, PhDemail@example.com|