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Tofacitinib for Inflammatory Eye Disease

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03580343
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified January 2021 by Washington University School of Medicine.
Recruitment status was:  Active, not recruiting
First Posted : July 9, 2018
Results First Posted : February 1, 2021
Last Update Posted : February 1, 2021
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Washington University School of Medicine

Brief Summary:
Non-infectious inflammatory eye disease, such as uveitis and scleritis, is a chronic, auto-immune process that leads to vision loss. While steroids are effective in the short term, the side-effect profile of chronic steroid use necessitates the identification of effective steroid-sparing therapies. Tofacitinib is a small molecule that inhibits the signaling pathways of multiple inflammatory cytokines. The investigators plan to evaluate whether tofacitinib may have efficacy for patients with uveitis and / or scleritis.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Uveitis Scleritis Drug: tofacitinib Phase 2

Detailed Description:

This study is a prospective, single-site, open-label investigation of tofacitinib for refractory uveitis. The study will be for 24 weeks, with potential 1-year extension for treatment responders. The patients will self-administer the medication.

Eligible patients would be those patients with a diagnosis of uveitis who meet the following criteria:

  1. Disease sufficiently severe to require treatment with systemic corticosteroids, and
  2. Referred from Ophthalmology to Rheumatology or Uveitis specialist for a steroid-sparing agent

For patients naive to oral steroid-sparing therapy (e.g., methotrexate, azathioprine, or mycophenolate), tofacitinib will be initiated as monotherapy. For patients who have failed or had only a partial response to oral steroid-sparing therapy, tofacitinib will be initiated as an add-on therapy. For patients intolerant to a conventional agent, tofacitinib will be initiated as replacement monotherapy. For patients who have failed biologic therapy (e.g. adalimumab), biologic therapy will be discontinued and tofacitinib will be initiated as replacement therapy without change to concurrent conventional steroid-sparing agents. Study visits will occur at baseline/enrollment, and weeks 4, 8, 12, 16, & 24 (+/- 2 weeks). Clinic visits may occur more frequently as determined by the treating physician. Laboratory monitoring (Table 1) will be obtained according to standard of care for drug toxicity monitoring. Clinical responses will be evaluated at 24 weeks, with the primary outcome defined as treatment failure.

All patients will undergo a predetermined oral steroid taper starting at 60mg of prednisone (or equivalent) and tapering over 14 weeks (Table 2). All patients will undergo a predetermined topical steroid drop taper starting at their current dose (Table 3).

Patients will have an ophthalmological evaluation by their treating ophthalmologist at Washington University. Steroid sparing therapy will be managed by rheumatologists or uveitis specialists at Washington University. All patients will be evaluated for an associated systemic rheumatologic condition.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 5 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Tofacitinib for the Treatment of Inflammatory Eye Disease
Actual Study Start Date : April 4, 2019
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 1, 2019
Estimated Study Completion Date : April 4, 2021

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Eye Diseases

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Tofacitinib Treatment
11mg extended-release tofacitinib, once daily, oral
Drug: tofacitinib
tofacitinib extended release, 11mg, daily, oral
Other Name: TOFA

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Treatment Failure (Composite Outcome) [ Time Frame: 180 days ]
    new inflammatory lesions relative to baseline OR 2-step increase in anterior chamber cell or vitreous haze OR worsening of visual acuity by two or more rows on ETDRS chart

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • diagnosis of uveitis
  • a clinical response to steroids
  • active disease requiring at least 10mg of prednisone daily (or steroid equivalent)

Exclusion Criteria:

  • suspected or confirmed ocular infection
  • chronic or recurring infections, such as HIV
  • renal insufficiency that would preclude safe administration of tofacitinib

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03580343

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United States, Missouri
Washington University in Saint Louis
Saint Louis, Missouri, United States, 63110
Sponsors and Collaborators
Washington University School of Medicine
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Principal Investigator: Lynn M Hassman, MD PhD Washington University School of Medicine
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Washington University School of Medicine:
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Responsible Party: Washington University School of Medicine
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03580343    
Other Study ID Numbers: tofacitinib_eye_disease
First Posted: July 9, 2018    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: February 1, 2021
Last Update Posted: February 1, 2021
Last Verified: January 2021

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Eye Diseases
Uveal Diseases
Scleral Diseases
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action