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A Study to Compare the Relative Bioavailability of Two Different Formulations of GSK3640254

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03575962
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : July 3, 2018
Results First Posted : September 6, 2019
Last Update Posted : September 6, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
ViiV Healthcare

Brief Summary:
This is a first time in human (FTIH), 2-period study, to assess the relative bioavailability of a mesylate salt capsule of GSK3640254, compared to a bis- hydrochloride salt capsule of GSK3640254, in healthy subjects, administered following a moderate calorie and fat meal. The subjects will be randomized to 2 sequences, Regimen AB or Regimen BA. For Regimen AB: The Regimen A, which will include oral administration of GSK3640254 bis-hydrochloride Capsule 200 milligram (mg) (reference), which will be administered, in Period 1 and Regimen B will include GSK3640254 Mesylate salt capsule (test), 200 mg, which will be administered in Period 2. For the regimen BA, the regimen B, will be administered, in Period 1 and regimen A, in Period 2. Each of the regimens will be given orally as 2 capsules in the morning, as per randomization sequence. There will be a minimum washout of 7 days between each dose of study treatment. A total, of 14 subjects, are planned to be enrolled in the study. The maximum duration of the study from screening to follow-up is approximately 7 weeks.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
HIV Infections Drug: GSK3640254 bis-hydrochloride salt capsule Drug: GSK3640254 Mesylate Salt Capsule Phase 1

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 14 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Intervention Model Description: Subjects will receive GSK3640254 bis-hydrochloride salt capsule followed by mesylate salt capsule or vice versa in two treatment periods.
Masking: None (Open Label)
Masking Description: This is an open-label study.
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Single Centre, 2-period, Randomized, Open-label Phase 1 Study to Assess the Relative Bioavailability of a Mesylate Salt Capsule of GSK3640254 Compared to a Hydrochloride Salt Capsule in Healthy Participants
Actual Study Start Date : June 18, 2018
Actual Primary Completion Date : August 6, 2018
Actual Study Completion Date : August 6, 2018

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: HIV/AIDS Sodium

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: GSK3640254 Bis-hydrochloride followed by GSK3640254 mesylate
The subjects in this arm will receive an oral administration of 200 mg, as 2 GSK3640254 bis-hydrochloride salt Capsules(reference), as single oral dose, on the morning of Day 1 during Period 1 of the study. This will be followed by an oral administration of 200 mg, as 2 GSK3640254 Mesylate salt capsule (test), as single oral dose, on the morning of Day 1, during Period 2 of the study. The drug will be administered following a moderate calorie and fat meal. There will be a minimum washout of 7 days between each dose of study treatment.
Drug: GSK3640254 bis-hydrochloride salt capsule
Administered orally (as single dose) on morning of Day 1, as 2 capsules of 100 mg following a moderate calorie and fat meal during Period 1 and Period 2, at the specified sequence, as per study.

Drug: GSK3640254 Mesylate Salt Capsule
Administered orally (as single dose) on morning of Day 1, as 2 capsules of , 100 mg following a moderate calorie and fat meal during Period 1 and Period 2, at the specified sequence, as per study.

Experimental: GSK3640254 Mesylate followed by GSK3640254 Bis-hydrochloride
The subjects in this arm will receive an oral administration of 200 mg as 2 GSK3640254 Mesylate salt capsule (test), as single oral dose, on the morning of Day 1 during Period 1 of the study. This will be followed by an oral administration of 200 mg, as 2 GSK3640254 bis-hydrochloride salt Capsule, 100 mg (reference), as single oral dose, on the morning of Day 1 during Period 2, of the study. The drug, will be administered following a moderate calorie and fat meal. There will be a minimum washout of 7 days between each dose of study treatment.
Drug: GSK3640254 bis-hydrochloride salt capsule
Administered orally (as single dose) on morning of Day 1, as 2 capsules of 100 mg following a moderate calorie and fat meal during Period 1 and Period 2, at the specified sequence, as per study.

Drug: GSK3640254 Mesylate Salt Capsule
Administered orally (as single dose) on morning of Day 1, as 2 capsules of , 100 mg following a moderate calorie and fat meal during Period 1 and Period 2, at the specified sequence, as per study.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Area Under the Concentration-time Curve From Time Zero (Pre-dose) Extrapolated to Infinite Time (AUC[0-infinity]) of GSK3640254 Following Single Oral Dose in Healthy Participants [ Time Frame: Pre-dose, 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 12, 24, 36, 48 and 72 hours post-dose in each treatment period ]
    Blood samples were collected at designated timepoints. Pharmacokinetic (PK) parameters of GSK3640254 were calculated using non-compartmental methods. Geometric mean and percentage (%) geometric coefficient of variation have been presented.

  2. Area Under the Concentration-time Curve From Zero to Time of Last Sample Taken (AUC[0-t]) of GSK3640254 Following Single Oral Dose in Healthy Participants [ Time Frame: Pre-dose, 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 12, 24, 36, 48, and 72 hours post-dose in each treatment period ]
    Blood samples were collected at designated timepoints. PK parameters of GSK3640254 were calculated using non-compartmental methods. Geometric mean and % geometric coefficient of variation have been presented. Statistical analysis of PK parameters was done using mixed effect model for evaluation of relative bioavailability (Frel). Point estimate and 90% confidence interval (CI) for the ratio of geometric least square mean of the test mesylate salt capsule to the reference Hydrochloride capsule were calculated for AUC(0-t).

  3. Maximum Observed Concentration (Cmax) of GSK3640254 Following Single Oral Dose in Healthy Participants [ Time Frame: Pre-dose, 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 12, 24, 36, 48, and 72 hours post-dose in each treatment period ]
    Blood samples were collected at designated timepoints. PK parameters of GSK3640254 were calculated using non-compartmental methods. Geometric mean and % geometric coefficient of variation have been presented. Statistical analysis of PK parameters was done using mixed effect model for evaluation of Frel. Point estimate and 90% CI for the ratio of geometric least square mean of the test mesylate salt capsule to the reference Hydrochloride capsule were calculated for Cmax.

  4. Time to Reach Maximum Observed Concentration (Tmax) of GSK3640254 Following Single Oral Dose in Healthy Participants [ Time Frame: Pre-dose, 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 12, 24, 36, 48, and 72 hours post-dose in each treatment period ]
    Blood samples were collected at designated timepoints. PK parameters of GSK3640254 were calculated using non-compartmental methods. Median and full range of Tmax have been presented.

  5. Concentration at 24 Hours Post-dose (C24h) of GSK3640254 Following Single Oral Dose in Healthy Participants [ Time Frame: Pre-dose, 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 12 and 24 hours post-dose in each treatment period ]
    Blood samples were collected at designated timepoints. PK parameters of GSK3640254 were calculated using non-compartmental methods. Geometric mean and % geometric coefficient of variation have been presented.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Participants With Non-serious Adverse Events (Non-SAEs) and Serious Adverse Events (SAEs) [ Time Frame: Up to 25 days ]
    An adverse event (AE) is any untoward medical occurrence in a clinical study participant, temporally associated with the use of a medicinal product, whether or not considered related to the medicinal product. SAE is defined as any untoward medical occurrence that, at any dose, results in death, is life-threatening, requires inpatient hospitalization or prolongation of existing hospitalization, results in persistent disability/incapacity, is a congenital anomaly/birth defect and other situations according to medical or scientific judgement.

  2. Change From Baseline in Clinical Chemistry Parameters; Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT), Alkaline Phosphatase (ALP) and Aspartate Aminotransferase (AST) [ Time Frame: Baseline (Day -1) and Day 3 ]
    Blood samples were collected to analyze the clinical chemistry parameters; ALT, ALP and AST. Day-1 was considered as Baseline. Change from Baseline was calculated by subtracting Baseline value from the post-Dose visit value. Mean and standard deviation have been presented.

  3. Change From Baseline in Clinical Chemistry Parameters; Bicarbonate, Calcium, Chloride, Glucose (Fasting), Potassium, Sodium and Urea [ Time Frame: Baseline (Day -1) and Day 3 ]
    Blood samples were collected to analyze the clinical chemistry parameters; Bicarbonate, Calcium, Chloride, Glucose (fasting), Potassium, Sodium and Urea. Day-1 was considered as Baseline. Change from Baseline was calculated by subtracting Baseline value from the post-Dose visit value. Mean and standard deviation have been presented.

  4. Change From Baseline in Clinical Chemistry Parameters; Bilirubin, Creatinine and Direct Bilirubin [ Time Frame: Baseline (Day -1) and Day 3 ]
    Blood samples were collected to analyze the clinical chemistry parameters; Bilirubin, Creatinine and Direct Bilirubin. Day-1 was considered as Baseline. Change from Baseline was calculated by subtracting Baseline value from the post-Dose visit value. Mean and standard deviation have been presented.

  5. Change From Baseline in Clinical Chemistry Parameter; Protein [ Time Frame: Baseline (Day -1) and Day 3 ]
    Blood samples were collected to analyze the clinical chemistry parameter; Protein. Day-1 was considered as Baseline. Change from Baseline was calculated by subtracting Baseline value from the post-Dose visit value. Mean and standard deviation have been presented.

  6. Number of Participants With Worst Case Hematology Results by Potential Clinical Importance (PCI) Criteria [ Time Frame: Up to 22 days ]
    Blood samples were collected to analyze the hematology parameters; Hematocrit (Hct), Hemoglobin (Hb), Leukocytes, Lymphocytes, Neutrophils and Platelets. PCI ranges were Hct (Male and Female [high: >0.54 proportion of red blood cells in blood]), Hb (Male and Female [high: >180 grams per liter]), lymphocytes (low: <0.8x10^9 cells per liter), neutrophils (low: <1.5x10^9 cells per liter), platelets (low: <100x10^9 cells per liter and high: >550x10^9 cells per liter) and leukocytes (low: <3x10^9 cells per liter and high: >12x10^9 cells per liter). Participants were counted in the worst case category such that their value changed to (low, normal or high). If values were unchanged (example: High to High), or whose value became normal, were recorded in the 'To Normal or No Change' category.

  7. Number of Participants With Urinalysis Results by Dipstick Method by Visit [ Time Frame: Day -1 and Day 3 ]
    Urine samples were collected to assess urine bilirubin, urine glucose, urine ketones, urine leukocyte esterase (LE), urine nitrite, urine occult blood, urine protein, urobilinogen and monitor urine potential of hydrogen (pH). The dipstick test gave results in a semi-quantitative manner, and results for urinalysis parameters were recorded as negative, trace and positive, indicating proportional concentrations in the urine sample. All the numeric result values >0 have been considered as "positive".

  8. Number of Participants With Clinically Significant Abnormal Findings for Electrocardiogram (ECG) Parameters [ Time Frame: Day -1, pre-dose, 2, 4, 6, 24 and 72 hours post-dose in each treatment period ]
    A single 12-lead ECGs was obtained using an ECG machine that automatically calculates the heart rate and measures PR, QRS, QT, QT corrected (QTc) and QT interval corrected for heart rate according to Fridericia's formula (QTcF) intervals. Clinically significant abnormal ranges were: PR: lower: <120 milliseconds (msec) and upper: >200 msec; QRS: lower: <60 msec and upper: >120 msec and QTcF: lower: <320 msec and upper: >450 msec. The number of participants with clinically significant abnormal findings for ECG parameters have been presented.

  9. Diastolic Blood Pressure (DBP) and Systolic Blood Pressure (SBP) at Indicated Time-points [ Time Frame: Day -1, pre-dose, 2, 4, 6, 24 and 72 hours post-dose in each treatment period ]
    Vital signs including DBP and SBP were measured at the indicated time-points and summarized during the study to evaluate the safety of the participants. Mean and standard deviation have been presented.

  10. Pulse Rate (PR) at Indicated Time-points [ Time Frame: Day -1, pre-dose, 2, 4, 6, 24 and 72 hours post-dose in each treatment period ]
    Vital sign including PR was measured at the indicated time-points and summarized during the study to evaluate the safety of the participants. Mean and standard deviation have been presented.

  11. Respiratory Rate (RR) at Indicated Time-points [ Time Frame: Day -1, pre-dose, 2, 4, 6, 24 and 72 hours post-dose in each treatment period ]
    Vital sign including RR was measured at the indicated time-point and summarized during the study to evaluate the safety of the participants. Mean and standard deviation have been presented.

  12. Temperature at Indicated Time-points [ Time Frame: Day -1, pre-dose, 2, 4, 6, 24 and 72 hours post-dose in each treatment period ]
    Vital sign including temperature was measured at the indicated time-points and summarized during the study to evaluate the safety of the participants. Mean and standard deviation have been presented.

  13. Number of Participants With the Indicated Assessment Events of Suicidal Behavior (SB) and Suicidal Ideation (SI) Via the Columbia Suicide Severity Rating Scale (C-SSRS) [ Time Frame: Day 3 in each treatment period ]
    Assessment of suicidality was conducted using the C-SSRS, a brief questionaire designed to assess severity and change in suicidality by integrating both behavior and ideation using a semi-structured interview to probe participant responses.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 55 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Subject must be 18 to 55 years of age inclusive, at the time of signing the informed consent
  • Subjects who are overtly healthy as determined by medical evaluation including medical history, physical examination, laboratory tests, and cardiac monitoring.
  • Body weight >= 50 kilogram (kg) for men and >= 45 kg for women, and body mass index (BMI) within the range 19.0 to 32.0 kg per meter square (kg/m^2) (inclusive).
  • Male or female subjects, where a male subject must agree to use contraception, during the treatment period and for at least 14-weeks following the last dose, corresponding to the time needed to eliminate study treatment for potential genotoxic and teratogenic study treatments plus an additional 90 days (spermatogenesis cycle). In addition, male subjects must refrain from donating sperm during this period and the female subjects who is eligible to participate if she is not a woman of childbearing potential (WOCBP).
  • Capable of giving signed informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

  • History of or current cardiovascular, respiratory, hepatic, renal, gastrointestinal (GI), endocrine, hematological, or neurological disorders capable of significantly altering the absorption, metabolism, or elimination of drugs; constituting a risk when taking the study treatment; or interfering with the interpretation of data.
  • History of clinically significant psychiatric disorders as judged by the investigator. Psychiatric disorder requiring pharmacologic treatment in the last 5 years.
  • Any positive (abnormal) response confirmed by the investigator on a screening clinician (or qualified designee) administered Columbia Suicide Severity Rating Scale (CSSRS).
  • History or current evidence of febrile seizures, epilepsy, convulsions, significant head injury, or other significant neurologic conditions.
  • History of GI surgery (with exception of appendectomy).
  • History of Cholecystectomy
  • Any history of GI ulceration (esophageal, stomach, duodenal).
  • Any history of GI symptoms requiring treatment in the last 3 months
  • History of unexplained vaginal bleeding, endometrial hyperplasia with atypia or endometrial carcinoma
  • Presence or history of clinically significant allergy requiring treatment, as judged by the investigator. Hayfever, is allowed unless it is active.
  • ALT >1.5x upper limit of normal (ULN).
  • Bilirubin >1.5xULN (isolated bilirubin >1.5xULN is acceptable if bilirubin is fractionated and direct bilirubin <35% of total).
  • Current or chronic history of liver disease, or known hepatic or biliary abnormalities (with the exception of Gilbert's syndrome).
  • Medical history of cardiac arrhythmias or cardiac disease or a family or personal history of long QT syndrome.
  • ECG, screening details where heart rate (<40 or >100 beats per minute [bpm]), PR interval (<120 or >220 millisecond [msec]), QRS duration (<70 or >120 msec), QT interval by Fridericia's correction formula (QTcF) interval (>450 msec) for male subjects and heart rate of <50 or >100 bpm for female subjects.
  • Evidence of previous myocardial infarction (does not include ST segment changes associated with re-polarization).
  • Any conduction abnormality (including but not specific to left or right complete bundle branch block, atrioventricular (AV) block [2nd degree or higher], Wolf Parkinson- White [WPW] syndrome).
  • Sinus Pauses >3 seconds
  • Any significant arrhythmia which, in the opinion of the Investigator OR GlaxoSmithKline (GSK)/ViiV Medical monitor, will interfere with the safety for the individual subject.
  • Non-sustained or sustained ventricular tachycardia (with consecutive ventricular ectopic beats).
  • Prior or concomitant therapy, where past or intended use of over-the-counter or prescription medication, including herbal medications within 7 days (or 14 days if the drug is a potential enzyme inducer), or 5 half-lives (whichever is longer) prior to dosing (paracetamol/acetaminophen [up to 2 grams per day], and 2.5%, hydrocortisone [for ECG lead contact dermatitis] is permitted any time during the study).
  • Prior or concurrent clinical study experience where, participation in the study would result in loss of blood or blood products in excess of 500 mL within a 56 day period; therefore donation or loss of greater than 400 mL of blood within the previous 3 months.
  • Current enrollment or past participation within the last 3 months before signing of consent in this or any other clinical study involving an investigational study treatment or any other type of medical research.
  • Subjects, who have previously been enrolled in this study.
  • Presence of Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) at screening or positive Hepatitis C antibody test result at screening or within 3 months prior to first dose.
  • Confirmed positive pre-study drug/alcohol screen.
  • Positive human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) antibody test.
  • Regular use of known drugs of abuse, or history of drug or alcohol abuse in the past 5 years.
  • Regular alcohol consumption within 6 months prior to the study defined as an average weekly intake of >21 units for males or >14 units for females. One unit is equivalent to 8 gram of alcohol: a half-pint (approximately 240 mL) of beer or 1 (25 mL) measure of spirits. One glass (125 mL) of wine is equivalent to 1.5 to 2 units, depending on type)
  • Current use or history of regular use of tobacco- or nicotine-containing products within 6 months prior to screening. A confirmed carbon monoxide breath test reading of greater than 10 parts per million.
  • Sensitivity to any of the study treatments, or components thereof, or drug or other allergy that, in the opinion of the investigator or medical monitor, contraindicates participation in the study.
  • Subjects who do not have suitable veins for multiple venepunctures/cannulation as assessed by the investigator at screening.
  • Subjects who do not have the ability to swallow size 00 capsules.
  • Subjects who are study site employees, or immediate family members of a study site or sponsor employee.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03575962


Locations
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United Kingdom
GSK Investigational Site
Nottingham, United Kingdom, NG11 6JS
Sponsors and Collaborators
ViiV Healthcare
Investigators
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Study Director: GSK Clinical Trials ViiV Healthcare
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by ViiV Healthcare:
Study Protocol  [PDF] May 29, 2018
Statistical Analysis Plan  [PDF] November 21, 2018

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: ViiV Healthcare
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03575962    
Other Study ID Numbers: 208131
2018-001175-21 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: July 3, 2018    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: September 6, 2019
Last Update Posted: September 6, 2019
Last Verified: July 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: IPD for this study will be made available via the Clinical Study Data Request site.
Supporting Materials: Study Protocol
Statistical Analysis Plan (SAP)
Informed Consent Form (ICF)
Clinical Study Report (CSR)
Time Frame: IPD will be made available, within 6 months of publishing the results of the primary endpoints of the study.
Access Criteria: Access is provided, after a research proposal is submitted and has submitted approval from the Independent Review Panel and after a Data Sharing Agreement is in place. Access is provided, for an initial period of 12 months but an extension can be granted, when justified for up to another 12 months.
URL: http://clinicalstudydatarequest.com

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by ViiV Healthcare:
2-period
Pharmacokinetics
FTIH
GSK3640254
healthy subject
bioavailability
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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HIV Infections
Blood-Borne Infections
Communicable Diseases
Infections
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Immune System Diseases