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Phase 1/2 Study of TP-0903 (an Inhibitor of AXL Kinase) in Patients With Previously Treated CLL

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03572634
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : June 28, 2018
Last Update Posted : June 11, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Tolero Pharmaceuticals, Inc.

Brief Summary:

TP-0903 is an inhibitor of AXL kinase. TP-0903 has shown potent inhibition of AXL kinase and other TAM family members in a biochemical kinase assay. TP-0903 demonstrates corresponding activity in cancer cell lines and mouse xenograft efficacy models. TP-0903 is shown to block cancer cell epithelial-to-mesenchymal transitions. AXL was identified as a potential therapeutic target in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). TP 0903 was shown to induce apoptosis in CLL B-cells taken directly from patients.TP-0903 was equally potent against CLL cells regardless of risk-factor.

TP-0903 is a novel oral inhibitor that targets AXL kinase and reverses the mesenchymal phenotype associated with advanced cancers. TP-0903 has demonstrated profound single agent activity in CLL B cells taken directly from patients even if the patient has high risk factors (ie, 17p/P53 deletions) or progressed on other agents (ie, ibrutinib). TP-0903 is currently being evaluated in patients with refractory solid tumors (TP-0903-101). This proposed study is designed to identify the maximum tolerated dose (MTD), safety profile and recommended Phase 2 dose (RP2D) of TP-0903 in patients with previously treated CLL. Treatment cycles may be repeated if the patient continues to show benefit and if TP-0903 is reasonably well tolerated.

The study will investigate the safety, pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, and clinical activity of TP-0903.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia CLL SLL Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma Drug: TP-0903 Combination Product: TP-0903 and ibrutinib combination therapy Phase 1 Phase 2

Detailed Description:

This is a combined Phase 1/2 study of oral TP-0903 in patients with previously treated CLL/SLL. In both Phase 1 and Phase 2, study participants will be assigned to one of two defined patient groups:

  • Group 1 (TP-0903 monotherapy): Patients with CLL/SLL who are intolerant to, or have progressed on, B-cell receptor antagonists and/or BCL-2 antagonists
  • Group 2 (TP-0903 and ibrutinib combination therapy): Patients with CLL/SLL who have progressed on ibrutinib yet the treating provider considers continuation of ibrutinib therapy to be in the best interest of the patient.

Both groups of patients will be treated identically with TP 0903 and will undergo the same study assessments.

Phase 1 Patients will be enrolled in Group 1 and Group 2 in cohorts of 3 to 6 patients simultaneously. Group 2 will start at one dose level below the Group 1 starting dose. In each group, escalation of the TP-0903 dose will follow a standard 3+3 design with sequential cohorts of three patients treated with incrementally higher doses of TP 0903 until a dose-limiting toxicity (DLT) is observed and the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is established. In the absence of DLTs, the dose will be increased using a modified Fibonacci dose escalation scheme.

Once the MTD or preliminary RP2D is identified, an expansion cohort of up to 6 patients will be enrolled in each patient group to confirm safety/suitability of the preliminary RP2D, to collect additional biomarker data, and to further explore efficacy.

It is expected that up to 27 patients will be enrolled in each patient group for a total of up to 54 patients (TP-0903 monotherapy and combination therapy with ibrutinib).

Additional dose levels, schedules, or disease indications of TP 0903 may be explored, as appropriate, based on the modulation of key biomarkers and the safety profile and clinical signals of activity.

Phase 2 In Phase 2, patients will be enrolled in Group 1 (TP 0903 monotherapy) and Group 2 (TP-0903 combination therapy with ibrutinib) based on the Simon 2 stage design. In Stage 1, up to 13 patients will be enrolled into each patient group (total of 26 patients). If there are no responses among these 13 patients in each group, the study will be stopped. Otherwise, Stage 2 will open to enroll 14 additional patients in each group for a total of 27 patients per group. If 4 or more responses are observed among 27 patients, the conclusion will be that the study treatment is worthy of further investigation.

If both patient groups enroll through Stage 2, it is anticipated that the total enrollment for Phase 2 will be 54 patients.


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 108 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description:

Adult patients with CLL/SLL who:

are intolerant to, or have had progressive disease on B-cell receptor antagonists, BCL-2 antagonists or other investigational treatments for CLL/SLL (Group 1-TP 0903 monotherapy); or have progression of disease on ibrutinib, yet the treating provider considers continuation of ibrutinib therapy to be in the best interest of the patient (Group 2-TP-0903 and ibrutinib combination therapy)

Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Combined Phase 1/2 Study to Investigate the Safety, Pharmacokinetics, Pharmacodynamics, and Clinical Activity of TP-0903 in Patients With Previously Treated Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL)
Actual Study Start Date : June 10, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : January 2021
Estimated Study Completion Date : April 2021


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Group 1-TP 0903 monotherapy

Adult patients with CLL/SLL who:

are intolerant to, or have had progressive disease on B-cell receptor antagonists, BCL-2 antagonists or other investigational treatments for CLL/SLL

Drug: TP-0903

Monotherapy: PHASE 1: TP-0903 will be a 25 mg flat dose. The study drug will be administered orally once daily for 28 days (each cycle is 28 days; no drug-free period).

Patients may continue to receive TP-0903 in 28-day cycles at the same dose given during Cycle 1 until they experience unacceptable toxicity or unequivocal disease progression. No intrapatient escalation of the TP-0903 dose is permitted.

PHASE 2: The starting dose of TP-0903 will be the RP2D determined during Phase 1. TP 0903 will be administered orally at a fixed dose once daily for 28 days (each cycle is 28 days; no drug-free period) with repeated cycles permitted until a patient experiences unacceptable toxicity or unequivocal disease progression.


Experimental: Group 2-TP-0903 and ibrutinib combination therapy

Adult patients with CLL/SLL who:

have progression of disease on ibrutinib, yet the treating provider considers continuation of ibrutinib therapy to be in the best interest of the patient

Combination Product: TP-0903 and ibrutinib combination therapy

Combination therapy: PHASE 1: TP-0903 and ibrutinib combination therapy: The starting dose of TP-0903 will be a 20 mg flat dose. TP-0903 will be administered orally once daily for 28 days (each cycle is 28 days; no drug-free period). Patients will also receive ibrutinib at the same dose that they were receiving immediately prior to study enrollment.

Patients should continue with the combination of ibrutinib and TP-0903 for at least 3 months after study start.

PHASE 2: The starting dose of TP-0903 will be the RP2D determined during Phase 1. Patients will also receive ibrutinib at the same dose that they were receiving immediately prior to study enrollment. Both TP 0903 and ibrutinib will be administered orally at fixed doses once daily for 28 days (each cycle is 28 days; no drug-free period).





Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. PHASE 1: Incidence of dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs) and treatment emergent adverse events. [ Time Frame: 28 days ]
    A DLT is defined as a drug-related toxicity that is observed to occur within the first 28 days of treatment

  2. PHASE 2: ORR in the two defined patient groups according to guidelines set forth by the 2018 IWCLL [ Time Frame: 3 months ]
    Objective Response Rate ([ORR], ie, rate of complete response [CR] plus rate of partial response [PR] in the defined patient groups according to guidelines set forth by the 2018 International Workshop on CLL (IWCLL)


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. PHASE 1: Area under the plasma concentration-time curve from zero to infinity of oral TP-0903 in the defined patient groups [ Time Frame: 28 days ]
    Blood samples will be collected from patients so that derived PK parameters by non-compartment analysis may be conducted on Cycle 1

  2. PHASE 1: Peak plasma concentration (Cmax) of oral TP-0903 in the defined patient groups [ Time Frame: 28 days ]
    Blood samples will be collected from patients so that derived PK parameters by non-compartment analysis may be conducted on Cycle 1

  3. PHASE 2: To determine the Duration of Response [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    Time from tumor response to disease progression

  4. PHASE 2: Rate of overall survival [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    The time from first dose to objective tumor progression or death



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Be ≥18 years old
  2. Have an established, pathologically confirmed diagnoses of CLL/ Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma (SLL) requiring therapy according to the 2018 IWCLL guidelines
  3. Have received at least one prior therapy for CLL/SLL and can be classified in one of two patient groups:

    • Group 1 (TP-0903 monotherapy): Patients with CLL/SLL who are intolerant to, or have progressed on B-cell receptor antagonists and/or BCL-2 antagonists or other investigational treatments for CLL/SLL
    • Group 2 (TP-0903 and ibrutinib combination therapy): Patients with CLL/SLL who have progressed on ibrutinib, yet the treating provider considers continuation of ibrutinib therapy to be in the best interest of the patient
  4. Have an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status ≤2
  5. Have adequate hematologic function:

    • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥500/µL
    • Platelet count ≥30,000/µL
    • Hemoglobin ≥8 g/dL in the absence of transfusions within the previous 2 weeks
  6. Have adequate organ function:

    • Creatinine clearance ≥30 mL/min
    • Alanine aminotransferase (ALT)/aspartate aminotransferase (AST) level ≤2.5 × upper limit of normal (ULN)
    • Have a total bilirubin level ≤1.5 × ULN (unless secondary to Gilbert syndrome, hemolysis, or leukemia)
  7. Have acceptable coagulation status:

    • Activated partial thromboplastin (aPTT) and prothrombin time (PT) ≤1.5 × ULN

  8. Have a negative pregnancy test (if female of childbearing potential)
  9. Be nonfertile or agree to use an adequate method of contraception. Sexually active patients and their partners must use an effective method of contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control, or abstinence) prior to study entry and for the duration of study participation and for at least 30 days after the last study drug dose. Should a woman become pregnant or suspect that she is pregnant while participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately.
  10. Have read and signed the Institutional Review Board (IRB) approved informed consent form (ICF) prior to any study related procedure. (In the event that the patient is rescreened for study participation or a protocol amendment alters the care of an ongoing patient, a new ICF must be signed.)
  11. Are able to comply with the requirements of the entire study

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Have undergone prior autologous or allogeneic stem cell transplant within ≤3 months, have not recovered from transplant associated toxicities, or requires graft versus host immunosuppressive therapy
  2. Have known central nervous system (CNS) involvement
  3. Have Richter's transformation of CLL
  4. Have received any monoclonal antibody therapy directed at treatment of the patient's malignancy within 2 weeks prior to anticipated first dose
  5. Have received any anticancer therapy including chemotherapy, radiotherapy, or an investigational anticancer drug within less than 5 half lives of the last dose of that treatment

    • This exclusion criterion is not applicable to patients requiring continuation on ibrutinib. (Note: Certain patients with a rapidly rising white blood cell count while on ibrutinib may need to remain on this drug for medical reasons. These patients will need to be approved by the Medical Monitor and treated in accordance with the protocol.)

  6. Have received >20 mg/day of prednisone and 0.1 mg/day of mineralocorticoids within 7 days prior to anticipated first dose
  7. Have a corrected QT interval of >450 msec (males) and >470 msec (females) using Fridericia's correction formula
  8. Have a significant history of renal, neurologic, psychiatric, endocrinologic, metabolic, immunologic, hepatic, or cardiovascular disease or any other medical condition that, in the opinion of the Investigator, would adversely affect his/her participation in the study
  9. Are pregnant and/or nursing, or refuse to use appropriate contraceptives during the course of the study and for at least 30 days after the last dose of study drug
  10. History of another malignancy in the last 5 years except for the following adequately treated:

    • Local basal cell or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin
    • Carcinoma in situ of the cervix or breast
    • Papillary, noninvasive bladder cancer
    • Early stage prostate cancer for which observation is clinically indicated
    • Other Stage 1 or 2 cancers currently in complete remission
    • Any other cancer that has been in complete remission for 2 years or surgically cured. Medical Monitor may be contacted for additional determination of acceptable prior cancer history
  11. Have known gastrointestinal disorders (eg, malabsorption syndrome), complications (eg, dysphagia), or surgery that could make consumption or absorption of oral medications problematic
  12. Have an uncontrolled systemic infection (viral, bacterial, or fungal) or fever and neutropenia within 7 days prior to anticipated first dose
  13. Have active and uncontrolled autoimmune cytopenias for 2 or more weeks including autoimmune hemolytic anemia or idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP)
  14. Have received prior therapy with an AXL inhibitor
  15. Have exhibited allergic reactions to a similar structural compound, biological agent, or formulation
  16. Are unwilling or unable to comply with procedures required in this protocol
  17. Have a history of severe adverse reaction (eg. hypersensitivity reaction, anaphylaxis) to sulfonamides

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03572634


Contacts
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Contact: Holly Beever, BS, RN 210-365-9014 hbeever@toleropharma.com
Contact: Susan Smith, MSN 210-414-7702 su.smith@toleropharma.com

Locations
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United States, Arizona
Mayo Clinic Arizona Recruiting
Phoenix, Arizona, United States, 85054
Contact: Meline Arzumanyan    480-342-2082      
Principal Investigator: Jose Leis, MD         
United States, Florida
Mayo Clinic Florida Recruiting
Jacksonville, Florida, United States, 32224
Contact: Rachel Pop    904-953-8401      
Principal Investigator: Asher Chanan-Khan, MD         
United States, Minnesota
Mayo Clinic Rochester Recruiting
Rochester, Minnesota, United States, 55905
Contact: Neil Kay, MD    507-284-2511      
Principal Investigator: Neil Kay, MD         
United States, Missouri
Washington University - St Louis Recruiting
Saint Louis, Missouri, United States, 63130
Contact: Nancy Borror    314-362-3257      
Principal Investigator: Brad Kahl, MD         
United States, New York
Cornell University Recruiting
New York, New York, United States, 10065
Contact: Amelyn Rodriguez, RN    212-746-1362      
Principal Investigator: John Allan, MD         
United States, North Carolina
Duke University Recruiting
Durham, North Carolina, United States, 27705
Contact: Danielle Brander, MD    919-684-8964      
Principal Investigator: Danielle Brander, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Tolero Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
Investigators
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Study Director: Margit Janat-Amsbury, MD, PhD Tolero Pharmaceuticals

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Responsible Party: Tolero Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03572634     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: TP-0903-102
First Posted: June 28, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 11, 2019
Last Verified: June 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Keywords provided by Tolero Pharmaceuticals, Inc.:
Tolero
Phase 1/2
First in human
Previously treated Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL)
Previously treated Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma (SLL)
AXL inhibitor
Cancer
Advanced Cancer
Relapsed / Refractory CLL

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Leukemia
Leukemia, Lymphoid
Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Lymphatic Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Leukemia, B-Cell