Pre-exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) at Home (PrEP@Home)
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03569813|
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : June 26, 2018
Last Update Posted : June 4, 2021
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|HIV/AIDS||Behavioral: PrEP@Home System Other: Standard of Care||Not Applicable|
Clinical guidance calls for quarterly follow-up visits for individuals taking PrEP. Yet these visits impose burdens on the healthcare system and on patients that could hinder persistence of patients in PrEP care. Preliminary data indicate that a home-based care system for PrEP is feasible, acceptable, and may increase patient willingness to remain in care.
This study explores the effect of a home-based PrEP support system on maintenance in PrEP care. The study will enroll 396 participants into a stratified randomized, controlled trial comparing the PrEP@Home intervention arm to the standard of care control arm. The study seeks to explore intervention performance among highly impacted groups, and therefore will target a sample that is 50% Black and 50% aged 18-34 years.
Individuals in the intervention and control arms will have a baseline study visit, in which patients will be prescribed PrEP. Participants randomized to the intervention arm will receive home care for PrEP at months 3, 6, 9, and 12. Home care will include a mailed package with materials for HIV/sexually transmitted infection (STI)/creatinine specimen self-collection, materials for return shipping, and a link to an electronic, self-report behavioral assessment. Home care will also include access to the intervention version of the study app to facilitate patient-provider and patient-system interactions. Study clinicians will monitor patients in home care, and renew prescriptions as indicated. Control arm participants will be linked to a local PrEP provider, where they will be seen for quarterly clinic visits per standard of care. Control participants will have access to the control version of the study app that contains only research elements pertinent to their participation in the control arm of the study.
At months 6 and 12, all participants will be mailed materials for dried blood spot (DBS) self-collection to allow for measurement of tenofovir diphosphate (TFV-DP) levels. The primary outcome is a comparison of the levels of TFV-DP, a measure that provides information regarding protective levels of PrEP, for the intervention relative to the control arm.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Estimated Enrollment :||396 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Intervention Model Description:||This trial will include 396 participants with 2:1 allocation for the intervention (264) and control (132) conditions. The sample of 396 will target inclusion of 50% Black and 50% younger (aged 18-34) participants.|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||Making it Last: A Randomized, Controlled Trial of a Home Care System to Promote Persistence in PrEP Care|
|Actual Study Start Date :||April 26, 2019|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||May 2022|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||May 2022|
Experimental: PrEP@Home System
The experimental group will be assigned to the remote care system for one year of follow-up PrEP care to include home test kits and behavioral surveillance, and telemedicine visits as needed.
Behavioral: PrEP@Home System
The PrEP@Home system includes a home care kit mailed quarterly to participants. The kit includes components for self-collection of urine, rectal swab, pharyngeal swab and microtube blood collection, and materials for return shipping. Biological tests routinely performed at PrEP follow-up visits will be conducted on the specimens. At months 6 and 12, the kit will include materials to assess for protective levels of TFV-DP.
The system includes a study app through which participants may track the mailing of home testing kits, access quarterly surveys, and communicate with study clinicians. The surveys will include domains that physicians assess at PrEP care quarterly follow-up visits (sexual risk, illicit substance use, PrEP adherence, side effects).
Lab and survey results will be sent to study clinicians and if the results show no contraindications for PrEP continuation, the clinician may renew a participant's PrEP prescription. Telemedicine visits will be scheduled as necessary.
Active Comparator: Standard of Care
The comparator group will receive active linkage to a local PrEP provider for clinic-based PrEP follow-up. Participants in this study arm will be seen quarterly by a health care provider, per standard of care when taking PrEP.
Other: Standard of Care
Control participants will receive clinic-based PrEP follow-up. After the baseline assessment, control participants will receive active linkage to standard, clinic-based PrEP care for their next PrEP care follow-up visit. Participants will also download the control version of the study app, which will contain only research elements pertinent to their participation in the control arm of the study including quarterly surveys. At months 6 and 12, control arm participants will be sent materials for DBS self-collection and return shipping to allow for measurement of the study outcome, TFV-DP levels.
- Difference in tenofovir-diphosphate (TFV-DP) levels between intervention and control arms at 12 month follow-up [ Time Frame: Month 12 ]Measurement of TFV-DP levels will be conducted for participants in both arms using liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry methods on self-collected DBS samples. TFV-DP level can be translated to an interpretation that indicates mean number of days per week PrEP is ingested over a time period of approximately 1-month preceding specimen collection. The cutpoint used for the primary outcome measure will be TFV-DP levels considered to be a surrogate for substantial protection: >700 femtomole per blood spot (fmol/punch), a level indicating >4 doses/wk.
- Retention in PrEP care [ Time Frame: Up to Month 12 ]Retention in PrEP care, based on assessment of a filled PrEP prescription, will be assessed by photo of dated prescription label. Participants will be prompted to use the study app to take a photo of their prescription label that identifies their name, date of prescription, and the medication name.
- Difference in tenofovir-diphosphate (TFV-DP) levels between intervention and control arms at 6 month follow-up [ Time Frame: Month 6 ]Measurement of TFV-DP levels will be conducted for participants in both arms using liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry methods on self-collected DBS samples. TFV-DP level can be translated to an interpretation that indicates mean number of days per week PrEP is ingested over a time period of approximately 1-month preceding specimen collection. The cutpoint used for the primary outcome measure will be TFV-DP levels considered to be a surrogate for substantial protection: >700 femtomole per blood spot (fmol/punch), a level indicating >4 doses/wk.
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03569813
|Contact: Aaron Siegler, PhDemail@example.com|
|Contact: Mariah Valentine-Graves, MPHfirstname.lastname@example.org|
|United States, Georgia|
|Emory University, PRISM Health||Recruiting|
|Atlanta, Georgia, United States, 30322|
|Contact: Aaron Siegler, PhD 404-712-9733 email@example.com|
|Contact: Mariah Valentine-Graves, MPH 404-727-2756 firstname.lastname@example.org|
|United States, Massachusetts|
|The Fenway Institute||Recruiting|
|Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02215|
|Contact: Kenneth Mayer, MD 617-267-0900|
|United States, Mississippi|
|Open Arms Health Care Center||Recruiting|
|Jackson, Mississippi, United States, 39202|
|Contact: Leandro Mena, MD, MPH 601-500-7660|
|United States, Missouri|
|Washington University AIDS Clinical Trial Unit||Recruiting|
|Saint Louis, Missouri, United States, 63110|
|Contact: Rupa Patel, MD, MPH 314-454-0058|
|United States, Ohio|
|Cleveland, Ohio, United States, 44109|
|Contact: Claudia Ute Sontich 216-778-3377 email@example.com|
|Principal Investigator: Ann Avery, MD|
|Principal Investigator:||Aaron Siegler, PhD||Emory University|
|Principal Investigator:||Kenneth Mayer, MD||Harvard Medical School|