A 2-Period Crossover Study of BPN14770 in Adults Males With Fragile X Syndrome
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03569631|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 26, 2018
Last Update Posted : December 3, 2020
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|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Fragile X Syndrome FXS Fra(X) Syndrome||Drug: BPN14770 Drug: Placebo||Phase 2|
A total of 30 subjects will be enrolled. The study consists of a screening period of up to 28 days prior to initial treatment, followed by two double-blind treatment periods, each 12 weeks long. A final follow-up visit or phone contact for safety is planned one week after the conclusion of Period 2.
Eligible subjects will be randomized in a blinded, balanced (1:1) fashion to receive either 25 mg BPN14770 capsules or matching placebo capsules during Period 1, followed by the opposite treatment during Period 2. One capsule will be taken twice daily during both double-blind periods.
Subjects will return to the clinic at the end of Weeks 2, 6, and 12 of each study period. Cognitive and behavioral evaluations will be repeated at Weeks 6 and 12 of each Period. Additionally, patients will be monitored for adverse events via a telephone call at the end of Week 1 of each Period, and one week following completion of Period 2 or following early discontinuation.
During clinic visits, adverse effects will be assessed, and laboratory measures, vital signs, and ECGs will be performed. Suicidality risk will also be evaluated at each clinic visit; if a concern is detected, the subject will be referred for further evaluation and treatment. Cognitive and behavioral assessments will be performed during each clinic visit. Pharmacodynamic measures of CNS function will be obtained to evaluated effects of the drug in the brain. Pharmacokinetic samples will be collected to confirm that study drug is present and to estimate plasma exposure at Week 12 of each Period.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||30 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Crossover Assignment|
|Masking:||Double (Participant, Investigator)|
|Official Title:||A Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled, 2-period Crossover Study of BPN14770 in Adult Males With Fragile X Syndrome|
|Actual Study Start Date :||July 9, 2018|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||July 31, 2020|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||July 31, 2020|
25mg BPN14770 capsules, one capsule taken twice daily for 12 weeks
25 mg BPN14770 capsules
Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Matching placebo capsules, one capsule taken twice daily for 12 weeks
Placebo capsules to mimic 25 mg BPN14770 capsules
- Incidence of Treatment-Emergent Adverse Events [Safety and Tolerability] [ Time Frame: up to 24 weeks ]Number of subjects with treatment-related adverse events as assessed by MedDRA
- NIH-TCB: NIH Toolbox Cognitive Battery for Intellectual Disabilities [ Time Frame: Change from Baseline to Week 6 and Week 12 of each Period for each of 7 assessments ]A set of 7 cognition assessments administered on an iPad
- KiTAP Test of Attentional Performance [ Time Frame: Change from Baseline to Week 6 and Week 12 of each Period ]A set of 4 subtests designed in the form of short games
- CGI-S: Clinical Global Impression-Severity [ Time Frame: Change from Baseline to Week 6 and Week 12 of each Period ]The Clinical Global Impression - Severity scale (CGI-S) is a 7-point scale that requires the clinician to rate the severity of the patient's illness at the time of assessment, relative to the clinician's past experience with patients who have the same diagnosis. Considering total clinical experience, a patient is assessed on severity of mental illness at the time of rating 1, normal, not at all ill; 2, borderline mentally ill; 3, mildly ill; 4, moderately ill; 5, markedly ill; 6, severely ill; or 7, extremely ill.
- CGI-I: Clinical Global Impression-Improvement [ Time Frame: Change from Baseline to Week 6 and Week 12 of each Period ]The CGI is a clinician-rated scale utilizing history from the caregiver and incorporating it into a clinical rating, first for severity, and then for clinical follow-up. The CGI-S will be used at the baseline assessment to judge symptom severity as 1 = Normal, not at all ill; 2 = Borderline ill; 3 = Mildly ill; 4 = Moderately ill; 5 = Markedly ill; 6 = Severely ill; and 7 = Among the most extremely ill. The CGI-I will be used at the Week 8 and End of Treatment/Week 16 visits to judge the change in clinical impression as 1 = Very Much Improved; 2 = Much Improved; 3 = Minimally Improved; 4 = No Change; 5 = Minimally Worse; 6 = Much Worse; and 7 = Very Much Worse.
- VAS: Visual Analog Rating Scale [ Time Frame: Change from Baseline to Week 6 and Week 12 of each Period ]The VAS will be used to measure the severity of three specific behavioral symptoms targeted in this study: behavior problems, language abilities, and eating behavior. For each behavior the caregiver is instructed to mark their impression of the behavior at the baseline visit and again at the Week 8 and End of Treatment/Week 16 visits. The calculated distance in cm between the visit marks thereby demonstrates whether each behavior stayed the same, improved, or worsened during the study and by how much. The scale is from 0 cm (defined as "worst behavior") to 10 cm ("behavior not a problem").
- ABC: Aberrant Behavior Checklist [ Time Frame: Change from Baseline to Week 12 of each Period ]The Aberrant Behavior Checklist (ABC) is a 58-item rating scale used to assess maladaptive behaviors across five original subscales: Irritability (15 items from 0-45), Social Withdrawal (16 items from 0-48), Stereotypy (7 items from 0-21), Hyperactivity (16 items from 0-48), Inappropriate Speech (4 items from 0-12). Additionally, Social Avoidance, a newly developed four-item subscale (from 0-12) of the ABC that captures core social avoidance aspects of Fragile X Syndrome is reported. All items on the ABC are rated from 0 (not at all a problem) to 3 (the problem is severe in degree). Higher scores indicate greater maladaptive behaviors. Differences between Baseline and Week 10 are used as an indicator of change.
- ADAMS: Anxiety, Depression, and Mood Scale [ Time Frame: Change from Baseline to Week 12 of each Period ]The ADAMS (Anxiety, Depression, and Mood Scale) is a 28-item behavior-based informant instrument designed to assess anxiety, depression and mood disorders in individuals with intellectual disability. Items are rated on a scale of 0 ("behavior has not occurred, or is not a problem") to 3 ("behavior occurs a lot, or is a severe problem"). The scale is composed of 5 factors which address: Manic/Hyperactive Behavior, Depressed Mood, Social Avoidance, General Anxiety and Obsessive/Compulsive Behavior.
- Vineland-3 Rating Scale [ Time Frame: Change from Baseline to 12 of each Period ]The VABS-III is a caregiver survey interview that measures the personal and social skills of individuals from birth through adulthood. It was designed to assess handicapped and non-handicapped persons in their personal and social functioning and is appropriate for individuals of all ages. The Adaptive Behavior Composite (ABC) score is calculated from the caregiver responses using age-adjusted scoring tables. ABC scores range from 20 to 160 and indicate low (20-70), moderately low (70-85), adequate (85-115), moderately high (115-130), or high (130-160) overall adaptive functioning.
- ERP: Event Related Potentials [ Time Frame: Change from Baseline to Week 12 of each Period ]An EEG (electroencephalogram) maps timing of a subject's responses to sounds heard in a headset.
- Eye Tracking [ Time Frame: Change from Baseline Week 12 of each Period ]Subjects will view pictures shown on the screen. Each assessment begins with presentation of a scrambled face image followed immediately by its matched face image. Measurements include looking time to the eye region of interest (ROI), and number of fixations to the eye ROI, as well as pupil dilatation by pupilometry.
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|Ages Eligible for Study:||18 Years to 45 Years (Adult)|
|Sexes Eligible for Study:||Male|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers:||No|
- Subject is male aged 18 to 45 years, inclusive.
- Subject has Fragile X Syndrome with a molecular genetic confirmation of the full Fragile X Mental Retardation (FMR1) mutation (≥200 CGG repetitions).
- Current treatment with no more than 3 prescribed psychotropic medications. Anti- epileptic medications are permitted and are not counted as psychotropic medications if they are used for treatment of seizures. Anti-epileptics for other indications, such as the treatment of mood disorders, count towards the limit of permitted medications.
- Permitted concomitant psychotropic medications must be at a stable dose and dosing regimen for at least 2 weeks prior to Screening and must remain stable during the period between Screening and the commencement of study medication.
- Anti-epileptic medications must be at a stable dose and dosing regimen for 12 weeks prior to Screening and must remain stable during the period between Screening and the commencement of study medication.
- Subjects with a history of seizure disorder who are currently receiving treatment with anti-epileptics must have been seizure-free for 3 months preceding Screening, or must be seizure-free for 3 years if not currently receiving anti-epileptics.
- Behavioral and therapy treatments/interventions must be stable for 4 weeks prior to Screening and must remain stable during the period between Screening and the commencement of study medication, and throughout the study. Minor changes in hours or times of therapy that are not considered clinically significant will not be exclusionary. Changes in therapies provided through a school program, due to school vacations, are allowed.
- Subject must be willing to practice barrier methods of contraception while on study, if sexually active. Abstinence is also considered a reasonable form of birth control in this study population.
- Subject has a parent, legal authorized guardian or consistent caregiver.
- Subject and caregiver are able to attend the clinic regularly and reliably.
- Subject is able to swallow tablets and capsules.
- For subjects who are not their own legal guardian, subject's parent/legal authorized guardian is able to understand and sign an informed consent form to participate in the study.
- If subject is his/her own legal guardian, he/she can understand and sign informed consent to participate in the study.
- If subject is not their own legal guardian, the subject provides assent for participation in the study, if the subject has the cognitive ability to provide assent.
- History of, or current cardiovascular, renal, hepatic, respiratory, gastrointestinal, psychiatric, neurologic, cerebrovascular, or other systemic disease that would place the subject at risk or potentially interfere with the interpretation of the safety, tolerability, or efficacy of the study medication. Common diseases such as mild hypertension, well-controlled type 2 diabetes mellitus (hemoglobin A1C [Hgb A1C] <6.5%), etc. are allowed per the investigator's judgment as long as they are stable and controlled by medical therapy that is constant for at least 4 weeks before randomization.
- Renal impairment, defined as serum creatinine > 1.25 x ULN at screening
Hepatic impairment, defined as ALT or AST elevation > 2 x ULN at screening. Note:
LFTs may be repeated after 1 week to evaluate return to acceptable limits; if LFTs remain elevated, subject is ineligible to participate.
- Clinically significant abnormalities, in the investigator's judgment, in safety laboratory tests, vital signs, or ECG, as measured during Screening.
- History of substance abuse within the past year, according to investigator assessment.
- Significant hearing or visual impairment that may affect the subject's ability to complete the test procedures.
- Concurrent major psychiatric condition (e.g., Major Depressive Disorder, Schizophrenia or Bipolar Disorder) as diagnosed by the investigator. Subjects with additional diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorder or Anxiety Disorder will be allowed.
- Subject has active diseases that would interfere with participation, such as acquired immunodeficiency disorder, hepatitis C, hepatitis B, or tuberculosis.
- Subject is planning to commence psychotherapy or cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) during the period of the study or had begun psychotherapy or CBT within 4 weeks prior to Screening.
- Subject is related to anyone employed by the sponsor, investigator, or study staff.
- Subject has BMI less than 18 or greater than 36.
- Subject has participated in another clinical trial within the 30 days preceding Screening.
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03569631
|United States, Illinois|
|Rush University Medical Center|
|Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60612|
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
|Responsible Party:||Tetra Discovery Partners|
|Other Study ID Numbers:||
|First Posted:||June 26, 2018 Key Record Dates|
|Last Update Posted:||December 3, 2020|
|Last Verified:||December 2020|
|Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:|
|Plan to Share IPD:||No|
|Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product:||Yes|
|Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product:||No|
Phosphodiesterase Type 4D
Fragile X Syndrome
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Autistic Spectrum Disorder
Fragile X Syndrome
Mental Retardation, X-Linked
Nervous System Diseases
Sex Chromosome Disorders
Genetic Diseases, Inborn
Genetic Diseases, X-Linked
Heredodegenerative Disorders, Nervous System
Phosphodiesterase 4 Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action