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JNJ-40346527 in Treating Participants With Relapsed or Refractory Acute Myeloid Leukemia

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03557970
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Not enough enrollment to determine efficacy)
First Posted : June 15, 2018
Results First Posted : December 2, 2021
Last Update Posted : December 2, 2021
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Oregon Health and Science University
Janssen, LP
The Leukemia and Lymphoma Society
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Elie Traer, MD PhD, OHSU Knight Cancer Institute

Brief Summary:
This phase II trial studies how well edicotinib (JNJ-40346527) works in treating participants with acute myeloid leukemia that has come back or does not respond to treatment. JNJ-40346527 may stop the growth of cancer cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Recurrent Acute Myeloid Leukemia Refractory Acute Myeloid Leukemia Drug: Edicotinib Other: Pharmacokinetic Study Phase 2

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVE:

Evaluate preliminary efficacy of JNJ-40346527 in participants with relapsed/refractory AML.

I. Best objective response rate (> PR).

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

Assess safety and survival associated with JNJ-40346527 to treat participants with relapsed/refractory AML. Assess the duration of disease response associated with JNJ-40346527.

I. Overall incidence of treatment-related and non-treatment related toxicity. II. Duration of response. III. 12-month event-free survival. IV. 12-month overall survival.

EXPLORATORY OBJECTIVES:

I. Evaluate the pharmacokinetics of JNJ-40346527 and effective inhibition of CSF-1R in marrow aspirates using plasma inhibitory assays, with established CSF-1R-sensitive cell lines.

II. Identify the effect of JNJ-40346527 on leukemia cells and the immune microenvironment.

III. Identify and quantify the specific subpopulation of cells that express CSF-1R in participants and correlate these with clinical response to JNJ-40346527.

IV. Analyze the frequency of mutations using genomic deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) from leukemia participants to determine if there is a genetic signature that predicts response to JNJ-40346527.

V. Using ribonucleic acid (RNA) sequencing (RNAseq), identify an expression signature in CSF-1R+ cells that predicts patient response.

VI. Evaluate the effect of JNJ-40346527 on immune cell populations (cytotoxic T cells, etc.) and phospho-signaling proteins by mass cytometry (CyTOF) analysis in pre- and post-treatment samples in order to identify biomarkers that predict patient response and prioritize potential combination strategies for future clinical trials.

VII. Determine how leukemia cells change in response to CSF-1R inhibition by assessing cells collected pre- and post-treatment using an ex vivo sensitivity to a panel of small molecule inhibitors to determine what new drug sensitivities may emerge in AML cells after CSF-1R inhibition.

OUTLINE:

Participants receive JNJ-40346527 orally (PO) twice a day (BID) on days 1-28. Cycles repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, participants are followed up within 2 weeks, at 4-6 weeks until death or minimum of 12 months.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 3 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 2 Open-Label Study of the CSF-1R Inhibitor JNJ-40346527 in Patients With Relapsed/Refractory Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML)
Actual Study Start Date : October 5, 2018
Actual Primary Completion Date : September 28, 2020
Actual Study Completion Date : September 28, 2020


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Treatment (JNJ-40346527)
Participants receive JNJ-40346527 PO BID on days 1-28. Cycles repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: Edicotinib
Given PO
Other Name: JNJ-40346527

Other: Pharmacokinetic Study
Correlative studies
Other Names:
  • PHARMACOKINETIC
  • PK Study




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Best Objective Response Rate [ Time Frame: first 2 cycles of study drug ]
    An objective response is defined as achievement of a PR or any type of CR (CR, CRm, CRc, CRi) during a participant's first 2 cycles of study drug. Each participant's best disease response designation (amended from the IWG criteria specified by Cheson, 2003 JCO) during the first 2 cycles will be used when computing the best objective response rate. This rate will be reported alongside an exact confidence interval for each arm separately.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Incidence of Treatment-related and Non-treatment Related Adverse Events Per National Cancer Institute (NCI) Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) Version 5.0 [ Time Frame: Start of study drug until 30 days after the last dose of study drug (while the participant remains on-study), which amounted to an average of 31 days for the 3 enrolled participants ]
    The overall incidence of treatment-related and non-treatment-related toxicity (including serious and non-serious AEs). See the Adverse Event module of the Results section for a tabular summary of each toxicity event and associated system organ class.

  2. Duration of Response [ Time Frame: achievement of >=PR through end of study ]
    For participants that achieve at least a partial response (PR), the length of time between start date of this response and progression.

  3. Event-free Survival [ Time Frame: study enrollment until last on-study disease assessment ]
    Defined for all patients of a trial; measured from the date of entry into a study to the date of relapse from PR or CR or CRi, progression, or death from any cause; patients not known to have any of these events are censored on the date they were last examined. The Kaplan-Meier method will be used to estimate event-free survival.

  4. Overall Survival [ Time Frame: From study enrollment until end of participant follow-up (i.e., death or last contact), with the protocol specifying that "[p]articipants will be followed … until death" ]
    Defined for all patients of a trial; measured from the date of entry into a study to the date of death from any cause; patients not known to have died at end of study are censored on the date they were last known to be alive. The Kaplan-Meier method will be used to estimate overall survival.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • 1. Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document.
  • 2. Age >= 18 years at time of informed consent. Both men and women and members of all races and ethnic groups will be included.
  • 3. Morphologically documented relapsed/refractory AML as defined by World Health Organization (WHO) criteria after at least 1 prior therapy for AML with the exception of hydroxyurea, and not felt to have curative treatment options per treating physician, or the patients themselves are unwilling to consider curative treatment options.
  • 4. Sufficient and viable bone marrow aspirate or peripheral blood collection to use for the ex vivo sensitivity assay.
  • 5. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0 to 2.
  • 6. Women must not be pregnant or breastfeeding. Women of childbearing potential must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test within 14 days prior to start of study drug administration.
  • 7. Participants must agree to use an adequate method contraception.
  • 8. Must be able to take oral medications.
  • 9. Adequate organ function as defined by the following:

    1. Serum creatinine =< 2 x the upper limit of normal (ULN), or glomerular filtration rate > 20 ml/min as calculated by Cockcroft-Gault formula.
    2. Serum potassium, magnesium, and calcium (corrected for albumin) within institutional normal limits or can be corrected with supplementation.
    3. Total serum bilirubin =< 2.5 x ULN.
    4. Serum aspartate transaminase (AST) and/or alanine transaminase (ALT) =< 2.5 x ULN.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • 1. Diagnosis of acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL, or AML M3 subtype).
  • 2. Active central nervous system involvement with AML.
  • 3. Concurrent active malignancy with expected survival of less than 1 year. For example, candidates with treated skin cancers, prostate cancer, breast cancer, etc. without metastatic disease are candidates for therapy since their expected survival exceeds that of relapsed or refractory AML. All subjects with concurrent malignancies will be reviewed by the principal investigator (PI) prior to enrollment.
  • 4. Clinically significant graft versus host disease (GVHD) or active GVHD requiring initiation or escalation of treatment within 28-day screening period.
  • 5. Clinically significant coagulation abnormality, such as disseminated intravascular coagulation.
  • 6. Participants who are currently receiving any other investigational agents.
  • 7. Previous treatment with CSF-1R kinase inhibitor or CSF-1R blocking antibody.
  • 8. Known clinically significant liver disease defined as ongoing drug-induced liver injury, chronic active hepatitis C (HCV), chronic active hepatitis B (HBV), alcoholic liver disease, non-alcoholic steatohepatitis, primary biliary cirrhosis, extrahepatic obstruction caused by cholelithiasis, cirrhosis of the liver, portal hypertension, or history of autoimmune hepatitis.
  • 9. Untreated HIV or active hepatitis C detectable by polymerase chain reaction (PCR), or chronic hepatitis B (patients positive for hepatitis B core antibody who are receiving intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) are eligible if hepatitis B [HepB] polymerase chain reaction [PCR] is negative).
  • 10. Known history of cerebrovascular accident, myocardial infarction, or intracranial hemorrhage within 2 months of enrollment.
  • 11. Clinically significant surgery within 2 weeks of enrollment.
  • 12. Per PI discretion, active infection that is not well controlled by antibacterial or antiviral therapy.
  • 13. Cancer-directed therapy within 2 weeks prior to starting treatment, with the exception of hydroxyurea, which is allowed to control white blood cell count. Hydroxyurea will be weaned as soon as clinically feasible.
  • 14. Unwillingness to receive infusion of blood products.
  • 15. Drugs that affect the CYP3A4 systems are allowed and essential for cancer patients, including anti-fungals but should be used with caution.
  • 16. Patients with uncontrolled white blood cell count (defined as > 50 K/cu mm not controlled with hydrea).

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03557970


Locations
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United States, Oregon
OHSU Knight Cancer Institute
Portland, Oregon, United States, 97239
Sponsors and Collaborators
OHSU Knight Cancer Institute
Oregon Health and Science University
Janssen, LP
The Leukemia and Lymphoma Society
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Elie Traer, MD OHSU Knight Cancer Institute
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Elie Traer, MD PhD, OHSU Knight Cancer Institute:
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Responsible Party: Elie Traer, MD PhD, Principal Investigator, OHSU Knight Cancer Institute
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03557970    
Other Study ID Numbers: STUDY00017583
NCI-2018-00869 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
STUDY00017583 ( Other Identifier: OHSU Knight Cancer Institute )
First Posted: June 15, 2018    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: December 2, 2021
Last Update Posted: December 2, 2021
Last Verified: December 2021

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Leukemia
Leukemia, Myeloid
Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms