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IMPROVE AKI Cluster-Randomized Trial (IMPROVE-AKI)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03556293
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : June 14, 2018
Last Update Posted : April 29, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Vanderbilt University
University of Vermont
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Jeremiah R. Brown, Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center

Brief Summary:
When a person has an imaging procedure that uses radio-contrast dye, there is a possibility of damage to that person's kidneys, which could result in being on dialysis or early death. The investigators are testing novel coaching and automated tools to help healthcare teams apply approaches that have been shown to prevent damage to kidneys during a cardiac catheterization procedure. The results of our study will help inform health care leaders on how to implement low-cost preventive strategies through team-based coaching and surveillance reporting for kidney injury and other patient safety priorities to every hospital in the United States.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Acute Kidney Injury Behavioral: AKI Prevention Toolkit Behavioral: Technical Assistance (TA) Behavioral: Virtual Learning Collaborative (VLC) Behavioral: Automated Surveillance Reporting (ASR) Not Applicable

Detailed Description:
The investigators propose to test the implementation of evidence-based preventive interventions through a Virtual Learning Collaborative (VLC) with and without the novel use Automated Surveillance Reporting (ASR) intervention to change clinical practice and improve patient safety in common diagnostic procedures. Over 2 million people in the United States undergo diagnostic or interventional cardiac catheterization each year. Acute kidney injury (AKI), a patient safety metric set by the National Quality Forum, occurs in up to 14% of all patients following a procedure and up to 50% in patients with pre-existing chronic kidney disease (CKD), making AKI the most prevalent adverse event. Patients developing AKI have an increased risk of serious adverse events. There are widely accepted interventions to prevent AKI in patients undergoing cardiac catheterization. Our research team has demonstrated AKI can be prevented in 28% of patients with CKD through a large regional pilot. Our team has already developed ASR techniques for AKI nationally within the Veterans' Administration. Based on our own preliminary studies, the investigators hypothesize the incorporation of an automated plug-in ASR toolkit to provide near-realtime feedback to front-line care teams will significantly augment both VLC and Technical Assistance (TA) interventions in implementation trials. Our objective is to conduct a national randomized clinical trial testing the use of VLC or TA with or without a plug-in ASR toolkit to determine if ASR significantly improves outcomes for patients undergoing procedures with contrast dye to overcome the inconsistent application of known ways to prevent AKI. The rationale underlying the project is that ASR could prove to be a plug-in vehicle to improve patient endpoints in evidence-based preventive interventions in common diagnostic procedures. The investigators plan to test our hypothesis through the following specific aims in a 2x2 factorial cluster-randomized trial. For all aims, 16 hospitals will be randomized to receive one of the following interventions for 18-months: A) Technical Assistance (TA); B) Technical Assistance with Automated Surveillance Reporting (TA+ASR); C) Virtual Learning Collaborative (VLC) with team-based coaching (VLC); and D) Virtual Learning Collaborative with Automated Surveillance Reporting (VLC+ASR). Specific Aim 1: Compare the efficacy of a VLC and/or ASR compared to TA to reduce the incidence of AKI. Specific Aim 2: Evaluate the sustained efficacy of VLC and/or ASR to reduce the incidence of AKI following the intervention period. The interventions proposed use novel interactive video coaching sessions and ASR as low-cost scalable implementation strategies to prevent a clinical endpoint (AKI). Eighteen hospitals have agreed to participate and be randomized. The investigators expect the impact of a plug-in ASR to augment evidence based preventive interventions and VLC could significantly improve the consistent application of these interventions and implementation trials. In our opinion, our study will open the door to a new paradigm of implementation science seeking to continuously improve health care.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 10576 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Factorial Assignment
Intervention Model Description: 2x2 factorial cluster randomized trial
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: IMPROVE AKI: A Cluster-Randomized Trial of Team-Based Coaching Interventions to IMPROVE Acute Kidney Injury
Estimated Study Start Date : August 1, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 31, 2021
Estimated Study Completion Date : August 30, 2023

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Technical Assistance (No ASR)
Technical Assistance (TA). Intervention: TA will be offered to the 4 teams randomized to the TA condition without automated surveillance reporting and will receive the AKI Prevention Toolkit plus monthly technical calls independently
Behavioral: AKI Prevention Toolkit
AKI Prevention Toolkit. Intervention: All sites will receive the AKI Prevention Toolkit including 3 core interventions: 1. Standardized order sets; 2. IV and oral fluids; and 3. Reduced contrast volume. The interventions adhere to the KDIGO guidelines and add interventions developed and tested in our pilot intervention to implement AKI preventive strategies.

Behavioral: Technical Assistance (TA)
Technical Assistance (TA). Intervention: TA will be offered to the 8 teams randomized to the TA condition and will receive the AKI Prevention Toolkit plus monthly technical calls independently. TA arms will include TA with and without automated surveillance reporting (ASR).

Active Comparator: Virtual Learning Collaborative (No ASR)
Virtual Learning Collaborative (VLC). Intervention: The VLC will be offered to 4 teams without automated surveillance reportingand will receive the AKI Prevention Toolkit plus monthly virtual training calls with the other VLC sites. Each participating site will be supported to establish a multidisciplinary team charged with continuously improving AKI, which will include interventional cardiologists, cardiac catheterization lab manager and technicians, nursing representatives from the intensive care unit and/or holding areas, cardiology administration, nephrology, and representation from the quality improvement department (VA Clinical Application Coordinator [CAC] and Systems Redesign).
Behavioral: AKI Prevention Toolkit
AKI Prevention Toolkit. Intervention: All sites will receive the AKI Prevention Toolkit including 3 core interventions: 1. Standardized order sets; 2. IV and oral fluids; and 3. Reduced contrast volume. The interventions adhere to the KDIGO guidelines and add interventions developed and tested in our pilot intervention to implement AKI preventive strategies.

Behavioral: Virtual Learning Collaborative (VLC)
Virtual Learning Collaborative (VLC). Intervention: The VLC will be offered to 8 teams and will receive the AKI Prevention Toolkit plus monthly virtual training calls with the other VLC sites. Each participating site will be supported to establish a multidisciplinary team charged with continuously improving AKI, which will include interventional cardiologists, cardiac catheterization lab manager and technicians, nursing representatives from the intensive care unit and/or holding areas, cardiology administration, nephrology, and representation from the quality improvement department (VA Clinical Application Coordinator [CAC] and Systems Redesign). VLC arms will include VLC with and without automated surveillance reporting (ASR).

Active Comparator: Technical Assistance with ASR
Technical Assistance (TA). Intervention: TA will be offered to the 4 teams randomized to the TA condition with automated surveillance reporting (ASR) and will receive the AKI Prevention Toolkit plus monthly technical calls independently and monthly ASR dashboard.
Behavioral: AKI Prevention Toolkit
AKI Prevention Toolkit. Intervention: All sites will receive the AKI Prevention Toolkit including 3 core interventions: 1. Standardized order sets; 2. IV and oral fluids; and 3. Reduced contrast volume. The interventions adhere to the KDIGO guidelines and add interventions developed and tested in our pilot intervention to implement AKI preventive strategies.

Behavioral: Technical Assistance (TA)
Technical Assistance (TA). Intervention: TA will be offered to the 8 teams randomized to the TA condition and will receive the AKI Prevention Toolkit plus monthly technical calls independently. TA arms will include TA with and without automated surveillance reporting (ASR).

Behavioral: Automated Surveillance Reporting (ASR)
Automated Surveillance Reporting (ASR). Intervention: The ASR will be offered to 8 teams. In addition to either TA or VLC, ASR teams will receive automated monthly reports in the form of an dashboard focused on AKI outcome and preventative measures overtime. The ASR report will be customized to each team and each individual operator and linked to their national VA-CART registry.

Active Comparator: Virtual Learning Collaborative with ASR
Virtual Learning Collaborative (VLC). Intervention: The VLC will be offered to 4 teams with automated surveillance reporting (ASR) and will receive the AKI Prevention Toolkit plus monthly virtual training calls with the other VLC sites with the and monthly ASR dashboard. Each participating site will be supported to establish a multidisciplinary team charged with continuously improving AKI, which will include interventional cardiologists, cardiac catheterization lab manager and technicians, nursing representatives from the intensive care unit and/or holding areas, cardiology administration, nephrology, and representation from the quality improvement department (VA Clinical Application Coordinator [CAC] and Systems Redesign).
Behavioral: AKI Prevention Toolkit
AKI Prevention Toolkit. Intervention: All sites will receive the AKI Prevention Toolkit including 3 core interventions: 1. Standardized order sets; 2. IV and oral fluids; and 3. Reduced contrast volume. The interventions adhere to the KDIGO guidelines and add interventions developed and tested in our pilot intervention to implement AKI preventive strategies.

Behavioral: Virtual Learning Collaborative (VLC)
Virtual Learning Collaborative (VLC). Intervention: The VLC will be offered to 8 teams and will receive the AKI Prevention Toolkit plus monthly virtual training calls with the other VLC sites. Each participating site will be supported to establish a multidisciplinary team charged with continuously improving AKI, which will include interventional cardiologists, cardiac catheterization lab manager and technicians, nursing representatives from the intensive care unit and/or holding areas, cardiology administration, nephrology, and representation from the quality improvement department (VA Clinical Application Coordinator [CAC] and Systems Redesign). VLC arms will include VLC with and without automated surveillance reporting (ASR).

Behavioral: Automated Surveillance Reporting (ASR)
Automated Surveillance Reporting (ASR). Intervention: The ASR will be offered to 8 teams. In addition to either TA or VLC, ASR teams will receive automated monthly reports in the form of an dashboard focused on AKI outcome and preventative measures overtime. The ASR report will be customized to each team and each individual operator and linked to their national VA-CART registry.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Acute Kidney Injury [ Time Frame: within 48-hours of the procedure or within 7-days for in-patients, or onset of dialysis within 7-days ]
    AKI defined by ≥0.30 (mg/dL) or ≥50% increase in serum creatinine over baseline within 48-hours of the procedure or within 7-days for in-patients, or onset of dialysis within 7-days.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Sustainability Measure [ Time Frame: 12 to 18 months after active interventions ]
    Sustainability Measure: sites will demonstrate sustained implementation if all 3 core interventions are reported to be in place (1. Standardized order sets; 2. IV and Oral Fluids; and 3. Efforts to reduced contrast volume).



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Older Adult
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • VA Site Inclusion Criteria: All VA medical centers with a cardiac catheterization laboratory are eligible, and all catheterization operators at a site are included.
  • Patient Inclusion Criteria: Among these sites, only patients aged 18 or greater with pre-existing CKD who undergo diagnostic coronary angiography or percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI or angioplasty) will be enrolled in the trial. CKD will be determined by a pre-existing CKD diagnosis in the VA medical record, or by two or more estimated glomerular filtration rates <60 (ml/min/1.73 m2) at least 90-days apart prior to presentation.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patient Exclusion Criteria: Patients with a history of dialysis (hemodialysis, peritoneal dialysis), under the age of 18, or no evidence of pre-existing CKD will be excluded. Cardiac catheterization (also referred to as coronary angiography) is defined as a procedure in which a catheter is inserted into the femoral or radial artery and is threaded to the cardiac vasculature where radio-contrast dye is administered and a series of x-rays obtained in order to visualize the coronary arterial anatomy. PCI is when a clinical intervention is then performed to address any treatable pathology that is found.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03556293


Contacts
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Contact: Jeremiah R Brown, PhD 603-653-3576 Jeremiah.R.Brown@dartmouth.edu
Contact: Kevin Cox 603-653-3559 Kevin.C.Cox@Dartmouth.edu

Sponsors and Collaborators
Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center
Vanderbilt University
University of Vermont
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Jeremiah R Brown, PhD Dartmouth College

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Responsible Party: Jeremiah R. Brown, Study Contact PI, Associate Professor, Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03556293     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: D18114
First Posted: June 14, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 29, 2019
Last Verified: April 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: Tools (data, software, libraries, research tools, etc.) will be made available to all researchers in both the private and public sector free or for a nominal charge and with minimal restriction. An analytic program file used to produce the analyses and a de-identified dataset will be made available to third parties within the VA system to conduct confirmatory analyses for the proposed specific aims. All parties must be in compliance with VA regulations and access. All analytic program files (code) and results will be reported in supplementary appendixes for all publications.
Supporting Materials: Statistical Analysis Plan (SAP)
Informed Consent Form (ICF)
Clinical Study Report (CSR)
Analytic Code
Time Frame: Immediately following publication and contingent on third party access to VA data and regulations.
Access Criteria: contingent on third party access to VA data and regulations

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Acute Kidney Injury
Renal Insufficiency
Kidney Diseases
Urologic Diseases