The Effects of Sacubitril/Valsartan Compared to Valsartan on LV Remodelling in Asymptomatic LV Systolic Dysfunction After MI (RECOVER-LV)
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03552575|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 12, 2018
Last Update Posted : September 2, 2020
Prior to reperfusion therapy, the major therapeutic breakthrough in myocardial infarction was the demonstration that ACE inhibitors or ARBs, given to prevent adverse "remodelling" (progressive dilatation and decline in systolic function) in high risk patients, reduced the likelihood of developing heart failure and the risk of death. The neurohumoral systems which are activated in patients after myocardial infarction (and in heart failure) are not all harmful and some endogenous systems may be protective. The best recognised of these is the natriuretic peptide system.
A- and B-type natriuretic peptides are secreted by the heart when it is stressed and these peptides promote vasodilation (reducing left ventricular wall stress), stimulate renal sodium and water excretion (i.e. antagonising the retention of salt and water characterising heart failure) and inhibit pathological growth i.e. hypertrophy and fibrosis (key components of the adverse left ventricular remodelling that occurs after infarction and in heart failure).The augmentation of plasma levels of endogenous natriuretic peptides can be achieved through inhibition of neutral endopeptidase, also known as neprilysin (NEP), which is responsible for the breakdown of natriuretic peptides. Recently, the addition of neprilysin inhibition to blockade of the RAAS (using sacubitril/valsartan), compared with RAAS blockade alone, reduced the risk of heart failure hospitalisation and death in patients with HF-REF. These exciting findings may lead to a new approach to the treatment of heart failure, with an angiotensin receptor neprilysin inhibitor (ARNI) replacing an ACE inhibitor as one of the fundamental treatments for this condition. We believe that the same approach may be beneficial in highrisk survivors of myocardial infarction. Recently, sacubitril/valsartan was shown to ameliorate adverse left ventricular remodelling in an experimental model of acute myocardial infarction. The objective of the present proposal is to gather "proof-ofconcept", mechanistic, evidence in humans to support adoption of this new approach in patients at high risk after myocardial infarction as a result of residual left ventricular systolic dysfunction.
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Heart Failure||Drug: sacubitril/valsartan Drug: Valsartan||Phase 3|
The objective of the present proposal is to obtain information, which is currently not available, on the cardiac effects of sacubitril/valsartan in patients with LVSD, better characterise the neurohumoral actions of sacubitril/valsartan and gather "proof-ofconcept", mechanistic, evidence in humans to support adoption of this new treatment in patients at high risk after myocardial infarction as a result of residual LVSD.
Surprisingly, there is currently limited evidence about how sacubitril/valsartan works in humans. PARADIGM-HF was a large pragmatic mortality/morbidity trial with no mechanistic sub-studies and this is also true of a ongoing trial (PARADISE-MI) in acute myocardial infarction. Moreover, both trials either used or will use an ACE inhibitor (enalapril and ramipril, respectively), rather than an ARB as the active comparator for sacubitril/valsartan; use of valsartan in our study will allow us to precisely define the effects of neprilysin inhibition. A-type (or atrial) natriuretic peptide (ANP), C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP) and adrenomedullin are substrates for neprilysin and may play a role in the action of sacubitril/valsartan but have not been measured in existing clinical trials (in part because of the instability of these peptides and unfeasibility of measuring them in multi-centre, multi-national trials).
Indeed, ANP and CNP are more specific substrates for neprilysin than BNP. As has been mentioned above, cardiac fibrosis appears to be important in the process of LV remodelling in patients with asymptomatic LVSD and the development of HF-REF and is reflected in circulating biomarkers which may be influenced by sacubitril/valsartan
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||93 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Intervention Model Description:||Prospective, randomised, active-comparator, double-blinded study.|
|Masking:||Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)|
|Masking Description:||Double blind|
|Official Title:||The Effects of Sacubitril/Valsartan Compared to Valsartan on Left Ventricular Remodelling in Asymptomatic Left Ventricular Systolic Dysfunction After Myocardial Infarction: a Randomised, Double-blinded, Active-comparator, Cardiac-MR Based Trial|
|Actual Study Start Date :||July 1, 2018|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||July 25, 2020|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||July 25, 2020|
24mg/26mg (dose level 1), 49mg/51mg (dose level 2) and 97mg/103mg (dose level 3) twice daily
Sacubitril is a prodrug neprilysin inhibitor used in combination with valsartan to reduce the risk of cardiovascular events in patients with chronic heart failure (NYHA Class II-IV) and reduced ejection fraction.
40mg (dose level 1), 80mg (dose level 2) and 160mg (dose level 3) twice daily.
is an angiotensin II receptor antagonist (commonly called an ARB, or angiotensin receptor blocker), that is selective for the type I (AT1) angiotensin receptor.
- Change in left ventricular end systolic volume index [ Time Frame: baseline and 12 months ]Change in indexed left ventricular end-systolic volume (LVESVI) measured by cardiac MR measured in ml/m2
- Change in N-terminal prohormone of B-type natriuretic peptide levels [ Time Frame: baseline and 12 months ]measured in pg/ml
- Change in high sensitivity troponin I levels [ Time Frame: baseline and 12 months ]measured in ng/L
- Change in Left Ventricular End-Diastolic Volume Index [ Time Frame: baseline and 12 months ]Change in indexed left ventricular end-diastolic volume (LVEDVI) measured by cardiac MR measured in ml/m2
- Change in Left Atrial Volume Index [ Time Frame: baseline and 12 months ]Change in indexed Left Atrial Volume (LAVI) measured by cardiac MR measured in ml/m2
- Change in Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction [ Time Frame: baseline and 12 months ]Change in left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) measured by cardiac MR measured in percentage
- Change in Left Ventricular Mass Index [ Time Frame: baseline and 12 months ]Change in indexed left ventricular mass (LVMI) measured by cardiac MR measured in grams/m2
- Change in patient well being as assessed by patient global assessment questionnaire [ Time Frame: 12 months ]Change in patient well being as assessed by patient global assessment questionnaire
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03552575
|Glasgow Cardiovascular Research Centre|
|Glasgow, Scotland, United Kingdom, G12 8TA|
|Glasgow Clinical Research Facility|
|Glasgow, Scotland, United Kingdom, G51 4TF|
|Principal Investigator:||John McMurray, MBChB PhD||NHS GGC and Glasgow University|