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Trial record 1 of 2 for:    Ryan McCormack
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Emergency Department Connection to Care With Buprenorphine for Opioid Use Disorder (ED-CONNECT)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03544112
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 1, 2018
Last Update Posted : July 18, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
NYU Langone Health

Brief Summary:

The purpose of this study is to learn what resources are needed to improve outcomes for patients with opioid use disorder. The study will look at how patients engage in treatment and the decisions that patients and providers make regarding treatment, specifically buprenorphine treatment, for opioid use disorder.

The aims of this study are:

  1. To evaluate using mixed methods the feasibility and acceptability of OUD screening, ED-initiated BUP, and referral.
  2. Over the course of the study and as XR-BUP is added to hospital formularies, to estimate the percentage and confidence intervals of patients assessed, treated, and engaged in treatment at Day 30. This will be a three-site study employing a multi-faceted approach to facilitate clinical protocol implementation and to assess feasibility, acceptability, and impact. Investigators will develop, introduce and update site-specific ED clinical protocols and implementation plans for OUD screening, ED-initiated BUP, and referral for treatment. A participatory action research approach will be utilized along with mixed methods incorporating data derived from:

    • Medical record and administrative data abstraction,
    • Research assessments involving patients who are eligible for and willing to receive ED-initiated BUP (including both those who do, and do not, receive BUP); these assessments will document the index ED visit and the 30th day after the index ED visit,
    • Qualitative interviews, focus groups, and quantitative assessments involving providers and staff, patients, and other stakeholders.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment
Opioid-use Disorder Behavioral: Employ a multifaceted approach to facilitate clinical protocol implementation Drug: Initiate BUP (SL-BUP or XR-BUP) in the ED

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Study Type : Observational
Actual Enrollment : 390 participants
Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: NIDA CTN-0079: Emergency Department Connection to Care With Buprenorphine for Opioid Use Disorder
Actual Study Start Date : June 11, 2018
Actual Primary Completion Date : May 29, 2019
Actual Study Completion Date : May 29, 2019

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Group/Cohort Intervention/treatment
ED and OUD treatment providers and staff
  • ED patients will be recruited to participate in interviews or focus groups.
  • ED patients who are eligible for and willing to receive ED-initiated BUP will be recruited to participate in two research visits.
  • Administrative and health record data will be examined to assess rates of screening, assessment, eligibility determination, etc.
Behavioral: Employ a multifaceted approach to facilitate clinical protocol implementation
Implementation will include developing clinical protocols containing core components of the intervention to which fidelity is expected, along with aspects that may be adapted by local sites to aid implementation. In partnership with multidisciplinary teams at each site, we will adapt clinical practices from other contexts and available information about SL-BUP and XR-BUP to site-specific clinical protocols and implementation strategies. The study implementation facilitators will assist local champions to identify potential treatment providers and draw on existing resources for training and ongoing support.

Community Stakeholders
  • Community treatment providers/OTP leadership and program staff: Providers, leadership and staff involved in the provision of office-based BUP, community treatment, and/or at opioid treatment programs (OTPs) will be recruited to participate in the formative evaluation and the Implementation Facilitation.
  • Other Stakeholders: Other community leaders and members (e.g., EMS, fire department, police, local government leadership, community advocacy groups, etc.) may be recruited to participate in qualitative interviews or focus groups.
Behavioral: Employ a multifaceted approach to facilitate clinical protocol implementation
Implementation will include developing clinical protocols containing core components of the intervention to which fidelity is expected, along with aspects that may be adapted by local sites to aid implementation. In partnership with multidisciplinary teams at each site, we will adapt clinical practices from other contexts and available information about SL-BUP and XR-BUP to site-specific clinical protocols and implementation strategies. The study implementation facilitators will assist local champions to identify potential treatment providers and draw on existing resources for training and ongoing support.

Patients
ED patients will be recruited to participate in interviews or focus groups.
Behavioral: Employ a multifaceted approach to facilitate clinical protocol implementation
Implementation will include developing clinical protocols containing core components of the intervention to which fidelity is expected, along with aspects that may be adapted by local sites to aid implementation. In partnership with multidisciplinary teams at each site, we will adapt clinical practices from other contexts and available information about SL-BUP and XR-BUP to site-specific clinical protocols and implementation strategies. The study implementation facilitators will assist local champions to identify potential treatment providers and draw on existing resources for training and ongoing support.

Drug: Initiate BUP (SL-BUP or XR-BUP) in the ED
The study implementation facilitators will assist local champions to identify potential treatment providers and draw on existing resources for training and ongoing support.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Receipt of ED-initiated BUP (binary) and will be abstracted from the health record. [ Time Frame: 12 Months ]
    Proportion receiving emergency department BUP amongst patients who have been determined to be eligible for and willing to receive ED-initiated BUP


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Proportion of patients who received ED-initiated BUP who are engaged in formal addiction treatment 30 days after the index ED visit. [ Time Frame: 12 Months ]


Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
This will be a three-site study employing a multi-faceted approach to facilitate clinical protocol implementation and to assess feasibility, acceptability, and impact
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • ED STAFF: ED/Hospital leadership and staff: Leadership and staff across multiple disciplines (e.g., nurses, social workers, physicians, NPs, PAs, pharmacist, physician and nursing directors) at each ED site will be recruited to participate in the formative evaluation and the IF.
  • PROVIDERS: Community treatment providers/OTP leadership and program staff: Providers, leadership and staff involved in the provision of office-based BUP, community treatment, and/or at opioid treatment programs (OTPs) will be recruited to participate in the formative evaluation and the Implementation Facilitation.
  • COMMUNITY: Other Stakeholders: Other community leaders and members (e.g., EMS, fire department, police, local government leadership, community advocacy groups, etc.) may be recruited to participate in qualitative interviews or focus groups.
  • PATIENTS: ED patients will be recruited to participate in interviews or focus groups.
  • PATIENT-PARTICIPANTS: ED patients who are eligible for and willing to receive ED-initiated BUP will be recruited to participate in two research visits.
  • ALL ED PATIENTS: Administrative and health record data will be examined to assess rates of screening, assessment, eligibility determination, etc.

Stakeholder-Participant Inclusion Criteria

  • A member of one of the stakeholder groups (1-4 above)

Patient-Participant Inclusion Criteria

  • Eligible for and willing to receive ED-initiated BUP

    1. Eligibility for ED-initiated BUP is operationally defined as meeting site clinical protocol criteria determined and documented by site clinical staff. See Section 9.2 Clinical Protocol.
    2. Willing to receive ED-initiated BUP is operationally defined as providing an affirmative answer to the following question, which will be embedded in each site's clinical protocol: Would you like to receive buprenorphine today?
    3. NOTE: Patients meeting these criteria, and not meeting exclusion criteria below, may be included as study participants regardless of whether they receive or do not receive ED-initiated BUP

Exclusion Criteria:

Stakeholder-Participant Exclusion Criteria

  • Unwilling or unable to provide consent
  • Currently in jail, prison or any inpatient overnight facility as required by court of law or have pending legal action or that could prevent participation in the study

Patient-Participant Exclusion Criteria

  • Not able to speak English sufficiently to understand study procedures and provide written informed consent
  • Unable or unwilling to provide written informed consent or to participate in study procedures
  • Currently receiving any medication treatment for OUD at the time of index ED visit
  • Current research participant in a substance use intervention study or previous participation in the current study
  • Are currently in jail, prison or any inpatient overnight facility as required by court of law or have pending legal action or that could prevent participation in the study
  • Inadequate locator information (unable to provide 2 unique means of contact)

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03544112


Locations
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United States, New Hampshire
Valley Regional Healthcare
Claremont, New Hampshire, United States, 03743
Catholic Medical Center
Manchester, New Hampshire, United States, 03102
United States, New York
Bellevue Hospital Center
New York, New York, United States, 10016
New York University School of Medicine
New York, New York, United States, 10016
Sponsors and Collaborators
NYU Langone Health
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Ryan McCormack, MD NYU Langone Health

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Responsible Party: NYU Langone Health
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03544112     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 17-01513
First Posted: June 1, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 18, 2019
Last Verified: July 2019

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Disease
Emergencies
Substance-Related Disorders
Pathologic Processes
Disease Attributes
Chemically-Induced Disorders
Mental Disorders
Buprenorphine
Analgesics, Opioid
Narcotics
Central Nervous System Depressants
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Analgesics
Sensory System Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Narcotic Antagonists