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Use of NGS Cell-free Pathogen Test for Identification of Low Risk Fever & Neutropenia in Pediatric Patients

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03530072
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : May 21, 2018
Last Update Posted : May 21, 2018
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Stanford University
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Karius, Inc.

Brief Summary:
Febrile neutropenia is a common complication in pediatric oncology patients. Standard of care requires admission of all patients for intravenous antibiotics until cultures are negative, patients are afebrile and there are signs of bone marrow recovery. This often results in prolonged hospital admissions with significant financial costs, decreased quality of life and potential secondary infections. More recent data suggests it may be possible to identify a "low risk" group that can be discharged prior to signs of bone marrow recovery. At this time, researchers have been unable to identify a model that is safe for early discharge across institutions.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment
Neutropenia Fever Diagnostic Test: Karius Test

Detailed Description:
  1. Conduct a pilot study to determine the feasibility of using the Karius Assay to risk stratify pediatric oncology patients admitted with febrile neutropenia. This will provide preliminary data for a larger study which would randomize patients to early discharge vs. usual care.
  2. Evaluate the Klaasen and SPOG clinical decision rules with and without the Karius Assay to predict patients at low risk for adverse infectious outcomes during admission. Adverse infectious outcome will be defined as: positive blood or urine culture, radiographic evidence of infection, admission to the intensive care unit or death.
  3. Model potential cost savings of early discharge for patients deemed low risk for an adverse infectious outcome.

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Study Type : Observational
Estimated Enrollment : 20 participants
Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Using Next Gen Sequencing to Identify Pediatric Patients With Febrile Neutropenia at Low Risk for Complications: A Pilot Study
Actual Study Start Date : May 7, 2018
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 1, 2018
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 31, 2018

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Fever

Group/Cohort Intervention/treatment
Cases
Subjects with Fever and Neutropenia
Diagnostic Test: Karius Test
Next Generation Sequencing




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Modeled sensitivity and specificity [ Time Frame: 1 day of Discharge ]
    Sensitivity, specificity, PPV, NPV of Klassen and SPOG clinical decision rules with and without incorporation of Karius test for prediction of patients at low risk for infectious outcomes during hospital admission. Assessed at time of Discharge


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Modeled cost savings [ Time Frame: 1 day of Discharge ]
    Estimate cost savings for hospital stay with and without Karius results at time of discharge.


Biospecimen Retention:   Samples With DNA
Plasma


Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   1 Year to 22 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
Children being admitted for inpatient treatment with fever and neutropenia.
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

1) Pediatric oncology patients, aged 1-22, treated at Lucile Packard Children's Hospital (LPCH)

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Relapsed disease
  2. Acute lymphoblastic leukemia during induction
  3. Acute myeloid leukemia during any phase of treatment
  4. Philadelphia-chromosome positive ALL
  5. Down syndrome
  6. Patients who have received an allogeneic stem cell transplant.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03530072


Contacts
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Contact: Catherine Aftandillian, MD (650)723-0567 aftandil@stanford.edu
Contact: Jennifer Marcellus 6508239694 jmarcell@stanford.edu

Locations
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United States, California
Lucille Packard Children's Hopsital Recruiting
Stanford, California, United States, 94304
Contact: Jennifer Marcellus    650-723-0567    jmarcell@stanford.edu   
Principal Investigator: Catherine Aftandillian, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Karius, Inc.
Stanford University

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Responsible Party: Karius, Inc.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03530072     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: KDP-005
First Posted: May 21, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 21, 2018
Last Verified: May 2018

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Fever
Neutropenia
Body Temperature Changes
Signs and Symptoms
Agranulocytosis
Leukopenia
Leukocyte Disorders
Hematologic Diseases