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BARDA Securing Anthrax Immunity For the Elderly (B-SAFE)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03518125
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : May 8, 2018
Last Update Posted : March 20, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Rho, Inc.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Biomedical Advanced Research and Development Authority

Brief Summary:
This study is designed to assess the safety and ability of BioThrax and AV7909 anthrax vaccines to generate an immune response in adults ≥ 66 years of age in stable health in comparison to adults 18-50 years of age in stable health.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Anthrax Biological: BioThrax Biological: AV7909 Drug: Sodium chloride injection USP, 0.9% (placebo) Phase 2

Detailed Description:
This is a phase 2, randomized, active-controlled, double-blinded, multi-site study to assess the safety and immunogenicity of BioThrax (Anthrax Vaccine Adsorbed) and AV7909 (Anthrax Vaccine Adsorbed plus CPG 7909 adjuvant) using a post-exposure prophylaxis dosing regimen in adults ≥ 66 years of age in stable health. The safety and immunogenicity profile of BioThrax and AV7909 in adults ≥ 66 years of age will also be compared to the safety and immunogenicity profile of subjects 18-50 years of age in stable health. The main study goal is to determine optimal dosing for AV7909 in the elderly population. Subjects will receive either 3 doses of BioThrax, 3 doses of AV7909, or 2 doses of AV7909 and 1 dose of placebo. Doses will be administered approximately 14 days apart. Subjects will be followed for safety assessment for 12 months following the last dose. The expected study duration is approximately 14 months per subject.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 305 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description: Subjects will be randomized to receive either BioThrax or AV7909. Randomization will be stratified by sex and age (18-50, 66-74, and ≥75 years). Subjects ≥66 years of age will be randomized 1:1:1:1 within stratum across 4 treatment arms (approximately 50 subjects per group), and subjects 18 through 50 years of age will be randomized 1:1 within stratum across 2 treatment arms (approximately 50 subjects per group). Once randomized, subjects will receive 3 vaccinations, each separated by approximately 14 days, on Day 1, Day 15, and Day 29, based on their assigned treatment arm.
Masking: Triple (Participant, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Randomized, Active-Comparison, Double-Blind, Phase 2 Study to Assess the Safety and Immunogenicity of Anthrax Vaccine Adsorbed (BioThrax®) Without and With CPG 7909 Adjuvant (AV7909 Anthrax Vaccine), Using a Post-Exposure Prophylaxis Dosing Regimen in Adults 66 Years of Age or Older in Stable Health in Comparison to Adults 18-50 Years of Age in Stable Health
Actual Study Start Date : May 9, 2018
Actual Primary Completion Date : January 14, 2019
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 13, 2019

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Anthrax

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Age ≥ 66, BioThrax (Days 1, 15, 29)
Subjects dosed on Days 1, 15, and 29 with 0.5 mL BioThrax.
Biological: BioThrax

Other Names:

Anthrax Vaccine Adsorbed (AVA)


Experimental: Age ≥ 66, AV7909 (Days 1, 15, 29)
Subjects dosed on Days 1, 15, and 29 with 0.5 mL AV7909.
Biological: AV7909
Anthrax Vaccine Absorbed plus CPG 7909 Adjuvant
Other Names:
  • AV7909 Anthrax Vaccine Adsorbed
  • NuThrax

Experimental: Age ≥ 66, AV7909 (Days 1 and 15)
Subjects dosed on Days 1 and 15 with 0.5 mL AV7909 and on Day 29 with 0.5 mL placebo.
Biological: AV7909
Anthrax Vaccine Absorbed plus CPG 7909 Adjuvant
Other Names:
  • AV7909 Anthrax Vaccine Adsorbed
  • NuThrax

Drug: Sodium chloride injection USP, 0.9% (placebo)

Other Names:

Saline Solution


Experimental: Age ≥ 66, AV7909 (Days 1 and 29)
Subjects dosed on Days 1 and 29 with 0.5 mL AV7909 and on Day 15 with 0.5 mL placebo.
Biological: AV7909
Anthrax Vaccine Absorbed plus CPG 7909 Adjuvant
Other Names:
  • AV7909 Anthrax Vaccine Adsorbed
  • NuThrax

Drug: Sodium chloride injection USP, 0.9% (placebo)

Other Names:

Saline Solution


Active Comparator: Age18-50, BioThrax (Days 1, 15, 29)
Subjects dosed on Days 1, 15, and 29 with 0.5 mL BioThrax.
Biological: BioThrax

Other Names:

Anthrax Vaccine Adsorbed (AVA)


Active Comparator: Age 18-50, AV7909 (Days 1 and 15)
Subjects dosed on Days 1 and 15 with 0.5 mL AV7909 and on Day 29 with 0.5 mL placebo.
Biological: AV7909
Anthrax Vaccine Absorbed plus CPG 7909 Adjuvant
Other Names:
  • AV7909 Anthrax Vaccine Adsorbed
  • NuThrax

Drug: Sodium chloride injection USP, 0.9% (placebo)

Other Names:

Saline Solution





Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Solicited local and systemic reactogenicity symptoms, excluding reactogenicity symptoms on the contralateral arm [ Time Frame: Day 1-36 (symptoms collected within 8 days after each vaccination, inclusive of the vaccination day) ]
    The number of occurrences of solicited local and systemic reactions occurring within 8 days of each vaccination, including the day of vaccination, excluding reactogenicity symptoms on the contralateral arm. Solicited local reactions at the vaccine injection site include injection site warmth, tenderness, itching, pain, restriction of range of arm motion, erythema/redness, palpable or observable lump, induration/swelling, and bruising. Solicited systemic reactions include fatigue, myalgia/muscle ache, headache, and fever.

  2. Seroprotection based on toxin neutralization antibody (TNA) 50% neutralization factor (NF50) antibody level, defined as a TNA NF50 antibody level ≥0.56 [ Time Frame: Day 64 ]
    The percentage of subjects achieving seroprotection based on TNA NF50. A 70% probability of survival was associated with a TNA NF50 level of 0.56 in rabbits exposed to Bacillus anthracis, the bacteria that causes anthrax.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Treatment-emergent unsolicited AEs [ Time Frame: Day 1 through Day 394 ]
    The number of occurrences of unsolicited adverse events (i.e. adverse events not included in the solicited local and systemic adverse event list) that occur in subjects post-vaccination.

  2. Treatment-emergent serious adverse events (SAEs) [ Time Frame: Day 1 through Day 394 ]
    The number of occurrences of serious adverse events occurring in study subjects post-vaccination.

  3. Treatment-emergent medically attended adverse events (MAAEs) [ Time Frame: Day 1 through Day 394 ]
    The number of occurrences of adverse events that require a visit to medical personnel, including hospital, emergency room, urgent care clinic, or other visits to or from medical personnel for any reason occurring in study subjects post-vaccination.

  4. Treatment-emergent potentially immune mediated medical conditions (PIMMCs) [ Time Frame: Day 1 through Day 394 ]
    The number of occurrences of medical conditions that are potentially immune mediated occurring in subjects post-vaccination.

  5. Solicited local reactogenicity symptoms on the contralateral arm [ Time Frame: Day 1-8, Day 15-22, Day 29-36 (within 8 days after each vaccination, inclusive of the vaccination day) ]
    The number of occurrences of solicited local reactogenicity symptoms on the contralateral arm occurring within 8 days after each vaccination, inclusive of the vaccination day.

  6. TNA NF50 antibody levels [ Time Frame: Days 1, 8, 22, 29, 36, 43, 50, 64, 85, 181, and 394 ]
    A higher TNA NF50 antibody level means a better immune response to the vaccine.

  7. TNA effective dilution resulting in 50% neutralization (ED50) antibody levels [ Time Frame: Days 1, 8, 22, 29, 36, 43, 50, 64, 85, 181, and 394 ]
    A higher TNA ED50 antibody level means a better immune response to the vaccine.

  8. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) anti-protective antigen (anti-PA) immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibody levels [ Time Frame: Days 1, 8, 22, 29, 36, 43, 50, 64, 85, 181, and 394 ]
    A higher ELISA anti-PA IgG antibody level means a better immune response to the vaccine.

  9. Seroprotection based on TNA NF50, defined as a TNA NF50 antibody level ≥0.56 [ Time Frame: Days 1, 8, 22, 29, 36, 43, 50, 85, 181, and 394 ]
    The percentage of subjects achieving seroprotection based on TNA NF50 antibody level. A 70% probability of survival was associated with a TNA NF50 level of 0.56 in rabbits exposed to Bacillus anthracis, the bacteria that causes anthrax.

  10. Seroconversion based on TNA NF50, defined as a ≥4-fold increase over pre-vaccination levels, or a ≥4-fold increase over the lower limit of quantification (LLOQ) if the pre-vaccination value is below the LLOQ [ Time Frame: Days 8, 22, 29, 36, 43, 50, 64, 85, 181, and 394 ]
    The percentage of subjects obtaining seroconversion based on TNA NF50 antibody levels. Seroconversion represents the minimum intended effect of vaccination.

  11. Seroconversion based on TNA ED50, defined as a ≥4-fold increase over pre-vaccination levels, or a ≥4-fold increase over the lower limit of quantification (LLOQ) if the pre-vaccination value is below the LLOQ [ Time Frame: Days 8, 22, 29, 36, 43, 50, 64, 85, 181, and 394 ]
    The percentage of subjects obtaining seroconversion based on TNA ED50 antibody levels. Seroconversion represents the minimum intended effect of vaccination.

  12. Seroconversion based on ELISA anti-PA IgG, defined as a ≥4-fold increase over pre-vaccination levels, or a ≥4-fold increase over the lower limit of quantification (LLOQ) if the pre-vaccination value is below the LLOQ [ Time Frame: Days 8, 22, 29, 36, 43, 50, 64, 85, 181, and 394 ]
    The percentage of subjects obtaining seroconversion based on ELISA anti-PA IgG antibody levels. Seroconversion represents the minimum intended effect of vaccination.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Male or nonpregnant females, 66 years of age or older at the time of randomization for the elderly population, or 18 through 50 years of age at the time of randomization for the younger population.
  2. Females who are of childbearing potential and are sexually active with a male partner must agree to use an acceptable method of birth control from Screening to Day 64 and must have used a reliable birth control method for at least 2 months prior to Screening.

    1. A female of childbearing potential is defined as post onset menarche and pre-menopausal female capable of becoming pregnant. This does not include females who meet any of the following conditions: menopausal >2 years, tubal ligation >1 year, bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy, or hysterectomy.
    2. Adequate contraception is defined as a contraceptive method with a failure rate of less than 1% per year when used consistently and correctly and when applicable, in accordance with the product label. Examples include: oral contraceptives, either combined or progestogen alone; injectable progestogen; implants of etenogestrel or levonorgestrel; estrogenic vaginal ring; percutaneous contraceptive patches; intrauterine device or intrauterine system; male partner sterilization at least 6 months prior to the female subject's Screening Visit, and this male is the sole partner for that subject (the information on the male partner's sterility can come from the site personnel's review of the subject's medical records or interview with the subject on her medical history); male condom combined with a vaginal spermicide (foam, gel, film, cream, or suppository); male condom combined with a female diaphragm, either with or without a vaginal spermicide (foam, gel, film, cream, or suppository).
  3. Able to provide written informed consent prior to initiation of any study procedures. As part of the consent process, subjects must be able to demonstrate understanding by passing the "Assessment of Understanding Questionnaire" within 2 attempts. Passing is defined as being able to answer all questions correctly.
  4. In relatively stable health based on site investigator's judgment, as determined by medical history, physical examination, and the following criteria:

    1. Stable health for age (defined as no new conditions per medical history, new medications in a different therapeutic class, or change in daily dose of existing prescription medications within the 45 days preceding Screening). Effective treatment (to resolution) of an acute infection (e.g., urinary tract infection, cellulitis, otitis, or bronchitis) with an antibiotic within 45 days preceding Screening will not be considered a deviation from this inclusion criterion as long as the antibiotic therapy was completed at least one week prior to Screening and no signs or symptoms of the infection have been present since the completion of treatment. Any prescription change that is due to change of health care provider or insurance company, or that is made for reasons that do not reflect a change in disease status (e.g., financial considerations), as long as within the same general class of medication, will not be considered a deviation from this inclusion criterion. Any change in prescription medication due to improvement of a disease outcome, as determined by the site investigator, will not be considered a deviation from this inclusion criterion.
    2. Subjects may be on chronic or as needed (prn) medications if, in the opinion of the site investigator, these pose no additional risk to subject safety or assessment of reactogenicity and immunogenicity and their use is not for management of a worsening of medical diagnosis or condition. Note: Topical, nasal, and inhaled medications (with the exception of steroids, as outlined in the subject exclusion criteria) and vitamins are permitted.
  5. Have a body mass index (BMI) less than 35.0 kg/m2 at Screening. (BMI will not be reassessed prior to subsequent vaccinations.)
  6. Have access to a consistent and reliable means of telephone contact, which may be home, workplace, or by personal mobile electronic device.
  7. Are available and able to comply with all study visits.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Females who have a positive urine pregnancy test at Screening or within 24 hours prior to each study vaccination or women who are breastfeeding.
  2. Have a requirement for skilled nursing care.
  3. Have a history of severe reactions to components of AVA or CPG 7909, e.g., formaldehyde, benzethonium chloride (phemerol), or aluminum.
  4. Have a history of latex sensitivity.
  5. Have a history of ever receiving a vaccine for anthrax prior to Screening, or had an anthrax infection.
  6. Have any medical, psychiatric, or social condition that, in the opinion of the site investigator, unfavorably alters the risk-benefit of subject participation, or is likely to interfere with study compliance or assessments, or is likely to confound interpretation of safety or immunogenicity data.
  7. Have any diagnosis, current or past, of a potentially immune-mediated medical condition, such as Guillain-Barré syndrome, narcolepsy, or an autoimmune or chronic inflammatory disease.
  8. Have any diagnosis, current or past, of schizophrenia or bipolar disorder.
  9. Have been hospitalized for psychiatric illness, have a history of suicide attempt, or confinement for danger to self or others within the preceding 10 years prior to Screening and each study vaccination.
  10. Have a history of alcohol or drug abuse (per investigator's judgment) within 5 years prior to Screening and each study vaccination, or test positive for drugs of abuse at Screening (including for cannabis, even where legal). Benzodiazepines for anxiety disorders and stimulants for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder are not exclusionary if the subject has been on a stable dose for more than 3 months prior to Screening and each study vaccination and if the subject can produce a valid, current prescription for the medication. Propoxyphene, opioids, or combinations containing these medications (including as used for opioid addiction) are not permitted regardless of prescription status. Note: A positive Screening urine drug screen may not be repeated. (Drug screen will not be repeated prior to subsequent vaccinations.)
  11. Have known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), or acute or chronic hepatitis B or hepatitis C infection based on medical history; or test positive for any of these at Screening. Subjects who have been effectively treated for hepatitis C, as evidenced by a negative hepatitis C ribonucleic acid (RNA) confirmation test and who no longer require antiviral therapy, are eligible for participation. (Screening tests will not be repeated prior to subsequent vaccinations.)
  12. Have known active neoplastic disease or a history of any hematologic malignancy. However, subjects with superficial skin cancer who do not require intervention other than local excision are not excluded.
  13. Have immunosuppression as a result of an underlying illness or treatment, or use of anticancer chemotherapy (cytotoxic) or radiation therapy within 3 years prior to Screening and each study vaccination.
  14. Have taken any systemic immunosuppressive agents, including immunomodulators, 6 months prior to Screening and each study vaccination. Allergen immunotherapy (desensitization) is not exclusionary. Allergen immunotherapy (desensitization) does not include systemic antibodies such as benralizumab, mepolizumab, or omalizumab; these are exclusionary.
  15. Are suffering from or have a history of neuralgia, paresthesia, or neuritis within 90 days prior to Screening and each study vaccination; or have any history of stroke.
  16. Have had convulsions or encephalomyelitis within three years prior to Screening and each study vaccination.
  17. Have received immunoglobulin or other blood products (with the exception of Rho[D] immune globulin) within 90 days prior to Screening and each study vaccination.
  18. Have received an experimental agent within 180 days prior to the first study vaccination, or expects to participate in another clinical trial with an interventional agent during the study period. This includes licensed or unlicensed vaccines, drugs, biologics, devices, blood products, or medications. Participation in an observational study is not exclusionary as long as it doesn't interfere with study visits or procedures (e.g., blood collection volume restrictions).
  19. Have taken oral or parenteral corticosteroids of any dose within 30 days prior to each study vaccination.
  20. Have taken high-dose inhaled corticosteroids within 30 days prior to each study vaccination. High-dose is defined as >800 mcg/day of beclomethasone dipropionate or equivalent. Lower doses of inhaled corticosteroids are not exclusionary.
  21. Have received any licensed live vaccine within 30 days prior to the first study vaccination or planned receipt from the first study vaccination through Visit 10 (Day 64).
  22. Have received any licensed inactivated vaccine within 14 days prior to the first study vaccination or planned receipt from the first study vaccination through Visit 10 (Day 64).
  23. Have an acute illness, as determined by the site investigator, within 72 hours prior to each study vaccination.

    1. If subject's oral temperature is above 100.0°F (37.8°C), the subject may be re-assessed for eligibility within the visit window (+3 Days).
    2. An acute illness that is nearly resolved, with only minor residual symptoms remaining, is allowable if, in the opinion of the site investigator, the residual symptoms will not interfere with the ability of study staff to assess safety parameters as required by the protocol.
    3. For bacterial infections that have been successfully treated with antibiotics, inclusion criterion 4a applies.
  24. Have a history of myocardial infarction or ischemia, or have electrocardiogram (ECG) findings of myocardial infarction, ischemia, strain, complete bundle branch block, or ventricular arrhythmias (other than unifocal premature ventricular contractions ≤2/minute). Additionally, other cardiac history or ECG findings, which in the opinion of the investigator represent a potentially unstable or unacceptably high risk of an adverse cardiac outcome, are exclusionary. (ECG will not be repeated prior to subsequent vaccinations.)
  25. Have any laboratory test result or clinical findings (including vital signs) that singly or in combination are, in the investigator's opinion, likely to unfavorably alter the risk-benefit of subject participation or to confound study safety or immunogenicity results. Additionally, the following are exclusionary:

    1. Any clinically significant Grade 3 laboratory or vital sign result, or any Grade 4 laboratory or vital sign result (regardless of assessed significance) at Screening. For subsequent vaccinations, abnormal laboratory results and vital sign results postvaccination will be assessed against the rules for early termination of dosing.
    2. Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) or aspartate aminotransferase (AST) >2 times the upper limit of normal (ULN), or bilirubin >1.5 times the ULN unless isolated Gilbert's syndrome.
    3. Creatinine >1.5 times ULN for age and sex.
    4. White blood cell count <3,000/μL or >12,500/μL; absolute neutrophil count <1200/μL; absolute lymphocyte count <750/μL; hemoglobin <10 g/dL females, or <11.5 g/dL males; platelet count <75,000/μL.
    5. Hemoglobin A1C (HbA1C) >7.0% at Screening. (HbA1C will not be repeated prior to subsequent vaccinations.)

Subjects cannot be rescreened for exclusionary laboratory test results. Potentially exclusionary vital sign results may be repeated, but unless they have resolved to a Grade 3 designation or less and are not considered clinically significant, the subject should be excluded. The most recent laboratory and vital sign results will be used when determining eligibility for subsequent vaccinations.


Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03518125


Locations
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United States, Kansas
Johnson County Clin-Trials
Lenexa, Kansas, United States, 66219
United States, South Carolina
Coastal Carolina Research Center
Mount Pleasant, South Carolina, United States, 29464
United States, Tennessee
Clinical Research Associates, Inc.
Nashville, Tennessee, United States, 29464
United States, Utah
JBR Clinical Research
Salt Lake City, Utah, United States, 84124
Sponsors and Collaborators
Biomedical Advanced Research and Development Authority
Rho, Inc.
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Carlos Fierro, MD Johnson County Clin-Trials
Principal Investigator: Derek Muse, MD JBR Clinical Research
Principal Investigator: Stephan Sharp, MD Clinical Research Associates, Inc.
Principal Investigator: Cynthia Strout, MD Coastal Carolina Research Center

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Responsible Party: Biomedical Advanced Research and Development Authority
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03518125     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: BP-C-17001
HHSO100201400004I ( Other Grant/Funding Number: BARDA )
First Posted: May 8, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 20, 2019
Last Verified: March 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Biomedical Advanced Research and Development Authority:
Anthrax
Bacillaceae Infections
Gram-Positive Bacterial Infections
Bacterial Infections
Anthrax Vaccine Adsorbed
BioThrax
AV7909
CPG 7909
Adjuvant
Vaccines
Post-exposure Prophylaxis
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Anthrax
Bacillaceae Infections
Gram-Positive Bacterial Infections
Bacterial Infections
Vaccines
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs