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Low-Intensity Chemotherapy and Blinatumomab in Treating Patients With Philadelphia Chromosome Negative Relapsed or Refractory Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03518112
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : May 8, 2018
Last Update Posted : September 30, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center

Brief Summary:
This phase II trial studies how well low-intensity chemotherapy and blinatumomab work in treating patients with Philadelphia chromosome negative acute lymphoblastic leukemia that has come back or does not respond to treatment. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as dexamethasone, filgrastim, pegfilgrastim, cyclophosphamide, methotrexate, cytarabine and vincristine sulfate, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as blinatumomab, may help the body's immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Giving low-intensity chemotherapy and blinatumomab may work better at treating acute lymphoblastic leukemia.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Philadelphia Chromosome Negative Recurrent B Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Refractory B Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Biological: Blinatumomab Drug: Cyclophosphamide Drug: Cytarabine Drug: Dexamethasone Biological: Filgrastim Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis Drug: Leucovorin Calcium Drug: Mercaptopurine Drug: Methotrexate Biological: Pegfilgrastim Biological: Rituximab Drug: Vincristine Sulfate Phase 2

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVE:

I. To evaluate the combined effect of blinatumomab and mini-hyper-CVD (low-intensity chemotherapy) on event-free survival.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. Evaluating other clinical efficacy endpoints (minimal residual disease [MRD] negativity, duration of response, the overall response rate [complete response (CR) + CR with inadequate count recovery (CRi)]) of the regimen occurred any time during the treatment.

II. Overall survival. III. Determining the safety of the combination regimen.

OUTLINE:

INDUCTION PHASE: Patients receive blinatumomab intravenously (IV) continuously on days 1-28 and dexamethasone orally (PO) or IV over 30 minutes on days -3 to day 0 and 7-10. Patients also receive filgrastim subcutaneously (SC) on days 1-42 or pegfilgrastim SC on days 1 and 25, cyclophosphamide IV over 3 hours twice daily (BID) on days -3 to -1, methotrexate intrathecally (IT) on day 2 and IV over 24 hours on day 22, cytarabine IT on day 7 and IV over 3 hours BID on days 23 and 24, and vincristine sulfate IV over 15 minutes on days 0 and 7. At the discretion of the treating physician, patients may receive rituximab IV over 4-6 hours on days -3, 0, 22 and 29, and leucovorin calcium IV over 15 minutes or PO 4 times daily (QID) for 8 doses.

CONSOLIDATION PHASE: Patients receive blinatumomab IV continuously on days 1-28 and dexamethasone PO or IV over 30 minutes on days 1-4 and 11-14. Patients also receive cyclophosphamide IV over 3 hours BID on days 1-3, vincristine sulfate IV over 15 minutes on days 1 and 11, filgrastim SC on days 1-4 and 22-42 or pegfilgrastim SC on day 5 and 25, methotrexate IT on day 2 and IV over 24 hours on day 22, cytarabine IT on day 7 and IV over 3 hours BID on days 23 and 24. At the discretion of the treating physician, patients may receive rituximab IV over 4-6 hours on days 1, 8, 22 and 29, and leucovorin calcium IV over 15 minutes or PO QID for 8 doses. Treatment repeats every 42 days for up to 3 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

MAINTENANCE PHASE: Patients receive prednisone PO and vincristine sulfate IV over 15 minutes on days 1-5 of cycles 5-9, 7-11 and 13-24, and mercaptopurine PO BID on days 1-28 of cycles 1-5, 7-11, and 13-24. Patients also receive methotrexate PO once a week and blinatumomab IV continuously on days 1-28 of cycles 6 and 12. Cycles repeat every 28 days for up to 24 cycles (2 years) in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up at 30 days.


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 44 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase II Study of the Combination of Low-Intensity Chemotherapy and Blinatumomab in Patients With Philadelphia Chromosome Negative Relapsed/Refractory Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL)
Actual Study Start Date : April 18, 2018
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 13, 2019
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 13, 2019


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Treatment (blinatumomab, combination chemotherapy)
See detailed description.
Biological: Blinatumomab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Anti-CD19 x Anti-CD3 Bispecific Monoclonal Antibody
  • Anti-CD19/Anti-CD3 Recombinant Bispecific Monoclonal Antibody MT103
  • Blincyto
  • MEDI-538
  • MT-103

Drug: Cyclophosphamide
Given IV
Other Names:
  • (-)-Cyclophosphamide
  • 2H-1,3,2-Oxazaphosphorine, 2-[bis(2-chloroethyl)amino]tetrahydro-, 2-oxide, monohydrate
  • Carloxan
  • Ciclofosfamida
  • Ciclofosfamide
  • Cicloxal
  • Clafen
  • Claphene
  • CP monohydrate
  • CTX
  • CYCLO-cell
  • Cycloblastin
  • Cycloblastine
  • Cyclophospham
  • Cyclophosphamid monohydrate
  • Cyclophosphamide Monohydrate
  • Cyclophosphamidum
  • Cyclophosphan
  • Cyclophosphane
  • Cyclophosphanum
  • Cyclostin
  • Cyclostine
  • Cytophosphan
  • Cytophosphane
  • Cytoxan
  • Fosfaseron
  • Genoxal
  • Genuxal
  • Ledoxina
  • Mitoxan
  • Neosar
  • Revimmune
  • Syklofosfamid
  • WR- 138719

Drug: Cytarabine
Given IT or IV
Other Names:
  • .beta.-Cytosine arabinoside
  • 1-.beta.-D-Arabinofuranosyl-4-amino-2(1H)pyrimidinone
  • 1-.beta.-D-Arabinofuranosylcytosine
  • 1-Beta-D-arabinofuranosyl-4-amino-2(1H)pyrimidinone
  • 1-Beta-D-arabinofuranosylcytosine
  • 1.beta.-D-Arabinofuranosylcytosine
  • 2(1H)-Pyrimidinone, 4-Amino-1-beta-D-arabinofuranosyl-
  • 2(1H)-Pyrimidinone, 4-amino-1.beta.-D-arabinofuranosyl-
  • Alexan
  • Ara-C
  • ARA-cell
  • Arabine
  • Arabinofuranosylcytosine
  • Arabinosylcytosine
  • Aracytidine
  • Aracytin
  • Aracytine
  • Beta-cytosine Arabinoside
  • CHX-3311
  • Cytarabinum
  • Cytarbel
  • Cytosar
  • Cytosine Arabinoside
  • Cytosine-.beta.-arabinoside
  • Cytosine-beta-arabinoside
  • Erpalfa
  • Starasid
  • Tarabine PFS
  • U 19920
  • U-19920
  • Udicil
  • WR-28453

Drug: Dexamethasone
PO or IV
Other Names:
  • Aacidexam
  • Adexone
  • Aknichthol Dexa
  • Alba-Dex
  • Alin
  • Alin Depot
  • Alin Oftalmico
  • Amplidermis
  • Anemul mono
  • Auricularum
  • Auxiloson
  • Baycadron
  • Baycuten
  • Baycuten N
  • Cortidexason
  • Cortisumman
  • Decacort
  • Decadrol
  • Decadron
  • Decadron DP
  • Decalix
  • Decameth
  • Decasone R.p.
  • Dectancyl
  • Dekacort
  • Deltafluorene
  • Deronil
  • Desamethasone
  • Desameton
  • Dexa-Mamallet
  • Dexa-Rhinosan
  • Dexa-Scheroson
  • Dexa-sine
  • Dexacortal
  • Dexacortin
  • Dexafarma
  • Dexafluorene
  • Dexalocal
  • Dexamecortin
  • Dexameth
  • Dexamethasone Intensol
  • Dexamethasonum
  • Dexamonozon
  • Dexapos
  • Dexinoral
  • Dexone
  • Dinormon
  • Fluorodelta
  • Fortecortin
  • Gammacorten
  • Hexadecadrol
  • Hexadrol
  • Lokalison-F
  • Loverine
  • Methylfluorprednisolone
  • Millicorten
  • Mymethasone
  • Orgadrone
  • Spersadex
  • TaperDex
  • Visumetazone
  • ZoDex

Biological: Filgrastim
Given SC
Other Names:
  • G-CSF
  • Neupogen
  • r-metHuG-CSF
  • Recombinant Methionyl Human Granulocyte Colony Stimulating Factor
  • rG-CSF
  • Tevagrastim

Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Correlative studies

Drug: Leucovorin Calcium
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Adinepar
  • Calcifolin
  • Calcium (6S)-Folinate
  • Calcium Folinate
  • Calcium Leucovorin
  • Calfolex
  • Calinat
  • Cehafolin
  • Citofolin
  • Citrec
  • citrovorum factor
  • Cromatonbic Folinico
  • Dalisol
  • Disintox
  • Divical
  • Ecofol
  • Emovis
  • Factor, Citrovorum
  • Flynoken A
  • Folaren
  • Folaxin
  • FOLI-cell
  • Foliben
  • Folidan
  • Folidar
  • Folinac
  • Folinate Calcium
  • folinic acid
  • Folinic Acid Calcium Salt Pentahydrate
  • Folinoral
  • Folinvit
  • Foliplus
  • Folix
  • Imo
  • Lederfolat
  • Lederfolin
  • Leucosar
  • leucovorin
  • Rescufolin
  • Rescuvolin
  • Tonofolin
  • Wellcovorin

Drug: Mercaptopurine
Given PO
Other Names:
  • 3H-Purine-6-thiol
  • 6 MP
  • 6 Thiohypoxanthine
  • 6 Thiopurine
  • 6-Mercaptopurine
  • 6-Mercaptopurine Monohydrate
  • 6-MP
  • 6-Purinethiol
  • 6-Thiopurine
  • 6-Thioxopurine
  • 6H-Purine-6-thione, 1,7-dihydro- (9CI)
  • 7-Mercapto-1,3,4,6-tetrazaindene
  • Alti-Mercaptopurine
  • Azathiopurine
  • BW 57-323H
  • Flocofil
  • Ismipur
  • Leukerin
  • Leupurin
  • Mercaleukim
  • Mercaleukin
  • Mercaptina
  • Mercaptopurinum
  • Mercapurin
  • Mern
  • NCI-C04886
  • Puri-Nethol
  • Purimethol
  • Purine, 6-mercapto-
  • Purine-6-thiol (8CI)
  • Purine-6-thiol, monohydrate
  • Purinethiol
  • Purinethol
  • U-4748
  • WR-2785

Drug: Methotrexate
Given IT or IV
Other Names:
  • Abitrexate
  • Alpha-Methopterin
  • Amethopterin
  • Brimexate
  • CL 14377
  • CL-14377
  • Emtexate
  • Emthexat
  • Emthexate
  • Farmitrexat
  • Fauldexato
  • Folex
  • Folex PFS
  • Lantarel
  • Ledertrexate
  • Lumexon
  • Maxtrex
  • Medsatrexate
  • Metex
  • Methoblastin
  • Methotrexate LPF
  • Methotrexate Methylaminopterin
  • Methotrexatum
  • Metotrexato
  • Metrotex
  • Mexate
  • Mexate-AQ
  • MTX
  • Novatrex
  • Rheumatrex
  • Texate
  • Tremetex
  • Trexeron
  • Trixilem
  • WR-19039

Biological: Pegfilgrastim
Given SC
Other Names:
  • Filgrastim SD-01
  • filgrastim-SD/01
  • Fulphila
  • HSP-130
  • Jinyouli
  • Neulasta
  • Neulastim
  • Pegfilgrastim Biosimilar HSP-130
  • Pegfilgrastim Biosimilar Pegcyte
  • Pegfilgrastim-jmdb
  • SD-01
  • SD-01 sustained duration G-CSF

Biological: Rituximab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • ABP 798
  • BI 695500
  • C2B8 Monoclonal Antibody
  • Chimeric Anti-CD20 Antibody
  • CT-P10
  • IDEC-102
  • IDEC-C2B8
  • IDEC-C2B8 Monoclonal Antibody
  • MabThera
  • Monoclonal Antibody IDEC-C2B8
  • PF-05280586
  • Rituxan
  • Rituximab ABBS
  • Rituximab Biosimilar ABP 798
  • Rituximab Biosimilar BI 695500
  • Rituximab Biosimilar CT-P10
  • Rituximab Biosimilar GB241
  • Rituximab Biosimilar IBI301
  • Rituximab Biosimilar JHL1101
  • Rituximab Biosimilar PF-05280586
  • Rituximab Biosimilar RTXM83
  • Rituximab Biosimilar SAIT101
  • rituximab biosimilar TQB2303
  • rituximab-abbs
  • RTXM83
  • Truxima

Drug: Vincristine Sulfate
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Kyocristine
  • Leurocristine sulfate
  • Leurocristine, sulfate
  • Oncovin
  • Vincasar
  • Vincosid
  • Vincrex
  • Vincristine, sulfate




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Event free survival (EFS) where events defined as no response, loss of response, or death [ Time Frame: From the first day of treatment assessed up to 2 years ]
    The median EFS time will be estimated by Bayesian posterior estimates, along with the 95% credible intervals. Will be estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method, and log rank test will be used to compare the differences in the time-to-event variables between subgroups (e.g. different patient characteristics).


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Minimal residual disease (MRD) negativity [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    Will be summarized using descriptive statistics, including means with standard deviations, or medians with ranges, histograms and box-plot.

  2. Duration of response [ Time Frame: From date on initial response assessed up to 2 years ]
    Defined as the number of days from the date of initial response (partial response [PR] or better) to the date of first documented disease progression/relapse or death. Will be estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method, and log rank test will be used to compare the differences in the time-to-event variables between subgroups (e.g. different patient characteristics).

  3. Overall response rate [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    defined as the percentage of patients achieving complete response (CR) or CR with inadequate count recovery (CRi). Will be estimated along with 95% confidence interval. Overall response rate will be compared between subgroups (e.g. different patient characteristics) by Fisher's exact test and minimal residual disease difference will be assessed by Wilcoxon rank test, respectively.

  4. Overall survival [ Time Frame: Time from the first day of treatment assessed up to 2 years ]
    defined as the time from treatment start till death or last follow-up. Will be estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method, and log rank test will be used to compare the differences in the time-to-event variables between subgroups (e.g. different patient characteristics).

  5. Incidence of adverse events [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    Toxicity will be reported by type, frequency and severity. Highest toxicity grades per patient per course will be tabulated for selected adverse events and laboratory measurements.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with first or second relapsed/refractory B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL)
  • Performance status =< 3 (Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group [ECOG] scale)
  • Total serum bilirubin =< 2 x upper limit of normal (ULN), unless due to Gilbert's syndrome, hemolysis or the underlying leukemia approved by the principal investigator (PI)
  • Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) =< 3 x ULN, unless due to the underlying leukemia approved by the PI
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) =< 3 x ULN unless due to the underlying leukemia approved by the PI
  • Signed informed consent
  • Women of childbearing potential (WOCBP) or male subjects with a partner who is WOCBP must agree to use contraception during the study, if sexually active

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with Philadelphia chromosome (Ph)-positive ALL or Burkitt leukemia
  • Active, uncontrolled central nervous system (CNS) leukemia involvement
  • Active serious infection not controlled by oral or intravenous antibiotics
  • Active secondary malignancy other than skin cancer (e.g., basal cell carcinoma or squamous cell carcinoma) that in the investigator's opinion will shorten survival to less than 1 year
  • Known hepatitis B or C infection, or known seropositivity for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
  • Active grade III-V cardiac failure as defined by the New York Heart Association criteria
  • Patients with a cardiac ejection fraction (as measured by either multi-gated acquisition [MUGA] or echocardiogram) < 40%
  • Prior history of treatment with blinatumomab
  • Treatment with any investigational antileukemic agents or chemotherapy agents in the last two weeks, unless full recovery from side effects has occurred or patient has rapidly progressive disease judged to be life-threatening by the investigator
  • Pregnant and lactating women will not be eligible; women of childbearing potential should have a negative pregnancy test prior to entering on the study and be willing to practice methods of contraception; women do not have childbearing potential if they have had a hysterectomy or are postmenopausal without menses for 12 months; in addition, men enrolled on this study should understand the risks to any sexual partner of childbearing potential and should practice an effective method of birth control

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03518112


Contacts
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Contact: Elias Jabbour, MD 713-792-4764 ejabbour@mdanderson.org

Locations
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United States, Texas
M D Anderson Cancer Center Recruiting
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
Contact: Elias Jabbour    713-792-4764      
Principal Investigator: Elias Jabbour         
Sponsors and Collaborators
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Elias Jabbour M.D. Anderson Cancer Center

Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03518112     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2017-0127
NCI-2018-00737 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
2017-0127 ( Other Identifier: M D Anderson Cancer Center )
P30CA016672 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: May 8, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 30, 2019
Last Verified: September 2019

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Chromosome Aberrations
Mercaptopurine
Leukemia
Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma
Leukemia, Lymphoid
Philadelphia Chromosome
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Lymphatic Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Translocation, Genetic
Pathologic Processes
Calcium, Dietary
Leucovorin
Folic Acid
Cytarabine
Dexamethasone
Dexamethasone acetate
Cyclophosphamide
Rituximab
Methotrexate
Vincristine
Blinatumomab
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
BB 1101
Muromonab-CD3
Antibodies
Immunoglobulins