Study of Pemetrexed + Platinum Chemotherapy With or Without Pembrolizumab (MK-3475) in Adults With Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor- (TKI)-Resistant Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor- (EGFR)-Mutated Metastatic Non-squamous Non-small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) (MK-3475-789/KEYNOTE-789)
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03515837|
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : May 4, 2018
Last Update Posted : March 29, 2023
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The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of pemetrexed plus platinum chemotherapy (carboplatin or cisplatin) with or without pembrolizumab (MK-3475; KEYTRUDA®) in the treatment of adults with the following types of tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI)-resistant, epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-mutated, metastatic non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) tumors: 1) TKI-failures (including osimertinib [TAGRISSO®] failure) with T790M-negative mutation tumors, 2) T790M-positive mutation tumors with prior exposure to osimertinib, and 3) first-line osimertinib failure regardless of T790M mutation status.
The primary study hypotheses are that the combination of pembrolizumab plus chemotherapy has superior efficacy compared to saline placebo plus chemotherapy in terms of: 1) Progression-free Survival (PFS) per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors Version 1.1 (RECIST 1.1) based on blinded independent central review, and 2) Overall Survival (OS). This study will be considered to have met its success criteria if the combination of pembrolizumab plus chemotherapy is superior to saline placebo plus chemotherapy in terms of PFS or OS.
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Non-small Cell Lung Cancer||Biological: pembrolizumab Drug: pemetrexed Drug: carboplatin Drug: cisplatin Drug: saline solution||Phase 3|
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||492 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Masking:||Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)|
|Official Title:||A Randomized, Double-Blind, Phase 3 Study of Pemetrexed + Platinum Chemotherapy With or Without Pembrolizumab (MK-3475) in TKI-resistant EGFR-mutated Tumors in Metastatic Non-squamous Non-small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) Participants (KEYNOTE-789)|
|Actual Study Start Date :||June 29, 2018|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||January 17, 2023|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||June 15, 2023|
Participants receive pembrolizumab (pembro) 200 mg via intravenous (IV) infusion on Day 1 of each 3-week cycle (Q3W) for up to 35 cycles PLUS pemetrexed 500 mg/m^2 via IV infusion Q3W with no restrictions on the number of cycles PLUS platinum chemotherapy (chemo) (either carboplatin Area Under the Curve [AUC] 5 via IV infusion Q3W for 4 cycles [Cycles 1-4] or cisplatin 75 mg/m^2 via IV infusion Q3W for 4 cycles [Cycles 1-4]).
Other Name: MK-3475
Active Comparator: Placebo+Pemetrexed+Chemo
Participants receive normal saline solution via IV infusion on Day 1 of each 3-week cycle (Q3W) for up to 35 cycles PLUS pemetrexed 500 mg/m^2 via IV infusion Q3W with no restrictions on the number of cycles PLUS platinum chemotherapy (chemo)(either carboplatin AUC 5 via IV infusion Q3W for 4 cycles [Cycles 1-4] or cisplatin 75 mg/m^2 via IV infusion Q3W for 4 cycles [Cycles 1-4]).
Drug: saline solution
Other Name: Normal saline solution
- Progression-free Survival (PFS) per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors Version 1.1 (RECIST 1.1) [ Time Frame: Up to approximately 40 months ]PFS is defined as the time from randomization to the first documented progressive disease (PD) or death due to any cause, whichever occurs first. PFS will be assessed by blinded independent central review (BICR) using RECIST 1.1. Per RECIST 1.1, PD is defined as at least a 20% increase in the sum of diameters of target lesions. In addition to the relative increase of 20%, the sum must also demonstrate an absolute increase of at least 5 mm. Note: The appearance of one or more new lesions is also considered PD. The PFS for participants will be presented.
- Overall Survival (OS) [ Time Frame: Up to approximately 66 months ]OS is defined as the time from randomization to death due to any cause. Participants without documented death at the time of the final analysis will be censored at the date of the last follow-up. The OS of participants will be presented.
- Objective Response Rate (ORR) Per RECIST 1.1 [ Time Frame: Up to approximately 32 months ]ORR is defined as the percentage of participants in the analysis population who experience a Complete Response (CR: Disappearance of all target lesions) or a Partial Response (PR: At least a 30% decrease in the sum of diameters of target lesions, taking as reference the baseline sum diameters) per RECIST 1.1. The ORR for participants will be presented.
- Duration of Response (DOR) Per RECIST 1.1 [ Time Frame: Up to approximately 32 months ]For participants who experience a response of CR or PR, DOR is defined as the time from the earliest date of qualifying response until earliest date of PD or death from any cause, whichever comes first. DOR will be assessed per RECIST 1.1 based on BICR. The DOR of participants who experience a CR or PR will be presented.
- Change from Baseline in European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) Quality of Life Questionnaire-Core 30 Item (QLQ-C30) Global Health Status (Item 29) Scale Score [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 12, Week 27 ]The EORTC QLQ-C30 is a 30-item questionnaire developed to assess the quality of life of cancer patients. For Global Health Status, participants are asked "How would you rate your overall health during the past week?" Individual responses are given on a 7-point scale (1=Very poor; 7=Excellent), with a higher score indicating a better outcome. The change from baseline in EORTC-QLQ-C30 score for Global Health Status will be presented.
- Time to True Deterioration (TTD) in the EORTC Questionnaire Composite Endpoint of Cough, Chest Pain or Dyspnea [ Time Frame: Up to approximately 32 months ]TTD is the time from baseline to first onset of 10 points or more deterioration from baseline with confirmation by the subsequent visit of 10 points or more deterioration from baseline in the composite endpoint of cough [EORTC QLQ-Lung Cancer Module 13 (LC13) Item 1; How much did you cough?], chest pain [EORTC QLQ-LC13 Item 10; Have you had pain in your chest?], or dyspnea [EORTC QLQ-C30 Item 8; Were you short of breath?]. Individual responses are given on a 4-point scale (1=Not at all; 4=Very much), with a lower score indicating a better outcome. The time to true deterioration in the composite endpoint of cough, chest pain or dyspnea will be presented.
- Adverse Events (AEs) [ Time Frame: Up to 90 days after last dose of study treatment (Up to approximately 42 months) ]An AE is defined as any unfavorable and unintended change in the structure, function, or chemistry of the body temporally associated with the use of the study treatment, whether or not considered related to the use of study treatment. The number of participants who experience an AE will be presented.
- Study Treatment Discontinuations Due to AEs [ Time Frame: Up to approximately 39 months ]The number of participants who discontinue study treatment due to an AE will be presented.
- Change from Baseline in EORTC-QLQ-C30 Quality of Life (Item 30) Scale Score [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 12, Week 27 ]The EORTC-QLQ-C30 is a 30-item questionnaire developed to assess the quality of life of cancer patients. For Quality of Life, participants are asked "How would you rate your overall quality of life during the past week?" Individual responses are given on a 7-point scale (1=Very poor; 7=Excellent), with a higher score indicating a better outcome. The change from baseline in EORTC-QLQ-C30 score for Quality of Life will be presented.
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.
|Ages Eligible for Study:||18 Years and older (Adult, Older Adult)|
|Sexes Eligible for Study:||All|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers:||No|
- Histologically or cytologically confirmed diagnosis of Stage IV non-squamous NSCLC.
- Documentation of tumor activating EGFR mutation, specifically either DEL19 or L858R.
- Investigator-determined radiographic disease progression per RECIST 1.1 after treatment with an EGFR TKI therapy: a) Participants previously treated with 1st or 2nd generation EGFR TKI (e.g. erlotinib/afatinib/gefitinib) are required to have confirmed documented absence of EGFR T790M mutation; b) Participants with confirmed acquired T790M mutation after 1st or 2nd generation EGFR TKI (e.g. erlotinib/afatinib/gefitinib) are required to have osimertinib TKI treatment failure prior to enrollment; c) Participants previously failed osimertinib TKI treatment as 1st line therapy are eligible regardless of their EGFR T790M mutation status. Note: TKI washout period for all participants is 1 week or 2 half-lives after last treatment dose, whichever is longer. TKI washout should be completed prior to first dose of study treatment.
- Measurable disease per RECIST 1.1 as assessed by the local site investigator/radiology.
- Provided archival tumor tissue sample or newly obtained (no anti-neoplastic therapy since biopsy) core or excisional biopsy of a tumor lesion not previously irradiated.
- Life expectancy of at least 3 months.
- Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0 or 1 within 7 days prior to the first dose of study treatment but before randomization.
- Male participants must agree to use contraception during the treatment period and for at least 120 days after the last dose of pembrolizumab and up to 180 days after last dose of chemotherapeutic agents.
- Female participants must not be pregnant, not breastfeeding, and must agree to use contraception during the treatment period and for at least 120 days after the last dose of pembrolizumab and up to 180 days after the last dose of chemotherapeutic agents.
- Adequate organ function.
- Predominantly squamous cell histology NSCLC. Mixed tumors will be categorized by the predominant cell type; if small cell elements are present, the participant is ineligible.
- Symptomatic ascites or pleural effusion. A participant who is clinically stable following treatment for these conditions (including therapeutic thoraco- or paracentesis) is eligible.
- Received prior therapy with an anti-programmed cell death protein-1 (anti-PD-1), anti-programmed cell death-ligand 1 (anti-PD-L1), or anti-PD-L2 agent or with an agent directed to another stimulatory or co-inhibitory T-cell receptor (e.g. cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated protein-4 [CTLA-4], OX-40, CD137).
- Received prior systemic cytotoxic chemotherapy or investigational agent(s), excluding EGFR TKIs, for metastatic NSCLC. [Notes: 1) Prior treatment with chemotherapy and/or radiation as part of neoadjuvant/adjuvant therapy is allowed as long as therapy was completed at least 6 months prior to the diagnosis of metastatic NSCLC. 2) If participant received major surgery, they must have recovered adequately from the toxicity and/or complications from the intervention prior to starting study treatment. 3) Prior exposure to traditional medicine(s) is allowed as long as therapy was discontinued at least 4 weeks prior to the first dose of study treatment.]
- Received prior radiotherapy within 2 weeks of start of study treatment or has received lung radiation therapy of >30 Gray (Gy) within 6 months before the first dose of study treatment. Participants must have recovered from all radiation-related toxicities, not require corticosteroids, and not have had radiation pneumonitis. A 1-week washout is permitted for palliative radiation (≤2 weeks of radiotherapy) to non-central nervous system (CNS) disease.
- Received a live vaccine within 30 days prior to the first dose of study treatment.
- Currently participating in or has participated in a study of an investigational agent or has used an investigational device within 4 weeks prior to the first dose of study treatment.
- Diagnosis of immunodeficiency or is receiving chronic systemic steroid therapy (in dosing exceeding 10 mg daily of prednisone equivalent) or any other form of immunosuppressive therapy within 7 days prior the first dose of study treatment.
- Known additional malignancy that is progressing or has required active treatment within the past 5 years. (Note: Participants with basal cell carcinoma of the skin, squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, superficial bladder cancer, or carcinoma in situ (e.g. breast carcinoma, cervical cancer in situ) that have undergone potentially curative therapy are not excluded.)
- Known active untreated CNS metastases and/or carcinomatous meningitis.
- Severe hypersensitivity (≥ Grade 3) to pembrolizumab and/or any of its excipients.
- Known sensitivity to any component of cisplatin, carboplatin, or pemetrexed.
- Active autoimmune disease that has required systemic treatment in past 2 years.
- History of (non-infectious) pneumonitis that required steroids or has current pneumonitis.
- Active infection requiring systemic therapy.
- Known history of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection.
- Known history of Hepatitis B or known active Hepatitis C virus.
- Known history of active tuberculosis (TB; Bacillus tuberculosis)
- Pregnant, breastfeeding or expecting to conceive or father children within the projected duration of the study, starting with the screening visit through 120 days after the last dose of pembrolizumab and up to 180 days after the last dose of chemotherapeutic agents.
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03515837
|Study Director:||Medical Director||Merck Sharp & Dohme LLC|
|Responsible Party:||Merck Sharp & Dohme LLC|
|Other Study ID Numbers:||
MK-3475-789 ( Other Identifier: Merck Protocol Number )
184019 ( Registry Identifier: JAPIC )
2017-004188-11 ( EudraCT Number )
|First Posted:||May 4, 2018 Key Record Dates|
|Last Update Posted:||March 29, 2023|
|Last Verified:||March 2023|
|Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:|
|Plan to Share IPD:||Yes|
|Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product:||Yes|
|Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product:||No|
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