Working…
COVID-19 is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation.
Get the latest public health information from CDC: https://www.coronavirus.gov.

Get the latest research information from NIH: https://www.nih.gov/coronavirus.
ClinicalTrials.gov
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu

Autonomic Control of the Circulation and VDR (VDR)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03513770
Recruitment Status : Suspended (Temporarily suspended due to Pandemic)
First Posted : May 2, 2018
Last Update Posted : April 20, 2020
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Jian Cui, Milton S. Hershey Medical Center

Brief Summary:
The study objective of this project is to examine the mechanisms of the venous distension reflex (VDR) in humans. We hypothesize that COX blockade with ketorolac tromethamine, an intravenous NSAID, will attenuate the muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA) response to limb venous distension. To gain further insight into whether the COX byproducts directly stimulate chemically-sensitive afferents, or enable venodilation and indirectly evoke afferent stimulation, we will measure vein size using 3T MRI during venous distention with and without ketorolac infusions.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Venous Distension Reflex Blood Pressure Other: Wrist-to-elbow (W-E) occlusion Drug: ketorolac tromethamine Drug: saline control Early Phase 1

Detailed Description:

We will use a prospective observational design to examine if a COX blockade will inhibit the MSNA response to venous distension (Aim1), and if a COX blockade will alter vein sizes during venous distension (Aim2). Each subject will serve as their own control.

Aim 1:

An IV will be inserted in the antecubital fossa of one arm, and the wrist-to-elbow occlusion will be performed.

To block the COX system, 6 mg ketorolac tromethamine in 10 ml saline will be infused into the forearm over 1 minute (Infusion 1). After 10 minutes, a second infusion of ketorolac tromethamine (up to 3 mg) in 5% of the forearm volume of saline,( ~40-60 ml) will be infused into the occluded forearm at a rate of ~ 30 ml/min (Infusion 2). Five minutes of data will then be collected before releasing the upper arm cuff. Infusion 1 is to block the COX pathway, while infusion 2 is to induce venous distension.

In the saline control trial, saline (without ketorolac) in identical volumes as those in the COX blockade trial will be performed on a separate day.

Aim 2:

The subject will lie supine inside the MRI scanner. The subject will be instrumented with cuffs for the wrist-to-elbow occlusion procedure on one arm, and cuffs for automated BP and HR measurements from the other arm, The images will be obtained before and during the wrist-to-elbow occlusion procedure. The sizes of veins (i.e. cross sectional area) will be measured offline.

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 18 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Intervention Model Description: The investigators will examine (using a prospective observational design) if a COX blockade will inhibit the Muscle Sympathetic Nerve Activity response to venous distension, and if a COX blockade will alter vein sizes during venous distension using MRI. Each subject will serve as their own control.
Masking: Triple (Participant, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Masking Description: These two trials (A and B) will be performed in random order and in a doubleblind fashion for subjects and the data analyzing team. The medical staff who prepare and administrate the drugs and monitor the subject's safety, will not be blinded.
Primary Purpose: Basic Science
Official Title: Autonomic Control of the Circulation and the Venous Distension Reflex
Actual Study Start Date : July 12, 2017
Estimated Primary Completion Date : July 1, 2024
Estimated Study Completion Date : July 1, 2025

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Ketorolac
The Wrist-to-Elbow occlusion procedure will be performed followed by 2 ketorolac tromethamine + saline infusions into the occluded arm.
Other: Wrist-to-elbow (W-E) occlusion

An IV will be inserted in the antecubital fossa of one arm. The arm will be fitted with occlusion cuffs arranged in a continuous fashion from the wrist to the elbow. A final cuff will be placed on the upper arm. The cuffs from the wrist to the elbow will be inflated to the same pressure of up to 300 mmHg using a pressurized air tank.

First, the subject?s arm will be elevated and the subject will make a fist to squeeze blood from the hand. Then the wrist cuff will be inflated. Once that cuff is fully inflated, the next cuff in the sequence will be inflated. Cuffs are inflated in sequence until the elbow cuff is inflated. After a 10-15 second period to allow blood to drain, the upper arm cuff will inflate (up to 250 mmHg) to keep any additional blood from entering the forearm. Next, the cuffs on the forearm will be removed but the upper arm cuff will remain inflated.


Drug: ketorolac tromethamine
In the COX blockade trial, just after the Wrist-to-elbow occlusion, 6 mg ketorolac tromethamine in 10 ml saline will be infused into the forearm over 1 minute. After 10 minutes, a second infusion of ketorolac tromethamine (up to 3 mg) in 5% of the forearm volume of saline,( ~40-60 ml) will be infused into the occluded forearm at a rate of ~ 30 ml/min. Five minutes of data will then be collected before releasing the upper arm cuff. Infusion 1 is to block the COX pathway, while infusion 2 is to induce venous distension.

Placebo Comparator: Control
The Wrist-to-Elbow occlusion procedure will be performed followed by 2 saline only infusions into the occluded arm.
Other: Wrist-to-elbow (W-E) occlusion

An IV will be inserted in the antecubital fossa of one arm. The arm will be fitted with occlusion cuffs arranged in a continuous fashion from the wrist to the elbow. A final cuff will be placed on the upper arm. The cuffs from the wrist to the elbow will be inflated to the same pressure of up to 300 mmHg using a pressurized air tank.

First, the subject?s arm will be elevated and the subject will make a fist to squeeze blood from the hand. Then the wrist cuff will be inflated. Once that cuff is fully inflated, the next cuff in the sequence will be inflated. Cuffs are inflated in sequence until the elbow cuff is inflated. After a 10-15 second period to allow blood to drain, the upper arm cuff will inflate (up to 250 mmHg) to keep any additional blood from entering the forearm. Next, the cuffs on the forearm will be removed but the upper arm cuff will remain inflated.


Drug: saline control
In the saline control trial performed on a separate day, saline (without ketorolac) in identical volumes as those in the COX blockade trial, will be infused.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Microneurography (MSNA) [ Time Frame: Recorded continuously during the 3-4 hour study visit ]
    This technique provides direct recordings of sympathetic nerve activity directed to blood vessels in skeletal muscle and will be our primary index of sympathoexcitation. This procedure may be performed in the either leg. External mapping of the peroneal or tibial nerve course (10-60 volts, 1-5msec, 1Hz) will be performed just behind the fibular head of the leg or in the popliteal fossa. A reference electrode will be placed subcutaneously about 2-3 cm away from the recording site. Multiunit recordings of MSNA in the leg will be obtained by transcutaneous placement of a tungsten microelectrode (insulated 200 ?m diameter with a tapered un-insulated 1-5 ?m tip) into C-fiber containing fascicle in the nerve. The electrode will be manipulated to yield a neurogram with characteristic bursts of MSNA, that will be amplified, filtered, rectified and integrated to obtain a mean voltage neurogram. Analysis consists of counting burst frequency and amplitude.

  2. Vein size with MRI [ Time Frame: Recorded continuously during the 3-4 hour study visit ]
    Forearm cross sectional images will be obtained in HMC MRI facility. The proton weighted images will be obtained with Siemens Magnetom Trio 3T scanner (Siemens Medical Solutions, Erlangen, Germany). Contrast agents are not required for this completely noninvasive technique. The subject will lie supine inside the MRI scanner, and will be instrumented with an cuffs for the wrist-to-elbow occlusion procedure on one arm, and cuffs for automated BP and HR measurements from the other arm, The images will be obtained before and during the wrist-to-elbow occlusion procedure. The sizes of veins (i.e. cross sectional area) will be measured offline.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Heart Rate [ Time Frame: Recorded continuously during the 3-4 hour study visit ]
    Heart rate will be continuously monitored using EKG patch electrodes and monitor (Cardiocap, Datex-Ohmeda, GE Healthcare).

  2. Blood Pressure [ Time Frame: Recorded continuously during the 3-4 hour study visit ]
    Systolic and diastolic blood pressure will be monitored using an automatic, non-invasive arm cuff (SureSigns VS3, Philips, Philips Medical Systems), and on the finger with a Finometer (Finapres Medical Systems). Baseline Finometer BP will be adjusted to match the arm cuff BP.

  3. Laser-Doppler flowmetry [ Time Frame: Recorded continuously during the 3-4 hour study visit ]
    Skin blood flow will be monitored non-invasively by laser-Doppler flowmetry using special probes taped to the skin. The skin blood flow may be measured from both arms, and legs (up to 4 probes total).

  4. Strain gauge [ Time Frame: Recorded continuously during the 3-4 hour study visit ]
    The circumference changes of the forearm will be measured with strain gauges (up to 4 gauges on one arm).

  5. Impedance [ Time Frame: Recorded continuously during the 3-4 hour study visit ]
    The electrical impedance or resistance (Zo, in ohms) of a limb segment will be measured, which reflects the total fluid content of the limb. Fluid is an excellent conductor of electricity and the electrical current travels more easily through a ?wet? limb with more blood/fluid volume in the limb. The relative change in Zo will be used as an index for the fluid/blood volume change in a limb segment. By placing 2 pieces of tape with metal strips on the limb, we are able to measure impedance of the limb segment between the tapes.


Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Forearm volume [ Time Frame: Baseline ]
    Forearm volume will be measured by the water displacement method. The arm will be placed in the water bath up to the elbow. The baseline limb circumference will also be measured with a tape measure.

  2. Biochemistry [ Time Frame: 3 blood draws during the 3-4 hour study visit. ]
    Venous blood samples will be drawn for Thromboxane B2 (TXB2) which will be used as an index for COX blockade, and will be measured in the Pathology laboratory in Hershey Medical Center.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   21 Years to 35 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria

  • Are capable of giving informed consent
  • Are any race or ethnicity
  • Are fluent in written and spoken English
  • Have a satisfactory history and physical exam to meet inclusion/exclusion criteria
  • Are free of acute or chronic medical conditions
  • Are 21 - 35 years of age (inclusive)
  • Weigh over 50 kg

Exclusion Criteria

  • Are less than 21 or over 35 years of age
  • Are Pregnant or nursing women
  • Are prisoners or institutionalized individuals or unable to consent
  • Any chronic diseases (hypertension, heart, lung, neuromuscular disease, kidney disease, diabetes or cancer).
  • Are taking medications that may affect their cardiovascular or nervous system
  • Has taken an NSAID within 48 hours of any visit (visit will need to be rescheduled)
  • Has never taken NSAIDs and therefore would not know if they are allergic to it
  • Have a supine BP >140/90 mmHg
  • Have known allergy to ibuprofen-like drugs (NSAIDS) or aspirin
  • Have history of asthma or nasal polyps
  • Have history of GI bleeding or ulcers
  • Subjects with ferromagnetic metal implants
  • Subjects who are claustrophobic

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03513770


Locations
Layout table for location information
United States, Pennsylvania
Penn State Milton S. Hershey Medical Center
Hershey, Pennsylvania, United States, 17033
Sponsors and Collaborators
Milton S. Hershey Medical Center
Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: Jian Cui, Associate Professor of Medicine, Milton S. Hershey Medical Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03513770    
Other Study ID Numbers: STUDY00006585
First Posted: May 2, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 20, 2020
Last Verified: April 2020

Layout table for additional information
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Dilatation, Pathologic
Pathological Conditions, Anatomical
Ketorolac
Ketorolac Tromethamine
Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal
Analgesics, Non-Narcotic
Analgesics
Sensory System Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Antirheumatic Agents
Cyclooxygenase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action