Try the modernized ClinicalTrials.gov beta website. Learn more about the modernization effort.
Working…
ClinicalTrials.gov
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu

Effects of Oral Levosimendan (ODM-109) on Respiratory Function in Patients With ALS (REFALS)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03505021
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : April 20, 2018
Results First Posted : August 31, 2021
Last Update Posted : August 31, 2021
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Orion Corporation, Orion Pharma

Brief Summary:
This study will evaluate whether prolonged oral levosimendan can preserve respiratory function more effectively than placebo, resulting in better patient functionality as measured by the ALSFRS-R scale. In this randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group, multicenter study, subjects are allocated in a 2:1 ratio to receive either levosimendan (1 -2 mg daily) or placebo for 48 weeks. The primary endpoint is slow vital capacity (SVC) at 12 weeks, with the impact on patient function assessed through 48 weeks, adjusted for patient outcome, using ALSFRS-R (combined assessment of function and survival, CAFS). Other important efficacy measures include time to respiratory events, clinical global impression (CGI), assessment of dyspnea using the Borg scale and sleep scales (Pittsburgh sleep quality index and Epworth sleepiness scale). Patient safety is monitored using conventional methods including adverse events, safety laboratory tests, vital signs and 12-lead EKG. Following screening and baseline visits, patients attend the clinic at 2, 4, 8, 12, 24, 36 and 48 weeks, with telephone assessments conducted at weeks 18, 30 and 42. An end of study visit is performed 14-25 days after the last study treatment administration. The study will be monitored by an independent data and safety monitoring board. A long-term extension study will be available for patients completing the study.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Drug: Levosimendan Drug: Placebo for levosimendan Phase 3

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 496 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Effects of Oral Levosimendan (ODM-109) on Respiratory Function in Patients With ALS
Actual Study Start Date : June 21, 2018
Actual Primary Completion Date : July 23, 2020
Actual Study Completion Date : July 23, 2020


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Levosimendan
Levosimendan 1 mg capsules for oral administration, once to twice a day. The total duration of treatment 48 weeks
Drug: Levosimendan
Levosimendan 1 mg capsule for oral administration
Other Name: ODM-109

Placebo Comparator: Placebo for levosimendan
Placebo capsule for oral administration, once to twice a day. The total duration of treatment 48 weeks.
Drug: Placebo for levosimendan
Placebo capsule for oral administration
Other Name: Placebo for ODM-109




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Supine Slow Vital Capacity (SVC) [ Time Frame: The change from baseline at 12 weeks ]
    Change from baseline to 12 weeks, expressed as % of predicted normal.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Combined Assessment of Function and Survival Through 48 Weeks [ Time Frame: Mean rank at 48 weeks ]
    Scale: The ALS Functional Rating Scale - Revised. This scale includes 12 items. Each item was scored from 0 to 4. Total score is the sum of the scores of all 12 items. Each subject is ranked according to time-to-death (earlier deaths ranked lower than later deaths). Subjects who survive are ranked more favorably than subjects who died. Among the survivors, subjects are ranked according to change in ALSFRS-R (greater worsening of ALSFRS-R is ranked lower than after deaths). Subjects who survive are ranked more favorably than subjects who died. Among the survivors, subjects are ranked according to change in ALSFRS-R (greater worsening of ALSFRS-R is ranked lower than less worsening or an improvement in ALSFRS-R). The ranked scores range from 001 to 495 (the number of participants assessed for the Outcome Measure) with larger rank score numbers associated with a better outcome.

  2. Time to Respiratory Event Through 48 Weeks [ Time Frame: Time to event through 48 weeks ]
    ALSFRS-R scale contains 3 items that relate to respiratory function: severity of dyspnoea, occurrence of orthopnoea (shortness of breath when lying flat) and the use of mechanical ventilation for respiratory insufficiency. A reduction in any one of these items was considered a respiratory event. Not all patients receive ventilatory support, despite respiratory insufficiency: meeting "protocolised" criteria for NIV relates to patients without NIV whose slow vital capacity declined to a level that would ordinarily trigger such treatment.

  3. Change From the Baseline in Clinical Global Impression CGI at 48 Weeks [ Time Frame: The change from baseline at 48 weeks ]
    Visual Analogue Scale 0-100 millimeters, rated by study subjects. Score 0 indicates that the subject is completely well without any disability and score 100 indicates the worst possible severity of the condition.

  4. Change From Baseline in Respiratory Function of ALSFRS-R at 48 Weeks [ Time Frame: Slope of decline at 48 weeks ]
    ALSFRS-R scale contains 3 items that relate to respiratory function: severity of dyspnoea, occurrence of orthopnoea (shortness of breath when lying flat) and the use of mechanical ventilation for respiratory insufficiency. These are added together to created the respiratory domain with a score range 0-12 (where 12 represents normal function). Although individual items and patients vary, ALSFRS-R typically declines at a relatively constant rate over time. Plotted over time the slope of the line obtained indicates the speed of progression and thus an effective treatment might be expected to reduce the slope of decline.

  5. Supine Borg Category Ratio 10 Scale at 12 Weeks [ Time Frame: Change from baseline at 12 weeks ]
    Patients rated their perception of the severity of their dysnoea using the Borg scale. The scale ranges from 0 (no dyspnoea) to 10 (maximal). Each category is numbered and most (not all) have verbal cues. At each assessment the patient scored the category they felt best described their symptoms. The analysis measured change from baseline at 12 weeks, where a negative score indicates improvement and a positive score reflects worsening.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 120 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Written or verbal informed consent (IC) for participation in the study
  • Male or female subjects with diagnosis of laboratory supported probable, probable or definite ALS according to El Escorial revised criteria. Full electromyogram (EMG) report available consistent with ALS (but not necessarily fulfilling the electrodiagnostic criteria for ALS) from an experienced neurophysiologist
  • Able to swallow study treatment capsules, and in the opinion of the investigator, is expected to continue to do so during the study
  • Sitting SVC between 60-90% of the predicted value for age, height and sex at screening visit
  • Disease duration from symptom onset (defined by first muscle weakness or dysarthria) 12-48 months at the time of visit 1 (baseline)
  • Able to perform supine SVC in an adequate and reliable way at screening and baseline visits as judged by the investigator
  • Subjects with or without riluzole and/or edaravone. If using riluzole (any daily dose up to 100 mg), the dose must have been stable for at least 4 weeks before the screening visit and should not be changed during the study. If using edaravone, the treatment should have been started at least 4 weeks before the screening visit (at least one 28-day treatment cycle as indicated) and should not be changed during the study. If not on riluzole and/or edaravone, the respective treatments should not be started during the study

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Subject in whom other causes of neuromuscular weakness have not been excluded
  • Subject with a diagnosis of another neurodegenerative disease (e.g. Parkinson's or Alzheimer's disease)
  • Assisted ventilation of any type within 3 months before the screening visit or at screening
  • Any use of a diaphragm pacing system (DPS) within 3 months before the screening visit
  • Any form of stem cell or gene therapy for the treatment of ALS
  • Known hypersensitivity to levosimendan
  • Administration of levosimendan within 3 months before the screening visit or previous participation in the present phase III study or earlier study with oral levosimendan in ALS patients (LEVALS)
  • Any use of tirasemtiv or reldesemtiv within 1 month before the screening visit.
  • Participation in a clinical trial with any experimental treatment within 30 days or within 5 half-lives of that treatment (whichever is longer) before the screening visit
  • Any botulinum toxin use within 3 months before the screening visit
  • Recorded diagnosis or evidence of major psychiatric diagnosis, significant cognitive impairment or clinically evident dementia that may interfere with the patient's ability to comply with study procedures
  • Pulmonary illness (e.g. asthma or COPD) requiring regular treatment
  • Haemodynamically significant uncorrected valve disease or hypertrophic cardiomyopathy or restrictive cardiomyopathy
  • Any cardiovascular event (e.g. myocardial infarction, HF, arrhythmia or stroke) requiring hospitalisation within 3 months before the screening visit
  • History of Torsades de Pointes (TdP) or diagnosed long QT-syndrome
  • History of life-threatening ventricular arrhythmia, unless treated with reliable measures to prevent recurrence (e.g. with placement of implantable cardioverter defibrillator [ICD] or catheter ablation)
  • History of second or third degree atrioventricular (AV) block or sinus node disease at screening, if not treated with pacemaker
  • HR repeatedly > 100 bpm in the 12-lead ECG after a 5-minute rest at screening. If the HR is > 100 bpm in the first recording, then the second recording must be done after another 5 min rest to confirm HR > 100 bpm
  • Systolic blood pressure (SBP) < 90 mmHg at screening
  • Potassium < 3.7 mmol/l or > 5.5 mmol/l at screening
  • Severe renal impairment (creatinine clearance < 30 ml/min at screening), creatinine > 170 μmol/l at screening or on dialysis
  • Blood haemoglobin < 10 g/dl at screening or blood donation or loss of significant amount of blood within 60 days before the screening visit
  • Clinically significant hepatic impairment at the discretion of the investigator
  • Body mass index (BMI) ≤ 18.5kg/m2 (BMI = weight/height2)
  • Women who are lactating or of reproductive age without a negative pregnancy test and without a commitment to using a highly effective method of contraception (e.g. oral hormonal contraceptives associated with inhibition of ovulation, intrauterine devices and long acting progestin agents), if sexually active during the study, and for 1 month after the last dose of the study treatment. Women who are postmenopausal (1 year since last menstrual cycle), surgically sterilised or who have undergone a hysterectomy are considered not to be reproductive and can be included
  • Patient judged to be actively suicidal by the investigator during 3 months before the screening visit
  • Patients with known history of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection
  • Any other clinically significant cardiovascular, gastrointestinal, hepatic, renal, neurological or psychiatric disorder or any other major concurrent illness that in the opinion of the investigator could interfere with the interpretation of the study results or constitute a health risk for the subject if he/she took part in the study

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03505021


Locations
Show Show 104 study locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Orion Corporation, Orion Pharma
Investigators
Layout table for investigator information
Study Director: Merja Mäkitalo, CSD Orion Corporation, Orion Pharma
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Orion Corporation, Orion Pharma:
Study Protocol  [PDF] March 26, 2020
Statistical Analysis Plan  [PDF] June 18, 2020

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: Orion Corporation, Orion Pharma
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03505021    
Other Study ID Numbers: 3119002
First Posted: April 20, 2018    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: August 31, 2021
Last Update Posted: August 31, 2021
Last Verified: August 2021

Layout table for additional information
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Motor Neuron Disease
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
Neurodegenerative Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Neuromuscular Diseases
Spinal Cord Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
TDP-43 Proteinopathies
Proteostasis Deficiencies
Metabolic Diseases
Simendan
Cardiotonic Agents
Vasodilator Agents
Phosphodiesterase 3 Inhibitors
Phosphodiesterase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Protective Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs