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Venetoclax and Vincristine Liposomal in Treating Patients With Relapsed or Refractory T-cell or B-cell Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03504644
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : April 20, 2018
Last Update Posted : June 11, 2018
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group ( ECOG-ACRIN Cancer Research Group )

Brief Summary:
This phase Ib/II clinical trial studies the side effects and best dose of venetoclax and how well it works when given together with vincristine liposomal in treating patients with T-cell or B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia that has come back or does not respond to treatment. Venetoclax may stop the growth of cancer cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as vincristine liposomal, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Giving venetoclax together with vincristine liposomal may work better in treating patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
B Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Lymphoblasts 5 Percent or More of Bone Marrow Nucleated Cells Recurrent Adult Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Recurrent Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Refractory Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia T Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis Drug: Venetoclax Drug: Vincristine Liposomal Phase 1 Phase 2

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine the maximum tolerated dose of venetoclax in combination with vincristine liposomal (liposomal vincristine) in patients with relapsed or refractory T-cell and B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). (Phase I) II. Safety assessment and toxicity characterization after treatment of venetoclax in combination with liposomal vincristine in patients with relapsed or refractory T-cell and B-cell ALL. (Phase I) III. To determine the preliminary efficacy of venetoclax in combination with liposomal vincristine to induce complete remission (CR) by day 70 in patients with relapsed or refractory T-cell and B-cell ALL. (Phase II)

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine the progression free survival, overall survival and toxicity after the combination treatment in patients with relapsed or refractory T-cell and B-cell ALL. (Phase II)

TERTIARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine if genetic signature as determined by next generation sequencing can predict response to combination. (Phase II) II. To determine if immunophenotype of ALL is associated with response to combination. (Phase II) III. To determine if the BH3 profile is associated with response to combination. (Phase II) IV. To determine if relative expression of BCL-2 measure by flow cytometry is associated with response to combination. (Phase II)

OUTLINE: This is a phase Ib, dose-escalation study of venetoclax, followed by a phase II study.

Patients receive venetoclax orally (PO) once daily (QD) on days 1-42 of course 1 and days 43-70 of course 2. Patients also receive vincristine liposomal intravenously (IV) weekly for 4 weeks starting on day 14 of course 1.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 6 months for 5 years.


Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 74 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase IB/II Study of Venetoclax (ABT-199) in Combination With Liposomal Vincristine in Patients With Relapsed or Refractory T-Cell or B-Cell Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia
Actual Study Start Date : April 26, 2018
Estimated Primary Completion Date : April 30, 2021
Estimated Study Completion Date : April 30, 2021


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Treatment (venetoclax, vincristine liposomal)
Patients receive venetoclax PO QD on days 1-42 of course 1 and days 43-70 of course 2. Patients also receive vincristine liposomal IV weekly for 4 weeks starting on day 14 of course 1.
Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Correlative studies

Drug: Venetoclax
Given PO
Other Names:
  • ABT-0199
  • ABT-199
  • ABT199
  • GDC-0199
  • RG7601
  • Venclexta

Drug: Vincristine Liposomal
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Lipid-Encapsulated Vincristine
  • Liposomal Vincristine
  • Onco TCS
  • Vincacine
  • VincaXome
  • Vincristine Liposome
  • Vincristine, Liposomal




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Maximum tolerated dose of venetoclax (Phase I) [ Time Frame: Up to 70 days ]
  2. Incidence of toxicities (Phase I) [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    Toxicities will be assessed and graded according to Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 5.0.

  3. Complete remission (CR) + complete remission incomplete (CRi) rate (Phase II) [ Time Frame: Up to 70 days ]
    A 95% confidence interval will be computed.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Progression free survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: From study registration to documented disease progression or death from any cause, whichever occurs first, assessed up to 5 years ]
    Will be estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method, and the median PFS along with its corresponding 95% confidence interval will be reported.

  2. Overall survival (OS) [ Time Frame: From study registration to death from any cause, assessed up to 5 years ]
    Will be estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method, and the median OS along with its corresponding 95% confidence interval will be reported.

  3. Rate of minimal residual disease [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    95% confidence interval will be computed.

  4. Change in intracellular BCL-2 expression [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 5 years ]
    Will be assessed by flow cytometry and dichotomized into two groups by the median (low vs. high). Univariate Cox proportional hazards (PH) models will be used to evaluate the association of the BCL-2 expression at baseline and immunophenotype (B-cell and T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia) with OS and PFS, separately. Logistic regression models will be used to investigate the association of the BCL-2 expression at baseline and immunophenotype with response (CR/CRi/partial remission [PR] versus [vs.] others by 70 days). Multivariable Cox PH modelling and logistic regression modelling will also be used to adjust for the effect of covariates that are possibly associated with these efficacy outcomes


Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Genetic signature [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    Will be assessed by next generation sequencing.

  2. Immunophenotype of acute lymphoblastic leukemia [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    Logistic regression models will be used to investigate the association of the BCL-2 expression at baseline and immunophenotype with response (CR/CRi/PR vs. others by 70 days). Multivariable Cox PH modelling and logistic regression modelling will also be used to adjust for the effect of covariates that are possibly associated with these efficacy outcomes.

  3. BH3 profile [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    Will determine if the BH3 profile is associated with response to combination.

  4. Expression of BCL-2 [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    Will determine if relative expression of BCL-2 measure by flow cytometry is associated with response to combination.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA - PHASE I (ARMS A, B, C): Relapsed or refractory ALL after multi-agent chemotherapy (>= 5% marrow lymphoblasts, assessed by morphology and flow cytometry; flow cytometry will be used to confirm immunophenotype and percentage of blasts will be assessed by morphology)
  • ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA - PHASE I (ARMS A, B, C): Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0-2
  • ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA - PHASE I (ARMS A, B, C): Adequate liver function with aspartate aminotransferase (AST)/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) less than 3 X upper limit of normal and total bilirubin less than 2 mg/dL within 7 days prior to first dose of study agent
  • ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA - PHASE I (ARMS A, B, C): Circulating white blood cell (WBC) count must not be above 20 x10^9/L within 7 days prior to first dose of study agent

    • Patients with WBC count above 20 x 10^9/L may be eligible if they start steroids or hydroxyurea per institutional guidelines, but they must discontinue before day 1 of study drug
  • ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA - PHASE I (ARMS A, B, C): Creatinine clearance of at least 50 mL/min within 7 days prior to first dose of study agent
  • ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA - PHASE I (ARMS A, B, C): Women must not be pregnant or breast-feeding
  • ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA - PHASE I (ARMS A, B, C): All females of childbearing potential must have a blood test or urine study within 2 weeks prior to registration to rule out pregnancy; a female of childbearing potential is any woman, regardless of sexual orientation or whether they have undergone tubal ligation, who meets the following criteria: 1) has not undergone a hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy; or 2) has not been naturally postmenopausal for at least 24 consecutive months (i.e., has had menses at any time in the preceding 24 consecutive months)
  • ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA - PHASE I (ARMS A, B, C): Women of childbearing potential and sexually active males must use an accepted and highly effective method of contraception or to abstain from sexual intercourse for the duration of their participation in the study and for 30 days after the last dose of venetoclax; should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while she or her partner is participating in this study, she (or the participating partner) should inform the treating physician immediately
  • ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA - PHASE I (ARMS A, B, C): No evidence of prior malignancy except adequately treated non-melanoma skin cancer, in situ cervical carcinoma, or any surgically- or radiation-cured malignancy continuously disease free for >= 5 years so as not to interfere with interpretation of radiographic response
  • ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA - PHASE I (ARMS A, B, C): No evidence of isolated extramedullary relapse (i.e., testicular or central nervous system [CNS])
  • ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA - PHASE I (ARMS A, B, C): Patient must not have Burkitt?s lymphoma/leukemia based on the World Health Organization (WHO) criteria
  • ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA - PHASE I (ARMS A, B, C): Patients must not have active central nervous system (CNS) leukemia, as defined by unequivocal morphologic evidence of lymphoblasts in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), use of CNS-directed local treatment for active disease within the prior 28 days; previously treated CNS disease with documented cleared CSF will be allowed
  • ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA - PHASE I (ARMS A, B, C): Patient will not be enrolled if they received prior chemotherapy within 2 weeks before enrollment with the following exceptions: to reduce the circulating lymphoblast count or palliation (i.e., steroids or hydroxyurea) or for ALL maintenance (mercaptopurine, methotrexate, vincristine, thioguanine, and/or tyrosine kinase inhibitors)
  • ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA - PHASE I (ARMS A, B, C): Patient may be enrolled with a prior allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) but the transplant date must be at least 90 days before date of enrollment; patient must be off immunosuppression and without active graft versus host disease (GVHD) prior to enrollment if previous HSCT
  • ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA - PHASE I (ARMS A, B, C): Patient cannot have poorly controlled human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), or CD4 < 400; HIV positive patients are allowed on this study if they have a CD4 count >= 400, and are on a stable antiviral regimen
  • ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA - PHASE I (ARMS A, B, C): Patients with New York Heart Association (NYHA) class III or IV heart failure, uncontrolled angina, severe uncontrolled ventricular arrhythmias, or electrocardiographic evidence of acute ischemia may not be enrolled
  • ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA - PHASE I (ARMS A, B, C): Patients with serious medical or psychiatric illness that in the opinion of the primary investigator is likely to interfere with study participation may not be enrolled
  • ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA - PHASE I (ARMS A, B, C): Patients must not be participating in any other clinical trial or taking any other experimental medications within 21 days prior to registration
  • ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA - PHASE I (ARMS A, B, C): Patients should not have received the following within 7 days prior to the first dose of study drug:

    • Steroid therapy for anti-neoplastic intent;
    • Strong and moderate CYP3A inhibitors;
    • Strong and moderate CYP3A inducers
  • ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA - PHASE I (ARMS A, B, C): Patients must not have grade 3 or higher peripheral neuropathy
  • ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA - PHASE II (ARM D): Relapsed or refractory ALL after multi-agent chemotherapy (>= 5% marrow lymphoblasts, assessed by morphology and flow cytometry; flow cytometry will be used to confirm immunophenotype and percentage of blasts will be assessed by morphology)
  • ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA - PHASE II (ARM D): ECOG performance status 0-2
  • ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA - PHASE II (ARM D): Adequate liver function with AST/ALT less than 3 X upper limit of normal and total bilirubin less than 2 mg/dL within 7 days prior to first dose of study agent
  • ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA - PHASE II (ARM D): Circulating WBC count must not be above 20 x10^9/L within 7 days prior to first dose of study agent

    • Patients with WBC count above 20 x10^9/L may be eligible if they start steroids or hydroxyurea per institutional guidelines, but they must discontinue before day 1 of study drug
  • ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA - PHASE II (ARM D): Creatinine clearance of at least 50 mL/min within 7 days prior to first dose of study agent
  • ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA - PHASE II (ARM D): Women must not be pregnant or breast-feeding
  • ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA - PHASE II (ARM D): All females of childbearing potential must have a blood test or urine study within 2 weeks prior to registration to rule out pregnancy; a female of childbearing potential is any woman, regardless of sexual orientation or whether they have undergone tubal ligation, who meets the following criteria: 1) has not undergone a hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy; or 2) has not been naturally postmenopausal for at least 24 consecutive months (i.e., has had menses at any time in the preceding 24 consecutive months)
  • ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA - PHASE II (ARM D): Women of childbearing potential and sexually active males must use an accepted and highly effective method of contraception or to abstain from sexual intercourse for the duration of their participation in the study and for 30 days after the last dose of venetoclax; should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while she or her partner is participating in this study, she (or the participating partner) should inform the treating physician immediately
  • ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA - PHASE II (ARM D): No evidence of prior malignancy except adequately treated non-melanoma skin cancer, in situ cervical carcinoma, or any surgically- or radiation-cured malignancy continuously disease free for >= 5 years so as not to interfere with interpretation of radiographic response
  • ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA - PHASE II (ARM D): No evidence of isolated extramedullary relapse (i.e., testicular or CNS)
  • ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA - PHASE II (ARM D): Patient must not have Burkitt?s lymphoma/leukemia based on the WHO criteria
  • ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA - PHASE II (ARM D): Patients must not have active central nervous system (CNS) leukemia, as defined by unequivocal morphologic evidence of lymphoblasts in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), use of CNS-directed local treatment for active disease within the prior 28 days; previously treated CNS disease with documented cleared CSF will be allowed
  • ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA - PHASE II (ARM D): Patient will not be enrolled if they received prior chemotherapy within 2 weeks before enrollment with the following exceptions: to reduce the circulating lymphoblast count or palliation (i.e., steroids or hydroxyurea), for ALL maintenance (mercaptopurine, methotrexate, vincristine, thioguanine, and/or tyrosine kinase inhibitors)
  • ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA - PHASE II (ARM D): Patient may be enrolled with a prior allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) but the transplant date must be at least 90 days before date of enrollment; patient must be off immunosuppression and without active GVHD prior to enrollment if previous HSCT
  • ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA - PHASE II (ARM D): Patient cannot have poorly controlled HIV, or CD4 < 400; HIV positive patients are allowed on this study if they have a CD4 count >= 400, and are on a stable antiviral regimen
  • ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA - PHASE II (ARM D): Patients with NYHA class III or IV heart failure, uncontrolled angina, severe uncontrolled ventricular arrhythmias, or electrocardiographic evidence of acute ischemia may not be enrolled
  • ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA - PHASE II (ARM D): Patients with serious medical or psychiatric illness that in the opinion of the primary investigator is likely to interfere with study participation may not be enrolled
  • ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA - PHASE II (ARM D): Patients must not be participating in any other clinical trial or taking any other experimental medications within 21 days prior to registration
  • ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA - PHASE II (ARM D): Patients should not have received the following within 7 days prior to the first dose of study drug:

    • Steroid therapy for anti-neoplastic intent;
    • Strong and moderate CYP3A inhibitors;
    • Strong and moderate CYP3A inducers
  • ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA - PHASE II (ARM D): Patients must not have grade 3 or higher peripheral neuropathy

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03504644


Locations
United States, Pennsylvania
ECOG-ACRIN Cancer Research Group Recruiting
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19103
Contact: Neil D. Palmisiano    215-955-6084    Neil.Palmisiano@jefferson.edu   
Principal Investigator: Neil D. Palmisiano         
Sponsors and Collaborators
ECOG-ACRIN Cancer Research Group
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Neil Palmisiano ECOG-ACRIN Cancer Research Group

Responsible Party: ECOG-ACRIN Cancer Research Group
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03504644     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: EA9152
NCI-2017-01158 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
EA9152 ( Other Identifier: ECOG-ACRIN Cancer Research Group )
EA9152 ( Other Identifier: CTEP )
U10CA180820 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: April 20, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 11, 2018
Last Verified: June 2018

Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Leukemia
Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma
Leukemia, Lymphoid
Burkitt Lymphoma
Precursor T-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Lymphatic Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Epstein-Barr Virus Infections
Herpesviridae Infections
DNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Tumor Virus Infections
Lymphoma, B-Cell
Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin
Lymphoma
Vincristine
Venetoclax
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Antineoplastic Agents
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action