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Tolerance by Engaging Antigen During Cellular Homeostasis (TEACH)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03504241
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : April 20, 2018
Last Update Posted : August 1, 2018
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Immune Tolerance Network (ITN)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)

Brief Summary:

Anti-rejection medicines, also known as immunosuppressive drugs, are prescribed to organ transplant recipients to prevent rejection of the new organ. Long-term use of these medicines places transplant recipients at higher risk of serious infections and certain types of cancer.

The purpose of this study is to determine if:

  • it is safe to give mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) to kidney transplant recipients, and
  • the combination of the immunosuppressive (anti-rejection) study drugs plus the MSCs can allow a kidney transplant recipient to slowly reduce and/or then completely stop all anti-rejection drugs, without rejection of their kidney (renal) allograft, a process called "immunosuppression withdrawal".

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Kidney Transplantation Renal Transplantation Renal Transplant Recipient Biological: Donor-derived Mesenchymal Stromal Cells Drug: alemtuzumab Drug: belatacept Drug: sirolimus Drug: mycophenolate mofetil Drug: mycophenolate acid Drug: prednisone Phase 1

Detailed Description:

Background:The most common problem following a kidney transplant is the development of acute or chronic rejection. Rejection is the immunologic reaction in which the body refuses to accept the transplanted organ. The body's immune system will make destructive antibodies that will attempt to attack the transplanted organ.

In order to prevent organ rejection, all patients receiving an allograft (a graft transplanted between genetically non-identical individuals of the same species) must take anti-rejection (immunosuppressive) therapy. These medications function by lowering the body's natural immune system. Often these medications are associated with significant side effects ranging from infections to cancer.

Study:

This is a single center, open label, dose-escalation clinical trial in 6 adult recipients of Human Leukocyte Antigen (HLA)- non-identical, living-donor renal allografts. All participants will receive induction therapy with alemtuzumab followed by maintenance therapy with sirolimus and belatacept.

A total of 3 dosing cohorts of 2 recipients each will receive 12 infusions of donor-derived MSCs starting on Day 42 post-transplant and every 4 weeks starting on Day 56 post-transplant, with a minimum of 7 days between the first and second MSC infusions.

The primary objective is to determine whether immune reconstitution after lymphocyte depletion in the setting of co-stimulatory blockade and systemic MSC-derived donor antigen can promote operational tolerance in recipients of kidney allografts.

Participants will be evaluated for eligibility for sirolimus withdrawal any time between week 52 and week 104 post-transplant. Participants who successfully complete sirolimus withdrawal will remain on belatacept monotherapy for at least 24 weeks before being assessed for eligibility to discontinue belatacept. Participants who successfully complete Immunosuppression Withdrawal (ISW) will then undergo 24 weeks of high frequency follow up followed by 132 weeks of standard follow up.

Study participation may continue for up to seven (7) years after kidney transplant surgery.

*** IMPORTANT NOTICE: *** The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases and the Immune Tolerance Network do not recommend the discontinuation of immunosuppressive therapy for recipients of cell, organ, or tissue transplants outside of physician-directed, controlled clinical studies. Discontinuation of prescribed immunosuppressive therapy can result in serious health consequences and should only be performed in certain rare circumstances, upon the recommendation and with the guidance of your health care provider.


Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 6 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Donor-derived Mesenchymal Stromal Cells, Alemtuzumab, Co-stimulation Blockade and Sirolimus for Tolerance Induction in Adult Kidney Allograft Recipients (ITN062ST)
Actual Study Start Date : July 27, 2018
Estimated Primary Completion Date : August 2025
Estimated Study Completion Date : August 2025

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: MSCs 10^4 cells/kg+anti-rejection drugs
The first dosing cohort of 2 participants will receive 12 infusions of 10^4 donor-derived Mesenchymal Stromal Cells (MSCs) cells/kg every 4-weeks.
Biological: Donor-derived Mesenchymal Stromal Cells
These MSCs are a cellular product derived from bone marrow and propagated ex vivo using FDA-approved, clinically applicable methods. Their use in kidney transplantation has been associated with a good safety profile.
Other Names:
  • Donor-derived MSCs
  • human bone marrow derived MSCs
  • hBM-MSC
  • EPIC-MSC-ITN2015-IVF-0X

Drug: alemtuzumab
Alemtuzumab, 30 mg, given once intravenously (IV) over three hours. The infusion of alemtuzumab shall begin within 24 hours of transplantation surgery and shall be given prior to the first dose of belatacept.
Other Names:
  • Campath®
  • Lemtrada®

Drug: belatacept
Belatacept will be given as an intravenous (IV) infusion of 10mg /kg over 1 hour on transplantation postoperative Day 0, Days 5 and 14, then every 2 weeks (± 2 days) for 5 additional doses.Thereafter, belatacept will be given once every 4 weeks (± 5 days) at 10 mg/kg through 24 weeks post-transplant, then at 5 mg/kg every 4-weeks until the participant is evaluated for belatacept discontinuation.
Other Names:
  • Nulojix®
  • LEA29Y

Drug: sirolimus
Rapamune® (sirolimus) (Wyeth Pharmaceuticals Inc., Philadelphia, PA) will be started on transplantation postoperative day 1 at a dose of 2 mg/day orally and adjusted to maintain goal 24-hour trough levels of 8-10 ng/ml. Participants who experience grade 3 sirolimus toxicity will undergo dose reduction.
Other Name: Rapamune®

Drug: mycophenolate mofetil
Per protocol, and, only permitted in cases of sirolimus intolerance.
Other Name: CellCept®

Drug: mycophenolate acid
Per protocol, and, only permitted in cases of sirolimus intolerance.
Other Name: Myfortic®

Drug: prednisone
Per protocol, and, only permitted in cases of sirolimus intolerance.

Experimental: MSCs 10^5 cells/kg+anti-rejection drugs
If the first 3 infusions of 10^4 donor-derived Mesenchymal Stromal Cells (MSCs) cells/kg are well tolerated, this cohort of 2 participants will receive 12 infusions of 10^5 cells/kg every 4-weeks.
Biological: Donor-derived Mesenchymal Stromal Cells
These MSCs are a cellular product derived from bone marrow and propagated ex vivo using FDA-approved, clinically applicable methods. Their use in kidney transplantation has been associated with a good safety profile.
Other Names:
  • Donor-derived MSCs
  • human bone marrow derived MSCs
  • hBM-MSC
  • EPIC-MSC-ITN2015-IVF-0X

Drug: alemtuzumab
Alemtuzumab, 30 mg, given once intravenously (IV) over three hours. The infusion of alemtuzumab shall begin within 24 hours of transplantation surgery and shall be given prior to the first dose of belatacept.
Other Names:
  • Campath®
  • Lemtrada®

Drug: belatacept
Belatacept will be given as an intravenous (IV) infusion of 10mg /kg over 1 hour on transplantation postoperative Day 0, Days 5 and 14, then every 2 weeks (± 2 days) for 5 additional doses.Thereafter, belatacept will be given once every 4 weeks (± 5 days) at 10 mg/kg through 24 weeks post-transplant, then at 5 mg/kg every 4-weeks until the participant is evaluated for belatacept discontinuation.
Other Names:
  • Nulojix®
  • LEA29Y

Drug: sirolimus
Rapamune® (sirolimus) (Wyeth Pharmaceuticals Inc., Philadelphia, PA) will be started on transplantation postoperative day 1 at a dose of 2 mg/day orally and adjusted to maintain goal 24-hour trough levels of 8-10 ng/ml. Participants who experience grade 3 sirolimus toxicity will undergo dose reduction.
Other Name: Rapamune®

Drug: mycophenolate mofetil
Per protocol, and, only permitted in cases of sirolimus intolerance.
Other Name: CellCept®

Drug: mycophenolate acid
Per protocol, and, only permitted in cases of sirolimus intolerance.
Other Name: Myfortic®

Drug: prednisone
Per protocol, and, only permitted in cases of sirolimus intolerance.

Experimental: MSCs 10^6 cells/kg+anti-rejection drugs
If the first 3 infusions of 10^5 donor-derived Mesenchymal Stromal Cells (MSCs) cells/kg are well tolerated, this cohort of 2 participants will receive 12 infusions of 10^6 cells/kg every 4-weeks.
Biological: Donor-derived Mesenchymal Stromal Cells
These MSCs are a cellular product derived from bone marrow and propagated ex vivo using FDA-approved, clinically applicable methods. Their use in kidney transplantation has been associated with a good safety profile.
Other Names:
  • Donor-derived MSCs
  • human bone marrow derived MSCs
  • hBM-MSC
  • EPIC-MSC-ITN2015-IVF-0X

Drug: alemtuzumab
Alemtuzumab, 30 mg, given once intravenously (IV) over three hours. The infusion of alemtuzumab shall begin within 24 hours of transplantation surgery and shall be given prior to the first dose of belatacept.
Other Names:
  • Campath®
  • Lemtrada®

Drug: belatacept
Belatacept will be given as an intravenous (IV) infusion of 10mg /kg over 1 hour on transplantation postoperative Day 0, Days 5 and 14, then every 2 weeks (± 2 days) for 5 additional doses.Thereafter, belatacept will be given once every 4 weeks (± 5 days) at 10 mg/kg through 24 weeks post-transplant, then at 5 mg/kg every 4-weeks until the participant is evaluated for belatacept discontinuation.
Other Names:
  • Nulojix®
  • LEA29Y

Drug: sirolimus
Rapamune® (sirolimus) (Wyeth Pharmaceuticals Inc., Philadelphia, PA) will be started on transplantation postoperative day 1 at a dose of 2 mg/day orally and adjusted to maintain goal 24-hour trough levels of 8-10 ng/ml. Participants who experience grade 3 sirolimus toxicity will undergo dose reduction.
Other Name: Rapamune®

Drug: mycophenolate mofetil
Per protocol, and, only permitted in cases of sirolimus intolerance.
Other Name: CellCept®

Drug: mycophenolate acid
Per protocol, and, only permitted in cases of sirolimus intolerance.
Other Name: Myfortic®

Drug: prednisone
Per protocol, and, only permitted in cases of sirolimus intolerance.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Proportion of Participants who Achieve Operational Tolerance [ Time Frame: 52 weeks after completion of Immunosuppression Withdrawal (ISW) ]

    Operational tolerance (to their kidney transplant) defined by participant remaining off all immunosuppression for 52 weeks after completion of Immunosuppression Withdrawal (ISW) with:

    • No evidence of biopsy-proven allograft rejection after initiation of ISW;
    • Acceptable renal function, defined as an estimated GFR > 60 ml/min/1.73cm^2 calculated using the CKD-EPI equation or a serum creatinine that has increased no more than 25% above baseline, as assessed at the week 52 visit after completion of ISW;
    • No evidence of sustained transplant renal derived pathologic proteinuria, defined as a persistent protein creatinine ratio of greater than 0.5; and
    • No Donor Specific Antibodies (DSA) at any time after completion of ISW.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Proportion of Participants who Remain Off Immunosuppression [ Time Frame: From ISW completion to end of study participation (up to approximately 5 years) ]
    For the duration of their study participation, after completion of immunosuppression withdrawal (ISW).

  2. Proportion of Participants who Return to Immunosuppression [ Time Frame: From ISW completion to end of study participation (up to approximately 5 years) ]
    Resumption of immunosuppressive therapy post completion of Immunosuppression Withdrawal (ISW), per standard of care.

  3. Proportion of Participants who Achieve Belatacept Monotherapy [ Time Frame: 48 weeks from the time of last sirolimus dose ]

    Belatacept monotherapy, defined as remaining on belatacept as the sole maintenance regimen for 48 weeks with:

    • No evidence of biopsy-proven allograft rejection, while on belatacept monotherapy;
    • Acceptable renal function, defined as an estimated GFR > 60 ml/min/1.73m^2 calculated using the CKD-EPI equation or a serum creatinine that has increased no more than 25% above baseline, as assessed at week 48 on belatacept monotherapy;
    • No evidence of sustained transplant renal derived pathologic proteinuria, defined as a persistent protein creatinine ratio of greater than 0.5, while on belatacept monotherapy; and
    • No Donor Specific Antibodies (DSA) at any time while on belatacept monotherapy.

  4. Proportion of Participants who Die [ Time Frame: From kidney transplant with alemtuzumab induction to to completion of study (up to approximately 6.5 years) ]
    This analysis will include all participants who provide informed consent for study participation and receive any form of study therapy including alemtuzumab, sirolimus, belatacept, or MSC infusions.

  5. Time from Transplant to the First Episode of Rejection [ Time Frame: From kidney transplantation to completion of study (up to approximately 7 years) ]
    Kaplan-Meier Analysis of time-to-occurrence to the first episode of kidney allograft rejection.

  6. Incidence of Participants who Develop Donor Specific Antibody (DSA) [ Time Frame: From study enrollment to completion of study (up to approximately 7 years) ]
    Participants that Develop de novo Anti-Human Leukocyte Antigen (HLA) Antibody or Donor Specific Antibodies (DSA).

  7. Incidence of Adverse Events Attributable to Mesenchymal Stromal Cells (MSC) Administration [ Time Frame: From initial MCS infusion (day 42 post kidney transplant) to end of study participation (up to 7 years) ]
    According to medical assessment/outcomes, investigator's brochure for MSCs, literature et al.

  8. Frequency of Select Adverse Events (AEs) [ Time Frame: From kidney transplantation to completion of study (up to approximately 7 years) ]

    Select AEs include:

    • Infection
    • Malignancy
    • Wound complications, defined as wound dehiscence, hernia or lymphocele

  9. Incidence of Post-Transplant Diabetes [ Time Frame: From post kidney transplantation to completion of study (up to approximately 7 years) ]
    New onset diabetes status post transplant (posttransplantation diabetes mellitus [PTDM])

  10. Frequency of Antibody-Mediated Acute Cellular Rejection [ Time Frame: From kidney transplant to completion of study (up to approximately 7 years) ]
    Using the 2017 Banff Classification of Renal Allograft Pathology.

  11. Frequency of Antibody-Mediated Chronic Rejection [ Time Frame: From kidney transplant to completion of study (up to approximately 7 years) ]

    Using the 2017 Banff Classification of Renal Allograft Pathology.

    As measured by the incidence of biopsy-proven chronic allograft nephropathy/IF/TA




Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Ages Eligible for Study:   19 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

Recipient:

  • Adult candidates of an human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-non-identical, living-donor kidney transplant:

    --Candidates must meet the United Network for Organ Sharing (UNOS) criteria, including laboratory criteria, for transplant listing;

  • Serologic evidence of prior Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV) infection, as documented by positive IgG and negative IgM antibodies against EBV;
  • Serological evidence of prior Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection if donor is CMV positive;
  • For women of child bearing potential:

    • A negative serum or urine pregnancy test with sensitivity of less than 50 mIU/mL within 72 hours of start of study medication; and
    • Agreement to use contraception:

      --- According to the FDA Office of Women's Health (http://www.fda.gov/birthcontrol), there are a number of birth control methods that are more than 80% effective

      ----Female recipients of child-bearing potential must consult with their physician and determine the most suitable method(s) from this list to be used for 18 months after the first dose of study therapy.

Donor:

  • Meets institutional selection criteria for organ and bone marrow donation:

    --All donors will be screened and tested in accordance with:

    • (i) FDA 21 CRF 1271.85 requirements for donors of human cells, tissues, and cellular- and tissue-based products (HCT/P); and
    • (ii) standards for living kidney donors testing for infection established by the United Network for Organ Sharing (UNOS).
  • Ability to understand and provide informed consent for all study procedures including kidney transplant and bone marrow harvest.

Exclusion Criteria:

Recipient:

  • History of any immunodeficiency syndrome (including Human Immunodeficiency Virus-1 (HIV-1) and HIV-2);
  • Positive anti-Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR), anti-Hepatitis C Virus (HBV) PCR, or HBV surface antigen;
  • History of malignancy within 5 years of enrollment or any history of hematogenous malignancy or lymphoma; --Exception: Participants with curatively treated non-melanomatous skin cancer or curatively treated cervical carcinoma in situ may be enrolled.
  • Underlying renal disease with high likelihood of recurrence, including but not limited to:

    • primary focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS),
    • Type I or II membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis (MPGN),
    • hemolytic-uremic syndrome and
    • thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (HUS/TTP) syndrome. ---Subject(s) with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) of unknown etiology and/or has no histologically confirmed diagnosis, may be enrolled into the study as long as there are no clinical signs or symptoms consistent with excluded clinical diagnoses.
  • History of active M. tuberculosis:

    --Participants with a history of latent M. tuberculosis (LTB) as defined by positive testing for tuberculosis using an approved IGRA blood test, such as QuantiFERON®-Gold TB or T-SPOT-TB assay must:

    • have completed treatment for LTB and
    • have a negative chest x-ray. ----All participants will undergo IGRA testing for M tuberculosis within 3 months prior to transplant.
  • Current or historical evidence of donor-specific antibody;
  • Immunosuppressive drug therapy within one year prior to enrollment.
  • May not be taking or have taken prednisone, cyclosporine A, tacrolimus, azathioprine, Mycophenolate Mofetil (MMF), cyclophosphamide, methotrexate, infliximab, etanercept, or other agents which have a primary therapeutic effect of immunosuppression in the year prior to transplantation.
  • May not have taken depletional anti-lymphocyte agents at any time.

    ---Exceptions:

    • Short (≤ 30 days) courses of topical or inhaled steroids are permitted, as are
    • Short oral or parental pulses for a documented hypersensitivity reaction.
  • Active autoimmune disease requiring ongoing immunosuppressive therapy or other conditions in which there is an anticipated need for immunosuppressive maintenance therapy;
  • Uncompensated congestive heart failure or pulmonary edema;
  • Active severe infection within a month of the screening visit;
  • Use of an investigational drug within 30 days of the screening visit;
  • Presence of any medical condition that the investigator deems incompatible with trial participation; or
  • Inability or unwillingness to comply with protocol monitoring and therapy.

Donor:

  • History of blood donation to the recipient;
  • Evidence of prior Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection if the recipient is CMV negative;
  • History of HIV-1/HIV-2 infection;
  • Positive HCV PCR, HBV PCR or HBV surface antigen;or
  • Presence of any medical condition that the investigator deems incompatible with trial participation.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03504241


Locations
United States, North Carolina
Duke University Health System Recruiting
Durham, North Carolina, United States, 27710
Contact: Sherri Swan-Nesbit    919-613-6472    sherri.swan@duke.edu   
Contact: Stacy Gray    919-681-8730    stacy.gray@duke.edu   
Principal Investigator: Allan Kirk, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Immune Tolerance Network (ITN)
Investigators
Study Chair: Allan D Kirk, M.D., Ph.D. Duke University Medical Center: Transplantation

Additional Information:
Responsible Party: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03504241     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: DAIT ITN062ST
First Posted: April 20, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 1, 2018
Last Verified: July 2018
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: The plan is to share data upon completion of the study in ImmPort, a long-term archive of clinical and mechanistic data from DAIT-funded grants and contracts.
Time Frame: The aim is to share data available to the public within 24 months upon completion of the study.
Access Criteria: ImmPort public data access.
URL: http://www.immport.org/immport-open/public/home/home

Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Keywords provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):
mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs)
anti-rejection drugs
operational tolerance

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Prednisone
Alemtuzumab
Sirolimus
Everolimus
Mycophenolic Acid
Abatacept
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Glucocorticoids
Hormones
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal
Antineoplastic Agents
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
Antifungal Agents
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Antibiotics, Antitubercular
Antitubercular Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antirheumatic Agents