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Lipid Mediators in Multiple Sclerosis (LipidMediators)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT03492606
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : April 10, 2018
Last Update Posted : April 12, 2018
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Neuromed IRCCS

Brief Summary:

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic inflammatory neurodegenerative disease associated with uncontrolled inflammation and autoimmunity and for which there is still an unmet need for new diagnostic and therapeutic options, especially for the progressive forms. Recent studies suggest that chronic inflammation can be a consequence of failure to resolve inflammation, the resolution of which is mediated by a newly discovered genus of highly potent anti-inflammatory lipids derived metabolically from omega-3 essential fatty acids and termed specialized pro-resolving lipid mediators (SPMs).

Herein, we propose to identify SPMs as leads for the control of MS pathology and progression and to propose them as novel disease-modifying treatments by assessing their ex vivo/in vitro and in vivo role in modulating the balance of effector and regulatory cells and/or the mechanisms leading to chronicity as wells as in promoting activation of anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective pathways.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment
Multiple Sclerosis Procedure: Samples

Detailed Description:

Uncontrolled or unresolved inflammation is associated with several widely occurring diseases such as multiple sclerosis (MS), which is the most common chronic inflammatory demyelinating disease of the central nervous system and a major cause of disability, triggered by an autoimmune response to myelin that eventually leads to progressive neurodegeneration.Although knowledge on its underlying immunopathogenesis has considerably improved and is mostly believed to be mediated by autoreactive T cells that cause oligodendrocyte death and axonal damage, resulting in demyelination, synaptic alteration, and neuronal loss, there is still an unmet need for new diagnostic and therapeutic options, especially for the progressive forms of MS for which no drugs are still available. In recent years, previously unrecognized metabolites, termed specialized pro-resolving lipid mediators (SPMs), temporally and spatially synthesized from omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, were identified and have emerged as biomarkers and potent mediators that control the magnitude and extent of inflammatory events by activating local resolution programs. Despite emerging data suggest that SPMs might control chronic inflammation, research on these mediators on MS is still absent. Thus, a detailed investigation is needed to identify SPMs as modulators of inflammation and disease progression in MS, which might lead to the development of new disease-modifying treatments.

Hypothesis and Significance:

Our hypothesis is that the underlying mechanism of chronic inflammation in MS could be the failure of activating pro-resolving mechanisms, involving the newly discovered omega-3 essential fatty acids-derived mediators of resolution of inflammation: resolvins, maresins, and protectins. Endogenous mechanisms that curtail excessive inflammation and promptits timely resolution are of considerable interest; our findings that these SPMs (recently identified also in human lymphoidorgans, where most naïve-to-effector T cell differentiation occurs) exert a non-cytotoxic regulatory role on cells central inautoimmunity, acting on the balance between pathogenic Th1/Th17 and tolerogenic Treg cells - typically altered in MS -represents a promising beginning for a new avenue of research for MS. The elucidation of these mechanisms operating invivo to keep acute inflammation within physiologic boundaries as well as to stimulate resolution and prevent chronicinflammation is particularly significant and offers a novel opportunity to manage MS.

Preliminary Data:

Thanks to an ongoing collaboration with Prof. Serhan from Harvard Medical School (the father and inventor of SPMs) we have demonstrated for the first time that specific SPMs modulate adaptive immune responses in human peripheral blood T cells. These SPMs strongly reduce cytokine production from activated T cells, prevent naïve CD4 T-cell differentiation into Th1 and Th17 and enhance the de novo generation and function of Foxp3+ regulatory T (Tregs) cells. These results are supported in vivo in a mouse model deficient elongase 2 (Elovl2-/-), the key enzyme for DHA synthesis (the precursor of resolvins and maresins). These findings suggest that SPMs might act on the balance between pathogenic Th1/Th17 and tolerogenic Treg cells and provide a new evidence for SPM-based therapeutic approaches to modulate T-cell mediated chronic inflammatory and autoimmune diseases.

Specific Aims:

Characterization of the resolution code of inflammation in MS patientsInvestigation of SPMs potential in modulating ex vivo/in vitro T cells in MS patientsExploitation of the therapeutic potential of SPMs in animal models of MS

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Study Type : Observational
Estimated Enrollment : 150 participants
Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Retrospective
Official Title: Specialized Pro-resolving Lipid Mediators in the Resolution of Multiple Sclerosis
Estimated Study Start Date : May 30, 2018
Estimated Primary Completion Date : November 30, 2019
Estimated Study Completion Date : April 30, 2021

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Group/Cohort Intervention/treatment
multiple sclerosis patients Procedure: Samples
lumbar puncture, blood and CSF samples, SNPs analysis

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. SPMs in plasma [ Time Frame: 2021 ]
    levels of the different members of the family of SPMs in plasma

  2. T cells [ Time Frame: 2021 ]
    analysis of T cells functions

  3. EAE [ Time Frame: 2021 ]
    we will treat acute EAE mice (n=8 per each experimental group) at the peak of the disease (day 16-19) with those SPMs that will result to be the most efficacious in modulating pathogenic T-cell responses

Biospecimen Retention:   Samples With DNA
blood samples

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 60 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
20 recurrent-remitting patients (RR-MS) and 10 primary-progressive patients (P-MS), according to the MacDonald or Poser method, without any type of treatment and 15 healthy donors of the same age and with no previous history of neurological diseases. Blood samples will be recruited at the IRCCS INM Neuromed, under the supervision of dr. Fabio Buttari who will make the diagnosis. The diagnosis of MS will be performed according to the criteria of MacDonald or Poser. On this occasion, the patient will be offered participation in the study, giving informed consent and explaining in non-technical language, what the research consists of, which parameters will be evaluated and for what purpose. Once consent is obtained from the patients, venous samples will be taken (15 mL).

Inclusion Criteria:

Inclusion in the study is foreseen for sex subjects, ideally in a ratio of 1: 2.5 in favor of the female (according to the incidence of the disease), aged between 18 and 60 years, affected by the recurrent form - Multiple sclerosis emitter with EDSS between 1 and 3. Blood sampling will be performed at least one month after the last cortisone treatment. Taking into account that 20% of the enrolled patients could have a variability in the cell count of the monocytes to be purified, the number of the sample up to 24 is better than 20%.

Exclusion Criteria:

Subjects who have at least one of the following characteristics will not be included in the study:

  1. subjects with CNS or autoimmune diseases
  2. subjects affected by RR-MS in immunomodulatory treatment
  3. subjects with RR-MS with monocytosis, infections or fever

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Responsible Party: Neuromed IRCCS Identifier: NCT03492606     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: LipidMediators
First Posted: April 10, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 12, 2018
Last Verified: April 2018
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Multiple Sclerosis
Pathologic Processes
Demyelinating Autoimmune Diseases, CNS
Autoimmune Diseases of the Nervous System
Nervous System Diseases
Demyelinating Diseases
Autoimmune Diseases
Immune System Diseases