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Investigating the Effect of Deep Sea Krill Oil Supplementation in Osteoarthritis of the Knee

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03483090
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : March 30, 2018
Last Update Posted : November 8, 2018
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation, Australia
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Swisse Wellness Pty Ltd

Brief Summary:

To evaluate the effectiveness of 4 g Swisse High Strength Deep Sea Krill Oil (Superba BOOST) daily on pain reduction in adults with mild to moderate osteoarthritis of the knee compared to placebo over a 6 month period.

This is a multicentre, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled parallel-arm study.

Applicants will be eligible to participate if they have mild to moderate OA of the knee. Diagnosis of OA of the knee will be made according to clinical diagnosis, using the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) Criteria for the classification of Idiopathic OA of the Knee and the Kellgren-Lawrence grading scale. In addition, eligible applicants will have been experiencing knee pain on at least 4 days per week, for at least 3 months and they will report knee pain between 4 and 8 cm (inclusive) on a visual analogue scale (VAS) for the 7 days prior to Day 1 of the trial (Baseline). Severity of OA of the knee will be assessed based on X-ray performed at the Screening Visit using the Kellgren-Lawrence (KL) radiographic criteria, and participants with severe radiographic knee OA (KL joint space narrowing (JSN) above grade 3) will be excluded.

Applicants will attend a screening visit following pre-screening assessments to assess their general health and eligibility for inclusion into the study.

On Day 1 eligible participants will be randomly allocated to receive one of two study treatments. Participants will take the assigned treatments daily for six months.

Participants will return to the clinic at 3 months and 6 months for study assessments. Participants will complete an online survey at 1, 2, 4 and 5 months to assess protocol compliance, adverse events and use of concomitant medications. Any queries from the survey will be followed up by phone call.

A final participant online survey and phone call (if needed) will be conducted 28 days after the 6 month visit for a final safety assessment.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Osteoarthritis, Knee Dietary Supplement: Swisse High Strength Deep Sea Krill Oil Other: Placebo Phase 2

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 238 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description: Treatment arm and Placebo arm
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Masking Description: Double-blind
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomised, Double-blind, Placebo Controlled Study to Investigate the Effect on Knee Pain Reduction and Safety of Swisse High Strength Deep Sea Krill Oil (Superba BOOST) in Adults With Mild to Moderate Osteoarthritis of the Knee
Actual Study Start Date : February 27, 2018
Estimated Primary Completion Date : August 30, 2019
Estimated Study Completion Date : July 30, 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Osteoarthritis

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Treatment A
4000mg Swisse High Strength Deep Sea Krill Oil (Superba BOOST) (4 capsules containing 1000mg each)
Dietary Supplement: Swisse High Strength Deep Sea Krill Oil
Krill oil is sourced sustainably from the Southern Ocean and is extracted from the Antarctic Krill, the most abundant marine biomass. Krill oil is a source of omega-3 fatty acids, eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) for the maintenance of good health. Omega-3, EPA and DHA are also found in phospholipid form which are much easier absorbed than triglyceride form of omega-3 which is found in fish oil. Omega-3 supports cardiovascular health, brain health and eye health. Preliminary research suggests krill oil can provide temporary relief from symptoms of mild arthritis, help reduce joint inflammation and increase joint mobility.
Other Name: Superba BOOST

Placebo Comparator: Treatment B
4 capsules of matching Placebo orally daily (1000mg each of mixed vegetable Oil)
Other: Placebo
No therapeutic effect




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. The primary outcome is the change in The Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Arthritis Index (WOMAC), Pain subscale (Numeric Rating Scale) [ Time Frame: from Baseline to 6 months ]

    WOMAC scale is widely used in the evaluation of Hip and Knee Osteoarthritis. It is a self-administered questionnaire consisting of 24 items divided into 3 subscales:

    Pain (5 items); Stiffness (2 items); Physical Function (17 items):

    Questionnaire scores on a scale of 0-4, None (0), Mild (1), Moderate (2), Severe (3), and Extreme (4).

    The primary outcome related to the Pain subscale and will therefore be scored between 0 and 20.



Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. WOMAC B (stiffness subscale) change from Baseline [ Time Frame: from Baseline to 6 months ]

    WOMAC scale is widely used in the evaluation of Hip and Knee Osteoarthritis. It is a self-administered questionnaire consisting of 24 items divided into 3 subscales:

    Pain (5 items); Stiffness (2 items); Physical Function (17 items):

    Questionnaire scores on a scale of 0-4, None (0), Mild (1), Moderate (2), Severe (3), and Extreme (4).

    This outcome is measured on the stiffness subscale and will be therefore scored from 0 to 8.


  2. WOMAC C (function subscale) change from Baseline [ Time Frame: from Baseline to 6 months ]

    WOMAC scale is widely used in the evaluation of Hip and Knee Osteoarthritis. It is a self-administered questionnaire consisting of 24 items divided into 3 subscales:

    Pain (5 items); Stiffness (2 items); Physical Function (17 items):

    Questionnaire scores on a scale of 0-4, None (0), Mild (1), Moderate (2), Severe (3), and Extreme (4).

    This outcome is measured on the physical function subscale and will therefore be scored from 0 to 68.


  3. Serum lipid concentrations (total cholesterol, HDL-C, LDL-C, triglycerides) changes from baseline (efficacy) [ Time Frame: from Baseline to 6 months ]
    Venous blood will be taken at baseline, 3 months and 6 months to measure serum cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and triglycerides. Serum lipid variables will be measured on a Beckman AU480 clinical analyser (Beckman Coulter Inc, Brea, CA, USA) usingcommercial enzymatic test kits for Total cholesterol, triglycerides and HDL-C. LDL-C will be calculated using the Friedewald equation.

  4. Change in inflammatory markers (IL-6, TNF-α, hsCRP) from Baseline [ Time Frame: from Baseline to 6 months ]
    Venous blood will be taken at baseline, 3 months and 6 months to measure interleukin-6, tumour necrosis factor alpha and high sensitivity C-reactive protein. Serum hsCRP will be analysed using a clinical analyser and commercial assays kits (Beckman Coulter, Inc., CA, USA). Serum IL-6 and TNF-α will be analysed using the Luminex 100/200 system with xPONENT software (Luminex, Texas, USA) commercial assay kits.

  5. Omega 3 index changes from Baseline [ Time Frame: from Baseline to 6 months ]
    A finger prick dried blood spot sample will be collected for Omega 3 Index analysis using the Aker Biomarine Phlebotomy kit (ARTG 277814). The dried blood spot samples will be shipped to an accredited central clinical laboratory for analysis of fatty acids in dried blood spots and calculation of the Omega-3 Index. This will be collected at baseline, 3 months and 6 months.

  6. Incidence of SAEs and adverse events (AEs) [ Time Frame: from Baseline to 6 months ]
    Participants will be questioned, in a non-leading manner, at each visit with regard to any AEs they may have experienced since their last visit. All AEs will be recorded in source documents and will be followed until either completely resolved or until the Final Safety or Early Withdrawal visit.

  7. Clinically significant changes in haematology from baseline [ Time Frame: from Baseline to 6 months ]
    The following parameters will be measured at baseline, 3 months and 6 months: Haemoglobin, red blood cell count (RBC), Red cell distribution (RDW), Packed Cell Volume (PCV), Mean Cell Volume (MCV), Mean cell hemoglobin concentration (MCHC), Platelets, White Cell Count (WCC), Neutrophils, Lymphocytes, Monocytes, Eosinophils, Basophils The medical investigator will assess deviations from laboratory reference ranges for clinical significance.

  8. Clinically significant changes in biochemistry from baseline [ Time Frame: from Baseline to 6 months ]
    The following parameters will be measured at baseline, 3 months and 6 months: Sodium, Potassium, Chloride, Bicarbonate, Glucose, Urea, Creatinine, Calcium, C reactive protein (CRP), Uric acid, Phosphate, Albumin, Globulins, Protein, Total bilirubin, Gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT), Alkaline Phosphatase (ALP), Alanine aminotransferase (ALT), Aspartate aminotransferase (AST), Lactate Dehyrogenase (LD) The medical investigator will assess deviations from laboratory reference ranges for clinical significance.

  9. Clinically significant changes in coagulation markers from baseline [ Time Frame: from Baseline to 6 months ]
    The following parameters will be measured at baseline, 3 months and 6 months: Activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) and Prothrombin time (PT) The medical investigator will assess deviations from laboratory reference ranges for clinical significance.

  10. Use of concomitant medications [ Time Frame: from Baseline to 6 months ]
  11. Clinically significant changes on clinical assessments compared to baseline: vital signs [ Time Frame: from Baseline to 6 months ]

    Blood pressure, pulse, respiratory rate and temperature (°C) will be measured by a designee while the participant is seated. Resting blood pressure and heart rate will be measured using an automated blood pressure monitor in a seated position after a 5-minute rest. The average of three measurements (separated by 2 minutes) will be recorded. Respiratory rate will be measured by counting the number of times the chest rises per minute while the participant is at rest. Body temperature will be measured using a digital tympanic thermometer.Vital signs will be performed at Screening, Baseline, 3 month and 6 month or Early Withdrawal Visit.

    The medical investigator will assess abnormalities for clinical significance.


  12. Clinically significant changes on clinical assessments: physical examination [ Time Frame: from baseline to 6 months ]

    A non-invasive physical examination will be performed by a Medical Investigator and will include the following outcomes: General appearance, Eyes, Ears, nose, mouth and throat, Cardiovascular, Respiratory, Gastrointestinal, Genitourinary•Musculoskeletal•SkinAt Day 1 (Baseline visit) these will be reviewed to establish their baseline characteristics. A symptom directed physical exam will be conducted at 6 months or Early Withdrawal Visit.

    The medical investigator will assess abnormalities for clinical significance.




Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   40 Years to 65 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Male or Female aged 40 - 65 years, inclusive
  2. Clinical Diagnosis of OA of the index knee according to the ACR Criteria for the classification of Idiopathic OA of the Knee
  3. Kellgren-Lawrence (KL) grade 1-3 OA, evidenced by Knee X-ray performed during the screening period
  4. Experiencing pain of the index knee on at least 4 days per week for the last 3 months (based on self-report)
  5. Pain of the index knee between 4 and 8 cm (inclusive) as self-assessed on a visual analogue scale (VAS) over the 7 days prior to Day 1
  6. Body mass index (BMI) >18.5 kg/m2 and <35 kg/m2 on Day 1
  7. Willingness to abstain from use of restricted medications.
  8. Habitual intake of long chain (LC) omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) (from food and supplements) <500mg/day as assessed using the Australian PUFA food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) during the screening period and willingness to maintain a low intake throughout the study. Higher intakes of LC omega-3 PUFA will require a 3 month washout period.
  9. Willing to provide written Informed Consent.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Severe radiographic knee OA in any knee defined as Kellgren-Lawrence (KL) score >3 based on X-ray (weight bearing) performed during the screening period.
  2. Ipsilateral hip OA such that it would compromise assessment of knee pain.
  3. Fibromyalgia, chronic pain syndrome or other concurrent medical or arthritic conditions which could interfere with the evaluation of the index knee.
  4. History of Reiter's syndrome, rheumatoid arthritis (RA), psoriatic arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, arthritis associated with inflammatory bowel disease, sarcoidosis or amyloidosis or any other forms of inflammatory arthritis (e.g. gout, pseudogout). Gout is excluded unless the participant is on preventative treatment and has not had an attack in the last 12 months.
  5. History or clinical signs and symptoms of infection in the index joint in the last 5 years.
  6. Knee pain that is not clinically attributable to OA of the knee (e.g., radicular low back pain and hip pain that is referred to the knee that could cause misclassification).
  7. Pain in any other area of the lower extremities or back that is equal to or greater than the index knee pain (based on self-report).
  8. Arthroscopy or open knee surgery in the index knee in the previous 12 months or planned for the duration of the study period.
  9. Intraarticular (IA) or Intramuscular (IM) corticosteroid (investigational or marketed) in any joint within 3 months of Screening or Oral corticosteroids (investigational or marketed) within 1 month of Screening.
  10. IA hyaluronic acid (investigational or marketed) in the index knee within 6 months of Screening
  11. Any other IA intervention or therapy within 3 months of Screening .
  12. Regular use of opioids/opiates within 4 weeks of Day 1 equivalent to >30mg codeine per day, for 5 days or more, unless participant agrees to a washout period of at least 4 weeks prior to Day 1.
  13. High dose NSAIDs within the last month, defined as at the maximum dose recommended for the symptomatic treatment of arthritis pain (e.g., diclofenac ≥150 mg/day, aceclofenac ≥100 mg/day, meloxicam ≥15 mg/day, naproxen ≥1,000 mg/day, piroxicam ≥20 mg/day, and ibuprofen >2,400 mg/day), unless participant agrees to a washout period of at least 4 weeks prior to Day 1.
  14. Bleeding disorders, currently taking anticoagulants or has received anticoagulants within 28 days of Day 1, with the exception of low dose aspirin up to150mg daily.
  15. Regular use of and not prepared to abstain from glucosamine, fish oil, curcumin and other complementary medicines/supplements, that may affect the study results. A washout period of minimum of 4 weeks will apply prior to Day 1, except in the case of fish oil, where 3 month washout will apply.
  16. Positive urine dipstick pregnancy test at screening or Day 1, currently pregnant and/or breastfeeding.
  17. Women of child bearing potential (WOCBP) who:

    1. Are not currently using effective methods of contraception and
    2. have not been using effective methods of contraception for 14 days prior to Day 1 and
    3. are not willing to use effective methods of contraception throughout the study
  18. History of or known presence of alcohol abuse or illicit drug use, any surgical history, clinically significant conditions (i.e renal or urological disease, cardiac disease, liver disease, gastrointestinal disease or any other significant disease) or organ dysfunction that in the opinion of the investigator may affect the participant's ability to participate in the study or the study results.
  19. Currently hospitalised or any planned hospitalisations during the study or up to 1 month following the last dose of study product that may affect the participants ability to comply with the study in the opinion of the medical investigator.
  20. Received an investigational drug within 3 months of Day 1 that in the opinion of the investigator may affect the applicant's ability to participate in the study or the study results.
  21. Known or suspected allergies to the investigational products
  22. History of an adverse reaction or known hypersensitivity to seafood or shellfish.
  23. Hypertension (blood pressure ≥140/90 mmHg at screening. (Participants with an elevated BP at screening may be included if they are able to provide a treating doctor letter stating either that they do not have hypertension or that their hypertension has been well controlled for at least 4 weeks).

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03483090


Contacts
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Contact: Bianca Benassi, PhD +61 8 8303 8982 Bianca.Benassi@csiro.au
Contact: Welma Stonehouse, PhD Welma.Stonehouse@csiro.au

Locations
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Australia, Queensland
University of the Sunshine Coast Clinical Trials Centre, Morayfield Health Hub Recruiting
Morayfield, Queensland, Australia, 4506
Contact: Jessica Baird    +61 7 5456 3797    trials@usc.edu.au   
Contact: Georgina Street    +61 7 5456 3798    gstreet@usc.edu.au   
Principal Investigator: Susan Thackwray         
University of the Sunshine Coast Clinical Trials Centre, USC Health Clinics Recruiting
Sippy Downs, Queensland, Australia, 4556
Contact: Jessica Baird    +61 7 5456 3797    trials@usc.edu.au   
Contact: Georgina Street    +61 7 5456 3798    gstreet@usc.edu.au   
Principal Investigator: Susan Thackwray         
Australia, South Australia
CSIRO Nutrition and Health Research Clinic Recruiting
Adelaide, South Australia, Australia, 5000
Contact: Bianca Benassi-Evans         
Australia, Victoria
Emeritus Research Recruiting
Camberwell, Victoria, Australia, 3124
Contact: Edwin Young    +61 3 950 96166    edwinyoung@emeritusresearch.com   
Contact: Teresa Ringeri    +61 3 950 96166    teresaringeri@emeritusresearch.com   
Principal Investigator: Andrew Ostor         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Swisse Wellness Pty Ltd
Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation, Australia
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Welma Stonehouse, PhD CSIRO

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Responsible Party: Swisse Wellness Pty Ltd
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03483090     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: SUB-001
First Posted: March 30, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: November 8, 2018
Last Verified: November 2018
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Keywords provided by Swisse Wellness Pty Ltd:
mild
moderate
krill oil
pain
osteoarthritis
supplement

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Osteoarthritis
Osteoarthritis, Knee
Arthritis
Joint Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Rheumatic Diseases