Partial Adenoidectomy in Cases of Velopharyngeal Dysfunction
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03469973|
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : March 19, 2018
Last Update Posted : March 20, 2018
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment|
|Velopharyngeal Insufficiency Velopharyngeal Incompetence Due to Cleft Palate||Procedure: Partial adenoidectomy|
Velopharyngeal dysfunction is the inability to separate the oral and nasal cavities adequately during speech production through the actions of the velum and pharynx. Velopharyngeal dysfunction can be caused due to lack of tissue (velopharyngeal insufficiency) or lack of proper movement (velopharyngeal incompetence) of the walls. While Velopharyngeal dysfunction is commonly associated with cleft lip and palate, it can also be seen with submucous cleft and other noncleft conditions such as ablative palatal lesions, adenoidectomy, deafness or hearing loss, and cerebral palsy. In Velopharyngeal dysfunction, the incompletely closed velopharyngeal valve causes an inability to effectively manage the air stream for continuous speech causing hypernasal speech.
Adenoid hypertrophy may play a role in velopharyngeal closure especially in patients with palatal abnormality.
In 1958, Gibb indicated an incidence of hypernasality postadenoidectomy in approximately 1 of 2000 cases. Closure pattern of velopharyngeal valve in typical patients is velo-adenoidal rather than velopharyngeal closure. Adenoid mass is vital to velopharyngeal closure in such patients and removal necessitates a change in the pattern of velopharyngeal valving.
Trans-oral endoscopic partial (superior) adenoidectomy adenoidectomy enables the surgeon to inspect the velopharyngeal valve during the procedure; thus avoiding occurrence of velopharyngeal dysfunction.
|Study Type :||Observational|
|Estimated Enrollment :||40 participants|
|Official Title:||Partial Adenoidectomy in Cases of Velopharyngeal Dysfunction|
|Estimated Study Start Date :||June 1, 2018|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||May 1, 2020|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||September 1, 2020|
- Procedure: Partial adenoidectomy
The procedure will be completely visualized with a 45 degrees, 4- mm nasal endoscope; the upper part of the adenoid will be removed using the microdebrider, while the lower part will be preserves to maintain the velopharyngeal competence.
• Adenoid enlargement causing Obstructive Sleep-Disordered Breathing (OSDB) with velopharyngeal insufficiency (proved or suspected).
- 40 patients diagnosed by velopharyngeal insufficiency will go for partial adenoidectomy completely visualised by 45 degrees, 4 mm nasal endoscope. The adenoid will be removed by using microdeprider. [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]