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A Deep Brain Stimulation System in Epilepsy: Tracking Neural Excitability

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03465163
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : March 14, 2018
Last Update Posted : April 11, 2018
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
University of Melbourne
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Mark Cook, St Vincent's Hospital Melbourne

Brief Summary:
The main purpose of this research project is to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of a surgically implanted device called the Medtronic Activa PC+S System in patients with medically refractory epilepsy (people who have seizures that are not completely controlled by medical therapy). The system sends small electrical pulses into a part of the brain called the thalamus to help control seizures. It sends this signal in regularly, regardless of if a seizure is occurring. A different version of this device is already approved for the treatment of epilepsy in Australia. This study aims to use the brain's responses to single pulse electrical stimulation to measure the level of seizure susceptibility. The investigators would like to show that this measure can be used to provide more effective deep brain stimulation therapies, to stop seizures.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Epilepsy Nodular Heterotopia Device: Deep Brain Stimulation Not Applicable

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 5 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Device Feasibility
Official Title: Safety and Efficacy of a Deep Brain Stimulation System in Epilepsy: A Feasibility Study for Tracking Neural Excitability
Actual Study Start Date : March 27, 2018
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Epilepsy Seizures

Arm Intervention/treatment
No Intervention: Recovery
Two months recovery (no stimulation) following bilateral implantation of Medtronic PC+S devices into the anterior nucleus of the thalamus and the hippocampus. Thirty second EEG snapshots will be recorded every 15 minutes
No Intervention: Baseline
No stimulation, 30 second EEG snapshots recorded every 15 minutes We require a minimum of 5 seizures to occur during this phase.
Experimental: Probing

Deep Brain Stimulation Electrically stimulate the thalamus continuously at a low frequency (2Hz). Thirty second EEG snapshots recorded every 15 minutes.

We require a minimum of 5 seizures to occur during this phase.

Device: Deep Brain Stimulation
The device is called the Medtronic Activa PC+S system. Two devices will be implanted per participant. The electrodes will be surgically implanted bilaterally into the hippocampus and anterior nucleus of the thalamus.
Other Name: DBS

Experimental: Probe Calibrated Deep Brain Stimulation
Deep Brain Stimulation In this phase we explore 18 deep brain stimulation parameter configurations (three stimulus intensities; 3,4,5 Volts, six different frequencies; 125 130, 135, 140,145, 150 Hz) during two of the clinic visits. Each deep brain stimulation parameter configuration will be tested for 1 minute with 4 minutes between each configuration test. The probing responses will be used to optimise the deep brain stimulation parameters for each participant. This phase of the study continues for 2 months.
Device: Deep Brain Stimulation
The device is called the Medtronic Activa PC+S system. Two devices will be implanted per participant. The electrodes will be surgically implanted bilaterally into the hippocampus and anterior nucleus of the thalamus.
Other Name: DBS

Experimental: Open Deep Brain Stimulation
Deep Brain Stimulation During this phase the deep brain stimulation parameters may be altered from the probing optimised parameters according to patient needs.
Device: Deep Brain Stimulation
The device is called the Medtronic Activa PC+S system. Two devices will be implanted per participant. The electrodes will be surgically implanted bilaterally into the hippocampus and anterior nucleus of the thalamus.
Other Name: DBS




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in Seizure Rate [ Time Frame: Recorded throughout the baseline (2-4 months post implant) and probe calibrated DBS phase( 6-8 months post implant) ]
    Comparing the number of seizures per patient, as recorded by Medtronic Activa PC+S system in the baseline vs. probe calibrated DBS phase.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Determine if probing responses provide a seizure susceptibility measure. [ Time Frame: Throughout probing phase (4-6 months post implant) ]
    Calculate probability of seizure in the near future given the features of the probing response shape during pre-ictal and inter-ictal periods on training dataset and then test predictive power on remaining data. Features defining the probing response shape will include peak amplitude and peak latency. Seizure occurrences will be determined by the Medtronic PC+S device.

  2. Change in brain excitability following DBS treatment, assessed according to changes in probing response energy before and after stimulation therapy. [ Time Frame: Throughout probing phase (4-6 months post implant) and probe calibrated DBS phase (6-8 months post implant). ]


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

Patients with epilepsy with non-resectable pathologies, or clearly defined focal seizures without a defined structural pathology.

Patients will be required to have a seizure diary (of up to 3 months) recording at least five seizures per month that are well separated in time (at least 8 hours apart).

Exclusion Criteria:

Previous diagnosis of psychogenic/non-epileptic seizures


Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03465163


Contacts
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Contact: Katrina Dell, PhD +61413894084 katrina.dell@unimelb.edu.au
Contact: Matias Maturana, PhD +61433380872 matiasim@unimelb.edu.au

Locations
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Australia, Victora
St Vincent's Hospital Melbourne Recruiting
Melbourne, Victora, Australia, 3065
Contact: Katrina Dell, PhD    +61413894084    katrina.richards.90@gmail.com   
Contact: Matias Maturana, PhD    +61433380872    matiasim@unimelb.edu.au   
Sponsors and Collaborators
St Vincent's Hospital Melbourne
University of Melbourne

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Responsible Party: Mark Cook, Principal Investigator, St Vincent's Hospital Melbourne
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03465163     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: HREC/17/SVHM/146
First Posted: March 14, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 11, 2018
Last Verified: April 2018
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: Yes
Device Product Not Approved or Cleared by U.S. FDA: No
Pediatric Postmarket Surveillance of a Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: Yes

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Epilepsy
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases