Correlation Between In-vivo Anatomy of Corneal Dystrophies as Assessed by High- Resolution Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) Measurement and Histological Examination
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03461991|
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : March 12, 2018
Last Update Posted : October 25, 2018
Corneal dystrophies are usually classified histopathologically according to the layer of the cornea that is affected. The International Committee for the Classification of Corneal Dystrophies (IC3D) takes this anatomical classification as referral with summarizing clinical, genetic, and pathological data.
Most of this classification relies on slit lamp findings or histologic specimen, since in-vivo imaging of corneal microstructures has only become available in the recent years. With confocal microscopy it is possible to image corneal microstructures at a high resolution, but this technique is limited by its reduced repeatability and the fact that only a small area can be imaged. By the use of optical coherence tomography (OCT) systems it is possible to overcome these limitations. Commercially available systems, however, only have an axial resolution of about 18 µm which is not sufficient for imaging of all corneal layers.
Recently, a high-resolution optical coherence tomography (OCT) system was developed at the Center for Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering that enables a resolution of about 1 µm. With this resolution, all corneal structures and several pathologies can be visualized.
In the present study the investigators want to use this OCT system to image corneal dystrophies in patients scheduled for corneal transplantation.
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Corneal Dystrophy||Device: Ultrahigh resolution Spectral Domain OCT||Not Applicable|
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Estimated Enrollment :||20 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Single Group Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||Correlation Between In-vivo Anatomy of Corneal Dystrophies as Assessed by High- Resolution Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) Measurement and Histological Examination - A Pilot Study|
|Actual Study Start Date :||August 21, 2018|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||September 2019|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||December 2019|
|Patients scheduled for corneal transplantation||
Device: Ultrahigh resolution Spectral Domain OCT
A spectrometer based ultrahigh resolution Spectral Domain OCT (SDOCT) system operating at 800 nm for the anterior chamber will be employed in the present study. The spectrum of the Ti:Sapphire laser light source is centered at 800 nm. With a full width at half maximum bandwidth of 170 nm, the axial resolution is 1.3 μm in the cornea. The transverse resolution of the employed OCT system is 21 μm at the front surface of the cornea. For measurement, patients will place their head in a modified slit lamp head rest. During the measurement period, patients will be asked to look straight forward onto an internal fixation target and to avoid blinking. Different scattering patterns, e.g. raster, circular and spiral scans will be employed.
- Correlation in measurement of corneal layers in preoperative high-resolution OCT and histological diagnosis of corneal dystrophies of the removed cornea [ Time Frame: preoperative ]Preoperative high-resolution OCT measurement of the corneal layers in the study eye will be performed to assess corneal dystrophies. The corneal tissue removed during surgery will then be sent to the Institute for Clinical Pathology for histological preparation and diagnosis of corneal dystrophies. The correlation between the preoperative measurement and histological diagnosis will be shown to assess the accuracy of measuring corneal layers in high-resolution OCT imaging.
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Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03461991
|Contact: Gerhard Garhofer, MD||00431/40400 email@example.com|
|Contact: Kristina Stjepanek, MD||0043140400 firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Vienna Institute for Research in Ocular Surgery (VIROS)||Recruiting|
|Vienna, Austria, 1140|
|Contact: Oliver Findl, MD, MBA +43 (0)1 91021- 57564 email@example.com|
|Department of Clinical Pharmacology, Medical University of Vienna||Recruiting|
|Vienna, Austria, A-1090|
|Contact: Assoc.Prof.PD Garhoefer +43 1 40400 2981 firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Contact: PD MD Schmidl +4314040029880 email@example.com|