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A Proof of Concept Study for a 12 Month Treatment in Patients With C3G or IC-MPGN Treated With ACH-0144471

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03459443
Recruitment Status : Terminated (The reason for terminating study early was inconclusive efficacy results. No safety findings were identified.)
First Posted : March 9, 2018
Results First Posted : August 11, 2022
Last Update Posted : August 11, 2022
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Alexion Pharmaceuticals

Brief Summary:
The primary purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of 12 months of oral ACH-0144471 (also known as danicopan and ALXN2040) in participants with C3G or IC-MPGN based on histologic scoring and proteinuria.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
C3 Glomerulonephritis C3 Glomerulopathy Immune Complex Membranoproliferative Glomerulonephritis IC-MPGN Dense Deposit Disease Drug: Danicopan Phase 2

Detailed Description:
This was an open-label study to evaluate the efficacy of treatment with danicopan in participants 12 years of age or older with biopsy-confirmed C3G or IC-MPGN who had not undergone renal transplantation. All participants were to receive active treatment with danicopan for approximately 40 months. The starting dosage was to be 100 mg TID, and after 2 weeks, the dosage was to be increased to 200 mg TID for participants with body weight ≥ 60 kg or 150 mg TID for participants with body weight < 60 kg. Planned enrollment was approximately 20 participants.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 22 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: An Open-Label Phase 2 Proof-of-Concept Study in Patients With C3 Glomerulopathy (C3G) or Immune-Complex Membranoproliferative Glomerulonephritis (IC-MPGN) Treated With ACH-0144471
Actual Study Start Date : June 20, 2018
Actual Primary Completion Date : March 29, 2021
Actual Study Completion Date : March 29, 2021


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Danicopan
Danicopan was to be administered to participants with C3G or IC-MPGN at a starting dose of 100 milligrams (mg) 3 times daily (TID) for the first 2 weeks, then the dosage was to be increased to 200 mg TID for the remainder of the study.
Drug: Danicopan
Danicopan was to be administered as an oral tablet.
Other Names:
  • ACH-4471
  • ACH4471
  • 4471
  • ALXN2040




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change From Baseline In Composite Biopsy Score At End Of Initial 12-Month Treatment Period [ Time Frame: Baseline, end of initial 12-Month Treatment Period ]
    The composite biopsy score was based on a score incorporating changes in the activity index, glomerular C3c staining, and glomerular macrophage infiltration at the end of the initial 12 months of treatment. The composite renal biopsy index scoring system ranged from 0 to 21, with higher scores indicating worse outcomes.

  2. Participants With Reduction In Proteinuria At End Of Initial 12-Month Treatment Period [ Time Frame: Baseline, end of initial 12-Month Treatment Period ]
    Proteinuria reduction was defined as ≥30% decrease from baseline based on 24-hour urine protein (mg/day).


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change From Baseline In Proteinuria At End Of Initial 12-Month Treatment Period [ Time Frame: Baseline, end of initial 12-Month Treatment Period ]
    Proteinuria was assessed based on 24-hour urine collections at baseline and end of the initial 12-month Treatment Period.

  2. Percent Change From Baseline In Proteinuria At End Of Initial 12-Month Treatment Period [ Time Frame: Baseline, end of initial 12-Month Treatment Period ]
    Proteinuria was assessed based on 24-hour urine collections at baseline and end of initial 12-month Treatment Period.

  3. Slope Of Estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate (eGFR) From Baseline To End Of Initial 12-Month Treatment Period [ Time Frame: End of initial 12-Month Treatment Period ]
    Slope of eGFR was estimated using a simple linear regression for each participant, including all data values from baseline until the end of the Initial 12-Month Treatment Period, with eGFR as the dependent variable and time as the independent variable.

  4. Change From Baseline In eGFR At End Of Initial 12-Month Treatment Period [ Time Frame: Baseline, end of initial 12-Month Treatment Period ]
    Change from baseline in eGFR at end of initial 12-Month Treatment Period is presented.

  5. Participants With Significant Improvement In eGFR Relative To Baseline At End Of Initial 12-Month Treatment Period [ Time Frame: Baseline, end of initial 12-Month Treatment Period ]
    Significant improvement relative to baseline was defined as a ≥ 25% increase from baseline in eGFR.

  6. Change From Baseline in eGFR Over 12 Months of Treatment For Participants Meeting eGFR Inclusion Criteria [ Time Frame: End of initial 12-Month Treatment Period ]
    Participants were eligible for enrollment if inclusion criteria were met including having an eGFR >=30 milliliters (mL)/minute (min)/1.73 square meter (m^2) at the time of screening or at any time over the preceding 4 weeks. This Outcome Measure was registered in case there were participants who were enrolled and ended up not meeting the Eligibility Criteria and was intended to report data for change from baseline in eGFR for only the participants who met the eligibility criteria (that is, participants who did not meet the eligibility criteria would have been excluded from analysis for this Outcome Measure). Since all enrolled participants met the Eligibility Criteria, none of the participants were excluded from this analysis. Therefore, this data is the same data that is presented in Outcome Measure #6 "Change From Baseline In eGFR At End Of Initial 12-Month Treatment Period". Change from baseline in eGFR at end of initial 12-Month Treatment Period is presented.

  7. Change From Baseline In Measured GFR At The End Of The Initial 12-Month Treatment Period [ Time Frame: End of initial 12-Month Treatment Period ]
    Data for this Outcome Measure was to be collected where available. None of the sites collected data for this Outcome Measure.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   12 Years and older   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Key Inclusion Criteria:

  1. At least 12 years of age
  2. Completion of the ACH471-201 clinical study OR diagnosed with biopsy-confirmed primary C3G or IC-MPGN
  3. If a pre-treatment biopsy is obtained, or if a historical biopsy is available for review, it must have no more than 50% global fibrosis and no more than 50% of glomeruli with cellular crescents
  4. Clinical evidence of ongoing disease based on significant proteinuria (defined as ≥500 mg/day of protein in a 24-hour urine) attributable to C3G disease or IC-MPGN in the opinion of the principal investigator (PI), and present prior to study entry and confirmed during Screening
  5. If on corticosteroids, anti-hypertensive medications, anti-proteinuric medications (for example, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors or angiotensin receptor blockers), or mycophenolate mofetil, must be on a stable dose for at least 2 weeks prior to screening
  6. Female participants must use an acceptable method birth control to prevent pregnancy during the clinical study and for 30 days after the last dose of study medication
  7. Male participants must use highly effective birth control with a female partner to prevent pregnancy during the clinical study and for 90 days after the last dose of study medication
  8. Must be up-to-date on routine vaccinations, or willing to be brought up-to-date, based on local guidelines
  9. Must have access to emergency medical care

Key Exclusion Criteria

  1. Have a history of a major organ transplant (for example, heart, lung, kidney, or liver) or hematopoietic stem cell/marrow transplant
  2. Have a history or presence of any clinically relevant co-morbidities that would make the participant inappropriate for the study (for example, a comorbidity that is likely to result in deterioration of the participant's condition, affect the participant's safety during the study, or confound the results of the study), in the opinion of the PI
  3. Have an eGFR <30 milliliter/minute/1.73 m^2 at the time of screening or at any time over the preceding 4 weeks
  4. Is a renal transplant recipient or receiving renal replacement therapy
  5. Have other renal diseases that would interfere with the interpretation of the study
  6. Have evidence of monoclonal gammopathy of unclear significance, infections, malignancy, autoimmune diseases, or other conditions to which C3G or IC-MPGN is secondary
  7. Have been diagnosed with or show evidence of hepatobiliary cholestasis
  8. Females who are pregnant, nursing, or planning to become pregnant during the study or within 90 days of ACH-0144471 administration or participants with a female partner who is pregnant, nursing, or planning to become pregnant during the study or within 90 days of ACH-0144471 administration
  9. Have a history of febrile illness, a body temperature >38°Celsius, or other evidence of a clinically significant active infection, within 14 days prior to danicopan administration
  10. Have evidence of human immunodeficiency virus, hepatitis B infection, or active hepatitis C infection at Screening
  11. Have a history of meningococcal infection within the prior year
  12. Have a history of hypersensitivity reactions to commonly used antibacterial agents, including beta-lactams, penicillin, aminopenicillins, fluoroquinolones, cephalosporins, and carbapenems, which, in the opinion of the investigator and/or an appropriately qualified immunology or infectious disease expert, would make it difficult to properly provide either empiric antibiotic therapy or treat an active infection.
  13. Have participated in a clinical study in which an investigational drug was given within 30 days, or within 5 half-lives of the investigational drug, whichever is longer, prior to the first dose of ACH-0144471
  14. Have received eculizumab at any dose or interval within the past 50 days prior to the first dose of ACH-0144471
  15. Have received tacrolimus or cyclosporine within 2 weeks of the first dose of ACH-0144471
  16. Have a 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) with a QT interval Fridericia correction formula >450 millisecond (msec) for males or >470 msec for females, or have ECG findings which, in the opinion of the PI, could put the participant at undue risk
  17. Have received any drug known to prolong the corrected QT interval within 2 weeks of the first dose of ACH-0144471 and which, in the opinion of the PI, could put the participant at undue risk
  18. Have any of the following laboratory abnormalities at screening:

    • Alanine transaminase > upper limit of normal (ULN)
    • Aspartate aminotransferase > ULN
    • Absolute neutrophil counts <1,000/microliter
    • Total bilirubin >1.5* ULN
    • Indirect bilirubin > ULN
    • Any laboratory abnormality that, in the opinion of the PI, would make the participant inappropriate for the study
  19. Unwilling or unable to comply with the study protocol for any reason

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03459443


Locations
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United States, Alabama
Clinical Study Site
Birmingham, Alabama, United States, 35294
United States, California
Clinical Study Site
Stanford, California, United States, 94305
United States, Connecticut
Clinical Study Site
New Haven, Connecticut, United States, 06511
United States, Ohio
Clinical Study Site
Cincinnati, Ohio, United States, 45221
Clinical Study Site
Columbus, Ohio, United States, 43210
United States, Pennsylvania
Clinical Study Site
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19104
Australia, New South Wales
Clinical Study Site
Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Australia, Queensland
Clinical Study Site
Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
Australia, Victoria
Clinical Study Site
Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Belgium
Clinical Study Site
Antwerpen, Belgium
Italy
Clinical Study Site
Ranica, Italy
Netherlands
Clinical Study Site
Leiden, Netherlands
Clinical Study Site
Nijmegen, Netherlands
Sponsors and Collaborators
Alexion Pharmaceuticals
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Alexion Pharmaceuticals:
Study Protocol  [PDF] May 15, 2020
Statistical Analysis Plan  [PDF] October 30, 2020

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Responsible Party: Alexion Pharmaceuticals
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03459443    
Other Study ID Numbers: ACH471-205
2017-002674-39 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: March 9, 2018    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: August 11, 2022
Last Update Posted: August 11, 2022
Last Verified: August 2022
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: Alexion has a public commitment to allow requests for access to study data and will be supplying a protocol, CSR, and plain language summaries.
Supporting Materials: Statistical Analysis Plan (SAP)
Clinical Study Report (CSR)

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Alexion Pharmaceuticals:
factor D
fD
alternative pathway
complement mediated disease
C3GN
DDD
idiopathic MPGN
MPGN Type I
MPGN Type II
MPGN Type III
Primary MPGN
MCGN
Mesangiocapillary Glomerulonephritis
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Glomerulonephritis
Glomerulonephritis, Membranoproliferative
Nephritis
Kidney Diseases
Urologic Diseases
Immune System Diseases