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A Study of BNC105P Combined With Ibrutinib

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03454165
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : March 5, 2018
Last Update Posted : June 6, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Lionel.D.Lewis, MD, Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center

Brief Summary:

A Phase I Trial of BNC105P in combination with BTK inhibitor ibrutinib in patients with relapsed/refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia(CLL). This study proposes that ibrutinib will have far greater efficacy when it is combined with drugs that kill the CLL cells in peripheral circulation, thereby preventing them from returning to the protective lymph node niche. The study will establish the maximum tolerated dose(MTD) of the combination of BNC105P with ibrutinib, characterize the pharmacodynamic effects of BNC105P alone and in combination with ibrutinib in CLL cells, and provide preliminary assessment of the efficacy of the combination in CLL.

The study consists of a Screening Period with baseline tumor assessment before BNC105P administration, a Treatment Period with up to six 21-day cycles and Follow-up Period. Subjects will receive a total of six cycles of therapy unless treatment is discontinued


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia Combination Product: BNC105P Combination Product: Ibrutinib Phase 1

Detailed Description:

A Phase I Trial of BNC105P in combination with BTK inhibitor ibrutinib in patients with relapsed/refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). Ibrutinib inhibits the pro-survival BCR signaling of CLL cells in the stromal niche resulting in their egress to the periphery. Importantly, if administration of ibrutinib is stopped, the CLL cells rapidly return to the lymph node. In some patients, the drug-induced increase in circulating CLL cells has been seen for more than a year reflecting the fact that the cells do not readily die once they exit the lymph node. Resistance to ibrutinib has been observed as mutations in the drug-binding cysteine in its target, BTK. This resistance is likely to become far more prevalent as patients remain on ibrutinib for months or years. We propose that ibrutinib will have far greater efficacy when it is combined with drugs that kill the CLL cells in peripheral circulation, thereby preventing them from returning to the protective lymph node niche. BNC105P works through an entirely different mechanism, i.e. tipping the balance of pro-survival and pro-apoptotic BCL2 family member proteins toward the latter, resulting in cell death. This pathway of apoptosis occurs at all stages of the cell cycle which is important considering that the majority of peripheral CLL cells are non-cycling (in G0).

The study consists of a Screening Period with baseline tumor assessment before BNC105P administration, a Treatment Period with up to six 21-day cycles and Follow-up Period. Subjects will receive a total of six cycles of therapy unless treatment is discontinued.


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 15 participants
Intervention Model: Sequential Assignment
Intervention Model Description: Open label dose escalation study, with a Storer D ; 3-3 cohort design
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 1 Trial of BNC105P & Ibrutinib in Patients w/ Relapsed/Refractory CLL
Actual Study Start Date : March 9, 2018
Estimated Primary Completion Date : February 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 2020


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Single Arm
Evaluate the MTD of BNC105P in combination with ibrutinib in patients with relapsed/refractory CLL. Treatment will be administered on an outpatient basis but will also be permitted inpatient. BNC105P will be administered as a single agent prior to initiation of ibrutinib. Beginning with cycle 2, ibrutinib will be administered concomitantly with BNC105P at a starting dose of 420 mg PO daily. Each cycle will last for 21 days. Provided no toxicities occur, each patient will be treated for 6 cycles.
Combination Product: BNC105P
BNC105P is the phosphate ester of BNC105, a small molecule tubulin polymerization inhibitor.

Combination Product: Ibrutinib
A novel BTK inhibitor.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. To establish the maximum tolerated dose and toxicity of BNC105P plus Ibrutinib [ Time Frame: Two years ]
    The number of relapsed refractory chronic lymphatic leukemia patients, in cohorts of 3-6, who develop treatment related adverse effects from combined therapy with BNC105P and ibrutinib. The treatment related adverse events will be defined based on CTCAE v 4.0


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Evaluating the efficacy of BNC105P combined with Ibrutinib in patients with CLL [ Time Frame: Two years ]
    The number of relapsed refractory CLL patients in each dosing cohort (n= 3-6 patients) who when treated with BNC105P combined with ibrutinib will have therapeutic benefit based on CLL response criteria using CT imaging

  2. Determine the Overall Response Rate (ORR) [ Time Frame: Two years ]

    Overall response rate (ORR) will be determined based on the number of study participants who achieve CR, CRi, PR or nPR assessed two months after completion of therapy, as per IWCLL 2008 criteria.

    The timeframe is consistent with the Measure Title


  3. Determine the event free survival [ Time Frame: Two years ]
    Event-free survival (EFS), defined as the interval between the date of first study treatment and the date of objective signs of disease recurrence, subsequent anti-leukemic therapy, or death, whichever is first reported.


Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Explore the effects of BNC105P and BNC105P + Ibrutinib on NOXA and JNK in Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia Cells [ Time Frame: Two years ]
    Study the effects of BNC105P as monotherapy and when used in combination with ibrutinib on the activation of NOXA and JNK in chronic lymphocytic leukemia cells using Western blots.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients who are > 18 years of age, must have histologically or flow cytometry confirmed diagnosis of B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia/small lymphocytic lymphoma (B-CLL/SLL) according to NCI-WG 1996 guidelines. The malignant B cells must co-express CD5 with CD19 or CD20. Patients who lack CD23 expression on their leukemia cells should be examined for (and found NOT to have) either t(11;14) or cyclin D1 overexpression, to rule out mantle cell lymphoma. Patients with CLL who have progressed on prior ibrutinib therapy will be eligible. Patients with B-cell prolymphocytic leukemia and patients with Richter's transformation of CLL/SLL are NOT eligible.
  • Active disease meeting at least 1 of the IWCLL 2008 criteria for requiring treatment:

    i) A minimum of any one of the following constitutional symptoms:

  • Unintentional weight loss >10% within the previous 6 months prior to screening.
  • Extreme fatigue (unable to work or perform usual activities).
  • Fevers of greater than 100.5 F for ≥2 weeks without evidence of infection.
  • Night sweats without evidence of infection. ii) Evidence of progressive marrow failure as manifested by the development of, or worsening of anemia or thrombocytopenia.

iii) Massive (i.e., >6 cm below the left costal margin), progressive or symptomatic splenomegaly.

iv) Massive nodes or clusters (i.e., > 10 cm in longest diameter) or progressive lymphadenopathy.

v) Progressive lymphocytosis with an increase of >50% over a 2-month period, or an anticipated doubling time of less than 6 months.

vi) Autoimmune anemia or thrombocytopenia that is poorly responsive to corticosteroids.

  • Patients must have received at least one prior therapy for CLL comprised of the following:

    i) ≥1 regimen containing an anti-CD20 antibody (e.g., rituximab, obinutuzumab) administered for ≥ 2 doses ii) ≥1 regimen containing ≥1 cytotoxic agent (eg, bendamustine, fludarabine, chlorambucil, cyclophosphamide) administered for ≥ 2 cycles

  • Patients must have ECOG performance status ≤2.
  • Patients must have organ function as defined below:

    i) direct bilirubin ≤2 X institutional ULN (unless due to known Gilbert's syndrome or compensated hemolysis directly attributable to CLL) ii) AST or ALT less than 2.5 X institutional ULN iii) estimated CrCL using the Cockroft-Gault equation ≥50 mL/min (see formula in Appendix 2).

iv) platelets ≥50,000/mm3 independent of transfusion support, with no active bleeding, and absolute neutrophil count ≥1000/mm3, unless due to disease involvement in the bone marrow.

  • Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document.
  • Women of childbearing potential must have a negative serum beta-human chorionic gonadotropin or urine pregnancy test at screening.
  • All patients of reproductive potential (heterosexually active men and women) must agree to a use of a barrier method of contraception and a second method of contraception and men must agree not to donate sperm during the study and for 4 weeks after receiving the last dose of study treatment.

Exclusion Criteria

  • Prior therapeutic intervention with any of the following:
  • nitrosoureas or mitomycin C within 6 weeks;
  • therapeutic anticancer antibodies (including rituximab) within 4 weeks;
  • radio- or toxin-immunoconjugates within 10 weeks;
  • all other chemotherapy, radiation therapy within 3 weeks prior to initiation of therapy.
  • Inadequate recovery from adverse events related to prior therapy to grade ≤1 (excluding Grade 2 alopecia and neuropathy).
  • Chronic use of corticosteroids in excess of prednisone 20 mg/day or its equivalent.
  • Stem cell transplant recipients must have no evidence of active graft-versus-host disease.
  • Use of full dose, therapeutic anti-coagulation with warfarin.
  • Concomitant use of strong CYP inducers or inhibitors including nutraceutical preparations, e.g., grapefruit juice and St John's Wort
  • History prior malignancy except:
  • Malignancy treated with curative intent and no known active disease present for ≥ 2 years prior to initiation of therapy on current study;
  • adequately treated non-melanoma skin cancer or lentigo maligna (melanoma in situ) without evidence of disease;
  • adequately treated in situ carcinomas (e.g., cervical, esophageal, etc.) without evidence of disease;
  • asymptomatic prostate cancer managed with "watch and wait" strategy;
  • myelodysplastic syndrome which is clinically well controlled and no evidence of the cytogenetic abnormalities characteristic of myelodysplasia on the bone marrow at screening.
  • Uncontrolled immune hemolysis or thrombocytopenia (positive direct antiglobulin test in absence of hemolysis or history of immune-mediated cytopenias are not exclusions).
  • Thrombotic events (pulmonary embolism; deep venous thrombosis) within 6 month prior to start of therapy.
  • History of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection or active hepatitis B or C. Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) can cause a false positive hepatitis B serology. If patients receiving routine IVIG have core antibody or surface antigen positivity without evidence of active viremia (negative hepatitis B DNA) they may still participate in the study, but should have hepatitis serologies and hepatitis B DNA monitored periodically by the treating physician.
  • Patients with the following cardiovascular abnormalities:
  • Corrected QT interval (QTc) >500 msec within 7 days prior to registration for protocol therapy. NOTE: if QTc is >450 and ≤500 msec, subject to local cardiology review and approval, the patient may be enrolled if the QTc elevation is deemed clinically insignificant.
  • Acute cardiovascular events within 6 months prior to C1D1: stroke (transient ischemic attack permitted), acute coronary syndrome, peripheral arterial obstruction, clinically significant arrhythmias (e.g., such as paroxysmal atrial fibrillation/atrial flutter, sick sinus syndrome, second or third degree atrio-ventricular blockade). A cardiology consultation may be obtained to clarify clinical significance.
  • Clinical cardiac heart failure of New York Heart Association Class III or IV or left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) <50% as assessed by echocardiogram at screening.
  • Major surgery (requiring general anesthesia) within 30 days prior to initiation of therapy.
  • Inability to swallow and retain an oral medication. Patients with clinically significant medical condition of malabsorption, inflammatory bowel disease, chronic conditions which manifest with diarrhea, refractory nausea, vomiting or any other condition that will interfere significantly with the absorption of ibrutinib are excluded.
  • Any condition for which participation in the study is judged by the Investigator to be detrimental to the patient with inter-current illness including, but not limited to an uncontrolled active infection; unstable angina pectoris; uncontrolled cardiac arrhythmia or psychiatric/social situations that would jeopardize compliance with study requirements.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03454165


Contacts
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Contact: Bridget M Labrie, MBA 603-650-6227 bridget.m.labrie@hitchcock.org
Contact: Brian Highhouse, RN 603-650-4453 brian.j.highhouse@hitchcock.org

Locations
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United States, New Hampshire
Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center Recruiting
Lebanon, New Hampshire, United States, 03756
Contact: Lionel D Lewis, MD    603-650-7811      
Contact: Bridget M Labrie, MBA    603-650-6227    bridget.m.labrie@hitchcock.org   
Sponsors and Collaborators
Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Lionel D Lewis, MD Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center

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Responsible Party: Lionel.D.Lewis, MD, Professor of Medicine, Pharmacology/Toxicolgy, Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03454165     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: D17093
First Posted: March 5, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 6, 2019
Last Verified: May 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Leukemia, Lymphoid
Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell
Leukemia
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Lymphatic Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Leukemia, B-Cell