SOD1 Kinetics Measurements in ALS Patients
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03449212|
Recruitment Status : Suspended (COVID-19 pandemic)
First Posted : February 28, 2018
Last Update Posted : August 7, 2020
|Condition or disease|
|Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, Familial Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, Sporadic|
Background: Novel targeted therapeutic strategies are being developed for genetic subsets of ALS, such as those caused by dominantly inherited mutations in the superoxide dismutase 1 gene (SOD1). Investigators have developed an antisense oligonucleotide (ASO) inhibitor of SOD1 biosynthesis for ALS patients who carry mutations in SOD1. This ASO is now ready for clinical trial (ClinicalTrials.gov #NCT02623699). The initial success of the ASO will depend on showing a pharmacodynamics result on SOD1 in participants, and thus a key challenge in applying this targeted therapy involves rigorous examination of pharmacodynamics markers.
The Investigator's previous data suggest that SOD1 in the cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) will be an excellent pharmacodynamics marker for an SOD1-focused therapeutic approach. However, one of the central missing components in understanding SOD1 as a marker is SOD1 CSF half-life data. The half-life of this protein will aid in clinical trial planning since half-life influences the amount of SOD1 protein reduction by ASO and thus dictates the optimal timing of drug administration and CSF collection for pharmacodynamics measures.
- Enroll a total of 86 ALS participants
- Determine the kinetics for total SOD1 protein, as well as the wild type and mutant protein separately
- Determine this in patients with known SOD1 mutation as well as sporadic ALS patients Eligibility
- Adults over age 18
- fALS with confirmed genetic testing showing a mutation in the SOD1 gene; asymptomatic SOD1 gene carriers and sporadic ALS patients.
Measures: The key outcome of this study is to determine the half-life of the SOD1 protein in symptomatic and asymptomatic ALS patients which will provide critical information to inform future therapeutic studies in ALS. For ALS patients, The Investigators will also perform Slow Vital Capacity testing and the ALSFRS-R at the screening visit and at each lumbar puncture visit.
Measures: Participants will have up to 7 in-person visits over 4 months. The study involves labeling or marking SOD1 with a special type of leucine. Leucine is an essential amino acid that is found in the foods we eat. This method involves an overnight stay for a 16 hour intravenous infusion of labeled leucine along with a collection blood and urine followed by 5 lumbar punctures scheduled over the period of 4 months.
At each subsequent visit, subjects will undergo a blood draw, urine collection, lumbar puncture, a questionnaire (ALS Functional Rating Scale) which measures motor function, and a breathing test to determine Slow Vital Capacity (SVC) measurements.
Analysis: In addition to determining the half-life of the SOD1 protein in ALS patients, the Investigators will also analyze the kinetics of wild type SOD1 protein separately from mutant SOD1 protein to determine differences in half life. The Investigators will also compare CSF Tau half-life between ALS patients and controls as a disease specificity control. The Investigators hope to correlate this data with clinical measures which may reveal other important hypotheses regarding SOD1 kinetic rates and disease manifestations.
|Study Type :||Observational|
|Estimated Enrollment :||86 participants|
|Official Title:||SOD1 Kinetics Measurements in ALS Patients|
|Actual Study Start Date :||December 2012|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||December 2020|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||May 2021|
|Asymptomatic SOD1 gene carriers|
- The primary outcome measurement will be the determination of the SOD1 half-life in the CSF of each subject. [ Time Frame: Assessed over 121 days ]The half-life of total SOD1 protein will be determined in ALS patients using peptides that do not contain SOD1 mutation. The Investigators will analyze the kinetics of wild type SOD1 protein separately from mutant SOD1 protein using the mutation-containing peptide in order to determine differences in half-life using the stable isotope labeling kinetics (SILK) method of mass spectrometry.
- ALS Functional Rating Scale-Revised (ALSFRS-R) [ Time Frame: Baseline and weeks 1,2, 4, 9 and 17 ]12 questions about patient's ability to function in certain activities of daily living. Each question is out of 4 with 4 being normal and 0 being completely impaired.
- Slow Vital Capacity (SVC) [ Time Frame: Baseline and weeks 1,2, 4, 9 and 17 ]Measurement of the maximum amount of air that can be exhaled following a deep breath.
Biospecimen Retention: Samples With DNA
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03449212
|United States, Massachusetts|
|Massachusetts General Hospital|
|Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02114|
|United States, Missouri|
|Washington University in St. Louis|
|Saint Louis, Missouri, United States, 63110|