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The Relationship Between Arterial Stiffness and Respiratory Failure in Motor Neurone Disease

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03444428
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : February 23, 2018
Last Update Posted : March 29, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust

Brief Summary:
  • Patients with Motor Neurone Disease (MND) admitted to Lane Fox Unit /Royal Brompton Hospital and/or reviewed in Lane Fox Unit /Royal Brompton Hospital clinics and/or outreach review will be approached for participation in the study
  • Physiological assessment and measurement of arterial stiffness will be performed in all patients at baseline and after the use of non invasive ventilation for 6 weeks.
  • MND patients not requiring mechanical ventilation will serve as controls since non invasive ventilation cannot be withheld from MND patients in type II respiratory failure.
  • Data will be analysed to look for differences between groups, relationships in baseline or change from baseline in respiratory physiological measures, inflammatory indices, breathlessness, and arterial stiffness.

    • Age, Height, Weight
    • History and Physical Examination
    • Evaluation of dysponea: mMRC, Borg Scale (Seated-Supine)
    • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis functional rating scale (ALSFRS-R)
    • Sleep Disordered Breathing in Neuromuscular Disease Questionnaire (SiNQ-5)
    • 24 hour blood pressure monitor
    • Carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity
    • Respiratory Muscle Strength - Maximal Inspiratory Pressure, Maximal Expiratory Pressure, and Sniff Nasal Inspiratory Pressure
    • Spirometry - FEV1 and FVC
    • Arterial Blood Gas
    • CRP and fibrinogen (clinically)
    • Breathe CO exhale

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment
Motor Neurone Disease Hypoxemia and/or Hypercapnia Other: Non Invasive Ventilation Other: Without Non Invasive Ventilation

Detailed Description:

The stiffness of the arterial wall is highly relevant to cardiovascular disease. Large elastic arteries and smaller muscular conduit arteries become stiffer with ageing, a process that is accelerated in the presence of cardiovascular disease. Arterial stiffness increases also with various disease states, including hypertension, diabetes mellitus, obesity, smoking, hypercholesterolemia, and kidney disease. Numerous techniques have been developed to measure arterial stiffness, either in single vessels or in entire muscular arterial trees. These techniques have increasingly been shown to improve stratification of cardiovascular risk and risk reduction beyond that provided by conventional risk factors. Furthermore, large artery stiffness, measured via carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity, independently predicts the risk of cardiovascular events in both clinical and community-based cohorts.

Abnormalities in arterial stiffness have been noted in disorders characterized by hypoxia with or without hypercapnia. These abnormalities could be driven by the risk factors for those conditions (e.g. cigarette smoke, obesity). In COPD, all studies are consistent showing a significant increase in arterial stiffness compared with ex-smokers without airway obstruction and nonsmoker healthy control subjects. The severity of airway obstruction is consistently related to arterial stiffness in COPD. Furthermore, airflow limitation arising from cigarette smoking, but not airflow limitation in non-smokers, was associated with arterial stiffness in a general population independently of established risk factors. The presence of OSA was associated with higher arterial stiffness indices independent of major confounders. In this context, OSA is associated with increased arterial stiffness independent of blood pressure.

Non invasive ventilation has been shown to reduce arterial stiffness in obstructive sleep apnea. In particular, there are studies that have examined the impact of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) on arterial stiffness (measured with pulse wave velocity) in OSA patients. Other studies have examined changes in arterial stiffness (measured with other than pulse wave velocity method) after treatment of OSA with CPAP. Furthermore, to the best of our knowledge no investigation exists on the impact of non invasive bilevel positive airway pressure ventilation on arterial stiffness in neuromuscular disease.

The Lane Fox Unit, the UK's largest weaning, rehabilitation and home ventilation unit, is treating neuromuscular patients. In neuromuscular disease, especially in MND, confounding factors as obesity, cigarette smoke, hypertension, and diabetes mellitus can be excluded. This gives the opportunity to determine whether hypoxemia and/or hypercapnia alone cause arterial stiffness. Furthermore, in this pilot study it will be investigated whether non invasive ventilation has any effect on arterial stiffness in MND patients.

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Study Type : Observational
Estimated Enrollment : 32 participants
Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: The Relationship Between Arterial Stiffness and Respiratory Failure: Using Motor Neurone Disease as a Paradigm to Assess the Consequence of Sleep Disordered Breathing on Arterial Stiffness
Actual Study Start Date : February 21, 2017
Estimated Primary Completion Date : June 2018
Estimated Study Completion Date : June 2018


Group/Cohort Intervention/treatment
Non Invasive Ventilation
  • Age, height, weight
  • History and Physical Examination
  • Evaluation of dyspnoea: mMRC, Borg scale (Seated-Supine)
  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis functional rating scale (ALSFRS-R)
  • Sleep-Disordered Breathing in Neuromuscular Disease Questionnaire (SiNQ-5)
  • 24h Blood Pressure monitor
  • Spirometry - FEV1 and FVC
  • Respiratory muscle strength - MIP, MEP, and SNIP
  • Arterial Blood Gases
  • Carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity
  • Breath CO exhale
Other: Non Invasive Ventilation
Assessments for those participants who are being set up onto NIV

Without Non Invasive Ventilation

Age, height, weight

  • History and Physical Examination
  • Evaluation of dyspnoea: mMRC, Borg scale (Seated-Supine)
  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis functional rating scale (ALSFRS-R)
  • Sleep-Disordered Breathing in Neuromuscular Disease Questionnaire (SiNQ-5)
  • 24h Blood Pressure monitor
  • Spirometry - FEV1 and FVC
  • Respiratory muscle strength - MIP, MEP, and SNIP
  • Arterial Blood Gases
  • Carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity
  • Breath CO exhale
Other: Without Non Invasive Ventilation
Assessments for those participants who are not being set up onto NIV




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Comparing the pulse wave velocity between MND patients with hypoxemia and/or hypercapnia to those MND Patients that do not have hypoxemia and/or hypercapnia [ Time Frame: 6 weeks ]
    Is there a difference in pulse wave velocity between patients with MND who have and those who do not have hypoxemia and/or hypercapnia


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Comparison of pulse wave velocity values in MND patients to normal values [ Time Frame: 6 weeks ]
    To clarify if there is an increased pulse wave velocity in MND patients and quantify whether patients are within predicted values or not against current evidenced literature

  2. Comparison of pulse wave velocity pre-post non invasive ventilation in MND patients [ Time Frame: 6 weeks ]
    Does NIV change pulse wave velocity in MND patients



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 80 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Probability Sample
Study Population
Patients with Motor Neurone Disease
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • MND diagnosis
  • The ability to perform the respiratory function testing satisfactorily
  • Stable clinical and functional state for at least four weeks before testing
  • BMI 20-30 kg•m-2

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Pregnancy
  • Aged <18, >80
  • Significant physical or psychiatric comorbidity that would prevent compliance with trial protocol
  • Unstable clinical state
  • Use of mechanical ventilation
  • Cardiovascular disorders (history, physical examination)
  • Known lung disease, such as asthma or COPD or any other cause of hypoxemia and/or hypercapnia but MND (history, physical examination, CXR review [High Resolution Computed Tomography if CXR is not compatible with neuromuscular disease alone])
  • Airway obstruction (FEV1/FVC<0.75)
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Obesity (BMI>30 kg•m-2)
  • Smoking history (>10 pack∙years or active smoker)

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03444428


Contacts
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Contact: Gill Arbane 0207 188 8070 gill.arbane@gstt.nhs.uk
Contact: Patrick Murphy 0207 188 7188 patrick.murphy@gstt.nhs.uk

Locations
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United Kingdom
Guys and St Thomas NHS Trust Recruiting
London, United Kingdom, SE1 7EH
Contact: G Ms Arbane    +44207 188 8070    gill.arbane@gstt.nhs.uk   
Contact: Patrick Dr Murphy    +44207 188 8070    patrick.murphy@gstt.nhs.uk   
Royal Brompton and Harefield NHS Trust Recruiting
London, United Kingdom, SW3 6NP
Contact: Professor Polkey         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Patrick Murphy Guys and St Thomas NHS Foundation Trust

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Responsible Party: Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03444428    
Other Study ID Numbers: 210214 16/LO/1560
First Posted: February 23, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 29, 2018
Last Verified: March 2018
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No
Plan Description: No individual participant data will be available

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Respiratory Insufficiency
Motor Neuron Disease
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
Hypoxia
Hypercapnia
Respiration Disorders
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Signs and Symptoms, Respiratory
Signs and Symptoms
Neurodegenerative Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Neuromuscular Diseases
Spinal Cord Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
TDP-43 Proteinopathies
Proteostasis Deficiencies
Metabolic Diseases