Study to Assess Safety and Preliminary Activity of Eribulin Mesylate in Pediatric Participants With Relapsed/Refractory Rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS), Non-rhabdomyosarcoma Soft Tissue Sarcoma (NRSTS) and Ewing Sarcoma (EWS)
|The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.|
|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03441360|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : February 22, 2018
Results First Posted : January 28, 2022
Last Update Posted : October 5, 2022
- Study Details
- Tabular View
- Study Results
- How to Read a Study Record
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Relapsed/Refractory Rhabdomyosarcoma Non-rhabdomyosarcoma Soft Tissue Sarcoma Ewing Sarcoma||Drug: Eribulin mesylate||Phase 2|
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||23 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||A Phase 2, Multicenter, Open-label Study to Assess Safety and Preliminary Activity of Eribulin Mesylate in Pediatric Subjects With Relapsed/Refractory Rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS), Non-rhabdomyosarcoma Soft Tissue Sarcoma (NRSTS) and Ewing Sarcoma (EWS)|
|Actual Study Start Date :||April 17, 2018|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||January 7, 2021|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||January 21, 2022|
Experimental: Eribulin mesylate 1.4 mg/m^2: RMS
Pediatric participants with relapsed/refractory rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) will receive eribulin mesylate administered as an intravenous (IV) infusion on Days 1 and 8 of each 21-day cycle at a dose of 1.4 milligrams per meters squared (mg/m^2). Participants will continue study therapy until progression of disease (per Response Evaluation Criteria In Solid Tumors [RECIST] 1.1), intolerable toxicity, or withdrawal of consent.
Drug: Eribulin mesylate
Experimental: Eribulin mesylate 1.4 mg/m^2: NRSTS
Pediatric participants with non-rhabdomyosarcoma soft tissue sarcoma (NRSTS) will receive eribulin mesylate administered as an IV infusion on Days 1 and 8 of each 21-day cycle at a dose of 1.4 mg/m^2. Participants will continue study therapy until progression of disease (per RECIST 1.1), intolerable toxicity, or withdrawal of consent.
Drug: Eribulin mesylate
Experimental: Eribulin mesylate 1.4 mg/m^2: EWS
Pediatric participants with Ewing sarcoma (EWS) will receive eribulin mesylate administered as an IV infusion on Days 1 and 8 of each 21-day cycle at a dose of 1.4 mg/m^2. Participants will continue study therapy until progression of disease (per RECIST 1.1), intolerable toxicity, or withdrawal of consent.
Drug: Eribulin mesylate
- Percentage of Participants With Objective Response [ Time Frame: From date of randomization up to first documentation of disease progression (PD) or date of death, whichever occurred first (approximately 32 months) ]Percentage of participants achieving a best objective response of partial response (PR) or complete response (CR) per RECIST 1.1, by up to 24 weeks after all participants have completed response assessment. Response assessment was determined by investigator. CR was defined as the disappearance of all target lesions. Any pathological lymph nodes (whether target or non-target) must had reduction in the short axis to less than (<) 10 millimeters (mm). PR was defined as at least a 30 percent (%) decrease in the sum of diameters of target lesions, taking as reference the baseline sum diameters.
- Progression-free Survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: From the time from the first dose date to the date of disease progression (PD) or date of death, whichever occurred first (up to approximately 32 months) ]PFS was defined as the time from the first dose date to the date of PD or date of death (whichever occurred first). PD was defined as at least a 20% increase in the sum of diameters of target lesions, taking as reference the smallest sum on study (this included the baseline sum if that was the smallest on study). In addition to the relative increase of 20%, the sum must also demonstrate an absolute increase of at least 5 mm. (Note: the appearance of one or more new lesions was also considered progression). Data for this secondary endpoint was collected and analyzed up to the primary completion date (PCD). As there was no further data collected, therefore data is reported till PCD only.
- Number of Participants With Any Treatment-emergent Adverse Events (AEs) and Serious Adverse Events (SAEs) [ Time Frame: From date of administration of first dose up to 28 days after the last dose, or until resolution, whichever came first (up to approximately 45 months) ]An AE was any untoward medical occurrence in participant administered with an investigational product. An SAE was any untoward medical occurrence that at any dose: resulted in death; life threatening; requires participant hospitalization or prolongation of existing hospitalization; resulted in persistent or significant disability/incapacity; was a congenital anomaly/birth defect (in the child of a participant who was exposed to the study drug). A treatment-emergent adverse event (TEAE) was defined as an AE that emerges during treatment, having been absent at pretreatment (Baseline) or (1) reemerges during treatment, having been present at pretreatment (Baseline) but stopped before treatment, or (2) worsens in severity during treatment relative to the pretreatment state, when the AE is continuous.
- Number of Participants With a Shift From Baseline to Worst Post-Baseline Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) Grade in Laboratory Value [ Time Frame: From first dose of study drug up to approximately 32 months ]Laboratory results were graded using CTCAE Version 4.03. As per CTCAE, Grade 1 scales as Mild; Grade 2 scales as Moderate; Grade 3 scales as severe or medically significant but not immediately life threatening; Grade 4 scales as life-threatening consequences. Data for this secondary endpoint was collected and analyzed up to the PCD. As there was no further data collected, therefore data is reported till PCD only.
- Number of Participants With Clinically Significant Change From Baseline in Electrocardiogram (ECG) Values [ Time Frame: From first dose of study drug up to approximately 32 months ]Data for this secondary endpoint was collected and analyzed up to the PCD. As there was no further data collected, therefore data is reported till PCD only.
- Number of Participants With Clinically Significant Change From Baseline in Vital Signs Values [ Time Frame: From first dose of study drug up to approximately 32 months ]Data for this secondary endpoint was collected and analyzed up to the PCD. As there was no further data collected, therefore data is reported till PCD only.
- Number of Participants With Shift From Baseline to Worst Post-baseline for Lansky Play-performance Scale [ Time Frame: Baseline up to approximately 32 months ]Reduced activities of daily living was assessed using the Lansky Play Performance Scale, where 100=fully active; 90=minor restrictions in strenuous physical activity; 80=active, gets tired more quickly; 70=greater restriction of play, less time spent in play activity; 60=up and around, active play minimal; quieter activities; 50=lying around much of the day; no active playing, all quiet play and activities; 40=mainly in bed; quiet activities; 30=bedbound; needs assistance even for quiet play; 20=sleeps often; play limited to very passive activities; 10=doesn't play or get out of bed; 5=unresponsive 0=dead. Data for this secondary endpoint was collected and analyzed up to the PCD. As there was no further data collected, therefore data is reported till PCD only.
- Number of Participants With Shift From Baseline to Worst Post-baseline for Karnofsky Performance Status Scores [ Time Frame: Baseline up to approximately 32 months ]Karnofsky performance status assessed as best and worst score change from baseline using Karnofsky performance criteria.Score classified participants based on functional impairment. Ranges from 0-100, lower score, worst survival for most serious illnesses, 100=normal;no complaints;no evidence of disease;90=able to carry on normal activity with effort,minor sign or symptoms of disease;80=normal activity with effort;some sign or symptoms of disease;70= cares for self;unable to carry on normal activity or do active work;60=requires occasional assistance,but able to care for most personal needs;50=requires considerable assistance;frequent medical care;40=disabled;requires special care; assistance;30=severely disabled;hospitalization indicated,although death is not imminent;20=very sick;hospitalization; 10=moribund;fatal processes progressively worsening;0=dead.Data for this endpoint was collected;analyzed up to PCD. As no further data collected, therefore data is reported till PCD only.
- Duration of Response (DOR) [ Time Frame: From day of first documentation of PR or CR to the day of disease progression or death (up to approximately 32 months) ]DOR was defined as the time from the first date of documented PR or CR to the date of disease progression or date of death (whichever occurred first). CR was defined as the disappearance of all target lesions. Any pathological lymph nodes (whether target or non-target) must had reduction in the short axis to <10 mm. PR was defined as at least a 30% decrease in the sum of diameters of target lesions, taking as reference the baseline sum diameters. PD was defined as at least a 20% increase in the sum of diameters of target lesions, taking as reference the smallest sum on study (this included the baseline sum if that was the smallest on study). Data for this secondary endpoint was collected and analyzed up to the PCD. As there was no further data collected, therefore data is reported till PCD only.
- Overall Survival (OS) [ Time Frame: From the day of first dose to the day of death, up to approximately 45 months ]OS was defined as the time from the first dose date to the date of death.
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.
|Ages Eligible for Study:||12 Months to 18 Years (Child, Adult)|
|Sexes Eligible for Study:||All|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers:||No|
- Age: ≥12 months to <18 years old at the time of informed consent
- Diagnosis: Histologically confirmed rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS), non-rhabdomyosarcoma soft tissue sarcoma (NRSTS) (Grade 2 or 3), or Ewing sarcoma (EWS) which is relapsed or refractory (failed front line therapy)
The presence of measurable disease meeting the following criteria:
- At least 1 lesion of ≥1.0 centimeter (cm) in the longest diameter for a non-lymph node or ≥1.5 cm in the short-axis diameter for a lymph node that is serially measurable according to Response Evaluation Criteria In Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1.1 using computerized tomography/magnetic resonance imaging (CT/MRI).
- Lesions that have had radiotherapy must show subsequent radiographic evidence of increase in size by at least 20% to be deemed a target lesion.
- Therapeutic options: Participant's current disease state must be one for which there is no known curative therapy or therapy proven to prolong survival with an acceptable quality of life.
- Performance level: Performance score ≥50%. Karnofsky (for participants >16 years of age) or Lansky (for participants ≤16 years of age). Participants who are unable to walk because of paralysis and/or previous surgeries, but who are in a wheelchair, will be considered ambulatory for the purpose of assessing performance score.
Participants must have fully recovered from the acute toxic effects of all prior anticancer therapy and must meet the following minimum duration from prior anticancer directed therapy prior to study drug administration. If, after the required time frame, the numerical eligibility criteria are met, eg, blood count criteria, the participant is considered to have recovered adequately:
- Cytotoxic chemotherapy or other chemotherapy known to be myelosuppressive: ≥21 days after the last dose of cytotoxic or myelosuppressive chemotherapy (42 days if prior nitrosourea).
- Anticancer agents not known to be myelosuppressive (eg, not associated with reduced platelet or absolute neutrophil count [ANC] counts): ≥7 days after the last dose of agent.
- Monoclonal antibodies ≥ 3 half-lives must have elapsed from infusion of last dose of antibody (including checkpoint inhibitors), and toxicity related to prior antibody therapy must be recovered to Grade ≤1.
- Hematopoietic growth factors: ≥14 days after the last dose of a long-acting growth factor (eg, Neulasta) or 7 days for a short-acting growth factor. For agents that have known adverse events (AEs) occurring beyond 7 days after administration, this period must be extended beyond the time during which AEs are known to occur. The duration of this interval must be discussed with the sponsor.
- Interleukins, interferons, and cytokines (other than hematopoietic growth factors): ≥21 days after the completion of interleukins, interferons, or cytokines (other than hematopoietic growth factors)
- Stem cell infusions (with or without total body irradiation [TBI]): ≥84 days
- Allogeneic (non-autologous) bone marrow or stem cell transplant, or any stem cell infusion including donor lymphocyte infusion or boost infusion: ≥84 days after infusion and no evidence of graft versus host disease (GVHD)
- Autologous stem cell infusion including boost infusion: ≥42 days
- Cellular therapy: ≥42 days after the completion of any type of cellular therapy (eg, modified T-cells, natural killer cells, dendritic cells, etc)
- Radiation therapy (XRT)/External Beam Irradiation including Protons: ≥14 days after local XRT; ≥150 days after TBI, craniospinal XRT or if radiation to ≥50% of the pelvis; ≥42 days if other substantial BM radiation
- Radiopharmaceutical therapy (eg, radiolabeled antibody, 131I-metaiodobenzylguanidine): ≥42 days after systemically administered radiopharmaceutical therapy.
Adequate bone marrow function, defined as:
- ANC ≥1.0 × 10^9/Liter (L)
- Platelet count ≥100 × 10^9/L (transfusion independent, defined as not receiving platelet transfusions within a 7-day period prior to study drug administration)
- Hemoglobin at least 8.0 grams per deciliter (g/dL) at Baseline (blood transfusions are allowed during the screening period to correct hemoglobin values less than 8.0 g/dL) Note: As blood transfusions are permitted to meet the hemoglobin criteria, participants requiring transfusion must not be known to be refractory to red blood cell or platelet transfusions.
Adequate renal function, defined as:
- A serum creatinine based on age/gender, derived from the Schwartz formula for estimating glomerular filtration rate (GFR)
- Or creatinine clearance or GFR ≥50 milliliters per minute (mL/min)/1.73 meters squared (m^2) based on a 12 or 24 hour urine creatinine collection
Adequate liver function, defined as:
- Bilirubin (sum of conjugated + unconjugated) ≤1.5 × upper limit of normal (ULN) for age
- Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) ≤110 units per Liter (U/L). For the purpose of this study, the ULN for ALT is 45 U/L
- Serum albumin ≥2 g/dL
- Informed consent: All participants and/or their parents or legally authorized representatives must sign a written informed consent. Assent, when appropriate, will be obtained according to institutional guidelines. Participants must be willing to comply with all aspects of the protocol.
Pregnancy, breastfeeding, contraception: Females who are breastfeeding or pregnant at Screening or Baseline (as documented by a positive beta-human chorionic [β-hCG] or human chorionic gonadotropin [hCG] test with a minimum sensitivity of 25 International Units per Liter [IU/L] or equivalent units of β-hCG [or hCG]). A separate baseline assessment is required if a negative screening pregnancy test was obtained more than 72 hours before the first dose of study drug.
- Females of childbearing potential (all post pubertal females will be considered to be of childbearing potential unless they have early menopause [amenorrheic for at least 12 consecutive months, in the appropriate age group, and without other known or suspected cause] or have been sterilized surgically [ie, bilateral tubal ligation, total hysterectomy, or bilateral oophorectomy, all with surgery at least 1 month before dosing]) who:
- Do not agree to use a highly effective method of contraception for the entire study period and for 6 months after study drug discontinuation, ie:
- Total abstinence (if it is their preferred and usual lifestyle);
- An intrauterine device (IUD) or intrauterine system (IUS);
- A contraceptive implant;
- An oral contraceptive (must be on a stable dose of the same oral hormonal contraceptive product for at least 4 weeks before dosing with study drug and for the duration of the study and for 6 months after study drug discontinuation); or
- Do not have a vasectomized partner with confirmed azoospermia.
For sites outside of the European Union (EU), it is permissible that if a highly effective method of contraception is not appropriate or acceptable to the participant, or the participant has commenced/adjusted/changed oral hormonal contraceptive product/dose within 4 weeks prior to study drug administration, then the participant must agree to use a medically acceptable method of contraception, ie, double barrier methods of contraception such as condoms plus diaphragm or cervical/vault cap with spermicide.
Males who have not had a successful vasectomy (confirmed azoospermia) or if they and their female partners do not meet the criteria above (ie, not of childbearing potential or practicing highly effective contraception throughout the study period or for 3 months after study drug discontinuation). No sperm donation is allowed during the study period or for 3 months after study drug discontinuation.
- Concomitant medications:
- Corticosteroids: Participants receiving corticosteroids who have not been on a stable or decreasing dose of corticosteroid for at least 7 days prior to study drug administration (except when indicated for Central Nervous System [CNS] metastases, then participants must not have received corticosteroids for at least 28 days)
- Anticancer Agents: participants who are currently receiving other anticancer agents
- Anti-GVHD agents Post-transplant: Participants who are receiving cyclosporine, tacrolimus or other agents to prevent graft-versus-host disease post bone marrow transplant
Strong CYP3A4 inducers/inhibitors
- Received prior therapy with eribulin mesylate
- Any other malignancy that required treatment (except for non-melanoma skin cancer, or histologically confirmed complete excision of carcinoma in situ), within 2 years prior to study drug administration
- Has hypersensitivity to eribulin or any of the excipients
- Has a prior history of viral hepatitis (B or C) as demonstrated by positive serology (presence of antigens) or have an uncontrolled infection requiring treatment. Participants with a known prior history of hepatitis B or C may be eligible pending agreement with the sponsor.
- Has > Grade 1 peripheral sensory neuropathy or > Grade 1 peripheral motor neuropathy graded according to the Modified ("Balis") Pediatric Scale of Peripheral Neuropathies
- Has cardiac pathology: Participants with known congestive heart failure, symptomatic or left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction <50% or shortening fraction <27%
- Participants with congenital long QT syndrome, bradyarrhythmias, or QTc >480 millisecond (msec) on at least 2 separate electrocardiograms (ECGs).
- Has CNS Disease: Participants with brain or subdural metastases are not eligible unless the metastases are asymptomatic and do not require treatment or have been adequately treated by local therapy (eg, surgery or radiotherapy) and have discontinued the use of corticosteroids for this indication for at least 4 weeks prior to study drug administration. Confirmation of radiographic stability must be done by comparing the brain scan (CT or MRI) performed during the Screening Period, using the same imaging modality, to a brain scan performed earlier (and following local therapy where applicable). Participants must be clinically stable. It is not the intention of this protocol to treat participants with active brain metastases.
Note: CNS imaging is required to confirm eligibility for participants with a known history of CNS disease.
Have had or are planning to have the following invasive procedures:
- Major surgical procedure or significant traumatic injury within 28 days prior to study drug administration
- Laparoscopic procedure or open biopsy within 7 days prior to study drug administration
- Central line placement or subcutaneous port placement is not considered major surgery but must be placed at least 2 days prior to study drug administration
- Core biopsy, including bone marrow biopsy, within 2 days prior to study drug administration
- Fine needle aspirate within 3 days prior to study drug administration
- Has any serious concomitant illness that in the opinion of the investigator(s) could affect the participant's safety or interfere with the study assessments
- Participants with known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV); due to lack of available safety data for eribulin therapy in HIV-infected participants
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03441360
Documents provided by Eisai Inc.:
|Responsible Party:||Eisai Inc.|
|Other Study ID Numbers:||
|First Posted:||February 22, 2018 Key Record Dates|
|Results First Posted:||January 28, 2022|
|Last Update Posted:||October 5, 2022|
|Last Verified:||January 2022|
|Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product:||Yes|
|Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product:||No|
Neoplasms, Connective and Soft Tissue
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Muscle Tissue
Neoplasms, Bone Tissue
Neoplasms, Connective Tissue