Blood Culture Improvement Guidelines and Diagnostic Stewardship for Antibiotic Reduction in Critically Ill Children (Bright STAR)
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03441126|
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : February 21, 2018
Last Update Posted : April 22, 2019
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment|
|Sepsis Bacteremia||Other: Multicenter Quality Improvement program|
The Bright STAR Collaborative (BSC), or Blood Culture Improvement Guidelines and Diagnostic Stewardship for Antibiotic Reduction in Critically Ill Children Collaborative, is a multicenter quality improvement program to reduce blood culture use within pediatric intensive care units. Investigators will use data collected by participating sites to determine whether reliable implementation of clinical practice guidelines for evaluation of patients with signs and symptoms of sepsis can decrease antibiotic use in pediatric intensive care units. Investigators will perform a quasi-experimental study to compare outcome data in pre- and post- periods.
Greater than or equal to 10 institutions will participate in this collaborative. Participating institutions will develop and implement an evidenced-based clinical decision-making tool as part of their quality improvement (QI) program in their pediatric intensive care unit (PICU).
Aim 1: To determine if reliable implementation of clinical practice guidelines for evaluation of patients with signs and symptoms of sepsis can decrease blood culture use in pediatric intensive care units.
Aim 2: To determine if reliable implementation of clinical practice guidelines for evaluation of patients with signs and symptoms of sepsis can decrease central line-associated bloodstream infections in pediatric intensive care units.
Aim 3. To determine if reliable implementation of clinical practice guidelines for evaluation of patients with signs and symptoms of sepsis can reduce antibiotic use and Clostridium difficile infection.
Aim 4. To determine whether a clinical practice guideline for evaluation of patients with signs and symptoms of sepsis in the PICU has an unintended consequence of patient harm.
Aim 5. To evaluate the implementation of a multi-institutional quality improvement initiative and identify strategies for successful scale-up and adoption of similar practice guidelines in other clinical settings.
Variables: blood cultures and central line-associated blood stream infections (CLABSIs), antibiotic use, , episodes of Clostridium difficile infection mortality, length of stay, ICU readmission, hospital readmission, episodes of sepsis, and episodes of septic shock.
Analyses: The analytic approach equates to estimating and comparing the blood culture incidence during the "baseline/pre-implementation" and "post-implementation" periods, using a generalized linear mixed model (GLMM) assuming a Poisson distribution for the monthly number of blood cultures with the monthly number of patient days as an offset. Similar analyses will be conducted to evaluate the incidence of blood cultures drawn from central lines and CLABSIs. Due to the expected low incidence of CLABSIs, investigators will define time in quarters, not months, for that outcome. Similar analyses will be performed for secondary outcomes.
|Study Type :||Observational|
|Estimated Enrollment :||15 participants|
|Official Title:||Blood Culture Improvement Guidelines and Diagnostic Stewardship for Antibiotic Reduction in Critically Ill Children|
|Actual Study Start Date :||April 1, 2018|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||April 2021|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||April 2021|
Multicenter Quality Improvement program
Locally developed and reliably implemented ICU Quality Improvement program to reduce blood culture use.
Other: Multicenter Quality Improvement program
Participating institutions will not participate in an intervention study. Sites will design and implement local QI programs to improve care within their unit. Local healthcare teams, who are interested in directly and immediately improving patient outcomes, will devise customized tools. The Bright STAR Team will assess the impact of these local QI initiatives on patient health outcomes, using data that are collected as part of the QI programs or through routine clinical care.
- Blood culture rate [ Time Frame: Change in blood cultures per 100 patient days per month at 42 months ]The primary outcome of interest is blood culture rate in participating PICUs. A blood culture will be defined as any blood culture processed by the clinical microbiology laboratory.
- Central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSI). [ Time Frame: 42 months ]The secondary outcome of interest is CLABSIs in participating PICUs. The outcome measurement will include a denominator of catheter days in the participating units.We will measure the change in CLABSI rate per month.
- Broad spectrum antibiotic use [ Time Frame: 42 months ]Use of broad spectrum antibiotics; Total antibiotic days per 1,000 patient days per quarter
- Clostridium difficile infection [ Time Frame: 42 months ]Incidence of infections per 1000 patient days per quarter
- Mortality [ Time Frame: 42 months ]Death per hospital total ICU admissions comparing pre and post-intervention periods
- Length of ICU stay [ Time Frame: 42 months ]Days in ICU; median number of days comparing pre and post-intervention periods
- ICU readmission [ Time Frame: 42 months ]Readmission to the ICU within 7 days of discharge. We will measure the change in rate of readmission per total ICU admissions comparing pre and post-intervention periods
- Hospital readmission [ Time Frame: 42 months ]Readmission to hospital within 7 days of discharge where we measured change in rate of hospital readmission comparing pre and post-intervention periods at
- Sepsis [ Time Frame: 42 months ]Defined by the following: International Classification of Diseases (ICD)-10 codes ; Admissions with ICD-10 coded sepsis per total ICU admissions
- Septic shock [ Time Frame: 42 months ]Defined by the following: ICD-10 codes; Admissions with ICD-10 coded septic shock per total ICU admissions
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03441126
|United States, Missouri|
|St. Louis Children's Hospital, Washington University|
|Saint Louis, Missouri, United States, 63110|
|United States, Ohio|
|Rainbow Babies & Children's Hospital|
|Cleveland, Ohio, United States, 44106|
|United States, Oregon|
|OHSU Doernbecher Children's Hospital|
|Portland, Oregon, United States, 97239|
|United States, Texas|
|Dell Children's Medical Center of Central Texas|
|Austin, Texas, United States, 78723|
|United States, Washington|
|Seattle Children's Hospital|
|Seattle, Washington, United States, 98105|
|Principal Investigator:||Aaron Milstone, MD, MHS||Johns Hopkins University|