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Prevention of Acute Kidney Injury by N-Acetylcystein in Patients Undergone Cardiac Valve Replacement

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03440268
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : February 21, 2018
Last Update Posted : March 5, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Jose Jayme Galvão de Lima, University of Sao Paulo General Hospital

Brief Summary:
This is a randomized clinical trial, double-blind, placebo-controlled study with the goal to assess the influence of using N-AcetylCysteyn (NAC) for prevention of AKI (Acute Kidney Injury) in post operatory of valve replacement until their discharge or death

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Surgery--Complications Cardiac Valve Disease Acute Kidney Injury Oxygen Radical Damage Post-Op Complication Drug: N Acetyl Cysteine Drug: Placebos Phase 4

Detailed Description:
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a serious complication after cardiovascular surgery. Pharmacologic interventions to prevent postoperative AKI have been, in general, unsuccessful. N-Acetylcystein (NAC) is a scavenger of reactive oxygen species that prevents renal dysfunction caused by radiocontrast agents but its ability to prevent AKI in cardiovascular surgery remains controversial. Lack of dose standardization and route of administration contributes to conflicting results in the literature. ln a earlier prospective, double-blind, placebo-controlled study 1 the investigators showed that high-dose NAC reduced the incidence of AKI in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery. In this research the investigators aim to validate the results of the abovementioned work in a larger group of patients undergoing cardiac valve replacement, using the same protocol. Methods: This will be a unicentric, prospective, double-blind, placebo-controlled investigation. The Institutional Review Board has already approved the study protocol and all participants will sign a written informed consent. Adult patients of both sex scheduled to undergo elective cardiac valve replacement (aortic and/or mitral) at the Heart Institute, University of São Paulo Medical School, will be considered for inclusion. Exclusion criteria: patients younger than 18 years, dialysis, and participation in other studies, allergy to NAC, active infection, emergency cardiac surgery and malignancies. One-hundred fifty-four patients will be randomly allocated (1:1 ratio) to receive either NAC (Fluimucil, Zambon Laboratories, São Paulo, Brazil) 150 mg/kg in 500 mL 0.9% IV saline in 2 hours, started 2 hours before surgery, followed by NAC 50 mg/kg in 500 mL 0.9% IV saline over 6 hours (NAC group) or 0.9% IV saline (control group) at the same volume. This dose was selected because it is the highest dose sanctioned for clinical use 2 and because it has been shown to reduce the oxidative burst response to Cardiopulmonary Bypass (CPB). Allocation will be based on random computer generated numbers. Patients and investigators will be blinded to treatment assignment. Blood samples will be collected 24 hours before surgery and up to 1 week postoperatively. Serum neutrophil gelatinase associated lipocalin (NGAL) and thiobarbituric acid reactive substances will be determined at the same intervals.2 The primary outcome is the incidence of AKI, as defined by the KDIGO and Acute Kidney Injury Network classification 3 , stages 1, 2, or 3, in the first 72 hours after surgery. The secondary outcomes are death by any cause, cardiovascular events (myocardial infarction, stroke, heart failure, and life-threatening arrhythmia), time in the intensive care unit, time of hospitalization and need of dialysis. The investigators will determine thiobarbituric acid reactive substances to verify if changes in renal function would coincide with changes in oxidative stress and NGAL as an additional marker of renal damage. Patients will be followed up until death or hospital discharge. The renoprotective effect of NAC is attributed to its ability to attenuate the oxidative stress burst associated with cardiac surgery and Cardiopulmonary BYPASS (CPB). The present investigation pretend not only to address this problem, but also to offer evidence that NAC abolishes the increase in circulating reactive oxygen species thus giving a plausible explanation for the renoprotective effect of NAC. Given the clinical relevance of AKI associated to cardiac surgery, lack of dependable methods to prevent that complication and the reduced number of prospective, randomized studies addressing the problem, this work has potential practical relevance.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 154 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description: There will be one group placebo/control and one group intervention. The group intervention will receive the medication N AcetylCysteyn (NAC), while the control will receive a placebo
Masking: Double (Participant, Outcomes Assessor)
Masking Description: The participant of the study won't know what is he receiving (placebo or NAC) and the assessor will not have any contact with the participants
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Prevention of Acute Kidney Injury by N-Acetylcystein in Patients Undergone Cardiac Valve Replacement
Estimated Study Start Date : March 15, 2018
Estimated Primary Completion Date : March 15, 2019
Estimated Study Completion Date : March 15, 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: N Acetyl Cysteine
NAC in pre operatory 150mg/kg infusion in 2 hours. NAC during the surgery 50mg/kg in 6 hours. The influence of NAC will be assess in post operatory moment with routine exams
Drug: N Acetyl Cysteine
Administrate NAC in the pre operatory and intra operatory moments and assess the influence in the outcomes
Other Names:
  • NAC
  • experimental

Placebo Comparator: Placebos
Saline solution in pre operatory. Saline Solution duing the surgery. The post operatory datas of both groups will be compare
Drug: Placebos
These participants will receive a saline solution in pre operatory with the same volume as the experimental group, and this solution will be administrated in 2 hours. During the surgery they will receive a new solution with the same volume of the experimental group, and this solution will be administrated in 6 hours too. The solutions will be covered by an opaque bag, so the participant will not see what is being administrated
Other Name: control




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. NAC and acute kidney injury (AKI) [ Time Frame: The participants will be assess in the day before the surgery (baseline), and daily until 7 days of post operatory ]
    Assess the influence of using NAC in the incidence of AKI by using the Kidney diagnosis improving outcomes (KDIGO) score and Acute kidney injury network (AKIN) score that use the creatinine seric and urine output values to define if we can or not diagnosis acute kidney injury in this pacient. The incidence of AKI will be defined by KDIGO criterea: AKI if creatinine raises up to 1,5 times the baseline, until 7 days. Or if seric creatinine raises 0,3mg/dL up to baseline in 48 hours. Urine output: less than 0,5ml/kg/h for 6-12 hours AKIN criterea: AKI if creatinine raises up to 1,5 times the baseline, until 7 days. Or if seric creatinine raises 0,3mg/dL up to baseline in 48 hours. Urine output: less than 0,5ml/kg/h for 6-12 hours


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. NAC and kidney replacement therapy (KRT) [ Time Frame: From the post operatory until the necessity of KRT, assessed up 2 months ]
    Assess the influence of using NAC in the incidence of the necessity of KRT.

  2. NAC and death [ Time Frame: From the post operatory until the date of first documented progression or date of death from any cause, whichever came first, assessed up to 2 months ]
    Assess the influence of using NAC in the incidence of death



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Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Older Adult
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Adults
  • Both sex
  • Elective replacement valve (mitral or aortic) procedure

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Chronic dialysis patients
  • Emergency procedures
  • Percutaneous procedures
  • Pregnants
  • Oncologic patients

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03440268


Contacts
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Contact: José J Galvão de Lima, PhD 1126615334 ext +55 jose.lima@incor.usp.br
Contact: Felipe Kenji O Kamei, especialist 11997464073 ext +55 fkok92@gmail.com

Locations
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Brazil
José Jayme Galvão de Lima Not yet recruiting
São Paulo, Brazil, 05403-900
Contact: José Jayme G de Lima, M.D    1126615334    jose.lima@incor.usp.br   
Contact: Felipe Kenji O Kamei, Specialist    11997464073    fkok92@gmail.com   
Principal Investigator: Tarcisia K do Nascimento, Specialist         
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Sao Paulo General Hospital
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: José J Galvão de Lima, PhD USP InCor

Publications of Results:
Other Publications:
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Responsible Party: Jose Jayme Galvão de Lima, Principal investigator, MD (Nefrologist),PhD, University of Sao Paulo General Hospital
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03440268     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NAC Valve
First Posted: February 21, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 5, 2018
Last Verified: March 2018
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No
Plan Description: We don't have fixed reviewers for our data until our submission for publication

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: No

Keywords provided by Jose Jayme Galvão de Lima, University of Sao Paulo General Hospital:
cardiac surgery
post operatory complications
Acute kidney injury
N-acetylcystein

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Acetylcysteine
N-monoacetylcystine
Wounds and Injuries
Acute Kidney Injury
Postoperative Complications
Heart Valve Diseases
Renal Insufficiency
Kidney Diseases
Urologic Diseases
Pathologic Processes
Heart Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Expectorants
Respiratory System Agents
Free Radical Scavengers
Antioxidants
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Protective Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antidotes