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Safety and Efficacy of Evolocumab in Addition to Optimal Stable Background Statin Therapy in Chinese Participants With Primary Hypercholesterolemia and Mixed Dyslipidemia

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03433755
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Prematurely Discontinued Amgen decision)
First Posted : February 15, 2018
Results First Posted : August 20, 2021
Last Update Posted : October 11, 2021
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Amgen

Brief Summary:
This study is being done to learn more about evolocumab in Chinese people with primary hypercholesterolemia or mixed dyslipidemia. This study will see if evolocumab will reduce low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) in Chinese people who are also taking a certain type of lipid-lowering medication (statins with or without ezetimibe) and whether it causes any side effects.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Primary Hypercholesterolemia Mixed Dyslipidemia Drug: evolocumab Drug: placebo Phase 3

Detailed Description:

This is a phase 3, multicenter, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study of evolocumab in Chinese participants with hypercholesterolemia and mixed dyslipidemia. Participants who have signed the informed consent form (ICF) will have fasting lipids measured and all inclusion and exclusion criteria assessed. All eligible participants must be taking a maximum appropriate dose of an approved statin, not requiring up titration. Participants should maintain their current diet and exercise regimen.

Treatment and follow-up period will be 12 weeks with an additional phone call or other participant contact at week 14 for those receiving investigational product every 2 weeks (Q2W). The end of study (EOS) for participants on once monthly (QM) investigational product is at the week 12 visit, which must be at least 30 days post last dose of investigational product.

Evolocumab or placebo will be administered by self-injection under the skin at the study site or in an appropriate non-clinic setting (e.g., at home) by spring based prefilled auto injector/pen (AI/Pen). Participants must tolerate an injection of placebo with a prefilled auto injector/pen device to be used during the study prior to randomization.

Participants will be randomly added to 1 of 4 groups using a 2:2:1:1 ratio:

evolocumab 140 mg Q2W (86 participants total) evolocumab 420 mg QM (86 participants total) placebo Q2W (44 participants total) placebo QM (43 participants total). The dose frequencies of Q2W and QM will not be blinded but the identity of investigational product evolocumab or placebo will be blinded.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 259 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description:

Participants will be screened for this study and if found eligible as described by the study protocol may be randomized into 1 of 4 groups. Randomized means that you are put into a group by chance. It is like drawing numbers out of a hat. Randomization will be done using a 2:2:1:1 ratio. This means for every 6 participants randomized:

  • 2 participants will be randomized to evolocumab 140 mg every 2 weeks
  • 2 participants will be randomized to evolocumab 420 mg once a month
  • 1 participant will be randomized to placebo every 2 weeks
  • 1 participant will be randomized to placebo once a month.
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Masking Description:

The dose frequencies of Q2W and QM will not be blinded but the identity of investigational product (evolocumab or matching SC placebo) will be blinded. In order to protect the blinding of the double-blind treatment period the following labs will be blinded post-investigational product treatment until unblinding of the clinical database and not reported to sites as noted below:

• Blinded to the Amgen study team and site staff: lipid panel, Apolipoprotein A1 (ApoA1), Apolipoprotein B (ApoB), lipoprotein(a), high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), and Proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9).

Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Double-blind, Randomized, Placebo-controlled, Multicenter Study to Evaluate Safety and Efficacy of Evolocumab (AMG 145) in Addition to Optimal Stable Background Statin Therapy in Chinese Subjects With Primary Hypercholesterolemia and Mixed Dyslipidemia
Actual Study Start Date : May 9, 2019
Actual Primary Completion Date : April 24, 2020
Actual Study Completion Date : May 9, 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Evolocumab

Arm Intervention/treatment
Placebo Comparator: Placebo Q2W
Placebo subcutaneous (SC) Q2W for 12 weeks
Drug: placebo
Placebo will be administered per pre-filled auto-injector pen (AI/Pen). Participants will receive placebo every 2 weeks or monthly subcutaneously.

Placebo Comparator: Placebo QM
Placebo SC QM for 12 weeks
Drug: placebo
Placebo will be administered per pre-filled auto-injector pen (AI/Pen). Participants will receive placebo every 2 weeks or monthly subcutaneously.

Experimental: Evolocumab 140 mg Q2W
Evolocumab 140 mg SC Q2W for 12 weeks
Drug: evolocumab
Evolocumab will be administered per pre-filled auto-injector pen (AI/Pen). Participants will receive evolocumab (AMG 145) every 2 weeks or monthly subcutaneously.
Other Name: Repatha; AMG 145

Experimental: Evolocumab 420 mg QM
Evolocumab 420 mg SC QM for 12 weeks
Drug: evolocumab
Evolocumab will be administered per pre-filled auto-injector pen (AI/Pen). Participants will receive evolocumab (AMG 145) every 2 weeks or monthly subcutaneously.
Other Name: Repatha; AMG 145




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Co-Primary Endpoint: Percent Change From Baseline in LDL-C: Mean of Weeks 10 and 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Weeks 10 and 12 ]
    Least squares mean is from the repeated measures linear effects model which includes treatment group, stratification factors, scheduled visit and the interaction of treatment with scheduled visit as covariates.

  2. Co-Primary Endpoint: Percent Change From Baseline in LDL-C at Week 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 12 ]
    Least squares mean is from the repeated measures linear effects model which includes treatment group, stratification factors, scheduled visit and the interaction of treatment with scheduled visit as covariates.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change From Baseline in LDL-C: Mean of Weeks 10 and 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Weeks 10 and 12 ]
    Least squares mean is from the repeated measures linear effects model which includes treatment group, stratification factors, scheduled visit and the interaction of treatment with scheduled visit as covariates.

  2. Change From Baseline in LDL-C at Week 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 12 ]
    Least squares mean is from the repeated measures linear effects model which includes treatment group, stratification factors, scheduled visit and the interaction of treatment with scheduled visit as covariates.

  3. Percent Change From Baseline in Non-High-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol (Non-HDL-C): Mean of Weeks 10 and 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Weeks 10 and 12 ]
    Least squares mean is from the repeated measures linear effects model which includes treatment group, stratification factors, scheduled visit and the interaction of treatment with scheduled visit as covariates.

  4. Percent Change From Baseline in Non-HDL-C at Week 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 12 ]
    Least squares mean is from the repeated measures linear effects model which includes treatment group, stratification factors, scheduled visit and the interaction of treatment with scheduled visit as covariates.

  5. Percent Change From Baseline in Apolipoprotein B (ApoB): Mean of Weeks 10 and 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Weeks 10 and 12 ]
    Least squares mean is from the repeated measures linear effects model which includes treatment group, stratification factors, scheduled visit and the interaction of treatment with scheduled visit as covariates.

  6. Percent Change From Baseline in ApoB at Week 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 12 ]
    Least squares mean is from the repeated measures linear effects model which includes treatment group, stratification factors, scheduled visit and the interaction of treatment with scheduled visit as covariates.

  7. Percent Change From Baseline in Total Cholesterol: Mean of Weeks 10 and 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Weeks 10 and 12 ]
    Least squares mean is from the repeated measures linear effects model which includes treatment group, stratification factors, scheduled visit and the interaction of treatment with scheduled visit as covariates.

  8. Percent Change From Baseline in Total Cholesterol at Week 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 12 ]
    Least squares mean is from the repeated measures linear effects model which includes treatment group, stratification factors, scheduled visit and the interaction of treatment with scheduled visit as covariates.

  9. Percentage of Participants With Target LDL-C < 70 mg/dL (1.8 mmol/L): Mean of Weeks 10 and 12 [ Time Frame: Weeks 10 and 12 ]
    Percentage of participants who were below the target LDL-C of 70 mg/dL (1.8 mmol/L) based on the mean LDL-C data collected at weeks 10 and 12.

  10. Percentage of Participants With Target LDL-C < 70 mg/dL (1.8 mmol/L) at Week 12 [ Time Frame: Week 12 ]
  11. Percentage of Participants With LDL-C Response: Mean of Weeks 10 and 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Weeks 10 and 12 ]
    Percentage of participants who had LDL-C response (50% reduction of LDL-C from baseline) based on the mean LDL-C using the data collected at weeks 10 and 12.

  12. Percentage of Participants With LDL-C Response (50% Reduction of LDL-C From Baseline) at Week 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 12 ]
    LDL-C Response is defined as a 50% reduction of LDL-C from Baseline.

  13. Percent Change From Baseline in Lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)]: Mean of Weeks 10 and 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Weeks 10 and 12 ]
    Least squares mean is from the repeated measures linear effects model which includes treatment group, stratification factors, scheduled visit and the interaction of treatment with scheduled visit as covariates.

  14. Percent Change From Baseline in Lp(a) at Week 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 12 ]
    Least squares mean is from the repeated measures linear effects model which includes treatment group, stratification factors, scheduled visit and the interaction of treatment with scheduled visit as covariates.

  15. Percent Change From Baseline in Triglycerides: Mean of Weeks 10 and 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Weeks 10 and 12 ]
    Least squares mean is from the repeated measures linear effects model which includes treatment group, stratification factors, scheduled visit and the interaction of treatment with scheduled visit as covariates.

  16. Percent Change From Baseline in Triglycerides at Week 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 12 ]
    Least squares mean is from the repeated measures linear effects model which includes treatment group, stratification factors, scheduled visit and the interaction of treatment with scheduled visit as covariates.

  17. Percent Change From Baseline in High-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol (HDL-C): Mean of Weeks 10 and 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Weeks 10 and 12 ]
    Least squares mean is from the repeated measures linear effects model which includes treatment group, stratification factors, scheduled visit and the interaction of treatment with scheduled visit as covariates.

  18. Percent Change From Baseline in HDL-C at Week 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 12 ]
    Least squares mean is from the repeated measures linear effects model which includes treatment group, stratification factors, scheduled visit and the interaction of treatment with scheduled visit as covariates.

  19. Percent Change From Baseline in Very Low-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol (VLDL-C): Mean of Weeks 10 and 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Weeks 10 and 12 ]
    Least squares mean is from the repeated measures linear effects model which includes treatment group, stratification factors, scheduled visit and the interaction of treatment with scheduled visit as covariates.

  20. Percent Change From Baseline in VLDL-C at Week 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 12 ]
    Least squares mean is from the repeated measures linear effects model which includes treatment group, stratification factors, scheduled visit and the interaction of treatment with scheduled visit as covariates.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 99 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Male or female ≥ 18 years of age at signing of informed consent form
  • On an approved statin, with or without ezetimibe, at optimal stable daily dose(s) for at least 4 weeks before LDL-C screening and, in the opinion of the investigator, not requiring uptitration
  • Fasting LDL-C as determined by central laboratory at screening ≥ 80 mg/dL
  • Subject meets at least 1 of the following criteria for high/very high cardiovascular (CV) risk:

    • history of coronary artery disease
    • history of ischemic stroke
    • diagnosis of peripheral artery disease
    • an estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) as determined by central laboratory at screening of ≥ 30 but < 60 ml/min/1.73m^2
    • diagnosis of diabetes mellitus type 2
    • presence of ≥ 3 of the following risk factors: ≥ 45 years of age if male; ≥ 55 years of age if female; hypertension; smoking; family history of premature cardiovascular disease (CVD; 1st degree of relative: male < 55 yr, female < 65 yr); high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol < 40 mg/dL; obesity (body mass index ≥ 28 kg/m^2)

OR

Subject does not meet high/very high CV risk criteria but fasting LDL-C as determined by central laboratory at screening ≥ 130 mg/dl

  • Fasting triglycerides ≤ 400 mg/dL (4.5 mmol/L) by determined by central laboratory at screening
  • Subject tolerates a screening placebo injection.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Myocardial infarction, unstable angina, percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) or stroke within 3 months prior to randomization
  • Planned coronary or other revascularization within 20 weeks of screening
  • New York Heart Association (NYHA) III or IV heart failure, or last known left ventricular ejection fraction < 30
  • Uncontrolled serious cardiac arrhythmia defined as recurrent and highly symptomatic ventricular tachycardia, atrial fibrillation with rapid ventricular response, or supraventricular tachycardia that are not controlled by medications, in the past 3 months prior to randomization
  • Type 1 diabetes, new-onset (hemoglobin [Hb]A1c ≥ 6.5% or fasting plasma glucose (FPG) ≥ 126 mg/dL at screening without known diagnosis) or poorly controlled (HbA1c ≥ 8.5%) type 2 diabetes, as determined by central laboratory at screening
  • Uncontrolled hypertension defined as sitting systolic blood pressure (SBP) > 180 mmHg or diastolic blood pressure (DBP) > 110 mmHg
  • Subject has taken a cholesterylester transfer protein (CETP) inhibitor in the 12 months prior to randomization
  • Subject has taken in the 6 weeks prior to LDL-C screening: red yeast rice, > 200 mg/day niacin, > 1000 mg/day omega-3 fatty acids (eg, dihydroxyacetone docosahexaenoic acid and eicosapentaenoic acid), stanols or prescription lipid-regulating drugs (eg, bile-acid sequestering resins, fibrates and derivatives) or other cholesterol lowering drugs or lipid-lowering dietary supplements or food additives other than statins and ezetimibe
  • Treatment 3 months prior to LDL-C screening with any of the following drugs: systemic cyclosporine, systemic steroids, (intravenous [IV], intramuscular [IM], or by-mouth [PO]) (Note: hormone replacement therapy is permitted), vitamin A derivatives and retinol derivatives for the treatment of dermatologic conditions (eg, Accutane) (Note: vitamin A in a multivitamin preparation is permitted)
  • Uncontrolled hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism as defined by thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) < 1.0 time the lower limit of normal (LLN) or > 1.5 times the upper limit of normal (ULN), respectively, at screening
  • Severe renal dysfunction, defined as an eGFR < 30 ml/min/1.73m^2 at screening as estimated by Cockcroft-Gault method
  • Active liver disease or hepatic dysfunction, defined as aspartate aminotransferase (AST) or alanine aminotransferase (ALT) > 3 times the ULN as determined by central laboratory analysis at screening
  • Creatinine kinase (CK) > 5 times the ULN at screening
  • Malignancy (except non-melanoma skin cancers, cervical in-situ carcinoma, breast ductal carcinoma in situ, or stage 1 prostate carcinoma) within the last 5 years prior to randomization
  • Subject has previously received evolocumab or any other therapy to inhibit PCSK9
  • Subject has known sensitivity to any of the active substances or their excipients to be administered during dosing, eg, carboxymethylcellulose
  • Subject likely to not be available to complete all protocol-required study visits or procedures, and/or to comply with all required study procedures to the best of the subject and investigator's knowledge.
  • History or evidence of any other clinically significant disorder, condition or disease (with the exception of those outlined above) that, in the opinion of the investigator or Amgen physician, if consulted, would pose a risk to subject safety or interfere with the study evaluation, procedures or completion.
  • Currently receiving treatment in another investigational device or drug study, or less than 30 days before randomization since ending treatment on another investigational device or drug study(s) or planning to receive other investigational procedures while participating in this study
  • Female subject of childbearing potential not willing to use an acceptable method(s) of effective birth control during treatment with investigational product and for an additional 15 weeks after the end of treatment with investigational product. Female subjects of non-childbearing potential who are not required to use contraception during the study and include those who have had a:

    • hysterectomy
    • bilateral salpingectomy
    • bilateral oophorectomy or
    • who are postmenopausal i. A postmenopausal state is defined as no menses for 12 months without an alternative medical cause. [A high follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) level in the postmenopausal range may be used to confirm a postmenopausal state in women not using hormonal contraception or hormonal replacement therapy (HRT). However, in the absence of 12 months of amenorrhea, a single FSH measurement is insufficient.

ii. Females on HRT and whose menopausal status is in doubt will be required to use one of the non-hormonal highly effective contraception methods if they wish to continue their HRT during the study. Otherwise, they must discontinue HRT to allow confirmation of postmenopausal status before study enrollment.

Acceptable methods of effective birth control include:

  • sexual abstinence (defined as refraining from heterosexual intercourse during the entire period of risk associated with the study treatments; the reliability of sexual abstinence must be evaluated in relation to the duration of the trial and the preferred and usual lifestyle of the subject. [Periodic abstinence (eg., calendar, ovulation, symptothermal, postovulation methods), declaration of abstinence for the duration of a study, and withdrawal are not acceptable methods of contraception])
  • bilateral tubal ligation/occlusion
  • vasectomized partner (provided that partner is the sole sexual partner of the female subject of childbearing potential and that the vasectomized partner has received medical assessment of the surgical success)
  • use of hormonal birth control methods (oral, intravaginal (eg. vaginal ring(s), transdermal, injectable, or implantable)
  • intrauterine devices (IUDs)
  • intrauterine hormonal releasing system (IUS)
  • 2 barrier methods (each partner must use 1 barrier method) the male uses a condom and the female must choose either a diaphragm, OR cervical cap, OR contraceptive sponge with spermicide. If spermicide is not commercially available in the country or region, the 2 barrier method without spermicide is acceptable. (A female condom is not an option due to the risk of tearing when both partners use a condom.)

    • Female subject is pregnant or breast feeding (nursing), planning to become pregnant or planning to breastfeed (nurse) during treatment with investigational product and/or within 15 weeks after the end of treatment with investigational product.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03433755


Locations
Show Show 31 study locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Amgen
Investigators
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Study Director: MD Amgen
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Amgen:
Study Protocol  [PDF] June 6, 2016
Statistical Analysis Plan  [PDF] November 30, 2020

Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: Amgen
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03433755    
Other Study ID Numbers: 20150172
First Posted: February 15, 2018    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: August 20, 2021
Last Update Posted: October 11, 2021
Last Verified: October 2021
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: De-identified individual patient data for variables necessary to address the specific research question in an approved data sharing request.
Supporting Materials: Study Protocol
Statistical Analysis Plan (SAP)
Informed Consent Form (ICF)
Clinical Study Report (CSR)
Time Frame: Data sharing requests relating to this study will be considered beginning 18 months after the study has ended and either 1) the product and indication (or other new use) have been granted marketing authorization in both the US and Europe or 2) clinical development for the product and/or indication discontinues and the data will not be submitted to regulatory authorities. There is no end date for eligibility to submit a data sharing request for this study.
Access Criteria: Qualified researchers may submit a request containing the research objectives, the Amgen product(s) and Amgen study/studies in scope, endpoints/outcomes of interest, statistical analysis plan, data requirements, publication plan, and qualifications of the researcher(s). In general, Amgen does not grant external requests for individual patient data for the purpose of re-evaluating safety and efficacy issues already addressed in the product labelling. Requests are reviewed by a committee of internal advisors, and if not approved, may be further arbitrated by a Data Sharing Independent Review Panel. Upon approval, information necessary to address the research question will be provided under the terms of a data sharing agreement. This may include anonymized individual patient data and/or available supporting documents, containing fragments of analysis code where provided in analysis specifications. Further details are available at the link below.
URL: https://www.amgen.com/datasharing

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: Yes
Keywords provided by Amgen:
Evolocumab
Repatha
Statin
Chinese
China
Hypercholesterolemia
Mixed Dyslipidemia
High Cholesterol
Lowering cholesterol
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Hypercholesterolemia
Dyslipidemias
Hyperlipidemias
Lipid Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Evolocumab
Anticholesteremic Agents
Hypolipidemic Agents
Antimetabolites
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Lipid Regulating Agents