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Trial record 16 of 6675 for:    senior citizens

Health Education and Lifestyle Training in Older Adults (HEALTH)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT03432754
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : February 14, 2018
Last Update Posted : February 14, 2018
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Ruchika Prakash, Ohio State University

Brief Summary:
The investigators conducted a mindfulness training intervention in older adults aimed at examining the effects of brief mindfulness training on mind wandering as well as the cognitive and affective functioning of older adults. Individuals completed pre- and post-assessments of mind wandering and cognitive functioning. Additionally, all participants completed neuropsychological measures and self-report questionnaires.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Older Adults Behavioral: Mindfulness-Based Attention Training Behavioral: Lifestyle Education Not Applicable

Detailed Description:
Age-related differences in sustained attention may be related to the prevalence and content of task unrelated thought or mind-wandering. Older adults report less mind-wandering in sustained tasks than younger adults, something that is surprising due to the reduced performance on tasks. It is clear that both cognitive and emotional processes underlie comprehension and sustained attention and relate to prevalence of task unrelated thought and performance. A complex process such as reading comprehension presents a challenge for improvement because of the wide range of changes that occur with age. Pharmacological therapies can target only a limited number of the many changes believed to underlie functional decline. One way that may mitigate these declines in performance in a broad way is mindfulness training. Thus, the investigators conducted a randomized study to assess the effects of mindfulness training relative to an active health education control group on mind wandering and controlled processing abilities in older adults. All individuals that contact the Clinical Neuroscience Laboratory (CNLab) with interest underwent a phone screening assessing inclusion/exclusion criteria.Those participants meeting I/E criteria were invited to participate in the study. During the first assessment session, written informed consent was obtained; additional inclusion/exclusion measures were administered; and self-report questionnaires and assessment measures were completed. Following the first assessment session, four training sessions took place. Participants were randomized into either the a mindfulness training intervention or a health education intervention. Subsequently, all participants were invited back for post-assessment session.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 74 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description: This randomized control trial compared a mindfulness-based attention training (MBAT) group with an active control lifestyle education group. A total of 147 individuals underwent eligibility screening over the phone and in-person at an initial assessment session. Of those eligible, 75 participants volunteered to participate and were randomly assigned to groups. However, one of these participants did not complete the first assessment session and was randomized in error. Thus, 74 participants who completed the first assessment session and met all eligibility criteria were randomly assigned to either the MBAT group or the active control group (lifestyle education). Randomization was conducted by a study author using a computerized random number generator program (, applying a varying block size of two and four and stratifying participants by gender. A total of 37 participants were allocated to the each of the two groups.
Masking: Double (Participant, Outcomes Assessor)
Masking Description: Randomization was conducted by the principle investigator (PI) and study coordinator using a computerized random number generator program ( All experimenters (except the PI and study coordinator) were blinded to group assignments until study conclusion. To further reduce demand characteristics, participants were unaware of which group was considered the experimental intervention until debriefed by an experimenter after completing the study. Study binders were created to blind group assignment, and participants in each group were asked not to discuss the sessions with members of the other group or with the experimenter at their post-intervention assessment.
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Health Education and Lifestyle Training in Older Adults
Actual Study Start Date : October 20, 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date : April 29, 2015
Actual Study Completion Date : April 29, 2015

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Mindfulness-Based Attention Training
Four weekly group mindfulness attention training sessions of a 1.5-hour duration. Participants provided with audio recordings, readings, and homework assignments consisting of various mindfulness practices.
Behavioral: Mindfulness-Based Attention Training
The mindfulness-based attention training is closely modeled after the traditional mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) protocol, it incorporates formal MBSR practices such as breath exercises, body scans and long sitting meditations. Specifically, MBAT is an abbreviated version of MBSR with a focus on the cognitive components.

Active Comparator: Lifestyle Education Group
Four weekly group lifestyle education sessions of a 1.5-hour duration. Homework consisting of reading, diet monitoring, stretching/toning exercises, and brainstorming new healthy living techniques/ideas.
Behavioral: Lifestyle Education
The control group, which will be used to compare the effects of mindfulness training on emotional and cognitive functioning and mind wandering in older adults, will comprise of scientific health and lifestyle information. Lectures will be focused on concepts presented in the book "The Culprit and the Cure: Why lifestyle is the culprit behind America's poor health and how transforming that lifestyle can be the cure." Meetings will cover how to begin and maintain a more nutritious diet, classifying healthy choices across food groups, completing stretching/toning exercises, and reviewing homework.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in Global Performance on Computerized Attentional Control Tasks [ Time Frame: Baseline and after the 4-week intervention ]
    Signal detection scores on two computerized tasks of attentional control calculated for each task using the formula for logistic distributions: dL = ln{[H(1-FA)]/[(1-H)FA]}, where H refers to hit rates and FA refers to false alarms.

  2. Change in Mind-Wandering During Attentional Control Tasks [ Time Frame: Baseline and after the 4-week intervention ]
    Frequency with which thoughts categorized as evaluating performance or off-task in response to quasi-random mind-wandering probes collected during two computerized tasks of attentional control.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in Self-report Mindful Attention Awareness Scale (MAAS) [ Time Frame: Baseline and after the 4-week intervention ]
    Self-reported current level of dispositional mindfulness assessed using 15-item Mindful Attention Awareness Scale (MAAS). Each item is scored from 1-6 and then averaged to get a total score between 1-6 with higher scores reflecting higher levels of dispositional mindfulness.

  2. Change on Self-Report Measure of Emotion Dysregulation [ Time Frame: Baseline and after the 4-week intervention ]
    Changes in emotion dysregulation assessed using the 36-item Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale (DERS). Each items is scored 1-5 with a total score between 36-180 with a higher score reflecting greater emotion dysregulation.

  3. Change in Local Metrics of Attentional Control During Go/No-Go Task [ Time Frame: Baseline and after the 4-week intervention ]
    Changes in reaction time and accuracy preceding mind-wandering probes during one of the attentional control tasks, the Go/No-Go Task.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   60 Years to 74 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • 60 to 74 years of age
  • No prior exposure to mindfulness training
  • No significant meditation experience
  • Have never engaged in regular practices of yoga
  • Capable of attending both assessment and training sessions
  • Corrected (near and far) visual acuity of 20/40 or better
  • Normal color vision
  • No self-reported history of psychiatric, neurological, or chronic inflammatory conditions
  • Absence of psychiatric medication use
  • Native English Speaker
  • Adequate performance on the Mini-Mental Status Examination (MMSE; >23)
  • Depression score on the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) below clinical level (<10)

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Below 60 years of age or above 74 years of age
  • Have exposure to or experience with any type of meditation or yoga regularly (one hour a week for at least 12 months)
  • Any physical or pragmatic limitation that prohibits attendance at both sessions
  • Corrected (near or far) visual acuity worse than 20/40
  • All types of color blindness
  • Presence of diagnosed neurological disorders (such as: Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease or multiple sclerosis) or chronic inflammatory conditions
  • Presence of any diagnosed psychiatric disorder such as depression, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), substance abuse
  • Presence of psychiatric medication use such as Xanax, Wellbutrin, or Vivance
  • Non-Native English Speaker or no fluency in English
  • Inadequate performance on the Mini-Mental Status Examination (MMSE; <23)
  • Depression score on GDS indicative of clinical depression (>10)

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT03432754

Sponsors and Collaborators
Ohio State University
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Principal Investigator: Ruchika Prakash, PhD Ohio State University

Publications of Results:
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Responsible Party: Ruchika Prakash, Associate Professor, Ohio State University Identifier: NCT03432754     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2014B0337
First Posted: February 14, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 14, 2018
Last Verified: February 2018
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Keywords provided by Ruchika Prakash, Ohio State University:
Older adults
Mind wandering
Health education
Working memory
Cognitive functioning
Emotion regulation
Emotional functioning