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Radiation Therapy and Pembrolizumab in Treating Patients With Localized Urothelial Bladder Cancer

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03419130
Recruitment Status : Withdrawn (Study withdrawn prior to patient enrollment)
First Posted : February 1, 2018
Last Update Posted : December 7, 2018
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of California, San Francisco

Brief Summary:
This randomized phase II trial studies how well radiation therapy and pembrolizumab work in treating patients with urothelial bladder cancer that is restricted to the site of origin, without evidence of spread. Radiation therapy uses high energy x-rays to kill tumor cells and shrink tumors. Monoclonal antibodies, such as pembrolizumab, may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Giving radiation therapy and pembrolizumab may work better in treating urothelial bladder cancer.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Infiltrating Bladder Urothelial Carcinoma Stage II Bladder Urothelial Carcinoma AJCC v6 and v7 Stage III Bladder Urothelial Carcinoma AJCC v6 and v7 Radiation: Hypofractionated Radiation Therapy Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis Biological: Pembrolizumab Radiation: Radiation Therapy Phase 2

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine the maximally tolerated doses of hypofractionated and conventionally fractionated radiation therapy in combination with pembrolizumab and to generate an estimate of the efficacy of this regimen. (Safety Lead-in) II. To estimate the clinical complete response (CR) rate of the primary irradiated tumor in patients receiving radiotherapy and pembrolizumab. (Dose Expansion Cohort)

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To estimate the local control rate at 6 and 12 months in each study arm. II. To estimate the distant metastases free survival at 6 and 12 months in each study arm.

III. To estimate progression free survival at 6 and 12 months in each study arm.

IV. To estimate disease-specific survival at 6 and 12 months in each study arm. V. To determine the safety of combining radiotherapy with pembrolizumab in each study arm in the dose expansion phase.

TERTIARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To assess peripheral and tumor-based biomarkers of response and resistance. II. To define the treatment-induced effects on circulating immune cells. III. To explore the remodeling of circulating T cell repertoire.

OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 cohorts.

COHORT I: Patients receive pembrolizumab intravenously (IV) over 30 minutes on day 1. Treatment repeats every 3 weeks for up to 13 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients also receive hypofractionated radiation therapy (RT) over 5 fractions for 14 days.

COHORT II: Patients receive pembrolizumab as in Cohort I. Patients also receive conventionally fractionated RT over 30 fractions for 52 weeks.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up at 30 days and then every 12 weeks for up to 24 months.


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 0 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Study of Radiation Therapy and Pembrolizumab in Patients With Localized Urothelial Bladder Cancer That Are Ineligible or Refusing Chemotherapy
Estimated Study Start Date : July 18, 2018
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 31, 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 31, 2022

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Bladder Cancer

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Cohort I (pembrolizumab, hypofractionated RT)
Patients receive pembrolizumab IV over 30 minutes on day 1. Treatment repeats every 3 weeks for up to 13 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients also receive hypofractionated RT over 5 fractions for 14 days.
Radiation: Hypofractionated Radiation Therapy
Undergo hypofractionated RT
Other Names:
  • Hypofractionated Radiotherapy
  • hypofractionation

Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Correlative studies

Biological: Pembrolizumab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Keytruda
  • Lambrolizumab
  • MK-3475
  • SCH 900475

Experimental: Cohort II (pembrolizumab, conventionally fractionated RT)
Patients receive pembrolizumab as in Cohort I. Patients also receive conventionally fractionated RT over 30 fractions for 52 weeks.
Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Correlative studies

Biological: Pembrolizumab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Keytruda
  • Lambrolizumab
  • MK-3475
  • SCH 900475

Radiation: Radiation Therapy
Undergo conventionally fractionated RT
Other Names:
  • Cancer Radiotherapy
  • Irradiate
  • Irradiated
  • irradiation
  • Radiation
  • Radiotherapeutics
  • Radiotherapy
  • RT
  • Therapy, Radiation




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. cCR rate (expansion cohort) [ Time Frame: Up to 24 months ]
    A complete response will be defined as the absence of visible tumor endoscopically (cystoscopically) and the absence of histologic evidence of disease if a biopsy is performed.

  2. Clinical complete response (cCR) rate (safety lead-in) [ Time Frame: At 12 weeks ]
    A cCR rate will be defined at week 12 after the initiation of study therapy as no residual muscle-invasive disease (=< T1) on cystoscopy. This rate will be summarized using descriptive statistics. The point estimate of cCR rate will be obtained with its 95% confidence intervals.

  3. Incidence of adverse events evaluated according to Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 4.3 (safety lead-in) [ Time Frame: Up to 12 weeks ]
    Safety will be summarized using descriptive statistics.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Disease specific survival (DSS) [ Time Frame: At 6 months ]
    DSS will be compared between two arms by the stratified log-rank test.

  2. Distant metastasis free survival (DMFS) [ Time Frame: At 6 months ]
    DMFS will be compared between two arms by the stratified log-rank test.

  3. DMFS [ Time Frame: At 12 months ]
    DMFS will be compared between two arms by the stratified log-rank test.

  4. DSS [ Time Frame: At 12 months ]
    DSS will be compared between two arms by the stratified log-rank test.

  5. Incidence of adverse events evaluated according to CTCAE version 4.3 [ Time Frame: Up to 24 months ]
    Safety and tolerability in all phases will be summarized by maximum toxicity grade for each study arm. The toxicity grade for laboratory data will be calculated using CTCAE version (v)4.3 and the lab data will be summarized according to the subjects baseline grade and maximum grade for each course of therapy. All treatment related adverse events will be graded using National Cancer Institute CTCAE v4.3 and will be recorded and listed.

  6. Local control (LC) rate [ Time Frame: Up to 12 months ]
    The point estimate of LC rate will be summarized descriptively at each specified time point from 6-12 months after therapy using descriptive statistics with 95% confidence interval for each arm.

  7. Progression Free Survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: At 12 months ]
    PFS will be compared between two arms by the stratified log-rank test.

  8. Progression-free survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: At 6 months ]
    PFS will be compared between two arms by the stratified log-rank test.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Localized, muscle invasive urothelial carcinoma (T2-4, N0-1, M0) (mixed histology acceptable) ineligible for cystectomy
  • Patients must not be suitable for concurrent cisplatin as determined by the following:

    • Creatinine clearance less than 60ml/min; glomerular filtration rate (GFR) should be assessed by calculation from serum/plasma creatinine (Cockcroft-Gault formula)
    • Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) grade (Gr) >= 2 hearing loss
    • CTCAE Gr >= 2 neuropathy
  • Patients must not be suitable for fluorouracil (5FU)/mitomycin chemotherapy
  • Subjects with not meeting the above criteria are still eligible provided the patient declines concurrent chemotherapy with radiation, after specific informed consent describing the known benefits of adding chemotherapy to the definitive bladder radiation regimen; the reason for declining must be documented
  • Life expectancy of at least 3 months or greater
  • Be willing and able to provide written informed consent/assent for the trial
  • Be willing to provide tissue from a newly obtained transurethral resection of bladder tumor (TURBT) or biopsy of a tumor lesion; newly-obtained is defined as a specimen obtained up to 8 weeks (56 days) prior to initiation of treatment on say 1; subjects for whom newly-obtained samples cannot be provided (e.g. inaccessible or subject safety concern) may submit an archived specimen only upon agreement from the sponsor
  • Have a performance status of 0 - 1 on the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance scale
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1,500 /mcL, performed within 28 days of treatment initiation
  • Platelets >= 100,000 / mcL, performed within 28 days of treatment initiation
  • Hemoglobin >= 9 g/dL or >= 5.6 mmol/L without transfusion or erythropoietin (EPO) dependency (within 7 days of assessment), performed within 28 days of treatment initiation
  • Serum creatinine =< 1.5 X upper limit of normal (ULN) OR measured or calculated creatinine clearance (GFR can also be used in place of creatinine or creatinine clearance [CrCl]) >= 30 mL/min for subject with creatinine levels > 1.5 X institutional ULN, performed within 28 days of treatment initiation
  • Serum total bilirubin =< 1.5 X ULN OR direct bilirubin =< ULN for subjects with total bilirubin levels > 1.5 ULN, performed within 28 days of treatment initiation
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT]) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase [SGPT]) =< 2.5 X ULN, performed within 28 days of treatment initiation
  • Albumin >= 2.5 mg/dL, performed within 28 days of treatment initiation
  • International normalized ratio (INR) or prothrombin time (PT) =< 1.5 X ULN unless subject is receiving anticoagulant therapy as long as PT or partial thromboplastin time (PTT) is within therapeutic range of intended use of anticoagulants, performed within 28 days of treatment initiation
  • Activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) =< 1.5 X ULN unless subject is receiving anticoagulant therapy as long as PT or PTT is within therapeutic range of intended use of anticoagulants, performed within 28 days of treatment initiation
  • Female subject of childbearing potential should have a negative urine or serum pregnancy within 72 hours prior to receiving the first dose of study medication; if the urine test is positive or cannot be confirmed as negative, a serum pregnancy test will be required
  • Female subjects of childbearing potential must be willing to use an adequate method of contraception, for the course of the study through 120 days after the last dose of study medication

    • Note: abstinence is acceptable if this is the usual lifestyle and preferred contraception for the subject
  • Male subjects of childbearing potential must agree to use an adequate method of contraception, starting with the first dose of study therapy through 120 days after the last dose of study therapy

    • Note: abstinence is acceptable if this is the usual lifestyle and preferred contraception for the subject

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Non-muscle invasive, localized bladder cancer (Tis, Ta, T1)
  • Presence of distant metastatic disease or disease not amenable to radiation treatment
  • Prior radiation treatment to the pelvis
  • Prior cystectomy
  • Is currently participating and receiving study therapy, or has participated in a study of an investigational agent and received study therapy, or used an investigational device within 4 weeks of the first dose of treatment
  • Has a diagnosis of immunodeficiency or is receiving systemic steroid therapy or any other form of immunosuppressive therapy within 7 days prior to the first dose of trial treatment
  • Has a known history of active tuberculosis (TB) (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • Hypersensitivity to pembrolizumab or any of its excipients
  • Has had a prior anti-cancer monoclonal antibody (mAb) within 4 weeks prior to study day 1 or who has not recovered (i.e., =< grade 1 or at baseline) from adverse events due to agents administered more than 4 weeks earlier
  • Prior systemic chemotherapy for bladder cancer; prior intravesical chemotherapy for the treatment of non-muscle invasive urothelial bladder cancer (UBC) is allowed
  • Upper tract urothelial carcinoma
  • Has had prior chemotherapy or targeted small molecule therapy within 2 weeks prior to study day 1 or who has not recovered (i.e., =< grade 1 or at baseline) from adverse events due to a previously administered agent

    • Note: subjects with =< grade 2 neuropathy are an exception to this criterion and may qualify for the study
    • Note: if subject received major surgery, they must have recovered adequately from the toxicity and/or complications from the intervention prior to starting therapy
  • Has a known additional malignancy that is progressing or requires active treatment; exceptions include basal cell carcinoma of the skin or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin that has undergone potentially curative therapy or in situ cervical cancer
  • Has known distant metastases; clinically involved pelvic nodes (N1-N3) are allowed
  • Has active autoimmune disease that has required systemic treatment in the past 2 years (i.e. with use of disease modifying agents, corticosteroids or immunosuppressive drugs); replacement therapy (eg., thyroxine, insulin, or physiologic corticosteroid replacement therapy for adrenal or pituitary insufficiency, etc.) is not considered a form of systemic treatment; topical and inhaled corticosteroids are allowed
  • Has known history of, or any evidence of active, non-infectious pneumonitis
  • Has an active infection requiring systemic therapy
  • Has a history or current evidence of any condition, therapy, or laboratory abnormality that might confound the results of the trial, interfere with the subject?s participation for the full duration of the trial, or is not in the best interest of the subject to participate, in the opinion of the treating investigator
  • Has known psychiatric or substance abuse disorders that would interfere with cooperation with the requirements of the trial
  • Is pregnant or breastfeeding, or expecting to conceive or father children within the projected duration of the trial, starting with the pre-screening or screening visit through 120 days after the last dose of trial treatment
  • Has received prior therapy with an anti-PD-1, anti-PD-L1, or anti-PD-L2 agent
  • Has a known history of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) (HIV 1/2 antibodies).
  • Has known active hepatitis B (e.g., hepatitis B virus surface antigen [HBsAg] reactive) or hepatitis C (e.g., hepatitis C virus [HCV] ribonucleic acid [RNA] [qualitative] is detected)

    • Patients with past hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection or resolved HBV infection, defined as the presence of hepatitis B core antibody (HBc Ab) and absence of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) are eligible; HBV deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) must be obtained in these patients prior to day 1 of therapy, but detection of HBV DNA in these patients will not exclude study participation
    • Patients positive for HCV antibody are eligible only if polymerase chain reaction is negative for HCV RNA
  • History of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, organizing pneumonia (e.g., bronchiolitis obliterans)
  • Has a history of (non-infectious) pneumonitis that required steroids, or has current pneumonitis
  • Has received a live vaccine within 30 days of planned start of study therapy

    • Note: seasonal influenza vaccines for injection are generally inactivated flu vaccines and are allowed; however intranasal influenza vaccines (e.g., Flu-Mist) are live attenuated vaccines, and are not allowed

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03419130


Locations
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United States, California
UCSF Medical Center-Mount Zion
San Francisco, California, United States, 94115
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of California, San Francisco
Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Terence Friedlander UCSF Medical Center-Mount Zion

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Responsible Party: University of California, San Francisco
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03419130     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 17522
NCI-2017-02196 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
17-22452
17522 ( Other Identifier: UCSF Medical Center-Mount Zion )
First Posted: February 1, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: December 7, 2018
Last Verified: December 2018

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Carcinoma
Urinary Bladder Neoplasms
Carcinoma, Transitional Cell
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Urologic Neoplasms
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Urinary Bladder Diseases
Urologic Diseases
Pembrolizumab
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Antineoplastic Agents