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A Study of the Effect of 20 mg Ambroxol Hydrochloride on Acute Cough.

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03415269
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : January 30, 2018
Last Update Posted : January 31, 2018
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Sanofi
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Hull and East Yorkshire Hospitals NHS Trust

Brief Summary:
To assess the effect of a single doses of 20 mg ambroxol hydrochloride on cough reflex sensitivity to citric acid, capsaicin, adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and distilled water in patients with acute cough related to upper respiratory tract infection

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Cough Drug: Ambroxol Hydrochloride Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Cough is the 5th most common presenting complaint in adults. Cough results from the stimulation of two types of afferent pathways whose receptors are located within the airway epithelium. These include rapidly adapting receptors (RARs) and C-fibre receptors. Acute as well as chronic, non-productive cough, which often follow viral upper respiratory tract infection, may result from increased sensitivity of the cough reflex. Relatively little research has been done to gain insight into the mechanisms of cough in health and disease, and to properly evaluate potential antitussive therapies. Indeed, little consensus exists regarding the optimal treatment of acute cough because of the lack of standardised outcome measures for cough. Possibly the most significant clinical need in terms of cough therapy is for the cough associated with an acute upper respiratory tract infection (URTI). Although the cough associated with URTI is often self-limiting and resolves within several days, it undoubtedly accounts for a major proportion of huge worldwide expenditure of over-the-counter (OTC) cough and cold products where patients are still struggling to find an effective medication.

This exploratory study will enable us to identify the cough challenge agent (CCA) that is most sensitive to the effect of ambroxol on cough reflex. This is expected to provide a reproducible response, to use in future studies.

This will be an open label, study in subjects with acute cough associated with URTI.

There will be a Screening/Baseline and combined Treatment visit. Subjects will return approximately 1-4 weeks after their treatment once all symptoms have subsided and the subject is no longer suffering from URTI, for a Follow-up Visit.

Up to 14 subjects with acute cough in relation to a URTI and who meet all entry criteria will be assigned to:

Treatment p.o 20 mg ambroxol lozenge (Lysopain Ambr MintM)

At Baseline and post treatment, cough sensitivity will be measured by standard clinical methodology incorporating a series of four cough challenges (citric acid, capsaicin, ATP and distilled water).

Screening/baseline visit 1a The Screening and Baseline visit will ensure that each subject meets all the specified inclusion and none of the exclusion criteria.

Treatment phase visit 1b Subjects who satisfy all entry criteria at baseline will be administered 20 mg ambroxol in the form of a lozenge which must be sucked until fully dissolved in the mouth.

The treatment will be administered in the afternoon of the same visit day as the screening/baseline assessments.

The series of abbreviated cough challenges will be conducted at 30 min and 90 min post dose.

Telephone contact Patients will be contacted by telephone once a week to determine if all symptoms associated with URTI have abated. Once this is confirmed patient will be booked in for the follow-up visit.

Follow-Up Phase Subjects will return within 4 weeks after treatment for a Follow-Up Visit once symptoms of URTI have abated. A series of full cough challenges will be performed at this vist to determine reduction in cough hypersensitivity.


Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 14 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Basic Science
Official Title: A Single-Centre, Open-label, Exploratory Study of the Effect of 20 mg Ambroxol Hydrochloride on Cough Reflex Sensitivity in Patients With Acute Cough.
Estimated Study Start Date : February 2018
Estimated Primary Completion Date : April 2018
Estimated Study Completion Date : May 2018

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Allergy Cough

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: 20 mg ambroxol
20 mg ambroxol lozenge delivered once on one day
Drug: Ambroxol Hydrochloride
single lozenge of 20mg ambroxol
Other Name: Lysopain Ambr Mint™




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Cough reflex sensitivity [ Time Frame: 8 hours ]
    To assess the effect of single dose of 20 mg ambroxol lozenge on cough reflex sensitivity (quatified by recording the concenteration of cough stimulant evoking 2 (C2) and 5 (C5 ) coughs) to four different types of challenge agents in acute cough associated with URTI.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Severity of cough Visual analogue scale (VAS) [ Time Frame: 90 min post dose ]
    To determine the effect of single dose of 20 mg ambroxol lozenge on cough severity Visual analogue Scale from baseline compared to 30 min and 90 min post ambroxol 20 mg. The visual analogue scale will comprise of a 100mm horizontal line representing a scale of cough severity from 'No Cough' at the left hand (0 mm) end of the line up to 'Worst Cough'(100mm) at the right hand end. The participant will be instructed to draw a single vertical line on the scale to indicate how severe they felt their cough has been during a specified time.

  2. Urge to cough Visual analogue scale (VAS) [ Time Frame: 90 min post dose ]
    To determine the effect of single dose of 20 mg ambroxol lozenge on urge to cough VAS from baseline compared to 30 min and 90 min post ambroxol 20 mg The Visual analogue scale will be a 100mm scale used to record the severity of their urge to cough but marked at the extremes as 'No urge-to-cough' on the left side (0mm) and 'Worst urge-to-cough' (100 mm) on the right side. The participant is instructed to draw a single vertical line on the scale to indicate how severe their urge to cough was during a specified time.

  3. Change in cough reflex sensitivity from during acute cough to post symptom recovery [ Time Frame: up tp 1 month ]
    measure change in cough reflex sensitivity to citric acid, capsaicin, ATP and distilled water as measured using the C2 and C5 and compare this to that measured post symptom recovery



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 80 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Be informed of the nature of the study and have provided written informed voluntary consent;
  2. Be able to speak, read, and understand English;
  3. Be males or females, of any race, between 18 and 80 years of age, inclusive;
  4. Subject has an acute cough and other symptoms consistent with a common cold or an acute upper respiratory tract infection (URTI) diagnosis deemed by the investigator based on findings from medical history review, full physical examination and vital signs;
  5. The onset of symptoms must be within 72 h of study enrolment;
  6. Have a Cough Severity VAS ≥ 40 mm at Screening;
  7. Be in good general health (other than URTI) with no clinically relevant abnormalities based on the medical history, physical examination, and 12 lead electrocardiogram;
  8. Cough at least twice to all cough challenge Agents - citric acid, capsaicin, ATP and distilled water cough challenges at baseline.
  9. If a female of child-bearing potential (i.e., have not undergone a hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy) or not post-menopausal (defined as no menses for at least 12 months), agree to use 2 forms of acceptable birth control from Screening through to the Follow Up Visit; or if a male, they and/or their partner of child-bearing potential agree to use 2 forms of acceptable birth control from Screening through the Follow Up Visit;
  10. Be able to communicate effectively with the Investigator and other study centre personnel and agree to comply with the study procedures and restrictions.

    Exclusion Criteria:

  11. History of asthma or other respiratory related disease
  12. Symptoms of runny nose, stuffy nose, sore throat, or sneezing due to any condition other than URTI or common cold (e.g., seasonal or perennial allergic rhinitis, sinusitis, strep throat, vasomotor rhinitis, etc.) as established by the investigator
  13. Clinical features of a complication of the common cold during the physical examination at screening (e.g., otitis media, sinusitis, or pneumonia) with or without the need for systemic antibiotics
  14. History of a severe cutaneous adverse reaction to any treatment;
  15. Evidence of a possible bacterial infection i.e. sinus pain, purulent nasal discharge or pleuritic pain.
  16. Evidence of chest infection or pneumonia
  17. Fever greater than 39ºC (102ºF oral temperature) at the time of screening if, in the judgment of the investigator, the individual is too ill to participate in the study or the fever is due to reasons other than URTI
  18. Demonstrate more than two coughs to inhalation of the normal saline solution during baseline challenge
  19. Current smoker or individuals who have given up smoking within the past 6 months or those with >20 pack-year smoking history;
  20. Treatment with an ACE-inhibitor during the study or within 4 weeks prior to Screening
  21. History of opioid use within 1 week prior to baseline;
  22. Requiring concomitant therapy with prohibited medications
  23. History of known or suspected allergy or hypersensitivity reactions to ambroxol (e.g., asthma, urticaria or allergic type) or any of the non-medicinal ingredients contained in the study investigational product.
  24. Clinically significant abnormal electrocardiogram (ECG) at Screening;
  25. Personal or family history of congenital long QT syndrome or family history of sudden death;
  26. Pregnant or breastfeeding;
  27. Treatment with an investigational drug or biologic within 30 days preceding the first dose of study medication or plans to take another investigational drug or biologic within 30 days of study completion;
  28. Other severe, acute, or chronic medical or psychiatric condition or laboratory abnormality that may increase the risk associated with trial participation or investigational product administration or may interfere with the interpretation of trial results and, in the judgment of the Investigator or Sponsor, would make the subject inappropriate for entry into this trial -

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03415269


Contacts
Contact: Caroline E Wright, BSc +44 1482 624067 c.e.wright@hull.ac.uk
Contact: Susannah Thackray-Nocera, RCN +44 1482 624009 susannah.Thackray-Nocera@hey.nhs.uk

Locations
United Kingdom
Castle Hill Hospital
Cottingham, East Yorkshire, United Kingdom, HU16 5JQ
Sponsors and Collaborators
Hull and East Yorkshire Hospitals NHS Trust
Sanofi
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Alyn H Morice Hull and East Yorkshire Hospitals NHS Trust

Responsible Party: Hull and East Yorkshire Hospitals NHS Trust
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03415269     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: IIT15419
First Posted: January 30, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 31, 2018
Last Verified: January 2018

Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Keywords provided by Hull and East Yorkshire Hospitals NHS Trust:
acute

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Cough
Respiration Disorders
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Signs and Symptoms, Respiratory
Signs and Symptoms
Ambroxol
Expectorants
Respiratory System Agents