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Trial record 1 of 1 for:    Alliance A221505
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Hypofractionated Radiation Therapy After Mastectomy in Preventing Recurrence in Patients With Stage IIa-IIIa Breast Cancer

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03414970
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : January 30, 2018
Last Update Posted : December 5, 2018
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Canadian Cancer Trials Group
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology

Brief Summary:
This randomized phase III trial studies how well hypofractionated radiation therapy works in preventing recurrence in patients with stage IIa-IIIa cancer who have undergone mastectomy. Hypofractionated radiation therapy delivers higher doses of radiation therapy over a shorter period of time and may kill more tumor cells that remain after surgery and have fewer side effects.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Ductal Breast Carcinoma Invasive Breast Carcinoma Lobular Breast Carcinoma Medullary Breast Carcinoma Stage II Breast Cancer Stage IIA Breast Cancer Stage IIB Breast Cancer Stage IIIA Breast Cancer Tubular Breast Carcinoma Radiation: Radiation Therapy Other: Questionnaire Administration Other: Quality-of-Life Assessment Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis Radiation: Hypofractionated Radiation Therapy Phase 3

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To evaluate whether the reconstruction complication rate at 24 months post radiation is non-inferior with hypofractionation.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To evaluate the incidence of acute and late radiation complications, based on Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) 4.0 toxicity.

II. To evaluate the local and local regional recurrence rate. III. To compare reconstruction complication rates based on reconstruction method (autologous +/- implant versus [vs] implant only) and timing of reconstruction received (immediate vs. intent for delayed).

TERTIARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To evaluate reconstructed breast photographic cosmetic scores with hypofractionated radiation compared to standard fractionation 24 months after radiation.

II. To evaluate reconstructed breast photographic cosmetic scores 24 months after radiation based on the method and timing of reconstruction received.

III. To estimate the incidence of arm lymphedema by treatment arm. IV. To compare physical well-being, psychosocial well-being, sexual well-being, satisfaction with breast/nipples/abdomen, and satisfaction with overall outcome between the treatment arms at 24 months after radiation.

V. To estimate patient satisfaction with trial participation by treatment arm as measured by the Was It Worth It Questionnaire at 24 months after radiation.

VI. To compare the direct and indirect patient costs for radiation therapy by treatment arm.

VII. To compare patient reported total health care service utilization 12 months after the completion of radiation.

VIII. To compare the economic impact of treatment. IX. To analyze polymorphisms in MDM2 and in genes including TP53, ATM, TGFB1, IL4, IL6, and IL10 and determine correlations with a higher likelihood of adverse radiation reactions (radiation sensitivity) and with toxicities.

X. To analyze polymorphisms in MDM2 and in genes including TP53, ATM, TGFB1, IL4, IL6, and IL10 to determine correlations with secondary endpoints such as local-regional control.

OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 groups.

GROUP I: Patients undergo radiation therapy daily on Monday-Friday for 5-6 weeks.

GROUP II: Patients undergo hypofractionated radiation therapy daily on Monday-Friday for 3-4 weeks.

After completion of study, patients are followed up for 5 years.


Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 880 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
Official Title: Phase III Randomized Trial of Hypofractionated Post Mastectomy Radiation With Breast Reconstruction
Actual Study Start Date : February 1, 2018
Estimated Primary Completion Date : October 2021
Estimated Study Completion Date : August 2035

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Group I (radiation therapy)
Patients undergo radiation therapy daily on Monday-Friday for 5-6 weeks.
Radiation: Radiation Therapy
Undergo RT

Other: Questionnaire Administration
Ancillary studies

Other: Quality-of-Life Assessment
Ancillary studies

Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Correlative studies

Experimental: Group II (hypofractionated radiation therapy)
Patients undergo hypofractionated radiation therapy daily on Monday-Friday for 3-4 weeks.
Other: Questionnaire Administration
Ancillary studies

Other: Quality-of-Life Assessment
Ancillary studies

Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Correlative studies

Radiation: Hypofractionated Radiation Therapy
Undergo hypofractionated RT




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Rate of breast reconstruction complications [ Time Frame: At 24 months ]
    Will be tested using a two-sample test of proportions. The test statistic will be calculated and interim analysis for futility will be performed. The primary analyses will be an intent-to-treat analysis where all patients randomized will be included in the analysis and will be analyzed based on the arm they were randomized to regardless of actual radiation schedule received. Due to the random treatment assignment with stratification for the timing of reconstruction and type of reconstruction, it is expected that the baseline patient characteristics, including the planned reconstruction procedures, are roughly balanced across the two treatment arms. A sensitivity analysis stratified by timing and type of reconstruction surgery will be conducted.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Incidence of acute and late radiation complications based on Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events 4.0 toxicity [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    The proportion of patients with acute or late radiation complications, will be estimated separately by treatment arm and will be compared across the two arms using two-sample test of proportions (Z test) with a two-sided alternative.

  2. Local and local regional recurrence [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    The cumulative incidence of local and local regional recurrence will be estimated separately by treatment arm using the cumulative incidence function treating death as the competing risk and will be compared using Gray's test.

  3. Local and local regional recurrence-free survival [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    Local and local regional recurrence free survival will be summarized for each arm using the Kaplan-Meier estimators, and will be compared using a log rank test.

  4. Reconstruction complication rates based on reconstruction method (autologous +/- implant versus [vs.] implant only) and timing of reconstruction received (immediate vs. intent for delayed) [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    Between-arm differences in reconstruction complication rates will be assessed separately within each of the six subgroups based on type and timing of reconstruction. Between-arm differences in complication rates will also be assessed within the two broader subgroups of patients who receive implant only and those who receive autologous based reconstruction. Within each subgroup, the comparison will be done using a two-sample Z test of proportions with a two-sided alternative.

  5. Reconstructed breast photographic cosmetic scores [ Time Frame: At 24 months ]
    Two year photographic cosmetic scores will be summarized by treatment arm and will be compared across the treatment arms using a Wilcoxon rank-sum test with a two-sided alternative. The proportions of patients with poor global cosmetic score (defined as a cosmetic score of 3: poor or large difference) at 24 months after radiation will be summarized separately by treatment arm and will be compared using a two-sample test of proportions with a two-sided alternative.

  6. Reconstructed breast photographic cosmetic scores based on the method and timing of reconstruction received [ Time Frame: At 24 months ]
    Two year photographic cosmetic scores and the proportions of patients with poor global cosmetic score will be assessed separately by timing and method of reconstruction subgroups using similar method described above.

  7. Incidence of arm lymphedema as measured by percent change in ipsilateral arm volume post-radiation from its pre-radiation volume [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    The proportions of patients with arm lymphedema (defined as a change of 10% or greater in ipsilateral arm volume from the pre-radiation therapy [RT] volume) at 2 year post radiation will be summarized and will be compared across the two treatment arms using a two-sample test of proportions (Z test) with a two-sided alternative. Change in ipsilateral arm volume at each of the following time-points: 6, 12, 24 and 60 months post-radiation (relative to pre-RT) will be compared using a two sample t-test with a two-sided alternative. The changes in arm volume at these time points will also be analyzed as a repeated measure using a linear mixed model with patient as the random effect.

  8. Physical well-being, psychosocial well-being, sexual well-being, satisfaction with breast/nipples/abdomen, and satisfaction with overall outcome [ Time Frame: At to 24 months ]
    Change in Lymphedema and Breast Cancer Questionnaire and Breast Lymphedema scores at 24 months post-radiation (relative to pre-RT) and patient satisfaction scores as measured by the Breast Questionnaire overall outcome scale will be summarized and will be compared across the treatment arms using a two-sample t-test with a two-sided alternative. Linear mixed models will also be used to assess these scores longitudinally.

  9. Patient satisfaction with trial participation by treatment arm as measured by the Was It Worth It Questionnaire [ Time Frame: At 24 months ]
    Was It Worth It questionnaire responses to each of the five questions at 24 months will be summarized and the will be compared across treatment arms using a chi-square tests with a two-sided alternative.

  10. Economic analyses [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    Direct costs of medical care to each patient will be estimated using utilization information from the health care expense survey and the health care utilization survey, along with publicly available Medicare reimbursement rates. In particular, based on the reported number of outpatient visits to the radiation oncologist, medical oncologist, surgeon who performed mastectomy, plastic surgeon or physical therapist, and the number of visits to the emergency room, the number of hospital admissions, and the number of surgical procedures to breast reconstruction, Medicare reimbursement rates can be used to estimate what the direct cost to each patient would be if that patient were covered by Medicare. Generalized linear models will then be used to model these costs as a function of treatment, time on study, and all available baseline patient characteristics to assess the extent to which estimated direct cost is impacted by the type of radiation dosing.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria
  • Histologically confirmed invasive carcinoma of the breast of any of the following histologies (ductal, lobular, mammary, medullary, or tubular); in-situ disease alone is not allowed
  • Final American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) stage IIa - IIIa (pathologic stage T0N1a-2a, T1N1a-2a, T2N1a-2a, T3N0-2a, all M0 status); pathological stage for all patients not receiving neoadjuvant chemotherapy; higher of the clinical or pathological T and N stage, if receiving neoadjuvant chemotherapy; patients with pathological N0 at the time of mastectomy are only eligible if biopsy-proven clinically N1 or N2 disease is documented prior to induction chemotherapy
  • No prior radiation therapy to the chest, neck or axilla
  • No prior history of ipsilateral breast cancer (invasive disease or ductal breast carcinoma in situ [DCIS]); lobular carcinoma in situ (LCIS) and benign breast disease is allowed
  • No history of prior or concurrent contralateral invasive breast cancer; benign breast disease, LCIS or DCIS of contralateral breast is allowed
  • No active collagen vascular diseases, such as: systemic lupus erythematous, scleroderma, or dermatomyositis
  • Negative inked histologic margins from mastectomy pathology (no invasive cells at margin)
  • No significant post mastectomy complications requiring an unplanned re-operation or admission for intravenous (IV) antibiotics; re-operation for margins evaluation, nodal completion and routine reconstruction is acceptable
  • Radiation oncologist intends to treat all target volumes and respect all normal tissues in accordance with the dosimetric constraints described (simulation before registration recommended)
  • Radiation oncologist is planning to treat regional lymph nodes including internal mammary nodes and meet acceptable protocol dosimetric requirements
  • Radiation oncologist is NOT planning to utilize a chest wall/scar boost
  • Patient must have undergone immediate reconstruction at the time of mastectomy or be planning to undergo reconstruction within 8 months after radiation
  • For patients with diabetes, hemoglobin A1C test must have been performed =< 90 days prior to registration
  • No co-existing medical conditions with life expectancy < 5 years
  • No other malignancy within 5 years of registration with the exception of basal cell or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin treated with local resection only or carcinoma in situ of the cervix
  • Negative serum or urine beta-human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) in women of child-bearing potential =< 7 days prior to registration; a female of childbearing potential is a sexually mature female who has not undergone a hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy and has not been naturally postmenopausal for at least 12 consecutive months
  • Women of child-bearing potential must agree to utilize a form of birth control or agree to undergo sexual abstinence during radiation therapy
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) (Zubrod) performance status 0-1

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03414970


Contacts
Contact: Matthew Poppe, MD 801-581-8793 Matthew.Poppe@hci.utah.edu

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Sponsors and Collaborators
Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Canadian Cancer Trials Group
Investigators
Study Chair: Matthew Poppe, MD Huntsman Cancer Hospital, University of Utah

Responsible Party: Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03414970     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: A221505
NCI-2017-00817 ( Registry Identifier: NCI Clinical Trial Reporting Program )
First Posted: January 30, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: December 5, 2018
Last Verified: December 2018

Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Carcinoma
Breast Neoplasms
Carcinoma, Ductal, Breast
Carcinoma, Lobular
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases
Carcinoma, Ductal
Adenocarcinoma
Neoplasms, Ductal, Lobular, and Medullary