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A Study of Ravulizumab (ALXN1210) in Children and Adolescents With Paroxysmal Nocturnal Hemoglobinuria

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03406507
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : January 23, 2018
Results First Posted : May 9, 2022
Last Update Posted : May 9, 2022
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Alexion Pharmaceuticals

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study was to assess the pharmacokinetics (PK), pharmacodynamics (PD), safety, and efficacy of ravulizumab in pediatric participants with paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH).

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Paroxysmal Nocturnal Hemoglobinuria Biological: Ravulizumab Phase 3

Detailed Description:

The study consists of a 4-week Screening Period, a 26-week Primary Evaluation Period, and an Extension Period of up to 4 years (with the exception of any country-specific mandates), whichever occurs first.

Efficacy and safety data are reported for the 26-week Primary Evaluation Period only. Analyses were conducted separately for complement inhibitor treatment-naïve participants and eculizumab-experienced participants.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 13 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 3, Open-Label Study of ALXN1210 in Children and Adolescents With Paroxysmal Nocturnal Hemoglobinuria (PNH)
Actual Study Start Date : February 22, 2018
Actual Primary Completion Date : March 25, 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : June 30, 2025


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Ravulizumab
Complement inhibitor treatment-naïve and eculizumab-experienced participants received ravulizumab.
Biological: Ravulizumab
Single intravenous (IV) loading dose on Day 1, followed by regular IV maintenance dosing beginning on Day 15, based on weight.
Other Names:
  • ALXN1210
  • Ultomiris




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Maximum Observed Serum Concentration (Cmax) Of Ravulizumab [ Time Frame: Week 1 (Day 1), Week 2 (Day 15), Week 10 (Day 71), and Week 18 (Day 127) ]
    Blood samples for determination of ravulizumab Cmax were collected before and after administration of study drug at designated time points. Results are reported in micrograms/milliliter (μg/mL).

  2. Trough Serum Concentration (Ctrough) Of Ravulizumab [ Time Frame: Week 2 (Day 15), Week 10 (Day 71), Week 18 (Day 127), Week 26 (Day 183) ]
    Blood samples for determination of ravulizumab Ctrough were collected before and after administration of study drug at designated time points. Trough serum concentration was measured at end of dosing interval at steady state. Results are reported in μg/mL.

  3. Mean Accumulation Ratio For Cmax Of Ravulizumab Following The Last Maintenance Dose Relative To The First Maintenance Dose [ Time Frame: Week 18 ]
    Blood samples for determination of ravulizumab accumulation ratio for Cmax were collected before and after administration of study drug at designated time points. The accumulation ratio was calculated as Cmax from the last maintenance dose (Week 18) divided by Cmax from the first maintenance dose (Week 2).

  4. Change In Free Complement Component C5 (C5) Concentrations Over Time [ Time Frame: Baseline, Weeks 2, 10, 18, and 26 (end of infusion) ]
    Blood samples for determination of free C5 were collected before and after administration of study drug at designated time points.

  5. Change In Chicken Red Blood Cell (cRBC) Hemolytic Activity Over Time [ Time Frame: Baseline, Weeks 2, 10, 18, and 26 ]
    Blood samples for determination of cRBC hemolytic activity were collected before and after administration of study drug at designated time points.

  6. Mean Accumulation Ratio For Ctrough Of Ravulizumab Following The Last Maintenance Dose Relative To The First Maintenance Dose [ Time Frame: Week 18 ]
    Blood samples for determination of ravulizumab accumulation ratio for Ctrough were collected before and after administration of study drug at designated time points. The accumulation ratio was calculated as Ctrough from the last maintenance dose (Week 18) divided by Ctrough from the first maintenance dose (Week 2).


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percentage Change From Baseline At Week 26 In Lactate Dehydrogenase (LDH) Levels [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 26 ]
    Blood and urine samples for determination of LDH levels were collected at designated time points. Baseline was defined as the average of all assessments analyzed by the central laboratory prior to first study drug administration.

  2. Percentage Of Participants Who Achieved Transfusion Avoidance (TA) [ Time Frame: Week 26 ]
    Transfusion avoidance was defined as the proportion of participants who remained transfusion-free and did not require a transfusion according to protocol-specified guidelines. Point estimates and 2-sided 95% exact confidence intervals (CIs) were computed. Participants who withdrew from the study due to lack of efficacy during the Primary Evaluation Period were considered as non-responders and were counted in the group needing transfusion. For participants who withdrew from the study for any other reason during the Primary Evaluation Period, their data up to the time of withdrawal was used to assess TA.

  3. Change In Quality Of Life (QoL) From Baseline To Week 26 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 26 ]
    Quality of life was measured by Pediatric Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy (FACIT) Fatigue Questionnaire (participants ≥ 5 years of age), a 13-item questionnaire that assesses fatigue and its impact upon daily activities and function over the preceding 7 days. Each item is scored on a 5-point scale, and total scores range from 0 to 52, with a higher score indicating better QoL. The scoring guideline for the Pediatric FACIT-Fatigue instrument was used to calculate a FACIT-Fatigue score. Changes from baseline in FACIT-Fatigue scores were summarized at baseline and at the study visits where this assessment was collected up to Day 183 (Week 26). At each study visit, the proportion of participants who showed an improvement of at least 3 points for the Pediatric FACIT-Fatigue scores were summarized by point estimates and 2-sided 95% exact CIs.

  4. Percentage Of Participants With Stabilized Hemoglobin At Week 26 [ Time Frame: Week 26 ]
    Stabilized hemoglobin was defined as avoidance of a ≥ 2 g/dL decrease in hemoglobin level from baseline in the absence of transfusion through Week 26. Point estimates and 2-sided 95% exact CIs were computed. Participants who withdrew from the study due to lack of efficacy during the Primary Evaluation Period were considered as non-responders and were counted in the group who did not meet the stabilized hemoglobin definition. For participants who withdrew from the study for any other reason during the Primary Evaluation Period, their data up to the time of withdrawal were used to assess stabilized hemoglobin.

  5. Percentage Change In Free Hemoglobin From Baseline To Week 26 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 26 ]
    Percentage change from baseline in free hemoglobin was summarized at all study visits up to Day 183 (Week 26). Baseline was defined as the last non-missing assessment value prior to the first study drug infusion.

  6. Percentage Of Participants With Breakthrough Hemolysis (BTH) At Week 26 [ Time Frame: Week 26 ]
    Breakthrough hemolysis was defined as at least one new or worsening symptom or sign of intravascular hemolysis (fatigue, hemoglobinuria, abdominal pain, shortness of breath [dyspnea], anemia, major adverse vascular event [including thrombosis], dysphagia, or erectile dysfunction) in the presence of elevated LDH as follows: for participants who entered the study naïve to complement inhibitor treatment, elevated LDH ≥ 2 × the upper limit of normal (ULN) after prior LDH reduction to < 1.5 × ULN on therapy; for participants who entered the study stabilized on eculizumab treatment, elevated LDH ≥ 2 × ULN. Participants who withdrew from the study due to lack of efficacy during the Primary Evaluation Period were considered as non-responders and were counted in the group with BTH. For participants who withdrew from the study for any other reason during the Primary Evaluation Period, their data up to the time of withdrawal were used to assess BTH. No participants experienced BTH.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 17 Years   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Participants from birth up to <18 years of age and weighing ≥ 5 kilograms at the time of consent.
  2. PNH diagnosis confirmed by documented high-sensitivity flow cytometry.
  3. Presence of 1 or more of the following PNH-related signs or symptoms within 3 months of Screening: fatigue, hemoglobinuria, abdominal pain, shortness of breath (dyspnea), anemia, history of a major adverse vascular event (including thrombosis), dysphagia, or erectile dysfunction; or history of packed red blood cell transfusion due to PNH.
  4. Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) level ≥ 1.5 × upper limit of normal (ULN) for participants not being treated with eculizumab at screening and LDH level ≤ 1.5 × ULN for participants taking eculizumab.
  5. Documented meningococcal vaccination not more than 3 years prior to dosing, and vaccination against Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenzae.
  6. Female participants of childbearing potential must use highly effective contraception starting at screening and continuing until at least 8 months after the last dose of ravulizumab.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. History of bone marrow transplantation.
  2. History of or ongoing major cardiac, pulmonary, renal, endocrine, or hepatic disease that, in the opinion of the investigator or sponsor, would preclude participation.
  3. Unstable medical conditions (for example, myocardial ischemia, active gastrointestinal bleed, severe congestive heart failure, anticipated need for major surgery within 6 months of randomization, coexisting chronic anemia unrelated to PNH).
  4. Females who are pregnant or breastfeeding or who have a positive pregnancy test at screening or Day 1.
  5. Participation in another interventional clinical study or use of any experimental therapy within 30 days before initiation of study drug on Day 1 in this study or within 5 half-lives of that investigational product, whichever is greater.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03406507


Locations
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United States, Georgia
Clinical Trial Site
Atlanta, Georgia, United States, 30329
United States, Wisconsin
Clinical Trial Site
Milwaukee, Wisconsin, United States, 53226
France
Clinical Trial Site
Paris, France
Netherlands
Clinical Trial Site
Utrecht, Netherlands
Norway
Clinical Trial Site
Oslo, Norway
Russian Federation
Clinical Trial Site
Moscow, Russian Federation
Clinical Trial Site
Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation
United Kingdom
Clinical Trial Site
Leeds, United Kingdom
Clinical Trial Site
London, United Kingdom
Sponsors and Collaborators
Alexion Pharmaceuticals
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Alexion Pharmaceuticals:
Study Protocol  [PDF] April 22, 2020
Statistical Analysis Plan  [PDF] May 8, 2020

Publications of Results:
Kulagin A, Chonat S, Maschan A, Bartels M, Buechner J, Punzalan R, Richards M, Ogawa M, Hicks E, Yu J, Baruchel A, Kulasekararaj AG. Pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, efficacy, and safety of ravulizumab in children and adolescents with paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria: interim analysis of a phase 3, open-label study. Presented at the European Hematology Association 2021 Virtual Congress, June 9-17, 2021.

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Responsible Party: Alexion Pharmaceuticals
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03406507    
Other Study ID Numbers: ALXN1210-PNH-304
2017-002820-26 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: January 23, 2018    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: May 9, 2022
Last Update Posted: May 9, 2022
Last Verified: April 2022
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Alexion Pharmaceuticals:
Ravulizumab
ALXN1210
Ultomiris
Pharmacokinetics
Pharmacodynamics
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Hemoglobinuria
Hemoglobinuria, Paroxysmal
Proteinuria
Urination Disorders
Urologic Diseases
Urological Manifestations
Anemia, Hemolytic
Anemia
Hematologic Diseases
Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Bone Marrow Diseases
Ravulizumab
Complement Inactivating Agents
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs