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Sleep, Wake and Light Therapy for Depression

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03405493
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : January 23, 2018
Last Update Posted : February 26, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Kings Health Partners
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
King's College London

Brief Summary:

The aim of this study is to determine if altering the pattern of one's sleep and having light therapy can speed up the treatment of depression. In the UK, the large majority of patients with depression in the NHS are treated in the community, and one of the major objectives of the study one is to determine if this therapy is a practical treatment in the community. We will be comparing two treatments:

  1. Sleep Therapy and a Light Box: Participants will be given information and advice on how to get a good night's sleep. Participants will be given a light box to use in the morning for 1 week. Treatment with a light box will last 30 minutes when a person gets up. Participants may continue to have any treatment as usual (for example medication or talking therapies).
  2. Wake therapy and a Light Box: Participants will be helped to change the pattern of sleep by depriving participants of sleep for one night. Participants will go bed at 5pm on the following day for 8 hours and get up at 1am. Participants' sleep will then be advanced by 2 hours each night for the next three nights. Participants will be also given a light box to use in the morning for 1 week. Treatment with a light box will last 30 minutes when participants get up. Participants may continue to have any treatment as usual (for example medication or talking therapies).

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Depression Depressive Disorder, Major Depression, Unipolar Depression Moderate Behavioral: Wake and Light Therapy Behavioral: Sleep and Light Therapy Not Applicable

Detailed Description:
  • Participants will be given a wristband (Actigraph)
  • Participants will be asked to complete various questionnaires and be interviewed at 1 week, 2 weeks, 4 weeks, 8 weeks and at 6 months after starting.
  • Participants will be asked to make 6 extra visits to the research team at the hospital over and above those needed for normal care.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 60 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description:
  • Both groups will receive treatment as usual.
  • Triple Chronotherapy. This consists of (a) Total Sleep Deprivation with group support on days one and two; (b) Phase Advance of Sleep over 5 days and daily Light Therapy. (c) Bright Light Therapy is given on Day 2 onwards daily.
  • Comparator Intervention: Participants will be given information on sleep hygiene and getting a good night's sleep in a written leaflet and given the opportunity to ask questions. They are then given Dim Amber Light Therapy daily for 1 week.
Masking: Single (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Sleep, Wake and Light Therapy for Depression
Actual Study Start Date : January 18, 2018
Estimated Primary Completion Date : March 1, 2019
Estimated Study Completion Date : October 31, 2019

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Wake and Light Therapy
This consists of (a) Total Sleep Deprivation with group support on days one and two; (b) Phase Advance of Sleep over 5 days and daily Light Therapy. (c) Light Therapy is given daily
Behavioral: Wake and Light Therapy
Participants will be helped to change the pattern sleep by depriving participants of sleep for one night. On Day 1 participants will be supported to stay up all night and the following day at the Hospital. Participants can go to bed by 5pm at home on Day 2. Participants will need to get up by about 1am and return to the hospital to be supported to stay awake. Participants will then go to bed at 7pm on Day 3. Participants will be asked to sleep until 3am and then stay awake at home until bed at 9pm on Day 4. Participants will then get up by 5am on Day 5 and stay awake until 11pm to resume a normal sleep routine waking by 7am on Day 6. Participants will also be given a light box to use each morning. For the light box, participants will be asked to sit about one foot away from a light box. You will be free to have breakfast, read or use a computer while facing towards the light. Treatment with a light box will last 30 minutes. Participants may continue to have treatment as usual.

Active Comparator: Sleep and Light Therapy
Participants will be given information on sleep hygiene and getting a good night's sleep. They are then given Light Therapy daily for 1 week.
Behavioral: Sleep and Light Therapy
Participants will be given information and advice on how to get a good night's sleep. Participants will be also given a light box to use in the morning for 1 week. For the light box, participants will be asked to sit about one foot away from a light box. Participants will be free to have breakfast, read or use a computer while facing towards the light. Treatment with a light box will last 30 minutes when you get up. Participants may continue to have any treatment as usual (for example medication or talking therapies).




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of participants recruited per month/Adherence to the protocol [ Time Frame: Week 1 ]
    To compare the rate of recruitment and adherence to the treatments in both groups


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. MINI International Neuropsychiatric Interview Version 5.0 [ Time Frame: Baseline ]
    To determine diagnosis by DSM-IV criteria

  2. Hamilton Depression Rating Scale [ Time Frame: Baseline, and at 1, 2, 4, 8 weeks and 6-month post-randomisation ]
    To compare the effects on observer rated depressive symptoms in both groups

  3. Clinical Global Impression and Improvement Scale (Guy, 1976) [ Time Frame: Baseline, and at 1, 2, 4, 8 weeks and 6-month post-randomisation ]
    To compare the effects on observer rated clinical impression in both groups

  4. Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology -SR Version (Triveni et al., 2004) Questionnaire [ Time Frame: Baseline, and at 1, 2, 4, 8 weeks and 6-month post-randomisation ]
    To compare the effects on subjective depressive symptoms in both groups

  5. Brief Ruminative Response Scale (Topper et al, 2014). Questionnaire [ Time Frame: Baseline, and at 1, 2, 4, 8 weeks and 6-month post-randomisation ]
    To compare the effects on measures of subjective rumination in both groups

  6. Pittsburgh Sleep Index (Bysse et al., 1999) Questionnaire [ Time Frame: Baseline, and at 1, 2, 4, 8 weeks and 6-month post-randomisation ]
    To compare the effects on subjective sleep quality in both groups

  7. Euroquol 5D (1990) Questionnaire [ Time Frame: Baseline, and at 1, 2, 4, 8 weeks and 6-month post-randomisation ]
    To compare the effects on subjective general quality of life in both groups

  8. To check the amount of current antidepressant use [ Time Frame: Baseline, and at 1, 2, 4, 8 weeks and 6-month post-randomisation ]
    Amount of antidepressant drugs (in mg of antidepressant equivalents) (Hayasaka et al., 2015) or benzodiazepine drugs (in mg of diazepam equivalents)

  9. To check the amount of current psychotherapy use [ Time Frame: Baseline, and at 1, 2, 4, 8 weeks and 6-month post-randomisation ]
    The amount of Cognitive Behaviour Therapy or any other counselling or psychotherapy (number of hours)

  10. Daily sleep diary [ Time Frame: 3 days pre-randomisation and 7 days post-randomisation ]
    A subjective measure of total sleep time

  11. Credibility and Expectancy Questionnaire (Devilly, 2000). [ Time Frame: Baseline ]
    A measure of the credibility of the intervention

  12. Morning/Evening Questionnaire [ Time Frame: 3 days pre-randomisation ]
    A measure of morning/evening preference

  13. Wrist actigraph from GeneActiv daily (Physiological parameter) [ Time Frame: 3 days pre-randomisation and 7 days post-randomisation. ]
    A measure of the sleep/wake activity, which correlates with the gold standard of sleep physiology (polysomnography).



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Diagnosis of Depressive Episode (ICD10 F32) or Recurrent Depressive Disorder (F33).
  • Minimum score of 8 or more on the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (6 item) (Range 0-22) (Bech,1981).
  • Age 18-65
  • Able to give informed consent
  • Women of child bearing age may be included and no methods of contraception is required to enable inclusion into the trial.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Current diagnosis of Seasonal Affective Disorder
  • Current diagnosis of anorexia nervosa or bulimia.
  • Current diagnosis of an obsessive compulsive or related disorder
  • Current diagnosis of post-traumatic stress disorder
  • History of schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder or bipolar disorder
  • Severe cognitive impairment, dementia, intellectual disability or organic brain disorder.
  • History of stimulant or hallucinogenic misuse, alcohol or substance misuse or dependence in past 3 months.
  • Borderline Personality Disorder or other personality disorder considered to be the main problem.
  • Duration of depression more than 2 years.
  • Significant risk of suicide that requires hospitalisation.
  • Severe eye disease or cataracts or traumatic injury or visual impairment affecting both eyes.
  • History of epilepsy, uncontrolled severe headaches, or stroke as this may lower seizure threshold through sleep deprivation.
  • Unstable medical condition that would make wake therapy intolerable
  • Untreated sleep disorder such as obstructive sleep apnoea or narcolepsy
  • Use of photo-sensitizing drugs.
  • Current night-shift work.
  • Non-English speaker.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03405493


Locations
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United Kingdom
South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust
London, United Kingdom
Sponsors and Collaborators
King's College London
Kings Health Partners
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: David Veale King's College London
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by King's College London:
Informed Consent Form  [PDF] July 1, 2017


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Responsible Party: King's College London
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03405493     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: R&D2017/096
First Posted: January 23, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 26, 2019
Last Verified: January 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Keywords provided by King's College London:
Circadian Rhythm
Light Therapy
Wake Therapy
Sleep Phase Advance
Major Depression

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Depression
Depressive Disorder
Depressive Disorder, Major
Behavioral Symptoms
Mood Disorders
Mental Disorders