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Dose Escalating Study of a Prototype CS6 Subunit Vaccine With a Modified Heat-labile Enterotoxin From Enterotoxigenic Escherichia Coli (ETEC)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03404674
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : January 19, 2018
Results First Posted : January 6, 2021
Last Update Posted : January 6, 2021
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Naval Medical Research Center
Walter Reed Army Institute of Research Clinical Trials Center
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
PATH

Brief Summary:
This study will evaluate the safety of a prototype Coli surface antigen 6 (CS6) subunit vaccine (CssBA) alone or in combination with Escherichia coli double mutant heat labile toxin (dmLT) given by intramuscular (IM) injection.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Diarrhea Biological: CssBA Biological: dmLT Phase 1

Detailed Description:
This is an open-label clinical trial in which a total of 50 participants will receive three injections of either CssBA alone, dmLT alone or CssBA + dmLT. The vaccine will be administered via IM injection to alternating deltoid regions on days 1, 22, and 43. Each participant will receive the same dose at each vaccination dependent upon group assignment. Group A is considered a pilot group in which all 3 doses will be administered and participants monitored for safety 7 days after the third vaccination, prior to the enrollment of participants in Group B.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 50 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Sequential Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: A Phase 1 Dose Escalating Study of a Prototype CS6 Subunit Vaccine With a Modified Heat-labile Enterotoxin From Enterotoxigenic Escherichia Coli (ETEC)
Actual Study Start Date : January 16, 2018
Actual Primary Completion Date : March 26, 2019
Actual Study Completion Date : March 26, 2019

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Diarrhea

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Group A1: CssBA 5 ug
Participants received an intramuscular injection of 5 ug CssBA on days 1, 22, and 43.
Biological: CssBA
Recombinant enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) surface antigen 6 containing modified structural subunits A and B
Other Name: spd_dsc16Bntd14CssBAB7A[His]₆

Experimental: Group A2: DmLT 100 ng
Participants received an intramuscular injection of 100 ng DmLT on days 1, 22, and 43.
Biological: dmLT
Escherichia coli double mutant heat-labile toxin with mutations at amino acids 192 and 211

Experimental: Group B: CssBA 5 ug + DmLT 100 ng
Participants received an intramuscular injection of 5 ug CssBA + 100 ng dmLT on days 1, 22, and 43.
Biological: CssBA
Recombinant enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) surface antigen 6 containing modified structural subunits A and B
Other Name: spd_dsc16Bntd14CssBAB7A[His]₆

Biological: dmLT
Escherichia coli double mutant heat-labile toxin with mutations at amino acids 192 and 211

Experimental: Group C: CssBA 5 ug + DmLT 500 ng
Participants received an intramuscular injection of 5 ug CssBA + 500 ng dmLT on days 1, 22, and 43.
Biological: CssBA
Recombinant enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) surface antigen 6 containing modified structural subunits A and B
Other Name: spd_dsc16Bntd14CssBAB7A[His]₆

Biological: dmLT
Escherichia coli double mutant heat-labile toxin with mutations at amino acids 192 and 211

Experimental: Group D: CssBA 15 ug + DmLT 500 ng
Participants received an intramuscular injection of 15 ug CssBA + 500 ng dmLT on days 1, 22, and 43.
Biological: CssBA
Recombinant enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) surface antigen 6 containing modified structural subunits A and B
Other Name: spd_dsc16Bntd14CssBAB7A[His]₆

Biological: dmLT
Escherichia coli double mutant heat-labile toxin with mutations at amino acids 192 and 211

Experimental: Group E: CssBA 45 ug + DmLT 500 ng
Participants received an intramuscular injection of 45 ug CssBA + 500 ng dmLT on days 1, 22, and 43.
Biological: CssBA
Recombinant enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) surface antigen 6 containing modified structural subunits A and B
Other Name: spd_dsc16Bntd14CssBAB7A[His]₆

Biological: dmLT
Escherichia coli double mutant heat-labile toxin with mutations at amino acids 192 and 211




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Participants With Solicited Adverse Events [ Time Frame: From first vaccination to 28 days after the third vaccination, 71 days. ]

    Solicited adverse events included vaccine site pain, vaccine site pruritus, vaccine site rash/eruption, vaccine site swelling, vaccine site tenderness, fever, headache, diarrhea, arthralgia, myalgia, malaise, nausea, and vomiting.

    Adverse events were assessed for severity by the investigator according to the following:

    Mild (Grade 1): Does not interfere with routine activities, minimal level of discomfort

    Moderate (Grade 2): Interferes with routine activities, moderate level of discomfort

    Severe (Grade 3): Unable to perform routine activities, significant level of discomfort

    Potentially life-threatening (Grade 4): Hospitalization or emergency room (ER) visit for potentially life-threatening event


  2. Number of Participants With Unsolicited Adverse Events [ Time Frame: From first vaccination to 28 days after the third vaccination, 71 days. ]

    Adverse events were assessed for severity by the investigator according to the following:

    Mild (Grade 1): Does not interfere with routine activities Minimal level of discomfort

    Moderate (Grade 2): Interferes with routine activities Moderate level of discomfort

    Severe (Grade 3): Unable to perform routine activities Significant level of discomfort

    Potentially life-threatening (Grade 4): Hospitalization or emergency room (ER) visit for potentially life-threatening event



Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percentage of Participants With a Serum Immunologic Response to Coli Surface Antigen 6 (CS6) [ Time Frame: Baseline (Day 1 predose), Days 22 and 43 predose, and Day 70 ]
    Serum samples were assayed for immunoglobulin G (IgG) and immunoglobulin A (IgA) antibody titers against CS6 using an enzyme-linked Immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Immunologic response was defined as a ≥ 4-fold increase in reciprocal endpoint titer between Baseline and any post-vaccination sample.

  2. Percentage of Participants With a Serum Immunologic Response to Labile Toxin [ Time Frame: Baseline (Day 1 predose), Days 22 and 43 predose, and Day 70 ]
    Serum samples were assayed for immunoglobulin G (IgG) and immunoglobulin A (IgA) antibody titers against labile toxin using an enzyme-linked Immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Immunologic response was defined as a ≥ 4-fold increase in reciprocal endpoint titer between Baseline and any post-vaccination sample.

  3. Percentage of Participants With a Mucosal Immunologic Response to Coli Surface Antigen 6 (CS6) [ Time Frame: Baseline (Day 1 pre-dose), Days 8 and 29 predose, and Day 50 ]

    Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were collected to determine antibody responses from lymphocyte supernatant against CS6 at Baseline and 7 days after each vaccination. Antibody in lymphocyte supernatant (ALS) is an indirect quantification of antibody secreting cells (ASC) activated in the mucosa that circulate in the peripheral blood about seven days post-mucosal immunization/infection. After incubation, lymphocyte supernatant was assayed for antigen-specific IgG and IgA antibodies using ELISA.

    A positive ALS response was defined as a four-fold rise in antibody titers between Baseline and any post vaccination sample.


  4. Percentage of Participants With a Mucosal Immunologic Response to Labile Toxin [ Time Frame: Baseline (Day 1 pre-dose), Days 8 and 29 predose, and Day 50 ]

    Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were collected to determine antibody responses from lymphocyte supernatant against labile toxin at Baseline and 7 days after each vaccination. Antibody in lymphocyte supernatant (ALS) is an indirect quantification of antibody secreting cells (ASC) activated in the mucosa that circulate in the peripheral blood about seven days post-mucosal immunization/infection. After incubation, lymphocyte supernatant was assayed for antigen-specific IgG and IgA antibodies using ELISA.

    A positive ALS response was defined as a four-fold rise in antibody titers between Baseline and any post vaccination sample.


  5. Geometric Mean Titer of Serum Anti-CS6 Immunoglobulin G Antibodies [ Time Frame: Days 1, 22, and 43 pre-vaccination, and Day 70 ]
    Serum samples were assayed for IgG antibody titers against CS6 using an enzyme-linked Immunosorbent assay (ELISA).

  6. Geometric Mean Titer of Serum Anti-CS6 Immunoglobulin A Antibodies [ Time Frame: Days 1, 22, and 43 pre-vaccination, and Day 70 ]
    Serum samples were assayed for IgA antibody titers against CS6 using an enzyme-linked Immunosorbent assay (ELISA).

  7. Geometric Mean Titer of Serum Anti-LT Immunoglobulin G Antibodies [ Time Frame: Days 1, 22, and 43 pre-vaccination, and Day 70 ]
    Serum samples were assayed for IgG antibody titers against labile toxin using an enzyme-linked Immunosorbent assay (ELISA).

  8. Geometric Mean Titer of Serum Anti-LT Immunoglobulin A Antibodies [ Time Frame: Days 1, 22, and 43 pre-vaccination, and Day 70 ]
    Serum samples were assayed for IgA antibody titers against labile toxin using an enzyme-linked Immunosorbent assay (ELISA).

  9. Geometric Mean Titer of Antibody Lymphocyte Supernatant Anti-CS6 Immunoglobulin G Antibodies [ Time Frame: Days 1, 8, 29 and 50 ]
    Lymphocyte supernatant was assayed for IgG antibody titers against CS6 using ELISA.

  10. Geometric Mean Titer of Antibody Lymphocyte Supernatant Anti-CS6 Immunoglobulin A Antibodies [ Time Frame: Days 1, 8, 29, and 50 ]
    Lymphocyte supernatant was assayed for IgA antibody titers against CS6 using ELISA.

  11. Geometric Mean Titer of Antibody Lymphocyte Supernatant Anti-LT Immunoglobulin G Antibodies [ Time Frame: Days 1, 8, 29, and 50 ]
    Lymphocyte supernatant was assayed for IgG antibody titers against labile toxin using ELISA.

  12. Geometric Mean Titer of Antibody Lymphocyte Supernatant Anti-LT Immunoglobulin A Antibodies [ Time Frame: Days 1, 8, 29, and 50 ]
    Lymphocyte supernatant was assayed for IgA antibody titers against labile toxin using ELISA.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 45 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Healthy, adult, male or female, age 18 to 45 years (inclusive) at the time of enrollment.
  2. Completion and review of comprehension test (achieved > 70% accuracy).
  3. Signed informed consent document.
  4. Available for the required follow-up period and scheduled clinic visits.
  5. Women: Negative pregnancy test with understanding (through informed consent process) to not become pregnant during the study or within three (3) months following last vaccination.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Health problems (for example, intercurrent febrile illness, chronic medical conditions such as psychiatric conditions, diabetes mellitus, hypertension or any other condition that might place the subject at increased risk of adverse events) - study clinicians, in consultation with the PI, will use clinical judgment on a case-by-case basis to assess safety risks under this criterion. The PI will consult with the Research Monitor as appropriate.
  2. Clinically significant abnormalities on physical examination.
  3. Immunosuppressive drugs (use of systemic corticosteroids or chemotherapeutics that may influence antibody development) or illness (including immunoglobulin A [IgA] deficiency, defined by serum IgA < 7 mg/dL).
  4. Women who are pregnant or planning to become pregnant during the study period plus three (3) months beyond the last received dose and currently nursing women.
  5. Participation in research involving another investigational product (defined as receipt of investigational product or exposure to invasive investigational device) 30 days before planned date of first vaccination or anytime through the last study safety visit.
  6. Positive blood test for Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), Hepatitis C virus (HCV), human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1/2.
  7. Clinically significant abnormalities on basic laboratory screening.
  8. Exclusionary skin disease history/findings that would confound assessment or prevent appropriate local monitoring of adverse events (AEs), or possibly increase the risk of a local AE
  9. History of chronic skin disease (clinician judgement)
  10. Acute skin infection/eruptions on the upper arms including fungal infections, severe acne or active contact dermatitis
  11. Allergies that may increase the risk of AEs
  12. Regular use (weekly or more often) of antidiarrheal, anti-constipation, or antacid therapy
  13. Abnormal stool pattern (fewer than 3 stools per week or more than 3 stools per day) on a regular basis; loose or liquid stools on other than an occasional basis
  14. History of microbiologically confirmed ETEC or cholera infection in the last 3 years
  15. Travel to countries where ETEC or V. cholerae or other enteric infections are endemic (most of the developing world) within 3 years prior to dosing (clinician judgement)
  16. Symptoms consistent with Travelers' Diarrhea or concurrent with travel to countries where ETEC infection is endemic (most of the developing world) within 3 years prior to dosing, OR planned travel to endemic countries during the length of the study
  17. Vaccination for or ingestion of ETEC, cholera, or E. coli heat labile toxin within 3 years prior to dosing
  18. Occupation involving handling of ETEC or V. cholerae currently, or in the past 3 years

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03404674


Locations
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United States, Maryland
Walter Reed Army Institute of Research Clinical Trial Center
Silver Spring, Maryland, United States, 20910
Sponsors and Collaborators
PATH
Naval Medical Research Center
Walter Reed Army Institute of Research Clinical Trials Center
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Tida K Lee, MD, PhD Naval Medical Research Center
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by PATH:
Study Protocol  [PDF] August 31, 2018
Statistical Analysis Plan  [PDF] February 25, 2019

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Responsible Party: PATH
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03404674    
Other Study ID Numbers: VAC-050
First Posted: January 19, 2018    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: January 6, 2021
Last Update Posted: January 6, 2021
Last Verified: November 2020

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by PATH:
ETEC
Escherichia coli
enteric
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Diarrhea
Signs and Symptoms, Digestive