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Trial record 1 of 1 for:    BRAVO University of Florida | glioma
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Brain Stem Gliomas Treated With Adoptive Cellular Therapy During Focal Radiotherapy Recovery Alone or With Dose-intensified Temozolomide (Phase I) (BRAVO)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03396575
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : January 11, 2018
Last Update Posted : September 14, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Florida

Brief Summary:
The standard of care for children with DIPG includes focal radiotherapy (RT) but outcomes have remained dismal despite this treatment. The addition of oral Temozolomide (TMZ) concurrently with RT followed by monthly TMZ was also found to be safe but ineffective. Recent studies in adults have shown that certain types of chemotherapy induce a profound but transient lymphopenia (low blood lymphocytes) and vaccinating and/or the adoptive transfer of tumor-specific lymphocytes into the cancer patient during this lymphopenic state leads to dramatic T cell expansion and potent immunologic and clinical responses. Therefore, patients in this study will either receive concurrent TMZ during RT and immunotherapy during and after maintenance cycles of dose-intensive TMZ (Group A) or focal radiotherapy alone and immunotherapy without maintenance DI TMZ (Group B). Immune responses during cycles of DC vaccination with or without DI TMZ will be evaluated in both treatment groups.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Diffuse Intrinsic Pontine Glioma (DIPG) Biological: TTRNA-DC vaccines with GM-CSF Biological: TTRNA-xALT Drug: Cyclophosphamide + Fludarabine Lymphodepletive Conditioning Drug: Dose-Intensified TMZ Drug: Td vaccine Biological: Autologous Hematopoietic Stem Cells (HSC) Phase 1

Detailed Description:

The standard of care for children with DIPG includes external beam focal radiotherapy (RT) but outcomes have remained dismal despite this treatment. The addition of oral Temozolomide (TMZ) concurrently with focal irradiation followed by maintenance monthly TMZ was also found to be safe but ineffective. However, in the context of an immunotherapy strategy, it might be beneficial to use TMZ as an adjuvant therapy during and following radiotherapy. Recent pre-clinical and clinical studies in adults with have shown that both myeloablative (MA) and non-myeloablative (NMA) chemotherapy induce a profound but transient lymphopenia and, somewhat counterintuitively, vaccination during recovery from this lymphopenic state and/or the adoptive transfer of tumor-specific lymphocytes into lymphodepleted hosts leads to dramatic in vivo T cell expansion and potent immunologic and clinical responses. Therefore, the study team expects that tumor-specific lymphocytes, expanded ex vivo with the use of TTRNA-pulsed DCs may provide a source of lymphocytes that preferentially expand in this lymphopenic environment following TMZ, and serve as a source of responder cells to subsequent DC vaccination.

Although TMZ does induce profound lymphopenia in children with central nervous system (CNS) tumors, it has not been conclusively shown to help in augmenting vaccine-induced immune responses in this population. Therefore, patients in this study would either receive concurrent TMZ during RT and immunotherapy during and after maintenance cycles of dose-intensive TMZ (Group A) or focal radiotherapy alone and immunotherapy without maintenance DI TMZ (Group B). Immune responses during cycles of DC vaccination with or without DI TMZ will be evaluated in both treatment groups. The immunotherapy regimen will consist of TTRNA-DC vaccines alone followed by adoptive cellular therapy consisting of ex vivo expanded tumor-reactive lymphocytes coupled with TTRNA-DC vaccines and autologous HSCs.

Patients in Group B will not receive DI TMZ, however, they will receive lymphodepletion with cyclophosphamide + fludarabine after DC vaccination and prior to the intravenous infusion of ex vivo expanded tumor-reactive lymphocytes, as T cell engraftment and persistence has been shown to be augmented by lymphodepletion in numerous studies. TTRNA-pulsed DCs will be given in conjunction with the adjuvants GM-CSF and tetanus-diphtheria toxoid (Td) vaccine which the study team have shown can significantly enhance clinical responses to DC vaccination.


Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 21 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Sequential Assignment
Intervention Model Description:

Patients in this study will either receive concurrent TMZ during RT and dose-intensive TMZ as maintenance treatment (Group A) or radiotherapy only prior to DC vaccination and without maintenance DI TMZ (Group B). Immune responses during cycles of DC vaccination with or without DI TMZ will be evaluated in both treatment groups.

Once Group A accrual is completed and evaluated for toxicity, 6 Group B patients will be enrolled and treated at the Maximally Achievable Dose (MAD) or (Maximum Tolerated Dose) MTD determined in Group A cohort.

Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: BRAVO: Newly-Diagnosed Brain Stem Gliomas Treated With Adoptive Cellular Therapy During Recovery From Focal Radiotherapy Alone or Focal Radiotherapy and Dose-intensified Temozolomide (Phase I)
Actual Study Start Date : May 17, 2018
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : June 2022


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Group A
TTRNA-DC vaccines with GM-CSF and TTRNA-xALT plus Td vaccine with Autologous Hematopoietic Stem cells (HSCs) during cycles of Dose-intensified TMZ
Biological: TTRNA-DC vaccines with GM-CSF
After chemoradiation subjects will receive the first cycle of dose-intensified TMZ followed by three biweekly TTRNA-DC vaccines with GM-CSF. Monthly DC vaccines will be given during TMZ Cycles 2-5 for Groups A and B and 48-96 hours after completion of TMZ Cycle 6 Day 21 for Group A and 12-36 hours after HSCs for Group B. All subjects will receive an additional two bi-weekly vaccines during Cycle 6 for a total of 10 DC vaccines. All DC vaccines will be embedded with GM-CSF (150 µg per injection) and given intradermal.

Biological: TTRNA-xALT
During TMZ Cycle 4 and with DC vaccine #6, an infusion of T-cells will be administered to all subjects.

Drug: Dose-Intensified TMZ
After chemoradiation, subjects in Group A will receive the first cycle of dose-intensified TMZ followed by three biweekly TTRNA-DC vaccines with GM-CSF. All subjects will have an additional five cycles of dose-intensified TMZ (for a total of 6 Cycles) with concurrent monthly DC vaccinations.

Drug: Td vaccine
A full Td booster vaccine will be administered IM at Vaccine #1 to all subjects, and vaccine site pretreatment will be administered to all subjects prior to Vaccine#3, #6, and #8.

Biological: Autologous Hematopoietic Stem Cells (HSC)
During Cycle 4, all patients will receive HSCs prior to xALT infusion and DC vaccine #6.

Experimental: Group B
TTRNA-DC vaccines with GM-CSF and TTRNA-xALT plus Td vaccine with Autologous Hematopoietic Stem cells (HSCs) with Cyclophosphamide + Fludarabine Lymphodepletive Conditioning
Biological: TTRNA-DC vaccines with GM-CSF
After chemoradiation subjects will receive the first cycle of dose-intensified TMZ followed by three biweekly TTRNA-DC vaccines with GM-CSF. Monthly DC vaccines will be given during TMZ Cycles 2-5 for Groups A and B and 48-96 hours after completion of TMZ Cycle 6 Day 21 for Group A and 12-36 hours after HSCs for Group B. All subjects will receive an additional two bi-weekly vaccines during Cycle 6 for a total of 10 DC vaccines. All DC vaccines will be embedded with GM-CSF (150 µg per injection) and given intradermal.

Biological: TTRNA-xALT
During TMZ Cycle 4 and with DC vaccine #6, an infusion of T-cells will be administered to all subjects.

Drug: Cyclophosphamide + Fludarabine Lymphodepletive Conditioning
Subjects in Group B, however, will receive lymphodepletion with cyclophosphamide + fludarabine after DC vaccination and prior to the intravenous infusion of ex vivo expanded tumor-reactive lymphocytes.

Drug: Td vaccine
A full Td booster vaccine will be administered IM at Vaccine #1 to all subjects, and vaccine site pretreatment will be administered to all subjects prior to Vaccine#3, #6, and #8.

Biological: Autologous Hematopoietic Stem Cells (HSC)
During Cycle 4, all patients will receive HSCs prior to xALT infusion and DC vaccine #6.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Feasibility and safety of adoptive cellular therapy in pediatric patients with DIPG with or without dose-intensified TMZ during cycles of DC vaccination [ Time Frame: From first DC Vaccine through 30 days after administration of the last dose of trial drug or subject death ]
    Number of subjects with immunotherapy-related dose-limiting toxicities including 1) Grade III or greater non-neurologic toxicity; 2) Grade III neurologic toxicity that does not improve to Grade II or better within 5 days; or 3) Grade IV neurologic toxicity.

  2. Determine the maximally achievable dose (MAD) or maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of xALT plus DC and HSC in Group A and Group B subjects [ Time Frame: From first DC vaccine in Group A until 14 days after administration of the last dose of investigational product is given. ]
    The first 6 patients in Group A (receiving DI TMZ) at a dose of 3 x 107 cells /kg xALT and if dose-limiting toxicities are observed in no more than 1 of 6 patients, the study team will enroll another 6 patients at the next dose level of 3 x108 cells /kg. If no more than 1 patient suffers dose limiting toxicity (DLT) at this dose level, it will declared the MAD of T cells. Subjects enrolled in Group B will be treated at the MAD or MTD determined in the Group A Cohort.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Post-immunotherapy functional anti-tumor immune responses [ Time Frame: Up to 10 months ]
    The in vivo expansion, persistence, and function of tumor-specific lymphocytes will be followed serially in these patients using T-cell receptor (TCR) sequencing and functional immunologic analysis.

  2. Analysis of progression-free survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    Days of PFS

  3. Analysis of overall survival (OS) [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    Days of OS



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Ages Eligible for Study:   3 Years to 21 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

Initial Screening

  • Radiologically confirmed DIPG and patient and/or parents/guardian willing to consent to biopsy;
  • Karnofsky Performance Status (KPS) of > 50% (KPS for > 16 years of age) or Lansky performance Score (LPS) of ≥ 50 (LPS for ≤ 16 years of age) assessed within 2 weeks prior to registration;
  • Bone Marrow;
  • ANC (absolute neutrophil count) ≥ 1000/µl (unsupported)
  • Platelets ≥ 100,000/µl (unsupported)
  • Hemoglobin > 8 g/dL (can be transfused)
  • Renal;
  • Serum creatinine ≤ upper limit of institutional normal
  • Hepatic;
  • Bilirubin ≤ 1.5 times upper limit of institutional normal for age
  • SGPT (ALT) ≤ 3 times upper limit of institutional normal for age
  • SGOT (AST) ≤ 3 times upper limit of institutional normal for age
  • Patients of childbearing or child-fathering potential must be willing to use medically acceptable forms of birth control while being treated on this study.

Post Biopsy

  • Patients with post-surgical neurological deficits should have deficits that are stable for a minimum of 1 week prior to registration;
  • Pathologic diagnosis of glioma on tumor biopsy.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with severe dysphagia, obtundation, or tetraplegia (poor risks for anesthesia and biopsy procedure);
  • Absence of tumor on biopsy specimen;
  • Pregnant or need to breast feed during the study period (Negative serum pregnancy test required)
  • Known autoimmune or immunosuppressive disease or human immunodeficiency virus infection;
  • Patients with significant renal, cardiac, pulmonary, hepatic or other organ dysfunction;
  • Severe or unstable concurrent medical conditions;
  • Patients who require corticosteroids above physiologic doses (>4 mg/day dexamethasone) after chemoradiotherapy;
  • Patients scheduled to receive any other concurrent anticancer or investigational drug therapy;
  • Prior allergic reaction to TMZ, GM-CSF, or Td;
  • Patients who are unwilling or unable to receive treatment and undergo follow-up evaluations at University of Florida;
  • Patient and/or parent/guardian demonstrating an inability to comply with the study and/or follow-up procedures.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03396575


Contacts
Contact: Marcia Hodik, RN 352-273-6971 marcia.hodik@neurosurgery.ufl.edu

Locations
United States, Florida
UF Health Shands Children's Hospital Recruiting
Gainesville, Florida, United States, 32610
Contact: Marcia Hodik, RN    352-273-6971    marcia.hodik@neurosurgery.ufl.edu   
Principal Investigator: Sridharan Gururangan, FRCP         
University of Florida Not yet recruiting
Gainesville, Florida, United States, 32610
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Florida
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Sridharan Gururangan, MD University of Florida

Responsible Party: University of Florida
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03396575     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: IRB201701296
First Posted: January 11, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 14, 2018
Last Verified: September 2018

Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Keywords provided by University of Florida:
Total tumor mRNA-pulsed autologous Dendritic Cells (DCs) (TTRNA-DCs)
Tumor-specific ex vivo expanded autologous lymphocyte transfer (TTRNA-xALT)
Autologous G-CSF mobilized HSCs
Temozolomide (TMZ)
Cyclophosphamide (CTX)
Fludarabine (Flu)
Granulocyte Colony Stimulating Factor (G-CSF)
Granulocyte Macrophage Colony Stimulating Factor (GM-CSF)
Tetanus Toxoid
Mesna

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Glioma
Neoplasms, Neuroepithelial
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Vaccines
Cyclophosphamide
Fludarabine phosphate
Temozolomide
Fludarabine
Vidarabine
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Immunosuppressive Agents
Antirheumatic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Myeloablative Agonists
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antimetabolites
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents