Early Detection of Cardiomyopathy by Speckle Echo, High Sensitive Troponin and Cardiac Ryanodine Receptors
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03381014|
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : December 21, 2017
Last Update Posted : December 21, 2017
Early detection of cardiomyopathy in patients receiving Anthracycline chemotherapy and determine if speckle tracking echo and Troponin gene will add benefit for early detection of cardiomyopathy.
Improve economic impact of oncologic patients from whom high sensitive troponin negative and normal speckle tracking patients can be safely excluded from long-term cardiac monitoring programs.
To correlate between the molecular gene expression of troponin genes and ryanodine receptor in cardiomyopathy
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment|
|Chemotherapy Effect||Drug: Chemotherapy, Cancer, Anthracyclines|
Anthracycline chemotherapy has saved the lives of many cancer victims during the 50 years after their discovery.These patients are prone to higher risk of cardiovascular death than the risk of tumor recurrence, particularly in childhood cancer survivors in whom the cardiac mortality rate is seven fold higher.
Cardiac toxicity remains an important side effect of anticancer therapies, leading to increased mortality due to mainly heart failure, but also arrhythmias, hypertension, thromboembolism.
The time from early development of cardiac dysfunction to the modification or end of chemotherapy and beginning of heart failure therapy, is an important determinant of the extent of recovery.
The Cardiotoxicity of anthracyclines may be acute, early or late. A recent study involving 2625 patients (mean follow-up 5 years); showed a 9% overall incidence of Cardiotoxicity after anthracycline treatment, 98% of cases occurred within the first year and were asymptomatic.
Cardiotoxicity has been defined using various classifications. Recent guidelines suggest that Cancer therapeutics-related cardiac dysfunction (CTRCD) is defined as a decrease in the LVEF (by echocardiography) of >10 percentage points to a value below the lower limit of normal.
Echocardiography should be repeated before every next administration of anthracycline, after 3, 6, and 12 months from the end of therapy with anthracycline but...Not all patients treated with chemotherapy require such frequently repeated LVEF monitoring as suggested by the guidelines because of the negative impact on patient management and cost-effectiveness ratio for the national health system.
Speckle-tracking echocardiography is a noninvasive ultrasound imaging technique that allows for early an objective and quantitative evaluation of global and regional myocardial function.
New elevation of serum troponin detected with high sensitivity Troponin assays in patients receiving anthracyclines also predicts subsequent LV dysfunction.
Ryanodine receptors (RyRs) are a class of intracellular calcium channels in various forms of excitable tissues like muscles and neurons.
In heart failure the RyR2 channels become abnormally active or "leaky" and are unable to remain closed during diastole. This leads to an increase in spontaneous Ca+2 spark frequency and dysregulated Ca+2 handling within the cardiomyocyte, resulting in decreased systolic contraction and irregular contractile activity.
|Study Type :||Observational|
|Estimated Enrollment :||50 participants|
|Official Title:||Added Benefit of Speckle Tracking Echo to Molecular Expression of High Sensitive Troponin I and Cardiac Ryanodine Receptor in Early Detection of Cardiomyopathy in Patients Receiving Anthracycline Chemotherapy|
|Estimated Study Start Date :||January 1, 2018|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||January 1, 2019|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||August 1, 2019|
- Drug: Chemotherapy, Cancer, Anthracyclines
follow up cardio-toxicity .... by speckle tracking echo and cardiac troponinOther Name: speckle tracking Echo
- early detection of cardiomyopathy [ Time Frame: about one year ]using speckle tracking echo to early diagnosis of cardiomyopathy
- identify patients whose at risk to develop cardiomyopathy [ Time Frame: about one year ]Using the high sensitive troponin with quantitative measurements as biomarker.
- molecular gene expression of troponin genes and ryanodine receptor in cardiomyopathy [ Time Frame: same time frame ... about one year ]quantitative correlation between the troponin genes and ryanodine receptor in early cardiomyopathy
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03381014
|Contact: Mostafa M Morsy, MD||+201096955959||Mostafa_corono@yahoo.com|
|Contact: Hatem A helmy, MDemail@example.com|
|Study Chair:||yehia T kishk, MD||cardiology department|
|Principal Investigator:||Mohamed K Koriem, MD||cardiology department|
|Principal Investigator:||Naglaa K Idriss, MD||biochemistry department|