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Trial record 5 of 235 for:    Refractory | Recruiting, Not yet recruiting, Available Studies | "Multiple Myeloma"

Clinical Study of CAR-BCMA T Cells in Patients With Refractory or Relapsed Multiple Myeloma

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03380039
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : December 20, 2017
Last Update Posted : December 20, 2017
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Carsgen Therapeutics, Ltd.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Xinhua Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine

Brief Summary:
A single arm, open-label pilot study is designed to determine the safety, efficacy and cytokinetics of CAR-BCMA T cells in patients with BCMA-positive refractory or relapsed multiple myeloma.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Refractory or Relapsed Multiple Myeloma Genetic: CAR-BCMA T cells Drug: Fludarabine Drug: Cyclophosphamide Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

This study is designed to determine the safety, tolerability and engraftment potential of anti-BCMA lentivirus-transduced autologous T cells in patients with refractory or relapsed multiple myeloma.

Primary objectives:

  1. Determine the safety and tolerability of CAR-BCMA T cells (autologous T cells transduced with chimeric antigen receptors recognizing BCMA) in patients with refractory or relapsed multiple myeloma.
  2. Observe the cytokinetics of CAR-BCMA T cells.

Secondary objectives:

  1. Observe the anti-tumor response of CAR-BCMA T cells to refractory or relapsed multiple myeloma (evaluated by diagnostic criteria International Myeloma Working Group (IMWG2014 version) as CR, sCR, ICR, MCR or VGPR).
  2. Make an evaluation on the distribution and in vivo survival of CAR-BCMA T cells in peripheral blood, lymph node, and bone marrow.
  3. Observe the immunogenicity of CAR-BCMA T cells, and determine if there is anti-BCMA scFv cellular immune response and anti-BCMA scFv humoral immune response.
  4. Observe the changes of cell subsets of CAR-BCMA T cells against T cells (Tcm, central memory T lymphocytes; Tem, effector memory T lymphocytes; Treg, regulatory T lymphocytes).

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 12 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Clinical Study of Redirected Autologous T Cells With a BCMA-targeted Chimeric Antigen Receptor in Patients With Refractory or Relapsed Multiple Myeloma
Actual Study Start Date : October 13, 2017
Estimated Primary Completion Date : September 30, 2019
Estimated Study Completion Date : September 30, 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Multiple Myeloma
Drug Information available for: Fludarabine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: CAR-BCMA T cells

In this study, autologous T cells transduced with a BCMA-targeted chimeric antigen receptor (CAR-BCMA T cells) are used to treat patients with refractory or relapsed multiple myeloma.

Route of administration: Intravenous injection.

Lymphodepletion conditioning:

Lymphodepletion will be conducted several days prior to CAR-BCMA T cells infusion.

A combination of fludarabine and cyclophosphamide will be used for lymphodepletion.

Genetic: CAR-BCMA T cells
Single dose of CAR-BCMA T cells will be infused, and classic "3+3" dose escalation will be applied.
Other Name: BCMA-redirected autologous T cells

Drug: Fludarabine
Fludarabine is used for lymphodepletion.

Drug: Cyclophosphamide
Cyclophosphamide is used for lymphodepletion.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of participants with CAR-BCMA T cell therapy-related adverse events as assessed by CTCAE v4.03 [ Time Frame: 24 weeks ]
    Number of participants with study related adverse events which are defined as laboratory toxicities and clinical events that are possible, likely or definitely related to study treatment at any time from the infusion until week 24, including infusion related toxicity and any toxicity possibly related to CAR-BCMA T cells.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Engraftment [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    Duration of in vivo survival of CAR-BCMA T cells is defined as "engraftment". The primary engraftment endpoint is the number of CAR-BCMA DNA vector copies per mL blood of CAR-BCMA T cells at regular intervals from 24 hours after initial infusion through 2 years of last infusion. PCR for CAR-BCMA T vector sequences will be performed until any 2 sequential tests are negative, documented as engraftment of CAR-BCMA T cells.

  2. Anti-tumor response of CAR-BCMA T cell infusion [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    Observe the anti-tumor response of CAR-BCMA T cells to refractory or relapsed multiple myeloma (evaluated by diagnostic criteria International Myeloma Working Group (IMWG2014 version) as CR, sCR, ICR, MCR or VGPR).


Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Number of RNA copies of CAR-BCMA T cells in tissue samples [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    The number of RNA copies of CAR-BCMA T cells in lymph node samples or bone marrow samples at regular intervals from 24 hours after the initial infusion.

  2. Anti-drug antibody [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    Detect titer of anti-BCMA anti-drug antibody (ADA).

  3. Changes of cell subsets of CAR-BCMA T cells against T cells [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    Observe the changes of cell subsets of CAR-BCMA T cells against T cells (Tcm, central memory T lymphocytes; Tem, effector memory T lymphocytes; Treg, regulatory T lymphocytes).



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 70 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Patients aged between 18 ~ 70 with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma.
  2. Bone marrow sample is confirmed as BCMA-positive by flow cytometry or pathological examination.
  3. Patients with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma who meet the following conditions:

    • 1) Curative efficacy is little or disease progressed after 2 courses of standard treatment regimen;
    • 2) Disease relapsed after chemotherapy or HSCT. Curative efficacy is little or disease progressed after 2 courses of original treatment regimen;
    • 3) More than 60 days between last treatment and disease progression;
    • 4) Autologous or allogeneic SCT is not available at present, or patient refuses to receive SCT;
    • 5) Disease progression is defined as per "Chinese Guidelines for Diagnosis and Treatment of Multiple Myeloma (Revision in 2015)". At least one of the following conditions should be met:
    • - i. Serum M-protein increases ≥ 25% (absolute increase should be ≥ 5 g/L). If serum M protein is ≥ 50 g/L at baseline, increase of serum M protein can be ≥ 10 g/L;
    • - ii. Urine M-protein increases ≥ 25% (absolute increase should be ≥ 200 mg/24 h);
    • - iii. If the serum and urine M-protein are not detectable, a ≥ 25% increase in the difference between involved and uninvolved FLC levels is required (absolute increase should be ≥ 100 mg/L);
    • - iv. Bone marrow plasma cell percentage increases ≥ 25% (absolute increase should be ≥ 10%);
    • - v. Size of existing bone lesions or soft tissue plasmacytomas increases by ≥ 25%, or development of new lytic bone lesions or soft tissue plasmacytomas;
    • - vi. Development of hypercalcemia that can be attributed to plasma cell proliferative disorder (corrected calcium is > 2.8 mmol/L or 11.5 mg/dL);
    • - vii. Disease progression must be confirmed by 2 sequential assessments.
  4. Expected survival > 12 weeks.
  5. Disease is measurable, and at least one of the following conditions should be satisfied:

    • 1) Serum M-protein is ≥ 10 g/L;
    • 2) 24-hour urine M-protein is ≥ 200 mg;
    • 3) Serum FLC is ≥ 5 mg/dL;
    • 4) Plasmacytomas that can be measured or evaluated by imaging;
    • 5) Bone marrow plasma cell percentage is ≥ 20%.
  6. ECOG scores 0 - 1.
  7. Adequate venous access for apheresis and venous blood sampling, and no other contraindications for leukapheresis.
  8. WBC ≥ 1.5×10^9/L, PLT ≥ 45×10^9/L;
  9. Serum creatinine ≤ 1.5 ULN.
  10. ALT ≤ 2.5 ULN, AST ≤ 2.5 ULN. The above lab results should not include those obtained from continuous supportive treatment that is ongoing.

Exclusion Criteria:

Patients with any of the following conditions are not eligible for this study.

  1. Transduction of target lymphocytes < 10%, expansion in response to αCD3/CD28 costimulation < 5-fold.
  2. Pregnant or lactating women.
  3. HIV positive, or HCV positive
  4. Uncontrolled active infection, including active tuberculosis and HBV DNA copies ≥ 1×10^3 copies/mL.
  5. Concurrent use of systemic steroids. Recent or current use of inhaled steroids is not exclusionary.
  6. Allergic to immunotherapies and related drugs.
  7. Patients with heart disease for which treatment is needed or with poorly controlled hypertension.
  8. Hyponatremia: serum sodium level < 125 mmol/L.
  9. Baseline serum potassium < 3.5 mmol/L (taking potassium supplements before participating in the study to raise potassium level is acceptable).
  10. Previous treatment with chemoradiotherapy, immunotherapy and tumor-targeting drug conducted 2 weeks prior to participation in this study or blood collection.
  11. Patients have undertaken immunosuppressor for graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) within 4 weeks before participation in this study or blood collection, or the patient is diagnosed with acute or chronic GVHD.
  12. Other severe disease that may restrain patients from participating in this study (e.g. diabetes, severe cardiac dysfunction, myocardial infarction or unstable arrhythmias or unstable angina in recent 6 months, gastric ulcer, active autoimmune disease, etc.).

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03380039


Contacts
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Contact: Siguo Hao, MD +86-021-25077600 haosghj88@hotmail.com

Locations
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China, Shanghai
Xin Hua Hospital of Shanghai Jiao Tong University of Medicine Recruiting
Shanghai, Shanghai, China, 200092
Contact: Siguo Hao, MD    +86-021-25077600    haosghj88@hotmail.com   
Principal Investigator: Siguo Hao, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Xinhua Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine
Carsgen Therapeutics, Ltd.
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Siguo Hao, MD Xin Hua Hospital of Shanghai Jiao Tong University of Medicine

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Responsible Party: Xinhua Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03380039     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: XH-17-018
First Posted: December 20, 2017    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: December 20, 2017
Last Verified: June 2017
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Multiple Myeloma
Neoplasms, Plasma Cell
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Hemostatic Disorders
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Paraproteinemias
Blood Protein Disorders
Hematologic Diseases
Hemorrhagic Disorders
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Cyclophosphamide
Fludarabine phosphate
Fludarabine
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antirheumatic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Myeloablative Agonists
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antimetabolites