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Study of Safety and Efficacy of LNP023 in Patients With Kidney Disease Caused by Inflammation

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03373461
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : December 14, 2017
Results First Posted : October 7, 2022
Last Update Posted : October 7, 2022
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Novartis ( Novartis Pharmaceuticals )

Brief Summary:
Efficacy and safety of LNP023 in IgAN patients

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
IgA Nephropathy Drug: LNP023 Other: Placebo Phase 2

Detailed Description:
This was a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, dose-ranging, parallel-group study with an adaptive design (Part 1 informed the design adaptations for Part 2). In Part 1, three doses of LNP023 (10 mg, 50 mg, and 200 mg) vs. placebo control were compared; In Part 2, four doses of LNP023 (10 mg, 50 mg, 100 mg, and 200 mg) vs. placebo control were compared. The study comprised a run-in phase in order that patients were on stable and maximally tolerated dose of Angiotensin-converting-enzyme inhibitor (ACEi) or Angiotensin II Receptor Blockers (ARB) for at least 90 days, a 90 days treatment phase in Part 1; a 180 days treatment phase in Part 2 and a 90 days follow-up phase in both Parts 1 and 2.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 112 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: An Adaptive Seamless Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled, Dose Ranging Study to Investigate the Efficacy and Safety of LNP023 in Primary IgA Nephropathy Patients
Actual Study Start Date : February 7, 2018
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 29, 2020
Actual Study Completion Date : June 22, 2021


Arm Intervention/treatment
Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Placebo identical to LNP023 twice a day
Other: Placebo
Matching placebo to LNP023

Experimental: LNP023 10 mg BID
10 mg taken twice a day.
Drug: LNP023
LNP023 5, 25, 100 mg capsles

Experimental: LNP023 50 mg BID
50 mg taken twice a day.
Drug: LNP023
LNP023 5, 25, 100 mg capsles

Experimental: LNP023 100 mg BID - Part 2
100 mg taken twice a day.
Drug: LNP023
LNP023 5, 25, 100 mg capsles

Experimental: LNP023 200 mg BID
200 mg taken twice a day.
Drug: LNP023
LNP023 5, 25, 100 mg capsles




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. MCP-Mod Estimates of the Ratio to Baseline of Urine Protein to Creatinine Ratio (UPCR) (g/Mol) - Parts 1 and 2 at Day 90 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Day 90 ]
    The primary analysis of the dose-response effect of LNP023 versus placebo on the reduction in UPCR 24 hours at Day 90 was done using Multiple Comparison Procedure Modelling (MCP-Mod). The existence of a dose-response relationship was assessed at the MCP step at the one-sided 10% significance level vis a multiple contrasts test. In the Mod step, the mean predicted difference between each LNP023 dose and placebo were then estimated using parametric bootstrap model averaging. Results are presented on the original scale as geometric mean ratios. A ratio less than 1 indicates a reduction in proteinuria. Participants collected all urine over a 24 hour period for UPCR test.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Mixed Model of Repeated Measures (MMRM) of the Change From Baseline for Estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate (eGFR) - Parts 1 and 2 at Day 90 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Day 90 ]
    eGFR was calculated according to the Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI). The CKD-EPI equation is an established, widely used and Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) guideline recommended method of GFR estimation based on serum creatinine, age, gender and race of the patient. It was derived and validated established from a meta-analyses of multiple studies including large number of patients.

  2. Mixed Model of Repeated Measures (MMRM) of the Change From Baseline for Serum Creatinine - Parts 1 and 2 at Day 90 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Day 90 ]
    Serum creatinine

  3. Shift Table From Baseline for Hematuria Levels - Parts 1 and 2 at Day 90 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Day 90 ]
    Hematuria levels were the number of erythrocytes/high-power-field (hpf) measured through microscopic examination. The table shows the shift in hematuria grade (Low: <9 rbc/hpf, Intermediate: >=9 to <= 50 rbc/hpf, High: >50 rbc/hpf) from baseline (rows) to Day 90 (columns). A lower grade corresponds to a better outcome. Only patients with both baseline and Day 90 hematuria values are presented. L=low, I=intermediate and H=high in column headings for doses and BL=baseline

  4. Mixed Model of Repeated Measures (MMRM) of the Ratio to Baseline in 24hour Urine Protein (UP) - Parts 1 and 2 to Day 90 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Day 90 ]
    Participants collected all of their urine over a 24-hour period.

  5. Mixed Model of Repeated Measures (MMRM) of the Ratio to Baseline of 24 Hour Urine Albumin (UA) - Parts 1 and 2 to Day 90 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Day 90 ]
    Participants collected all of their urine over a 24-hour period.

  6. Mixed Model of Repeated Measures (MMRM) of the Ratio to Baseline in 24 Hour Urine Albumin to Creatinine (UACR) - Parts 1 and 2 to Day 90 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Day 90 ]
    Participants collected all of their urine over a 24-hour period.

  7. Mixed Model of Repeated Measures (MMRM) of the Ratio to Baseline in Urine Protein to Creatinine (UPCR) From 1st Morning Void - Parts 1 and 2 at Day 90 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Day 90 ]
    A midstream urine sample was obtained from the first morning void (FMV) on the visit day.

  8. Plasma Pharmacokinetics (PK) of Area Under the Curve at Steady State (AUCtau,ss and AUClast,ss) at Day 30 [ Time Frame: Baseline (0 hr), Day 15 (0 hr) Day 30 (0, 0.25, 0.5, 1, 2, 4, 6, 8 hrs) ]
    AUClast,ss: the area under the plasma concentration-time curve from time zero to last quantifiable concentration at steady state AUCtau,ss: the area under the plasma concentration-time curve from time zero to the end of the dosing interval tau at steady state

  9. Plasma Pharmacokinetics (PK) of Pre-dose Trough at Steady State (Ctrough,ss) and Maximum Concentrations (Cmax,ss) at Day 30 [ Time Frame: Baseline (0 hr), Day 15 (0 hr) Day 30 (0, 0.25, 0.5, 1, 2, 4, 6, 8 hrs) ]
    Cmax,ss: the observed maximum plasma concentration following drug administration at steady state (ng/mL) Ctrough,ss: the pre-dose plasma concentration observed during a dosing interval at steady state (ng/mL)

  10. Plasma Pharmacokinetics (PK) of Time to Maximum Concentration at Steady State (Tmax,ss) at Day 30 [ Time Frame: Baseline (0 hr), Day 15 (0 hr) Day 30 (0, 0.25, 0.5, 1, 2, 4, 6, 8 hrs) ]
    Tmax,ss: the time to reach the maximum concentration after drug administration at steady state (h)

  11. Amount of LNP023 Excreted Into Urine (Ae,ss) at Day 30 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Day 30 ]
    Ae,ss: the total cumulative urinary excretion at steady state

  12. Percent of LNP023 Excreted Into Urine at Day 30 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Day 30 ]
    Percent of drug excreted into the urine

  13. Renal Clearance From Plasma at Steady State (CLr,ss) at Day 30 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Day 30 ]
    The renal clearance from plasma at steady state

  14. Change From Baseline in Plasma Levels of Circulating Fragment of Factor B (Bb) and Soluble Terminal Complement Complex (sC5b-9) Biomarkers for Parts 1 and 2 to Day 90 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Days 8, 15, 30, 60, 90 ]
    The complement AP biomarkers Bb and sC5b-9 were evaluated as potential pharmacodynamics and mode-of-action markers. Both biomarkers were measured using validated enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs).

  15. Estimation of the Lowest Dose Providing Maximal Reduction of Proteinuria as Measured by the Ratio to Baseline in UPCR at Day 90 [ Time Frame: Baseline up to Month 3 ]
    The table shows the ratio to baseline in UPCR at Day 90 by treatment group. The lowest dose providing maximal reduction of proteinuria is the dose with the smallest UPCR ratio to baseline estimate (i.e. LNP023 200mg),

  16. Mixed Model of Repeated Measures (MMRM) of the Change From Baseline for Estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate (eGFR) - Part 2 up to Day 180 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Day 180 ]
    eGFR; estimated by the Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI)

  17. Mixed Model of Repeated Measures (MMRM) of the Ratio to Baseline Protein to Creatinine (UPCR) From 1st Morning Void - Part 2 up to Day 180 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Day 180 ]
    A midstream urine sample was obtained from the first morning void (FMV) on the visit day.

  18. Shift Table From Baseline for Hematuria Levels - Part 2 at Day 180 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Day 180 ]
    Hematuria levels were the number of erythrocytes/high-power-field (hpf) measured through microscopic examination. The table shows the shift in hematuria grade (Low: <9 rbc/hpf, Intermediate: >=9 to <= 50 rbc/hpf, High: >50 rbc/hpf) from baseline (rows) to Day 180 (columns). A lower grade corresponds to a better outcome. Only patients with both baseline and Day 90 hematuria values are presented. L=low, I=intermediate and H=high in column headings for doses and BL=baseline

  19. Mixed Model of Repeated Measures (MMRM) of the Change From Baseline in Protein Level Urine Using the Urine Protein-creatinine Ratio (UPCR) From 24 Hour Urine Collection - Part 2 up to Day 180 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Days 30, 90 and 180 ]
    For UPCR test, participants collected all of their urine over a 24-hour period

  20. Mixed Model of Repeated Measures (MMRM) of the Ratio to Baseline in 24 Hour Urine Albumin to Creatinine (UACR) - Part 2 up to Day 180 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Day 180 ]
    The 24-hour urine collection was started 1 day prior to the clinic visit, after participant urinated for the first time, than all urine was collected for the next 24 hours and refrigerated prior to clinic visit.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Female and male patients above 18 years of age with a biopsy-verified IgA nephropathy and where the biopsy was performed within the prior three years.
  • Patients must weigh at least 35 kg to participate in the study, and must have a body mass index (BMI) within the range of 15 - 38 kg/m2. BMI = Body weight (kg) / [Height (m)]2
  • Measured Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR) or estimated GFR (using the CKD-EPI formula) ≥30 mL/min per 1.73 m2
  • Urine protein ≥1 g/24hr at screening and ≥0.75 g / 24h after the run- in period
  • Vaccination against Neisseria meningitidis types A, C, Y and W-135 is required at least 30 days prior to first dosing with LNP023. Vaccination against N. meningitidis type B, S. pneumoniae and H. influenzae should be conducted if available and acceptable by local regulations, at least 30 days prior to first dosing with LNP023
  • All patients must have been on supportive care including a maximally tolerated dose of ACEi or ARB therapy for the individual, antihypertensive therapy or diuretics for at least 90 days before dosing

Exclusion criteria

  1. Presence of crescent formation in ≥50% of glomeruli assessed on renal biopsy
  2. Patients previously treated with immunosuppressive agents such as cyclophosphamide or mycophenolate mofetil (MMF), or cyclosporine, systemic corticosteroids exposure within 90 days prior to start of LNP023/Placebo dosing
  3. Use of other investigational drugs at the time of enrollment, or within 5 half-lives of enrollment, or within 30 days, whichever is longer; or longer if required by local regulations
  4. All transplanted patients (any organ, including bone marrow)
  5. History of immunodeficiency diseases, or a positive HIV (ELISA and Western blot) test result.

    Chronic infection with Hepatitis B (HBV) or Hepatitis C (HCV). A positive HBV surface antigen (HBsAg) test, or if standard local practice, a positive HBV core antigen test, excludes a patient. Patients with a positive HCV antibody test should have HCV RNA levels measured. Subjects with positive (detectable) HCV RNA should be excluded

  6. Any surgical or medical condition which might significantly alter the absorption, distribution, metabolism, or excretion of drugs, or which may jeopardize the subject in case of participation in the study. The Investigator should make this determination in consideration of the subject's medical history and/or clinical or laboratory evidence of any of the following:

    • A history of invasive infections caused by encapsulated organisms, e.g. meningococcus or pneumococcus
    • Splenectomy
    • Inflammatory bowel disease, peptic ulcers, severe gastrointestinal disorder including rectal bleeding;
    • Major gastrointestinal tract surgery such as gastrectomy, gastroenterostomy, or bowel resection;
    • Pancreatic injury or pancreatitis;
    • Liver disease or liver injury as indicated by abnormal liver function tests. ALT (SGPT), AST (SGOT), GGT, alkaline phosphatase and serum bilirubin will be tested.
    • Any single parameter of ALT, AST, GGT, alkaline phosphatase or serum bilirubin must not exceed 3 x upper limit of normal (ULN)
    • PT/INR must be within the reference range of normal individuals
    • Evidence of urinary obstruction or difficulty in voiding any urinary tract disorder other than IgNA that is associated with hematuria at screening and before dosing; [If necessary, laboratory testing may be repeated on one occasion (as soon as possible) prior to randomization, to rule out any laboratory error]
  7. Pregnant or nursing (lactating) women, where pregnancy is defined as the state of a female after conception and until the termination of gestation, confirmed by a positive hCG laboratory test.
  8. A history of clinically significant ECG abnormalities, or any of the following ECG abnormalities at screening or baseline:

    • PR > 200 msec
    • QRS complex > 120 msec
    • QTcF > 450 msec (males)
    • QTcF > 460 msec (females)
    • History of familial long QT syndrome or known family history of Torsades de Pointes
    • Use of agents known to prolong the QT interval unless they can be permanently discontinued for the duration of the study
  9. History of severe allergic reactions as per Investigator decision
  10. Plasma donation (> 200mL) within 30 days prior to first dosing.
  11. Donation or loss of 400 mL or more of blood within eight (8) weeks prior to initial dosing, or longer if required by local regulation
  12. Women of child-bearing potential, defined as all women physiologically capable of becoming pregnant, unless they are using highly effective methods of contraception during dosing and for 1 week after stopping of investigational drug. Highly effective contraception methods include:

    • Total abstinence from heterosexual intercourse (when this is in line with the preferred and usual lifestyle of the subject). Periodic abstinence (e.g., calendar, ovulation, symptothermal, post-ovulation methods) and withdrawal are not acceptable methods of contraception.
    • Female sterilization (have had surgical bilateral oophorectomy with or without hysterectomy), total hysterectomy or tubal ligation at least six weeks before taking investigational drug. In case of oophorectomy alone, only when the reproductive status of the woman has been confirmed by follow up hormone level assessment.
    • Male sterilization (at least 6 months prior to screening). For female subjects on the study the vasectomized male partner should be the sole partner for that subject.
    • Use of oral (estrogen and progesterone), injected or implanted hormonal methods of contraception or placement of an intrauterine device (IUD) or intrauterine system (IUS) or other forms of hormonal contraception that have comparable efficacy (failure <1%), for example hormone vaginal ring or transdermal hormone contraception In case of use of oral contraception women should have been stable on the same pill for a minimum of 3 months before taking investigational drug.

    If local regulations deviate from the contraception methods listed above and require more extensive measures to prevent pregnancy, local regulations apply and will be described in the ICF.

    Women are considered post-menopausal and not of child bearing potential if they have had 12 months of natural (spontaneous) amenorrhea with an appropriate clinical profile (e.g. age appropriate, history of vasomotor symptoms) or have had surgical bilateral oophorectomy (with or without hysterectomy), total hysterectomy or tubal ligation at least six weeks ago. In the case of oophorectomy alone, only when the reproductive status of the woman has been confirmed by follow up hormone level assessment is she considered not of child bearing potential.

  13. History of malignancy of any organ system (other than localized basal cell carcinoma of the skin or in-situ cervical cancer), treated or untreated, within the past 5 years, regardless of whether there is evidence of local recurrence or metastases
  14. History of any porphyria metabolic disorder
  15. History of drug or alcohol abuse within the 12 months prior to dosing, or evidence of such abuse as indicated by the laboratory assays conducted during screening and baseline.
  16. History of hypersensitivity to any of the study treatments or excipients or to drugs of similar chemical classes

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03373461


Locations
Show Show 56 study locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Novartis Pharmaceuticals
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Novartis ( Novartis Pharmaceuticals ):
Study Protocol  [PDF] September 24, 2020
Statistical Analysis Plan  [PDF] August 2, 2021

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Responsible Party: Novartis Pharmaceuticals
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03373461    
Other Study ID Numbers: CLNP023X2203
2017-000891-27 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: December 14, 2017    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: October 7, 2022
Last Update Posted: October 7, 2022
Last Verified: September 2022
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description:

Novartis is committed to sharing with qualified external researchers, access to patient-level data and supporting clinical documents from eligible studies. These requests are reviewed and approved by an independent review panel on the basis of scientific merit. All data provided is anonymized to respect the privacy of patients who have participated in the trial in line with applicable laws and regulations.

This trial data availability is according to the criteria and process described on www.clinicalstudydatarequest.com


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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Novartis ( Novartis Pharmaceuticals ):
glomerunephritis, complement driven, chronic kidney disease
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Kidney Diseases
Glomerulonephritis, IGA
Urologic Diseases
Glomerulonephritis
Nephritis
Autoimmune Diseases
Immune System Diseases