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Effects of Vitamin D Supplementation in Muscle Strength and Balance Training

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03367585
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : December 8, 2017
Last Update Posted : December 18, 2017
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Sao Paulo General Hospital

Brief Summary:
Introduction: In Brazil, a person who is sixty years old or more is considered elderly. The incidence of osteoporosis and osteopenia has been increasing, as have fractures resulting from falls. Vitamin D deficiency can cause muscular atrophy in type II fibers (fast contraction and strength), which can increase the risk of falls. The aging process produces reduction in the ability of postural control system to maintain postural balance, which may increase postural instability and consequently increase the elderly risk to falls. Objective: To evaluate if vitamin D supplementation associated with regular exercise in vulnerable older women improves muscle strength and postural balance in 12 weeks. Methods: This will be a randomized prospective clinical trial, double blind, placebo-controlled intervention. Will be part of the study 40 elderly women vulnerable, who meet the inclusion criteria and that will be coming from the community through calls made by radio and social network. The volunteer will undergoing to blood test, body composition and bone mineral density, Mini Mental State Examination, Geriatric Depressive Scale, Falls Efficacy Scale, WHOQOL-OLD and WHOQOL-BREF instruments, functional capacity tests (MiniBEST, Time up and Go, Chair Rising Test, Six-minute walk test), muscular strength assessment (isokinetic dynamometry, handgrip and 1RM test) and postural balance (AccSway force platform for static postural balance and NeuroCom's Balance Master for dynamic postural balance) before and after 12 weeks of intervention with vitamin D supplementation and resistance and postural balance exercise. The intervention that will be perform during the 12 weeks with a progressive resistance training program.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Osteoporosis, Osteopenia Osteoporosis, Postmenopausal Dietary Supplement: Physical exercise + Vitamin D3 Other: Physical exercise Not Applicable

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 40 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description: Randomized prospective clinical trial, double-blind, placebo-controlled intervention
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Effects of Vitamin D Supplementation in Muscle Strength and Postural Balance Training in Vulnerable Elderly Women
Estimated Study Start Date : February 2018
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 2018
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 2018

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Vitamin D

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Experimental
The experimental group, which will supplement vitamin D3 50,000 IU / week, being in two capsules (25,000 IU / week each),
Dietary Supplement: Physical exercise + Vitamin D3
Strength exercise + Supplementation of vitamin D3 50,000 IU / week

Placebo Comparator: Placebo
The placebo group will inject two capsules of equal size, volume and coloration, composed of lactose, without the vitamin D3 supplement.
Other: Physical exercise
Strength exercise




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Postural balance - semi static [ Time Frame: This measure will be perform before and after the intervation (12 weeks strenght and potural balance exercise) ]
    Evaluation of postural balance - AccSway force platform for semi static postural. The arithmetic mean of the results was calculated from the three tests conducted under each condition, and was processed using the Balance Clinic software. The following parameters were used to measure the stability of the participants: medial-lateral and anteroposterior amplitude (cm), the mean velocity calculated from the total displacement of the center of pressure (COP) in all directions (cm/s), and the elliptical area encompassing 95% of the displacement from the COP (cm2). The following parameters were used to measure the stability of the participants: medial-lateral and anteroposterior amplitude (cm), the mean velocity calculated from the total displacement of the center of pressure (COP) in all directions (cm/s).


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Postural balance - dynamic [ Time Frame: This measure will be perform before and after the intervation (12 weeks strenght and potural balance exercise). ]
    Evaluation of dynamic postural balance - The postural balance assessment (posturography) will be perform on the NeuroCom Balance Master® force platform system (NeuroCom International, Inc., Clackamas, OR, USA). The variables will be the mean sway speed (cm/s) on a stable surface and an unstable surface; and the mean sway in the anteropoterior direction and mediolateral (cm) direction at the same conditions. The variables will be the mean weight transfer index (%), mean movement time (s) and mean impact index.

  2. Muscular strength - Hand Grip [ Time Frame: This measure will be perform before and after the intervation (12 weeks strenght and potural balance exercise). ]
    Evaluation of muscular strength improvement- hand grip strength (HGS). HGS assessment was performed using a Jamar hand dynamometer, measured in kilograms (kg), which is adopted by the American Society of Hand Therapists (ASHT).

  3. Muscular strength - Isokinetic dynamometry [ Time Frame: This measure will be perform before and after the intervation (12 weeks strenght and potural balance exercise). ]
    Evaluation of muscular strength improvement - Isokinetic dynamometry will be use to determine knee extension and flexion strength using the Biodex Multi-Joint System 3 (Biodex MedicalTM, Shirley, NY, USA). The isokinetic variables used were maximum peak torque corrected for body weight (%), and total work (J).

  4. Muscular strength - 1 maximal repetition (RM) [ Time Frame: This measure will be perform before and after the intervation (12 weeks strenght and potural balance exercise). ]
    Evaluation of muscular strength improvement - 1RM test. One-repetition maximum in weight training is the maximum amount of force that can be generated in one maximal contraction (kg).

  5. Body composition and bone mineral density [ Time Frame: This measure will be perform before and after the intervation (12 weeks strenght and potural balance exercise). ]
    Evaluation of body composition (area=cm2; BMC=g and BMD=g/cm2) and bone mineral density (BMD=g/cm2; T-score)



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Ages Eligible for Study:   60 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Age > 60 years;
  2. Osteoporosis or osteopenia (bone mineral density lower than -1.5 standard deviations of the T-score);
  3. Present hypovitaminosis D (<30 nmol / L);
  4. Do not practice regular resistance exercise;
  5. Can not have an injury in lower limbs at least on the last three months,;
  6. Be able to perform independent gait without climbing for at least 100 meters;
  7. Be independent in your daily life activities;
  8. Do not present restrictions for the practice of resistance exercises, including having performed a recent exercise test (maximum 6 months);
  9. Do not use medications such as estrogen's, diuretics, to improve bone mass;
  10. Do not use dietary supplements with vitamin D;
  11. Do not present hyperparathyroidism, diabetes, uncontrolled hypertension, hyperprolactinemia, hypercalciuria, renal lithiasis or elevated serum calcium.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03367585


Contacts
Contact: Julia Greve, Professor 2661-6908 jgreve@usp.br
Contact: Guilherme Brech, PhD 2661-6908 guibrech@gmail.com

Locations
Brazil
Julia Maria DÀndrea Greve Recruiting
São Paulo, Brazil, 04503-010
Contact: Guilherme C Brech, PhD    2661-6908    guibrech@gmail.com   
Principal Investigator: Guilherme C Brech, PhD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Sao Paulo General Hospital

Responsible Party: University of Sao Paulo General Hospital
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03367585     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 306/15
First Posted: December 8, 2017    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: December 18, 2017
Last Verified: December 2017
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided

Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Keywords provided by University of Sao Paulo General Hospital:
Supplementary Feeding
vitamin D
Muscle Strength
postural balance
exercise
aged

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Osteoporosis
Bone Diseases, Metabolic
Osteoporosis, Postmenopausal
Bone Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Metabolic Diseases
Vitamins
Vitamin D
Ergocalciferols
Cholecalciferol
Micronutrients
Growth Substances
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Bone Density Conservation Agents