ClinicalTrials.gov
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu

A New Spinal Brace Design Concept for the Treatment of Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03365804
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : December 7, 2017
Last Update Posted : December 7, 2017
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Women and Children's Health Research Institute, Canada
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Edmond Lou, University of Alberta

Brief Summary:
Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS) is a three-dimensional deformity of the spine due to an unknown cause. Bracing is a proven non-surgical treatment for scoliosis. Our group developed an ultrasound assisted method which can improve brace design. However, it is still quite time consuming to construct a brace. Although 3D printing technology has been proposed to construct a scoliosis brace, its effectiveness has not been validated. The goals of this study was to investigate if an effective and comfortable brace can be designed and fabricated by using ultrasound and computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) technology, and be printed directly from a 3D printer with faster production, lower cost, and improved comfort to patients. Also, to investigate the effectiveness of new designed brace. The final outcomes may reduce the total number of spinal surgeries for scoliosis. The benefits not only reduce the health care cost, but also increase the quality of life of these adolescent patients.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis Device: 3D Printed Brace Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

A randomized clinical trial with a total of 50 new brace candidates diagnosed with AIS from the Stollery Children's Hospital Scoliosis Clinic will be conducted in the next 2 years. Ethics approval (Pro00054113) has been granted. Inclusion is based on the standard Scoliosis Research Society (SRS) brace studies criteria: a) diagnosed with AIS and new to rigid spinal brace treatment, b) prescribed full-time brace wear (23 hours per day), c) primary Cobb angles 20°- 40°, d) age between 10 -16 years, e) Risser 0-2 (skeletally immature), f) either premenarchal or less than 1 year postmenarchal. The 50 subjects will be randomly assigned to 2 equally sized groups (n=25 in each group): group A conventional designed and manual fabricated braces and group B ultrasound and CAD/CAM scanner designed brace with printing by a 3D printer.

Both groups: A brace monitor (2.5cm x 4.0cm x 1.5 cm and 8g) developed from our group will be installed into all braces for both study groups. It will monitor patients' compliance which includes how much time they use their braces and how much time they wear their braces at the prescribed tightness level (quantity and quality). The battery power and memory capacities of the monitor last for 9 months with the sample rate at 1 sample/minute. The brace monitor will be embedded into the brace). No extra attention is needed from the patients. The brace wear pattern data will be downloaded at the routinely scheduled follow up clinics (post brace prescription of 2 months, 6 months, 1 year and every 6 months periods).

For the compliance assessment, we will get 80% power in this sample size if the average compliance from the control group is 60±4% (from our previous study), but in the intervention group the compliance is increased to 70±4%. The compliance is the number of brace wear hours relative to the prescribed hours per day wear time.

Outcomes: When subjects return to their regular follow up scoliosis clinics, the standard standing in-brace radiographs will be taken. The in-brace Cobb angle will be measured by the clinic staff and saved into the clinical database. The Cobb angle correction (in percent) of the treated curve as measured at the immediate follow-up clinic (in-brace radiographic clinic) [(Pre-Out of brace Cobb angle - In-brace Cobb angle)/Pre-brace Cobb angle]*100 will be used to evaluate the immediate effectiveness. An unpaired 2-tailed Student's t-test using an alpha of 0.05 will be used to compare the correction observed in the intervention group to that of the control group. The total numbers of in-brace radiographs will be tailed; it will be counted up to the last radiograph that shows an in-brace correction which is deemed acceptable by the attending orthopedic surgeon. The number of radiographs will be compared between the two study groups. The p-value of the chi-squared test for independence will be used to determine whether a statistically significant difference exists between the 2 groups.


Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 50 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Participant)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A New Spinal Brace Design Concept for the Treatment of Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis
Estimated Study Start Date : January 15, 2018
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 31, 2019
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 31, 2019

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Scoliosis

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: 3D Printed Brace
This group will receive 3D printed brace
Device: 3D Printed Brace
All subjects' body shape will be scanned to generate sterolithography (STL) files for 3D printing.

No Intervention: Traditional Brace
This group will receive the traditional brace



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Evaluate the in-brace Cobb angle on radiograph [ Time Frame: It will be completed 2 months after the last participant is recruited. ]
    The in-brace Cobb angle will be measured from the radiograph at the first follow-up clinic.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Evaluate participants' compliance on how they use their braces [ Time Frame: The result can be reported within 6 months after the last participant is recruited. ]
    The data inside the brace monitors will be downloaded at each clinic visit to understand how well the participants use their brace. The time and wear tightness are the 2 parameters to be evaluated.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Ages Eligible for Study:   10 Years to 16 Years   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

It is based on the standard SRS brace studies criteria: a) diagnosed with AIS and new to rigid spinal brace treatment, b) prescribed full-time brace wear (23 hours per day), c) primary Cobb angles 20°- 40°, d) age between 10 -16 years, e) Risser 0-2 (skeletally immature), f) if female either premenarchal or less than 1 year postmenarchal.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • no surgery

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03365804


Contacts
Contact: Edmond Lou, PhD 7804929254 elou@ualberta.ca
Contact: Doug Hill, MBA 7807358290 doug.hill@ahs.ca

Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Alberta
Women and Children's Health Research Institute, Canada
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Edmond Lou, PhD University of Alberta

Responsible Party: Edmond Lou, Associate Professor, University of Alberta
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03365804     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: Pro00054113
First Posted: December 7, 2017    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: December 7, 2017
Last Verified: December 2017
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Keywords provided by Edmond Lou, University of Alberta:
Ultrasound
Scoliosis
Orthoses
3D Printing

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Scoliosis
Spinal Curvatures
Spinal Diseases
Bone Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases