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Specific Oral Tolerance Induction (SOTI) to Children With IgE-mediated Wheat Allergy

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03352193
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : November 24, 2017
Last Update Posted : January 9, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Nikolaos Kitsioulis, Athens General Children's Hospital "Pan. & Aglaia Kyriakou"

Brief Summary:

This is an observational pilot study investigating the effectiveness, safety and specific immunological mechanisms of Specific Oral Tolerance Induction (SOTI) in children aged 2-16 years with IgE-mediated wheat allergy. The study will be conducted in the Department of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, 2nd University Pediatric Clinic of "Panagiotis & Aglaia Kyriakou" Children's Hospital, Athens, Greece.

The study will include 10 patients with persistent IgE-mediated allergy to wheat, who will undergo 1-year home SOTI, defined as SOTI group. Moreover, 5 patients with IgE-mediated allergy to wheat will be followed for 1-year period after their diagnosis, without any intervention, either because of denial or due to positive history of severe anaphylaxis to very low doses of wheat during baseline Oral Food Challenge / OFC or home ingestion in the preceding 3 months. These will be defined as historical control group.

Well-cooked wheat spaghetti will be given daily to patients with a programmed weekly dose increment for 27 weeks (up-dosing phase). Three different home starting doses will be pre-determined in accordance to each individual's reactivity threshold during baseline OFC to wheat. Each proposed starting dose will be associated with a different weekly stable increase ratio of wheat intake, so that all patients reach an equal predefined maintenance dose at week 27 of up-dosing phase.

Subsequently, wheat protein maintenance dose (spaghetti or equivalent quantity of wheat protein of other wheat product) will be received daily for additional 6 months (maintenance phase), while afterwards patients will be clinically assessed and a 2nd OFC at a higher cumulative dose of wheat protein will be performed, in order to assess patients' desensitization to wheat.

Skin Prick Tests (SPTs) to wheat, blood sampling for the determination of total IgE, wheat specific IgEs (f4, f79, f98, f416, f433) and wheat Basophil Activation Test (BAT) will be performed at baseline, when patients reach the maintenance dose and before the 2nd OFC. Additionally, blood sampling for determination of the levels of anti-tissue transglutaminase (tTG)-IgA/IgG and anti-endomysial (EMA)-IgA antibodies at baseline and post study completion will be performed.

Regarding historical control group the same testing (except anti-tTG and anti-EMA) will be performed at baseline visit and at re-evaluation (post 12 months). All children and / or their parents / legal guardians will be trained in the use of self-injectable epinephrine in case of severe allergic reactions and a detailed treatment plan will be given by the study doctors Written information sheet will be provided and written consent will be obtained from all parents/legal guardians.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment
Wheat Allergy Dietary Supplement: Wheat spaghetti

Study Type : Observational
Estimated Enrollment : 15 participants
Observational Model: Case-Control
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Specific Oral Tolerance Induction (SOTI) to Children With IgE-mediated Wheat Allergy
Actual Study Start Date : January 8, 2018
Actual Primary Completion Date : January 8, 2018
Estimated Study Completion Date : November 10, 2019

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Allergy

Group/Cohort Intervention/treatment
SOTI group Dietary Supplement: Wheat spaghetti
Wheat oral immunotherapy

Historical control group



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. The rate of wheat allergic children achieving desensitization after 1 year of wheat home SOTI. [ Time Frame: 1 year ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Determination of wheat allergic patients' Skin Prick Tests (SPTs) pre and post 1-year SOTI intervention [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
  2. Determination of wheat allergic patients' total IgE, wheat specific IgE levels (f4, f79, f98, f416, f433) pre and post 1-year SOTI intervention [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
  3. Determination of wheat allergic patients' basophils activation pre and post 1-year SOTI intervention via Basophil Activation Test (BAT) [ Time Frame: 1 year ]


Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   2 Years to 16 Years   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
Wheat allergic patients visiting the Allergy Department of a tertiary University Children's Hospital
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Age 2-16 years
  2. Personal history of IgE-mediated allergy to wheat with unequivocal allergic reaction one year before study entry, and

    1. Positive SPT in wheat (> 3 mm), and/or
    2. Wheat specific IgE f4 > 0.35 kUa/L, and
    3. A positive Oral Food Challenge (OFC) to wheat, with the exception of patients who report a recent reaction (< 3 months before study entry) after the consumption of wheat products
  3. Signed written consent form of the parents.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Severe persistent or uncontrolled bronchial asthma or other lung disease (other than asthma), and/or
  2. Recent personal history (over the past 12 months) of severe anaphylactic reaction following wheat consumption, for which Intensive Care Unit (ICU) hospitalization was required, and/or
  3. Patients on specific immunotherapy, subcutaneous (SCIT) or sublingual (SLIT) or any other form of current immunotherapy or treatment with other biological agents, and/or
  4. Personal history of anaphylaxis due to wheat-dependent exercise induced anaphylaxis, and/or
  5. Patients with celiac disease or diagnosis other than IgE-mediated wheat allergy (eg eosinophilic gastrointestinal diseases), and/or
  6. Patients with cardiovascular disease or other significant systemic disease, and/or
  7. Patients presenting severe anaphylactic reaction to very low doses of wheat (eg. after administration of the 1st or 2nd dose during the baseline OFC).

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03352193


Contacts
Contact: Nikolaos Kitsioulis, MD 00302132009160 drnok21@gmail.com

Locations
Greece
Department of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, 2nd Pediatric Clinic, General Children's Hospital P-A Kyriakou Recruiting
Athens, Greece, 11527
Contact: Nikolaos Kitsioulis, MD    00302132009160      
Sponsors and Collaborators
Athens General Children's Hospital "Pan. & Aglaia Kyriakou"
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Nikolaos Kitsioulis, Athens General Children's Hospital "Pan. & Aglaia Kyriakou":
Informed Consent Form  [PDF] November 21, 2017


Responsible Party: Nikolaos Kitsioulis, MD, Athens General Children's Hospital "Pan. & Aglaia Kyriakou"
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03352193     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: Wheat SOTI
First Posted: November 24, 2017    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 9, 2018
Last Verified: January 2018

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Hypersensitivity
Wheat Hypersensitivity
Immune System Diseases
Food Hypersensitivity
Hypersensitivity, Immediate