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A Study to Assess the Efficacy and Safety of BIVV009 (Sutimlimab) in Participants With Primary Cold Agglutinin Disease Who Have a Recent History of Blood Transfusion (Cardinal Study)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03347396
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : November 20, 2017
Results First Posted : October 31, 2022
Last Update Posted : October 31, 2022
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Sanofi ( Bioverativ, a Sanofi company )

Brief Summary:
The purpose of Part A was to determine whether sutimlimab administration resulted in a greater than or equal to (>=) 2 grams per deciliter (g/dL) increase in hemoglobin (Hgb) levels or increased Hgb to >= 12 g/dL and obviated the need for blood transfusion during treatment in participants with primary cold agglutinin disease (CAD) who had a recent history of blood transfusion. The purpose of Part B was to evaluate the long-term safety and tolerability of sutimlimab in participants with CAD.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Agglutinin Disease, Cold Drug: BIVV009 Phase 3

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 24 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 3, Pivotal, Open-label, Multicenter Study to Assess the Efficacy and Safety of Sutimlimab in Patients With Primary Cold Agglutinin Disease Who Have a Recent History of Blood Transfusion
Actual Study Start Date : March 5, 2018
Actual Primary Completion Date : October 5, 2021
Actual Study Completion Date : October 5, 2021

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: BIVV009
Participants with primary CAD who had a recent history of transfusion (defined as at least 1 transfusion during the last 6 months prior to screening) received an intravenous (IV) infusion of BIVV009 6.5 grams (g) (if body weight was less than [<] 75 kilograms [kg]) or BIVV009 7.5 g (if body weight was greater than or equal to [>=] 75 kg) on Day 0 and Day 7 and every 14 days thereafter in Part A up to Week 25. Participants who completed Part A per protocol through the end of treatment visit (Week 26) could continue to receive BIVV009 in Part B, every 2 weeks starting at Week 27 for up to an additional 149 weeks. All participants who completed Part A elected to continue in Part B.
Drug: BIVV009
Sutimlimab was administered as intravenous (IV) infusion.
Other Name: Sutimlimab




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Part A: Percentage of Participants With Response to Treatment [ Time Frame: From Week 5 through Week 26 ]
    A participant was considered a responder: if he or she did not receive a blood transfusion from Week 5 through Week 26 (end of treatment in Part A) and did not receive treatment for CAD beyond what was permitted per protocol. Additionally, the participant's hemoglobin (Hgb) level must meet either of the following criteria: Hgb level >= 12 grams per deciliter (g/dL) at the treatment assessment endpoint (defined as the average of the values from the Week 23, 25, and 26 visits), or Hgb increased >= 2 g/dL from baseline (defined as the last Hgb value before administration of the first dose of study drug) at treatment assessment endpoint. Percentage of responders was calculated together with a 95% exact Clopper-Pearson confidence interval (CI).

  2. Part B: Number of Participants With Treatment-emergent Adverse Events (TEAEs) and Treatment-emergent Serious Adverse Events (TESAEs) [ Time Frame: Part B, 6.5 g cohort: From first dose (Week 27) up to 143 weeks of treatment + 9 weeks of follow-up (i.e., up to Week 179); Part B, 7.5 g cohort: From first dose (Week 27) up to 149 weeks of treatment + 9 weeks of follow-up (i.e., up to Week 185) ]
    An Adverse Event (AE) was defined as any untoward medical occurrence in a participant who received study drug and did not necessarily have to have a causal relationship with the treatment. TESAEs was defined as any untoward medical occurrence that at any dose: resulted in death, was life-threatening, required inpatient hospitalization or prolongation of existing hospitalization, resulted in persistent or significant disability/incapacity, was a congenital anomaly/birth defect, was a medically important event. TEAEs were defined as AEs that developed, worsened or became serious during the treatment-emergent (TE) period (from the first investigational medicinal product [IMP] administration in Part B to the last IMP administration + 9 weeks follow up period).


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Part A: Mean Change From Baseline in Bilirubin Levels at the Treatment Assessment Timepoint [ Time Frame: Baseline, treatment assessment timepoint (i.e., average of Week 23, 25 and 26) ]
    Mean change from baseline in bilirubin levels at the treatment assessment timepoint was reported in this outcome measure. Treatment assessment timepoint was defined as the average of the values from the Week 23, 25, and 26 visits. Least squares (LS) mean and 95% confidence interval (CI) was assessed by Mixed Model for Repeated Measures (MMRM) approach using heterogeneous Toeplitz (TOEPH) covariance matrix with change from baseline as the dependent variable and baseline value and visits as independent variables. Baseline was defined as the last non-missing value prior to the first administration of study drug.

  2. Part A: Mean Change From Baseline in Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy (FACIT)-Fatigue Scale Score (Quality of Life) at Treatment Assessment Timepoint [ Time Frame: Baseline, treatment assessment timepoint (i.e., average of Week 23, 25 and 26) ]
    FACIT-Fatigue scale consists of 13 questions assessed using a 5-point scale (0=not at all; 1 = a little bit, 2 = somewhat, 3 = quite a bit and 4 = very much). Responses to each question were added to obtain a total score. Total score ranged from 0 to 52, with higher score indicating more fatigue. Treatment assessment timepoint was defined as the average of the values from the Week 23, 25, and 26 visits. LS mean and 95% CI was assessed by MMRM approach using TOEPH covariance matrix with change from baseline as the dependent variable and baseline value and visits as independent variables. Baseline was defined as the last non-missing value prior to the first administration of study drug.

  3. Part A: Mean Change From Baseline in Lactate Dehydrogenase (LDH) at the Treatment Assessment Timepoint [ Time Frame: Baseline, treatment assessment timepoint (i.e., average of Week 23, 25 and 26) ]
    Mean change from baseline in LDH at the treatment assessment timepoint is reported in this outcome measure. Treatment assessment timepoint was defined as the average of the values from the Week 23, 25, and 26 visits. LS mean and 95% CI was assessed by MMRM approach using TOEPH covariance matrix with change from baseline as the dependent variable and baseline value and visits as independent variables. Baseline was defined as the last non-missing value prior to the first administration of study drug.

  4. Part A: Number of Blood Transfusions Per Participant [ Time Frame: From Week 5 up to Week 26 ]
    A participant was to receive a transfusion if his or her Hgb level met either of the following criteria: Hgb was <9 g/dL and the participant had symptoms of anemia or Hgb was <7 g/dL and the participant was asymptomatic. Number of transfusions after the first 5 weeks of study drug administration and up to Week 26 are reported in this outcome measure.

  5. Part A: Number of Blood Units Transfused Per Participant [ Time Frame: From Week 5 up to Week 26 ]
    A participant was to receive a transfusion if his or her Hgb level met either of the following criteria: -Hgb was <9 g/dL and the participant had symptoms of anemia or Hgb was <7 g/dL and the participant was asymptomatic. Number of blood units transfused after the first 5 weeks of study drug administration and up to Week 26 are reported in this outcome measure.

  6. Part A: Mean Change From Baseline in Hemoglobin (Hgb) Level at the Treatment Assessment Timepoint [ Time Frame: Baseline, treatment assessment timepoint (i.e., average of Week 23, 25 and 26) ]
    Mean change from baseline (Week 0) in Hgb at treatment assessment timepoint is reported in this outcome measure. Treatment assessment timepoint was defined as the average of the values from the Week 23, 25, and 26 visits. LS mean and 95% CI was assessed by MMRM approach using TOEPH covariance matrix with change from baseline as the dependent variable and baseline value and visits as independent variables. Baseline was defined as the last non-missing value prior to the first administration of study drug.

  7. Part B: Change From Baseline in Hemoglobin (Hgb) Level at Each Specified Time Points [ Time Frame: Baseline, Weeks 27,29,31,33,35,37,39,41, 43, 45, 47, 49, 51, 53, 55, 57, 59, 61, 63, 65, 67, 69, 71, 73, 75, 77, 79, 83, 87, 91, 95, 99, 103, 107, 111, 115, 119, 123, 127, 131, 135, 139, 143, 147, 151, 155, 159, 163, 167, 171, 175, ET/SFU (up to Week 185) ]
    Change From Hgb level from baseline (Week 0) at each specified time points (i.e., Weeks 27, 29, 31, 33, 35, 37, 39, 41, 43, 45, 47, 49, 51, 53, 55, 57, 59, 61, 63, 65, 67, 69, 71, 73, 75, 77, 79, 83, 87, 91, 95, 99, 103, 107, 111, 115, 119, 123, 127, 131, 135, 139, 143, 147, 151, 155, 159, 163, 167, 171, 175 and early termination/safety follow up [ET/SFU] Visit) is reported in this outcome measure. Baseline was defined as the last non-missing value prior to the first administration of study drug in Part A. ET visit/SFU visit was 9 weeks after administration of last dose (i.e., up to Week 185).

  8. Part B: Change From Baseline in Bilirubin Levels at Each Specified Time Points [ Time Frame: Baseline, Weeks 27,29,31,33,35,37,39,41, 43, 45, 47, 49, 51, 53, 55, 57, 59, 61, 63, 65, 67, 69, 71, 73, 75, 77, 79, 83, 87, 91, 95, 99, 103, 107, 111, 115, 119, 123, 127, 131, 135, 139, 143, 147, 151, 155, 159, 163, 167, 171, 175, ET/SFU (up to Week 185) ]
    Change from baseline (Week 0) in bilirubin levels at each specified time point (i.e., Weeks 27, 29, 31, 33, 35, 37, 39, 41, 43, 45, 47, 49, 51, 53, 55, 57, 59, 61, 63, 65, 67, 69, 71, 73, 75, 77, 79, 83, 87, 91, 95, 99, 103, 107, 111, 115, 119, 123, 127, 131, 135, 139, 143, 147, 151, 155, 159, 163, 167, 171, 175 and ET/SFU Visit) is reported in this outcome measure. Baseline was defined as the last non-missing value prior to the first administration of study drug in Part A. ET visit/SFU visit was 9 weeks after administration of last dose (i.e., up to Week 185).

  9. Part B: Change From Baseline in Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy (FACIT)-Fatigue Scale Score (Quality of Life) at Weeks 39, 51, 63, 75, 87, 99, 111, 123, 135, 147,159, 171 and Early Termination (ET) Visit/Safety Follow-up Visit [ Time Frame: Baseline, Weeks 39, 51, 63, 75, 87, 99, 111, 123, 135, 147,159, 171 and ET Visit/SFU visit (i.e., up to Week 185) ]
    FACIT-Fatigue scale consists of 13 questions assessed using a 5-point scale (0=not at all; 1 = a little bit, 2 = somewhat, 3 = quite a bit and 4 = very much). Responses to each question were added to obtain a total score. The Total score ranged from 0 to 52, with higher score indicating more fatigue. Baseline (Week 0) was defined as the last non-missing value prior to the first administration of study drug in Part A. ET visit/SFU visit was 9 weeks after administration of last dose (i.e., up to Week 185).

  10. Part B: Change From Baseline in 12-Item Short-Form Survey (SF-12) Physical Component Summary (PCS) and Mental Component Summary (MCS) Scores at Each Specified Time Points [ Time Frame: Baseline, Weeks 39, 51, 63, 75, 87, 99, 111, 123, 135 and ET Visit/SFU visit (i.e., up to Week 185) ]
    SF-12: 12 item-questionnaire assessed health-related quality of life (HRQOL) contained 12 items, categorized into 8 domains (subscales) of functioning and well-being: physical functioning, role-physical, role emotional, mental health, bodily pain, general health, vitality and social functioning, with each domain score ranged from 0 (poor health) to 100 (better health). Higher scores = good health condition. These 8 domains were further summarized into 2 summary scores, PCS and MCS for which, score ranged 0 (poor health) to 100 (better health). Higher scores = better HRQOL. Baseline (Week 0) was defined as the last non-missing value prior to first administration of study drug in Part A. ET visit/SFU visit was 9 weeks after administration of last dose (i.e., up to Week 185). Change from baseline in SF-12 PCS and MCS scores is reported in this outcome measure.

  11. Part B: Change From Baseline in 5-level European Quality of Life 5-Dimensions 5-Level Questionnaire (EQ-5D-5L) Health State Utility Index and VAS Scores at Weeks 39, 51, 63, 75, 87, 99, 111, 123, 135, 147,159, 171 and ET Visit/SFU Visit [ Time Frame: Baseline, Weeks 39, 51, 63, 75, 87, 99, 111, 123, 135, 147,159, 171 and ET Visit/SFU visit (i.e., up to Week 185) ]
    EQ-5D-5L:standardized, participant-rated questionnaire to assess health-related quality of life. EQ-5D-5L includes 2 components: EQ-5D-5L health state utility index (descriptive system) and Visual Analog Scale (VAS). EQ-5D descriptive system comprises 5 dimensions: mobility, self-care, usual activities, pain/discomfort and anxiety/depression. Each dimension has 5 response option: no problems, slight problems, moderate problems, severe problems, and extreme problems measured with Likert scale. EQ-5D-5L responses relating to 5 dimensions are converted into a single index utility score between 0 to 1, where higher score=better health state. The EQ-5D-5L VAS rated participant's current health state on a scale from 0=worst imaginable health state to 100 =best imaginable health state. Baseline (Week 0): last non-missing value prior to first administration of study drug in Part A. ET visit/SFU visit was 9 weeks after administration of last dose (i.e., up to Week 185).

  12. Part B: Number of Participants With Response to Participant's Global Impression of (Fatigue) Severity (PGIS) Questionnaire at Weeks 39, 51, 63, 75, 87, 99, 111, 123, 135, 147,159, 171 and at ET Visit/SFU Visit [ Time Frame: At Weeks 39, 51, 63, 75, 87, 99, 111, 123, 135, 147,159, 171 and at ET Visit/SFU visit (i.e., up to Week 185) ]
    The PGIS is a self-reported scale. The PGIS is a 1-item questionnaire designed to assess participant's impression of disease severity using a 5-point scale ranging from 1 to 5, where 1=none, 2= mild, 3=moderate, 4=severe, 5=very severe. Higher scores indicated greater severity. ET visit/SFU visit was 9 weeks after administration of last dose (i.e., up to Week 185).

  13. Part B: Number of Participants With Response to Participant's Global Impression of Change (PGIC) Questionnaire at Weeks 39, 51, 63, 75, 87, 99, 111, 123, 135, 147,159, 171 and at ET Visit/SFU Visit [ Time Frame: At Weeks 39, 51, 63, 75, 87, 99, 111, 123, 135, 147,159, 171 and at ET Visit/SFU visit (i.e., up to Week 185) ]
    PGIC is a self-administered questionnaire to evaluate the improvement or worsening compared to the start of the study. PGIC was assessed on a 7-point Likert scale ranged from 1 (greatly improved) to 7 (greatly worsened). Categories were defined based on the PGIC scores as follows: 1=very much improved, 2=much improved, 3=minimally improved, 4=no change, 5=minimally worse, 6=much worse and 7=very much worsen. Higher scores indicated greater severity. ET visit/SFU visit was 9 weeks after administration of last dose (i.e., up to Week 185).

  14. Part B: Mean Change From Baseline in Lactate Dehydrogenase (LDH) Level at Each Specified Time Points [ Time Frame: Baseline, Weeks 27,29,31,33,35,37,39,41, 43, 45, 47, 49, 51, 53, 55, 57, 59, 61, 63, 65, 67, 69, 71, 73, 75, 77, 79, 83, 87, 91, 95, 99, 103, 107, 111, 115, 119, 123, 127, 131, 135, 139, 143, 147, 151, 155, 159, 163, 167, 171, 175, ET/SFU (up to Week 185) ]
    Mean change from baseline in LDH levels at each specified time points (i.e., Weeks 27, 29, 31, 33, 35, 37, 39, 41, 43, 45, 47, 49, 51, 53, 55, 57, 59, 61, 63, 65, 67, 69, 71, 73, 75, 77, 79, 83, 87, 91, 95, 99, 103, 107, 111, 115, 119, 123, 127, 131, 135, 139, 143, 147, 151, 155, 159, 163, 167, 171, 175 and ET/SFU Visit) is reported in this outcome measure. Baseline (Week 0) was defined as the last non-missing value prior to the first administration of study drug in Part A. ET visit/SFU visit was 9 weeks after administration of last dose (i.e., up to Week 185).

  15. Part B: Number of Blood Transfusions Per Participant [ Time Frame: From Week 27 up to 149 weeks of treatment (i.e., up to Week 176) ]
    A participant was to receive a transfusion if his or her Hgb level met either of the following criteria: Hgb was <9 g/dL and the participant had symptoms of anemia or Hgb was <7 g/dL and the participant was asymptomatic.

  16. Part B: Number of Blood Units Transfused Per Participant [ Time Frame: From Week 27 up to 149 weeks of treatment (i.e., up to Week 176) ]
    A participant was to receive a transfusion if his or her Hgb level met either of the following criteria: Hgb was <9 g/dL and the participant had symptoms of anemia or Hgb was <7 g/dL and the participant was asymptomatic.

  17. Part B: Change From Baseline in Haptoglobin Values at Each Specified Time Points [ Time Frame: Baseline, Weeks 27,29,31,33,35,37,39,41,43, 45, 47, 49, 51, 53, 55, 57, 59, 61, 63, 65, 67, 69, 71, 73, 75, 77, 79, 83, 87, 91, 95, 99, 103, 107, 111, 115, 119, 123, 127, 131, 135, 139, 143, 147, 151, 155, 159, 163, 167, 171, 175, ET/SFU (up to Week 185) ]
    Change in Haptoglobin values from baseline at each specified time points (i.e., Weeks 27, 29, 31, 33, 35, 37, 39, 41, 43, 45, 47, 49, 51, 53, 55, 57, 59, 61, 63, 65, 67, 69, 71, 73, 75, 77, 79, 83, 87, 91, 95, 99, 103, 107, 111, 115, 119, 123, 127, 131, 135, 139, 143, 147, 151, 155, 159, 163, 167, 171, 175 and ET/SFU Visit) is reported in this outcome measure. Baseline was defined as the last non-missing value prior to the first administration of study drug in Part A. ET visit/SFU visit was 9 weeks after administration of last dose (i.e., up to Week 185). Haptoglobin values <0.2 were imputed as 0.2.

  18. Part B: Number of Healthcare Visits by Type [ Time Frame: From Week 27 up to 149 weeks of treatment (i.e., up to Week 176) ]
    In this outcome measure, number of healthcare visits which included non-study healthcare resource utilization visit (consisted mainly of extra visits to the office of the study doctor, or visit to a generalist doctor, or visit to a specialist doctor) and hospitalization visit and visit to hospital emergency is reported.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Body weight of >= 39 kg at screening.
  • Confirmed diagnosis of primary CAD based on the following criteria: a) Chronic hemolysis; b) Polyspecific direct antiglobulin test (DAT) positive; c) Monospecific DAT strongly positive for C3d; d) Cold agglutinin titer >= 64 at 4 degree celsius; e) Immunoglobulin G (IgG) DAT less than or equal to (<=) 1+, and f) No overt malignant disease.
  • History of at least one documented blood transfusion within 6 months of enrollment.
  • Hemoglobin level <= 10.0 g/dL.
  • Bilirubin level above the normal reference range, including participants with Gilbert's Syndrome.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Cold agglutinin syndrome secondary to infection, rheumatologic disease, or active hematologic malignancy.
  • Clinically relevant infection of any kind within the month preceding enrollment (e.g., active hepatitis C, pneumonia).
  • Clinical diagnosis of systemic lupus erythematosus; or other autoimmune disorders with anti-nuclear antibodies at Screening. Anti-nuclear antibodies of long-standing duration without associated clinical symptoms adjudicated on a case-by-case basis during the Confirmatory Review of Patient Eligibility.
  • Positive hepatitis panel (including hepatitis B surface antigen and/or hepatitis C virus antibody) prior to or at Screening.
  • Positive human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) antibody at screening.
  • Treatment with rituximab monotherapy within 3 months or rituximab combination therapies (e.g., with bendamustine, fludarabine, ibrutinib, or cytotoxic drugs) within 6 months prior to enrollment.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03347396


Locations
Show Show 49 study locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Bioverativ, a Sanofi company
Investigators
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Study Director: Clinical Sciences & Operations Sanofi
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Sanofi ( Bioverativ, a Sanofi company ):
Study Protocol  [PDF] December 19, 2019
Statistical Analysis Plan  [PDF] April 25, 2019

Additional Information:
Publications of Results:
Alexander Röth, Wilma Barcellini, Shirley D'Sa, Yoshitaka Miyakawa, Catherine M Broome, Marc Michel, David J. Kuter, Bernd Jilma, Tor Henrik Anderson Tvedt, Stella Lin, Xiaoyu Jiang, Caroline Reuter, William Hobbs, Sigbjørn Berentsen; Inhibition of Complement C1s with Sutimlimab in Patients with Cold Agglutinin Disease (CAD): Results from the Phase 3 Cardinal Study. Blood 2019; 134 (Supplement_2): LBA-2. doi: https://doi.org/10.1182/blood-2019-132490

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Bioverativ, a Sanofi company
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03347396    
Other Study ID Numbers: EFC16215
BIVV009-03 ( Other Identifier: Bioverativ Therapeutics Inc. )
2017-003538-10 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: November 20, 2017    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: October 31, 2022
Last Update Posted: October 31, 2022
Last Verified: October 2022
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: Qualified researchers may request access to patient level data and related study documents including the clinical study report, study protocol with any amendments, blank case report form, statistical analysis plan, and dataset specifications. Patient level data will be anonymized and study documents will be redacted to protect the privacy of trial participants. Further details on Sanofi's data sharing criteria, eligible studies, and process for requesting access can be found at: https://vivli.org

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Anemia, Hemolytic, Autoimmune
Anemia, Hemolytic
Anemia
Hematologic Diseases
Autoimmune Diseases
Immune System Diseases