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Nivolumab, Carboplatin, and Paclitaxel in Treating Patients With Stage III-IV Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma That Can Be Removed by Surgery

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03342911
Recruitment Status : Suspended (COVID-19)
First Posted : November 17, 2017
Last Update Posted : May 29, 2020
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Bristol-Myers Squibb
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Thomas Jefferson University ( Sidney Kimmel Cancer Center at Thomas Jefferson University )

Brief Summary:
This phase II trial studies how well nivolumab, carboplatin, and paclitaxel work in treating patients with stage III-IV head and neck squamous cell carcinoma that can be removed by surgery. Monoclonal antibodies, such as nivolumab, may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as carboplatin and paclitaxel, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Giving nivolumab, carboplatin, and paclitaxel may work better in treating patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Name Human Papillomavirus Positive Oropharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma Stage II Oropharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma Stage III Hypopharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma Stage III Laryngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma Stage III Oral Cavity Squamous Cell Carcinoma Stage III Oropharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma Stage IV Hypopharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma Stage IV Laryngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma Stage IV Oral Cavity Squamous Cell Carcinoma Stage IV Oropharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma Stage IVA Hypopharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma Stage IVA Laryngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma Stage IVA Oral Cavity Squamous Cell Carcinoma Stage IVA Oropharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma Stage IVB Hypopharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma Stage IVB Laryngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma Stage IVB Oral Cavity Squamous Cell Carcinoma Stage IVB Oropharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma Stage IVC Hypopharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma Stage IVC Laryngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma Stage IVC Oral Cavity Squamous Cell Carcinoma Stage IVC Oropharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma Drug: Paclitaxel Drug: Carboplatin Biological: Nivolumab Phase 2

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To estimate pathologic complete response (pCR) at the primary site in patients with newly diagnosed and untreated stage III-IVA squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN) of the oral cavity, oropharynx, larynx, and hypopharynx with nivolumab, paclitaxel and carboplatin in addition to standard chemotherapy.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. Safety. II. Complete pathologic response at all sites of disease. III. Major pathologic response rate at primary site. IV. Overall clinical response rate. V. Clinical complete response rate. VI. 1 year progression-free survival (PFS). VII. Overall survival.

TERTIARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To explore whether PDL1 expression is associated with treatment response. II. To explore whether there is a net change in the Th1/Th2 ratio (IFN-gamma, IL-4, IL10, etc.) or cell subset frequencies (M2 monocytes, myeloid-derived suppressor cells, etc.) within a patient's peripheral blood either at baseline or in response to treatment is associated with treatment response.

III. To explore whether exosomes or other immune related serum biomarkers change after combination therapy.

IV. To explore the predictive value of serial cell free deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) levels and response.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 37 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Nivolumab Plus Weekly Carboplatin and Paclitaxel as Induction in Resectable Locally Advanced Head and Neck Cancer
Actual Study Start Date : November 13, 2017
Estimated Primary Completion Date : June 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : June 2021

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Treatment (nivolumab, paclitaxel, carboplatin)
Patients receive nivolumab IV over at least 30 minutes on day 1, paclitaxel IV on days 1 and 8, and carboplatin IV on days 1 and 8. Treatment repeats every 14 days for up to 3 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: Paclitaxel
Given IV
Other Names:
  • 125973
  • 33069-62-4
  • 673089
  • Anzatax
  • Asotax
  • Bristaxol
  • Taxol
  • Praxel

Drug: Carboplatin
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Carboplat
  • Carboplatin Hexal
  • Ribocarbo
  • Carbosol

Biological: Nivolumab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • 946414-94-4
  • BMS-936558
  • MDX-1106
  • ONO-4538




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Pathologic complete response rate [ Time Frame: Up to 26 months ]
    Pathologic complete response rate and its associated score 95% confidence interval will be estimated.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Major pathologic response defined as 10% or less residual viable tumor [ Time Frame: Up to 26 months ]


Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients must be 18 years of age and older.
  • Pathologically confirmed SCCHN, not previously treated, with a plan to undergo surgery
  • Patients who have stage III-IV disease without distant metastases (M0) of 1) oral cavity, 2) larynx, 3) hypopharynx 4) oropharynx (human papillomavirus [HPV] neg) using American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) 8th edition
  • Patients who have oropharyngeal cancer that HPV positive, stage II-III disease without distant metastases (M0) using AJCC 8th edition
  • All patients with oropharyngeal SCCHN must be tested for HPV (by p16 and/or HPV in situ hybridization [ISH] or polymerase chain reaction [PCR])
  • Patients must be evaluated by a head and neck surgeon and be deemed surgically resectable at baseline
  • Tumor sample must be available for HPV p16 and PD-L1 testing and if oropharyngeal, must be tested for HPV p16
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0-1
  • While blood cells 2000/ul or more
  • Absolute neutrophil count 1500/ul or more
  • Platelets 100,000/ul or more
  • Hemoglobin 9 g/dl or more; (transfusion permitted)
  • Bilirubin less than or equal to 1.5 x the upper limit of normal (except subjects with Gilbert syndrome, who can have total bilirubin < 3 mg/dl)
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) less than or equal to 3 x the upper limit of normal
  • Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) greater than or equal to 40 ml/min using the Cockcroft-Gault formula or serum creatinine less than or equal to 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • Women of reproductive potential should have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test (minimum sensitivity 25 IU/L or equivalent units of human chorionic gonadotropin [HCG]) within 21 days of study enrollment
  • Women of reproductive potential must use highly effective contraception methods to avoid pregnancy for 23 weeks after the last dose of study drugs; "women of reproductive potential" is defined as any female who has experienced menarche and who has not undergone surgical sterilization (hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy) or who is not postmenopausal; menopause is defined clinically as 12 months of amenorrhea in a woman over 45 in the absence of other biological or physiological causes; in addition, women under the age of 55 must have a documented serum follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) level less than 40 mIU/mL
  • Men of reproductive potential who are sexually active with women of reproductive potential must use any contraceptive method with a failure rate of less than 1% per year; men who are receiving the study medications will be instructed to adhere to contraception for 31 weeks after the last dose of study drugs; men who are azoospermic do not require contraception
  • All subjects must be able to comprehend and sign a written informed consent document

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Primary nasopharyngeal carcinoma
  • Patients who have participated in a study with an investigational agent or device within 2 weeks of initiation of treatment
  • Any prior radiotherapy to the neck
  • Any prior treatment for SCCHN
  • Any prior therapy with anti-PD-1, anti-PD-L2, anti-CTLA-4 antibody, or any other antibody or drug specifically targeting T-cell co-stimulation or immune checkpoint pathways
  • Any history of a sever hypersensitivity reaction to any monoclonal antibody
  • Any history of allergy to the study drug components
  • Any concurrent malignancies- exceptions include- basal cell carcinoma of the skin, squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, superficial bladder cancer or in situ cervical cancer that has undergone potentially curative therapy; patients with a history of other prior malignancy must have been treated with curative intent and must have remained disease-free for 3 years post-diagnosis
  • Any diagnosis of immunodeficiency or current immunosuppressive therapy including >10mg/day of prednisone within 14 days of enrollment is not permitted (excludes emergency transient steroid use at discretion of the treating physician).
  • Patients that have an active autoimmune disease requiring systemic treatment within the past 3 months or a documented history of clinically severe autoimmune disease, or a syndrome that requires systemic steroids (> 10 mg daily prednisone equivalents) or immunosuppressive agents. Subjects with vitiligo, type I diabetes mellitus, or resolved childhood asthma/atopy would be an exception to this rule. Inhaled or topical steroids, and adrenal replacement steroid doses ≤10 mg daily prednisone equivalent, are permitted in the absence of active autoimmune disease. Subjects with hypothyroidism stable on hormone replacement or Sjorgen's syndrome will not be excluded from the study.
  • Patients with a known human immunodeficiency virus infection (HIV 1/2 antibodies) or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS), active hepatitis B (e.g., hepatitis B surface antigen [HBsAg] reactive) or hepatitis C (e.g., hepatitis C virus [HCV] ribonucleic acid [RNA] [qualitative] is detected)
  • Patients with evidence of non-infectious pneumonitis or history of interstitial lung disease
  • Patients who have received a live vaccine within 30 days prior initiation of the systemic regimen
  • Patients must not be receiving any other investigational agents
  • Patients with uncontrolled intercurrent illnesses including, but not limited to an active infection requiring systemic therapy or a known psychiatric or substance abuse disorder(s) that would interfere with cooperation with the requirements of the trial
  • Women must not be pregnant (as above) or breastfeeding

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03342911


Locations
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United States, Pennsylvania
Abington- Jefferson Health
Abington, Pennsylvania, United States, 19001
Sidney Kimmel Cancer Center at Thomas Jefferson University
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19107
Fox Chase Cancer Center
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19111
Sponsors and Collaborators
Sidney Kimmel Cancer Center at Thomas Jefferson University
Bristol-Myers Squibb
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Jennifer Johnson, MD, PhD Sidney Kimmel Cancer Center at Thomas Jefferson University
Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: Sidney Kimmel Cancer Center at Thomas Jefferson University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03342911    
Other Study ID Numbers: 17P.513
First Posted: November 17, 2017    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 29, 2020
Last Verified: December 2019

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Carcinoma
Carcinoma, Squamous Cell
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Squamous Cell
Paclitaxel
Carboplatin
Nivolumab
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Antineoplastic Agents
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological