Achieving Self-directed Integrated Cancer Aftercare (ASICA) in Melanoma (ASICA)
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03328247|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : November 1, 2017
Last Update Posted : April 28, 2021
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Melanoma||Other: ASICA digital app||Not Applicable|
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||240 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||Achieving Self-directed Integrated Cancer Aftercare (ASICA) in Melanoma: A Randomized Patient-focused Trial of Delivering the ASICA Intervention as a Means to Earlier Detection of Recurrent and Second Primary Melanoma|
|Actual Study Start Date :||January 12, 2018|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||March 31, 2020|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||March 31, 2020|
No Intervention: Control
Control group will attend their routine melanoma follow-ups
The intervention group will use the ASICA app in addition to their routine follow-ups
Other: ASICA digital app
Participants in the intervention arm will be trained to use ASICA (in addition to completing routine follow-up) and participants within the control arm will continue to attend their usual structured melanoma follow-up only. The hypothesis is that the ASICA intervention will increase TSSE practice in those affected by melanoma without affecting psychological well-being and lead to earlier detection of recurrent and new primary melanoma.
- The impact of receiving ASICA on cancer worry [ Time Frame: Up to 12 months following randomisation. ]This outcome will be measured using Melanoma Worry Scale (MWS). The scale consists of four questions asking the patients how worried they are about getting melanoma and how this impacts their current lifestyle. The patients choose the answers on a 5-point scale ranging from 'not at all worried' (best answer) to 'worried almost all the time' (worst answer).
- The impact of receiving ASICA on anxiety and depression [ Time Frame: Up to 12 months following randomisation. ]This outcome will be measured using Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). HADS was devised to measure anxiety and depression in a general medical population of patients. The questionnaire comprises seven questions for anxiety and seven questions for depression. The patients choose the answers on a 4-point scale ranging from 'not at all' (best answer) to 'all the time' (worst answer). Each item on the questionnaire is scored from 0-3 leading to a score range of 0 and 21 for each subscales (anxiety or depression). For both scales, scores of less than 7 indicate non-cases, scores of 8-10 indicate mild anxiety/depression, scores of 11-14 indicate moderate anxiety/depression, and scores of 15-21 indicate severe anxiety/depression.
- The impact of receiving ASICA quality of life. [ Time Frame: Up to 12 months following randomisation. ]This outcome will be measured using EQ-5D-5L questionnaire. EQ-5D-5L consists of two sections - descriptive system and a visual scale. The descriptive system comprises of five questions about mobility, self-care, usual activities, pain/discomfort and anxiety/depression. Each question has five possible answers ranging from: no problems, slight problems, moderate problems, severe problems and extreme problems. The patient chooses the most appropriate statement in each of the five questions. This decision results in a 1-digit number that expresses the level selected for that question. The digits for the five dimensions can be combined into a 5-digit number that describes the patient's health state. The higher the number the worse the health state is. The visual scale records the patient's self-rated health on a vertical visual analogue scale, where the endpoints are labelled 'The worst health you can imagine' (score of 0) and 'The best health you can imagine' (score of 100).
- The impact of receiving ASICA on detection rate of second primary and recurrent melanoma [ Time Frame: Up to 12 months following randomisation. ]The questionnaire consists of 14 questions asking patients whether they have ever and in the past 12 month checked any part of their skin for signs of skin cancer (yes/no answer). If so, how often (5 point scale ranging from 'zero' to 'more than six times') and which areas of the body were checked. The patients are also asked whether they used a mirror or get help to check difficult to reach areas of their body. The patients are also asked how confident they are about being able to check their own skin. Patients choose the answers on a 10-point scale ranging from 'not at all confident' (worst answer) to 'highly confident' (best answer). The final set of questions ask patients whether they have found anything concerning during their last skin check (yes/no answer) and if so what action was taken by the patient (watched it/showed it to a relative/showed it to a professional) and how quickly (immediately, in few days, in a week, in a month, other).
- The impact of receiving ASICA on adherence to and self-efficacy to conduct TSSE in future [ Time Frame: Up to 12 months following randomisation. ]This outcome will be measured using a questionnaire designed to determine what the patients think about examining their own skin. The questionnaire consists of nine statements about how important it is to patients to check their skin, do they do it regularly, does it make them anxious, whether they feel confident about having their skin checked by a professional, and do they make plans regarding when and where they will have their skin checked. For each statement, patients indicate whether they strongly disagree, disagree, agree, strongly agree, or are unsure.
- The impact of receiving ASICA on patterns of UK NHS resource use [ Time Frame: Up to 12 months following randomisation. ]This outcome will be measured using a questionnaire designed to determine whether patients used NHS because of their skin problems. The set of seven questions is about any appointments within the NHS that patients may have had about their skin in the past 12 months. Patients are asked whether they had any appointments with a medical professional (GP/nurse/other) for their skin in the past 12 months (yes/no answer), how many (free text) and at what setting (visit at the practice/visit at home/telephone). Patients are also asked about operations or any other treatment they may have had on their skin in the past 12 months (free text). Patients are also asked to list any prescribed medicines or non-prescribed skin products in the last 12 months and their cost (free text).
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03328247
|University of Aberdeen|
|Aberdeen, United Kingdom|
|Cambridge, United Kingdom|
|Principal Investigator:||Peter Murchie, MBChB, PhD||University of Aberdeen|