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Lenvatinib and Everolimus in Renal Cell Carcinoma (RCC)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT03324373
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : October 27, 2017
Last Update Posted : May 6, 2022
Eisai Inc.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Yousef Zakharia, University of Iowa

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this research study is to see what effect the combination of lenvatinib plus everolimus has in local and metastatic renal cell carcinoma to potentially make surgically unresectable tumors resectable.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Renal Cell Carcinoma Drug: Lenvatinib Drug: Everolimus Procedure: Partial or Radical Cytoreductive Nephrectomy Phase 1

Detailed Description:
This is a pilot interventional clinical trial at the University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, enrolling 15 subjects and lasting approximately 12 months. Eligible patients will start treatment with lenvatinib 18 mg PO daily (administered as one 10 mg capsule and two 4 mg capsules) and everolimus 5 mg PO daily for 4 weeks, constituting one cycle. Two cycles of treatment (8 weeks) will be administered followed by a 1-week wash out period during which time patients will be evaluated by the urology oncology team and appropriate surgery will be planned. The wash out period is for drug to be eliminated prior to surgery, to avoid bleeding/wound healing effects. This includes partial nephrectomy or radical nephrectomy. Following surgery, patients with no evidence of disease will have active surveillance. Patients who continue to have disease following surgery will receive further systemic treatment for metastatic disease.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 15 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Proof of Concept for Lenvatinib and Everolimus Prior to Nephrectomy in Eligible Patients With Local and Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma (RCC)
Actual Study Start Date : March 20, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : April 30, 2023
Estimated Study Completion Date : April 30, 2024

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Lenvatinib and Everolimus prior to cytoreductive nephrectomy
Eligible patients will start treatment with lenvatinib 18 mg PO daily (administered as one 10 mg capsule and two 4 mg capsules) and everolimus 5 mg PO daily for 4 weeks constituting one cycle. Two cycles of treatment will be administered and after 2 weeks wash out period, the patients will go for nephrectomy.
Drug: Lenvatinib
Lenvatinib is a receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) inhibitor that inhibits the kinase activities of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) receptors VEGFR1 (FLT1), VEGFR2 (KDR), and VEGFR3 (FLT4). Lenvatinib also inhibits other RTKs that have been implicated in pathogenic angiogenesis, tumor growth, and cancer progression in addition to their normal cellular functions, including fibroblast growth factor (FGF) receptors FGFR1, 2, 3, and 4; the platelet derived growth factor receptor alpha (PDGFRα), KIT, and RET.

Drug: Everolimus
Everolimus is an inhibitor of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), a serine-threonine kinase, downstream of the PI3K/AKT pathway. The mTOR pathway is dysregulated in several human cancers. Everolimus binds to an intracellular protein, FKBP-12, resulting in an inhibitory complex formation (mTORC1) and thus inhibition of mTOR kinase activity. Everolimus reduced the activity of S6 ribosomal protein kinase (S6K1) and eukaryotic elongation factor 4E-binding protein (4E-BP1), downstream effectors of mTOR, involved in protein synthesis. In addition, everolimus inhibited the expression of hypoxia-inducible factor (e.g., HIF-1) and reduced the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). Inhibition of mTOR by everolimus has been shown to reduce cell proliferation, angiogenesis, and glucose uptake in in vitro and/or in vivo studies.
Other Name: AFINITOR®

Procedure: Partial or Radical Cytoreductive Nephrectomy

Surgical removal of a kidney.

After completion of 8 weeks of therapy and restaging, investigators will require 2 weeks wash out period. The patients will be evaluated by urology oncology team and appropriate surgery will be planned. This includes partial nephrectomy and radical nephrectomy.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Surgical complications as assessed by Clavien-Dindo classification system [ Time Frame: Assessment will be completed at the first post-operative visit within 4-6 weeks after surgery. ]
    To determine whether there is increased surgical morbidity with lenvatinib and everolimus prior to nephrectomy as assessed by Clavien complications.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Treatment related adverse events as assessed by CTCAE criteria, version 4.03 [ Time Frame: First treatment through 5 years after Cycle 1, Day 1 or death. ]
    To assess whether patients will tolerate the combination of lenvatinib and everolimus prior to surgery with same rate of toxicities as seen in prior Phase II clinical trials.

  2. Changes in overall response rate as assessed by RECIST 1.1 [ Time Frame: Screening (within 14 days of Day 1) and pre-surgery (week 9-10). 1) If metastatic disease followup monthly or 2) if no evidence of disease followup every three months until five years or death. ]
    Response and progression will be evaluated using RECIST 1.1. Changes in the largest diameter (unidimensional measurement) of the tumor lesions and the shortest diameter in the case of malignant lymph nodes are used in the criteria. Imaging includes conventional computed tomography (CT) and/or magnetic resonance imagining (MRI), bone scan, and positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET-CT)

  3. Comparison of surgical outcomes to historical controls [ Time Frame: Within two years following the last study participant's surgery ]
    Review estimated blood loss, blood transfusion, operative time, adjacent organ injury, and postoperative complications.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

INCLUSION CRITERIA Inclusion criteria

  • Histologically confirmed locally advanced or metastatic renal cell carcinoma, clear cell histology that can be considered for partial or complete nephrectomy.

    - Locally advanced disease is defined as follows:

    • Adjacent organs (T4) or vascular invasion (Level III/ IV / IVC thrombus)
    • Bulky lymphadenopathy encasing renal or great vessels
  • cT1b-T2a Grade (G) 4, cT2b G3/4, c T3-cT4 any grade and any cT with cN1 or M1 disease
  • Written and voluntary informed consent.
  • Renal function (creatinine level within normal institutional limit, or creatinine clearance >30 mL/min/1.73 m2 for patients with creatinine levels above institutional normal, calculated using the Cockcroft-Gault formula).
  • AST/ALT <2.5 X institutional upper limit of normal
  • Adequate hematological lab values including:
  • Absolute Neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1.0 x 109/L
  • Platelets ≥ 100 x 109/L
  • Hemoglobin ≥ 8.0 g/dL
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0 (fully active, able to carry on all pre-disease performance without restriction), 1 (restricted in physically strenuous activity but ambulatory and able to carry out work of a light or sedentary nature, such as light housework or office work) or 2 (Ambulatory and capable of all self-care but unable to carry out any work activities; up and about more than 50% of waking hours).
  • Age of at least 18 years.
  • Life expectancy of 12 weeks or more.
  • Measurable disease per RECIST criteria.
  • Ejection fraction (EF) ≥ 45%
  • Female patients of childbearing potential, as defined in this protocol, must have a negative urine or serum pregnancy test within 72 hours prior to taking the first dose of trial treatment. If the urine test is positive or cannot be confirmed as negative then a serum test is required which must be negative for the patient to enroll. Women of childbearing potential (WOCBP) must be willing to use 2 medically acceptable methods of contraceptive from Day 1 through 120 days after the last dose of trial treatment. The 2 medically acceptable birth control methods can be either 2 barrier methods or a barrier method plus a hormonal method to prevent pregnancy. The following are considered adequate barrier methods of contraception: diaphragm, condom (by the partner), copper intrauterine device, sponge, or spermicide as per local regulations or guidelines. Appropriate hormonal contraceptives will include any registered and marketed contraceptive agent that contains an estrogen and/or a progestational agent (including oral, subcutaneous, intrauterine, or intramuscular agents).
  • Male patients of childbearing potential, as described in this protocol, must agree to use an adequate method of contraception from Day 1 through 120 days after the last dose of trial treatment.
  • Abstinence is acceptable if this is the usual lifestyle and preferred contraception for the patient.


  • Any other cancer from which the patient has been disease-free for less than 3 years (except treated and cured basal-cell or squamous-cell skin cancer, superficial bladder cancer, or treated carcinoma in situ of the cervix, breast, or bladder and treated localized prostate cancer with undetectable PSA for 2 years).
  • Symptomatic untreated metastases in the central nervous system.
  • Subject that is pregnant or lactating.
  • Pre-existing uncontrolled hypertension defined as >140/90 mm Hg with medication.
  • Known HIV or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome-related disease.
  • Prolongation of QTc interval (>480 ms). QTc interval per Bazett formula.
  • Uncontrolled diabetes [fasting glucose >1.5 × upper limit of normal (ULN)] (it will be acceptable if labs were done non-fasting and met the fasting requirement (meaning glucose < 1.5 ULN).
  • Fasting total cholesterol >300 mg/dL and fasting triglyceride levels >2.5 × ULN (it will be acceptable if labs were done non-fasting and met the fasting requirement (meaning total cholesterol <300 mg/dL and triglyceride levels < 2.5 × ULN.
  • Proteinuria (defined by urine protein/creatinine ratio (UPC) >2.0 if urinalysis protein is >2+)
  • Significant cardiovascular impairment: History of (a) congestive heart failure greater than New York Heart association (NYHA) Class II, (b) unstable angina, (c) myocardial infarction (d) stroke, or (e) cardiac arrhythmia associated with hemodynamic instability within 6 months of the first dose of study drugs.
  • Known history of active hepatitis B (e.g., hepatitis B surface antigen [HBsAg] reactive) or hepatitis C (e.g., hepatitis C virus [HCV] RNA detected)

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT03324373

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Contact: Yousef Zakharia, MD 319-384-8076

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United States, Iowa
University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics Recruiting
Iowa City, Iowa, United States, 52242
Contact: Yousef Zakharia, MD    319-384-8076   
Sponsors and Collaborators
Yousef Zakharia
Eisai Inc.
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Principal Investigator: Yousef Zakharia, MD University of Iowa
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Responsible Party: Yousef Zakharia, Clinical Assistant Professor, University of Iowa Identifier: NCT03324373    
Other Study ID Numbers: 201710801
First Posted: October 27, 2017    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 6, 2022
Last Verified: May 2022
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Carcinoma, Renal Cell
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Kidney Neoplasms
Urologic Neoplasms
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Kidney Diseases
Urologic Diseases
Antineoplastic Agents
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action