Dog-Assisted Therapy in Dentistry
|The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.|
|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03324347|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : October 27, 2017
Last Update Posted : July 31, 2019
Dog-assisted therapy (DAT) is used in several contexts within various areas of health care. One documented effect is that the proximity of a dog may lower anxiety in perceived stressful situations. Many individuals are afraid to visit the dentist, and someone to the extent that they need medication or anesthesia in order to complete their dental treatment. Based on the literature and own empirical observations, the investigators believe that dog-assisted therapy in connection with dental care may have a positive effect on children with dental anxiety or children that avoid dental care. It is desirable to restrict the use of drugs for these patients because of associated risk and side effects.
The purpose of this pilot study is to evaluate whether using a specially trained therapy dog can have a positive effect on children who are afraid in a dental care setting. Eligible participants (n=16) will meet twice at the dental clinic; one treatment session with a therapy dog in the dental clinic and one without. The therapy dog will be accompanied by a certified dog handler. The investigators will measure physiological variations before, during and after the treatment session. The guardian will complete validated questionnaires portraying the participant's experience of previous dental care. The participant and their guardian will also complete validated questionnaires describing their reactions from the two treatment sessions. A descriptive log for each session will be completed by the investigators.
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Dental Anxiety Pediatric Dentistry Animal Assisted Therapy||Procedure: Therapydog||Not Applicable|
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||16 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Crossover Assignment|
|Masking:||Single (Outcomes Assessor)|
|Official Title:||Dog-Assisted Therapy in Dental Care Settings|
|Actual Study Start Date :||October 31, 2017|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||June 5, 2019|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||June 5, 2019|
A certified therapydog (together with a certified dog-handler) will be present in the dental clinic while the child will undergo a clinical dental examination by licenced pediatric dentist.
Presence of a therapydog during a clinical examination in a dental clinic
No Intervention: No therapydog
No therapydog will be present in the dental clinic while the child will undergo a clinical dental examination by licenced pediatric dentist.
- Examination achieved; Yes or No [ Time Frame: up to 8 weeks ]Whether the child complied or not, so that a clinical oral examination could be accomplished within 30 minutes
- Child satisfaction [ Time Frame: up to 8 weeks ]The child will describe his/her feelings by marking one of 6 different emoticon-style facial expressions where number 1 illustrate the most happy face and number 6 illustrates not happy at all.
- Measurement of anxiety through the CFSS-DS scale (Dental subscale of Children's Fear Survey Schedule) [ Time Frame: up to 8 weeks ]The parent/guardian will describe the child's dental fear on a five point scale where 1 is no fear and 5 is the worst fear.
- Salivary cortisol level [ Time Frame: up to 8 weeks ]Measurement of cortisol from participant's saliva sample to assess if dog-assisted therapy (DAT) minimizes stress and anxiety
- Heart rate variability [ Time Frame: up to 8 weeks ]Heart rate will be measured to assess if dog-assisted therapy (DAT) minimizes stress and anxiety. (Biopac Systems software)
- Skin conductance (Electrodermal activity) [ Time Frame: up to 8 weeks ]Skin conductance will be measured to assess if dog-assisted therapy (DAT) minimizes stress and anxiety. (Biopac Systems software)
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03324347
|Department of Clinical Dentistry, UiT The Arctic University of Norway|
|Tromsø, Norway, N-9037|
|Principal Investigator:||Anne M Gussgard, DDS,MSc,PhD||Department of Clinical Dentistry, UiT The Arctic University of Norway|